Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Elastic Collision [closed]

A cube has a side length of 20 cm. An atom in the gas moves around the cube as shown. It continually bounces off the four lateral walls of the cube. The atom has a mass of 6.6×10−27 kg. Because of the ...
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2answers
565 views

A spring with two masses in an inelastic collision

An ideal spring is attached to a wall, and the other end is attached to a mass $m$. The spring is initially compressed a distance $x$. After it is released, the mass collides with another mass $2m$ ...
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5answers
297 views

Satellite Collision Problem

I'm stuck on a problem of two satellites going towards each other. The mass of the first satellite is 400kg and the mass of the second satellite is 100kg. The altitude of the satellites is 1000km. I ...
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1answer
126 views

Relativistic Conservation laws [closed]

Conservation of Relativistic mass and thus energy is easily proven by considering an inelastic collision of two bodies while invoking the conservation of momentum. As such the momentum law appears ...
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0answers
28 views

Relationship of multiple particles under collision [closed]

Consider 3 particles. All 3 particles travel along the x-axis. The 1st particle possesses some mass, m, and its initial position is somewhere on the negative x-axis. It contains some (positive) ...
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1answer
54 views

Decelerating car [closed]

A car crashes into a immovable barrier at 60mph. (a)If the front-end of the car crumples a distance of 1.5 m in the collision, what is the deceleration experienced by the occupants? (Express your ...
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42 views

Books on collision probability and collision processes

Are there any books specifically on collision processes between atoms and molecules and collision probability? I would like to get an overview of the factors that determine collision probability ...
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2answers
843 views

Does the coefficient of restitution matter in a collision?

Suppose two particles are colliding. Let initial velocities be $u_1$ and $u_2$ .Their final velocities are $v_1$ and $v_2$. Now $u_1$ and $u_2$ are known. By intuition I can understand that $v_1$ and ...
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1answer
72 views

Relationship of multiple particles under collision [closed]

Consider 3 particles. All 3 particles travel along the x-axis. The 1st particle possesses some mass, m, and its initial position is somewhere on the negative x-axis. It has some (positive) velocity ...
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6answers
607 views

Hit by two cars with same momentum but different mass. Which is more painful?

Suppose they have the same contact area with you. The term "painful" is a bit ambiguous. Let me ask in another way: Two cars with same momentum but different masses are going to hit a wall. You ...
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2answers
148 views

Physical Role of Batter in Baseball

Physically, what is the role of a batter in baseball? My question is inspired by How does the speed of an incoming pitch affect the speed of a baseball after it's hit? The answer to that question, ...
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1answer
181 views

Finding direction of a ball after collision in cartesian coordinate system [closed]

In elastic collision of ball to wall along x axis m*Vix=m*Vfx as velocity of wall is 0 before and after collision thus Vix=Vfx ......eq(1) Kinetic Energy is conserved so m*Vi2 = m*Vf2 (Vix2 + ...
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5answers
102 views

Doubt in collision

If a ball under the influence of gravity falls straight down from a height $h$, collides elastically with the floor, at the instant of collision, what forces does it experience? Shouldn't the ...
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2answers
241 views

Can computers accurately model all of the details (to the subatomic level) of macro objects in collisions?

Frequently when trying to solve cosmology questions physicists turn to computer simulations of the universe (albeit massively simplified) in order to verify or disprove their hypotheses. This got me ...
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2answers
16k views

Calculating force of impact

Since $\text{force = mass}\times\text{acceleration}$, is it right to say that an object traveling at a high constant velocity (zero acceleration), exerts zero force upon impact with a stationary ...
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1answer
53 views

Impulse on adjacent objects

Let's say two objects are sitting adjacent (in contact) to each other. If we start pushing one of them, we know that both the objects move, remaining in contact to each other. But let's now consider ...
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2answers
507 views

Why can't collisions be elastic?

I understand that in inelastic collisions thermal energy is given out, but why does that happen? Why can't they simply rebound without giving off energy? Also, why in some collisions more heat is ...
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3answers
1k views

What determines whether a pool ball will bouce backwards after colliding with another pool ball?

I'm no knowledgeable pool player, but I've noticed that sometimes when the cue ball hits another pool ball, they roll together; and sometimes the cue ball bounces back. And I have a very, very rough ...
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4answers
750 views

How to calculate a collision which is partly elastic and partly inelastic?

(For the purpose of this question, "calculating a collision" means: given the velocities and masses of two objects in a collision, figuring out the new velocities of both objects after the collision). ...
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1answer
47 views

Regarding luminosity monitor of particle collider

I am sorry if my question is completely wrong or foolish I would feel glad to be corrected On the wiki page for Bhabha Scattering, it is mentioned that it is used as luminosity monitor in many ...
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1answer
86 views

Collision Resolution System Adding Velocity Into System

In my 2-dimensional physics simulation, I have a rectangular rigid body 'a' with infinite mass (the floor), and a rectangular rigid body 'b' with finite mass above it turned at a slight angle. When ...
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2answers
892 views

Why is scattering vector $\vec{q}$ called vector of 'momentum transfer'?

In the world of scattering the angle at which you detect the scattered radiation is known as $q$, where $$ \vec{q} = \frac{4\pi\eta}{\lambda}\sin(\theta/2) $$ I read in a lot of books that this is ...
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3answers
1k views

Conservation of 4-momentum in special relativity

I understand that the inner product of two 4-vectors is conserved under the Lorentz transformations, so that the absolute value of the four momentum is the same in any reference frame. This is what I ...
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1answer
72 views

Collision of light waves & matter

When light or electromagnetic wave hits an obstacle, what happens? Are the reactions times always negligible? By reaction I mean all that happens after the hit like reflection for example.
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1answer
208 views

What factors indicates inelastic collision?

I am watching this example from Wikipedia: I am wondering what factors would indicate that the collision of 2 objects will be inelastic (I know macroscopic scale impacts are never perfectly ...
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1answer
43 views

Velocity change of objects

Is it possible for small object (small mass, let's say bullet) to hit large object (big mass, let's say rock) and still move forward (or stop) instead of being reflected (let's say objects don't crush ...
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2answers
382 views

Calculating velocity change after impact?

Let's say there is no gravity here and objects won't crush. We have 2 rocks with $m=10\text{ kg}$. First rock has velocity $v_1=0\text{ m/s}$ and second $v_2=10\text{ m/s}$ (flying in leftward ...
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4answers
3k views

How to tell if the collision is elastic or inelastic?

I'm a programmer and a game developer, not a mathematician or a physicist. So please go easy on the math :) I know two things: How to find the new velocities of two objects after an elastic ...
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2answers
113 views

Ballistic Pendulum Demo Problem

I have a question about the following problem: I got the solution $v=\frac{M+m}{m} \sqrt{2gh}$. But my real question is in the following picture: In the above slide, how can you derive ...
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0answers
178 views

Baryonic density in collision experiments

Does anyone know any way of estimating the net baryon density in collision experiments, e.g. in LHC, RHIC, or the upcoming ones at GSI-FAIR? I have comes across many hand-waving arguments, sample - ...
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1answer
137 views

What is the rebound angle of a circle striking a concave surface?

First, pardons to all because I don't have a physics background and I'm probably using laymans terms. What is the rebound angle of a circle striking a concave surface? Assume the simplest case: ...
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1answer
41 views

Collision of a heavy charged particle with an electron at rest - Deduction

When I was studying Nuclear Physics I saw this formula about interaction of radiation with matter. The book mentioned that when considering a elastic collision of a heavy charged particle of mass $M$ ...
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1answer
78 views

How does a (near) elastic collision work at a microscopic level?

Suppose a large mass $M$ travelling at $v$ impacts a small stationary mass $m$, then following through the elastic collisions from high school, we get that the smaller mass can exit the collision ...
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1answer
135 views

What would happen if two entangled particles collided?

Does that is even possible? I have almost zero knowledge in quantum physics, it is just a curiosity that popped in my mind.
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80 views

Where did the energy of the charge go?

Suppose there is a positron and an electron, and they both collide, and we get $E=2mc^2$ of energy from the collision. Now, the charge also got vanished. Now suppose, I create neutrinos from the ...
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1answer
64 views

Throwing ball against oily/slippery wall

I would like to know whether a ball bounces back normally if you throw it against an oily wall. Like a wall watered down with oil. Basically I want to know if it will actually slip before bouncing ...
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2answers
51 views

Capturing Energy from a Positron-Electron Collision

According to the book Physics of the Impossible, the catastrophic collision between a electron and a positron yields an output of 1.02 MeV. Assuming you have an isotope like $^{22}\text{Na}$, which is ...
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1answer
69 views

Examples of evolving networks in physics [closed]

I'm a master student working on networks analysis in general. A network is something that has nodes and there are links between the nodes. Nodes and links could have attributes. An evolving network is ...
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1answer
59 views

Initial velocities of a collision [closed]

This is the question: A car of mass 900 kg and a van of mass 1300 kg collide at a crossroads. Investigation into the collision discloses that the car was travelling south east and that the van was ...
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2answers
850 views

What is the relative speed of two near-light speed particles headed towards each other?

I understand that nothing can move faster than light due to time dilation. I want to build upon my understanding of Einstein's theory of Special Relativity, so I came up with this hypothetical problem ...
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2answers
132 views

Bullet entering target [duplicate]

I've been given this question: A bullet entering a target with an initial velocity of $ u $ loses $\frac {u}{n}$ of its velocity after penetrating a distance $ a $ into the target; how much ...
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1answer
160 views

Relative Velocities and Conservation of Kinetic Energy

An object of mass m moves with velocity $v$ towards a stationary object of same mass. Impact is an elastic collision. $v_1$ is the velocity after impact of the mass originally moving $v_2$ is the ...
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1answer
267 views

Bullet hits block. Show that linear momentum is not conserved [closed]

"..." First, we will familiarize us with a collision between a homogeneous beam of length, $L$, mass $M$ attached with a frictionless hinge in point $O$ at one of the endpoints of the beam. The ...
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3answers
347 views

How is angular momentum conserved if a bullet hits a wheel?

Suppose my system involves: 1) A mounted wheel with some outward flap 2) A bullet already in motion Initially the net angular momentum is 0 and the net kinetic energy is just that of the speeding ...
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0answers
114 views

Transfer Equation between two oscillating pendulum collision

How to model the energy transfer equation between two oscilators colliding? For example two pendulum oscilating at frequency $f_1$ and $f_2$ and they transfer energy during colision.
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Kinematics and Motion [closed]

If a body loses half of its velocity on penetrating 3cm in a wooden block, then how much will it penetrate more before coming to rest? How does answer come out to be 1cm?
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3answers
2k views

Number of planks required to stop the bullet [closed]

A bullet looses (1/n)th of its velocity passing through one plank. The number of such planks that are required to stop the bullet can be? Logically, to me the answer seems to be infinity, as always a ...
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1answer
159 views

Vibration transmission using spring and damper model [closed]

I want to simulate the vibration transmission between two colliding objects. I use a Finite Element Model to simulate the vibration on each object, but I haven't found any good mathematical model to ...
2
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0answers
71 views

Relativity addition and signs

I have just covered a very brief module on special relativity as a part of my physics course. I have also done some extra reading mostly; Morrin's Classical Mechanics. While I found the book really ...