Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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52 views

Is Buoyant force a reaction?

When we fall on water. The surface molecules are pushed down and as a consequence molecules below the surface molecules and molecules beneath them and so on are also pushed down. Some of them are ...
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2answers
59 views

Energy release on impact

I was watching this video from a video game showing a space ship travelling towards a planet at 22% the speed of light. The ship system pulls the ship out of this "quantum travel" just in time to ...
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1answer
583 views

Can solids behave like liquids?

Basically, the more I look at things the more it seems like there's entirely no difference between a liquid and gas, it all just depends on the relative density of what's around it. This being said, ...
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2answers
182 views

What happens if a motorcycle going at 50mph crashes head into a car going at 60mph? [closed]

I wonder if a motorcycle (going at 50mph) crashes into a car (going 60mph), what is the damage that motorcycle will experience? Here's a diagram that shows what I've in mind: ...
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2answers
116 views

Conservation of Mechanical Energy Before and After Impact of a Hammer

If a hammer does work by driving a nail into a wooden board, how does the mechanical energy from right before the hammer hits the nail compare to the mechanical energy after the nail has been driven ...
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1answer
39 views

Conservation of momentum in inelastic conservation

Why does momentum and velocity change along contact normal but not contact tangent In in elastic collision? Suppose a ball strike an inelastic surface. It's velocity component does not change along ...
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3answers
124 views

Researching an automobile accident.Wondering if someone can help me as I never studied physics [closed]

I am trying do some independent research on a recent auto collision where the information released doesn't seem plausible based on the pictures that I have seen of the accidents aftermath. A 5,500lb(...
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2answers
86 views

How does general relativity explain the impact force after radial inward fall toward Earth?

I understand that, in the context of the Schwarzschild spacetime (General Relativity), a radially inward falling observer follows a time-like geodesic with zero four-acceleration. There are no forces ...
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0answers
97 views

Glancing collision question

Can someone explain the energy loss in a glancing collision to me? And how this compares with head-on collisions. I know head-on collisions are when objects rebound on straight line paths that ...
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2answers
66 views

Resources for droplets investigation

I am interested in investigating droplets mechanics. I have read some documents and journal papers related to some aspects of (water) droplets e.g. surface tension, collision with flat surfaces or ...
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1answer
23 views

For elastic collisions, can I transfer mass to velocity?

I think my teacher said that because the momentum is the same if you multiply/divide mass and velocity by the same factor, you can make the masses equal and then do a shortcut. Is this right?
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1answer
43 views

Impact on landing with forward motion vs straight down

A skateboarder ollies down a set of stair. Is the impact when landing less than if dropped straight down from the same height?
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2answers
471 views

Deriving equation for skipping stones over water

Why can rocks skip over water (stone skipping)? For instance, if you conduct an experiment where you drop both rocks from the same height, but give one considerable acceleration in the $x$-direction, ...
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2answers
207 views

Converting impact speed to pressure magnitude

In explosive safety and stability testing, a drop test is commonly used to determine the sensitivity to impact. In the test, an impactor of known mass is dropped. The initial height varies throughout ...
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0answers
16 views

Are the effects of faraday's law of induction worth considering in this experiment?

In my intro to physics lab at uni, we did an experiment where we were supposed to measure the amount of kinetic energy and momentum before and after collisions between two carts. For some reason, ...
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2answers
200 views

Problem regarding bullet penetration [closed]

Which property remains constant when we say that bullets are penetrating the wall? I mean is the resistive force always constant for a given wall (assumed stationary and immovable) irrespective of the ...
1
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1answer
90 views

How to conserve angular momentum?

If i want to conserve angular momentum from the point of contact of the solid sphere and the ground how should I do it? I know we can use $mvh = I\omega + MvR$ ,if the collision is elastic. But in ...
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0answers
47 views

two sphere collision, distribution of KE

If we have two glass balls of exact same mass and size. We tape to the first one a very little piece of titanium facing the other sphere and we collide the two spheres at the same speed. The question ...
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2answers
172 views

What happens to the kinetic energy of a system in a non-elastic collision? [duplicate]

I know that the kinetic energy of a system is NOT conserved in a non-elastic collision. But energy is supposed to be conserved, so where does all that energy go? Is it transformed into other forms ...
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2answers
75 views

Heat produced in collision [closed]

A 5-gram marble is moving at 5 m/s [N] collides with a 2-gram marble moving at 3 m/s [N]. Final velocity of 2-gram marble: 7 m/s [N] How would I find the amount of heat produced in this collision? ...
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1answer
75 views

Understanding elastic collisions of objects with the same velocities

I am having trouble understanding the following statement from my book: The law of cosines tells us that if the sides of a triangle obey the Pythagorean formula, they must form a right triangle. ...
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5answers
4k views

How does Newton's third law apply to an object interacting with air?

We all know that if I punch the wall with $100\,\mathrm{N}$ force, the wall pushes me back with with $100\,\mathrm{N}$ and I get hurt. But if I punch air with $100\,\mathrm{N}$, does air punches me ...
14
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3answers
553 views

Why do we hear a higher pitched sound outside the water when we smash two stones in water?

The observer is outside the water; the stones are in water (say, 1 m below the surface). This produces a higher-pitched sound for the observer than if both the observer and the stones are in air. Is ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Why collide a moving particle with a particle at rest, rather than two moving particles?

I was just reading some lecture notes about relativistic and quantum mechanics, and in the later part of this page the author demonstrates that any relativistic particle collision in the "lab" ...
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1answer
41 views

What is happening from electro-magnetic point of view when a proton and an anti-proton annihilate?

Purely electro-magnetically before a proton (+) and an anti-proton (-) annihilate each other /assume they do/, they form a dipole. What happens after that? In other words, what does an external ...
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1answer
46 views

I do not know whether i have solved this correctly. Can anyone help? [closed]

A cart is moving along the $x$-direction with a velocity of $4 \;\mathrm{m/s} $. A person on the cart throws a stone with a velocity of $6 \mathrm{m/s}$ relative to himself. In the frame of reference ...
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1answer
225 views

Why does the rule that elastic collisions are at 90 degrees in 2 dimensions not apply?

When one object collides with another object of the same mass in a 2D plane, we know that we can derive that the angles that the objects leave the collision at add up to 90 degrees in a perfectly ...
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3answers
2k views

Newton's 3rd Law: How can I break things?

If I punch a wooden board hard enough and it breaks in two, has the board still exerted a force of equal magnitude on my fist? When the board breaks in two due to my force, the halves have a ...
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2answers
62 views

Why time of flight remains same for a projectile even though collision takes place?

Why time of flight remains same for a projectile even though collision takes place ? Suppose a ball is projected with some velocity V with some angle θ the the time of flight is T. Now if another ...
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1answer
106 views

Understanding $F=ma$

I know the formula F=ma, but I truly need to understand its implications. Take this scenario for example, we have two bullets exactly the same weight and size (identical to each other). Lets assume ...
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0answers
58 views

Impact Time in Impulses

Impact time is said to be a key determinant in determining how much force is exerted upon a body. Because the impulse required to stop a falling block is the same regardless of what type of flooring ...
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1answer
73 views

Momentum conservation in a small time interval

I recently solved a problem in which I used the "fact" that the momentum is conserved just before and just after a collision between two (or maybe more) objects but I am not sure whether this is true ...
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0answers
12 views

Precisely calculate velocities after collision of convex objects

I am writing a simple physics engine, and I'm now trying to calculate the post-collision velocities of two colliding, convex objects. I know the coefficient of restitution, but most of the math that I'...
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0answers
17 views

Issues determining velocity in a totally elastic collision

A block of mass $M_1$ is attached by string to a support. The block is raised to a height and released. It then strikes a block of mass $M_2$ on a frictionless surface. Find the velocity of block $M_2$...
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2answers
955 views

Why does a Ball bounce back if Forces are Equal and Opposite?

When a ball is thrown onto a wall, the ball exerts a force onto the wall. According to Newton's Third Law, the wall will exert an equal and opposite force to the ball. Thus, how would the ball be able ...
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4answers
347 views

Is there difference in force when the height increases?

Consider a man with mass 50kg. When he jumps from a 2 meter height, the total force is $F=ma$ ie (mass * gravity), but nothing happens to him. When he jumps from a 50 meter height, the total force ...
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4answers
92 views

Car Crash Scenario [closed]

Two vehicles travelling at 80mph in the same direction. Vehicles are directly behind each other. 12 meter distance between them. Front door of car in front rips of and hits the front window of the ...
1
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2answers
44 views

Collision of Inelastic ball above the ground

An inelastic ball of mass $m$ is dropped from a height $h$ above the ground and at the same time a second ball of mass $m_1$ projected vertically upwards to meet the former. Show that in order that ...
15
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4answers
1k views

Can black holes actually merge?

If time stops at the event horizon, can we ever detect two black holes merging? In other words, if you are a short distance away, would you encounter a spherically symmetric gravitational field, or a ...
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1answer
140 views

Problem conserving 4-momentum at CoM frame in an inelastic collision [closed]

I am confused about the case where mass is not conserved in a collision (not due to relativistic factors). The center of momentum (CoM) frame is not the same before and after the collision. Let's ...
6
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5answers
943 views

What happens when two photons collide with one another, head on, dead center? [duplicate]

If two photons were to collide directly, head on, and are of the same energy, what happens? Are new particles created, is energy released? Or do they just pass through one another?
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4answers
16k views

Conservation of momentum but not kinetic energy in inelastic collisions

In inelastic collisions, the kinetic energy of the system is not conserved but the momentum is. Kinetic energy is: $0.5 \times \text{mass} \times \text{velocity}^2$. Momentum is: $\text{mass}\times\...
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1answer
63 views

How is the final velocity in 2 body collision distributed between the 2 bodies?

Suppose 2 sphere of mass 1Kg move with velocity 5m/s and 10m/s in same direction. Let us call the ball moving with 5m/s blue and other one red with blue ahead of red from origin. Initial KE of Blue = ...
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10answers
3k views

How to explain independence of momentum and energy conservation in elementary terms?

I'm trying to explain to someone learning elementary physics (16 year old) that linear momentum and energy are conserved independently. I'm not a professional physicist and haven't tried to explain ...
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4answers
585 views

In an elastic collision, can we choose between cons. of energy and cons. of momentum?

Suppose we have two solid spheres with masses $m$ and $M$, respectively, and that $m$ is significantly less than $M$. The lighter sphere is placed directly on top of the heavier one, and the two are ...
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1answer
312 views

Confused about elasticity and collisions

I was solving the following problem and the explanation to it confused me. There are two objects with mass $m$ and $M$, respectively. The object with mass $m$ has a velocity of $\sqrt{2gl}$ and ...
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3answers
257 views

Force to deflect ball colliding with wall

Suppose I have a ball with a certain coefficient of restitution. The wall can be considered indeformable and with infinite mass. Everything's in 3 dimensions, and the ball can hit the wall at any ...
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1answer
48 views

Applying impulse to velocity

I'm writing physics engine and so far got some good results but stuck on 1 task i would like to ask. Got some mistake in my formula. Here is a question:Imagine 1 square colliding into another one. ...