Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Heavy vs Light Particle Ideal Gases

Assume there are two ideal gases. The first is made of a light particle, and the second is made of a heavy particle. The two are of the same amount, in the same volume container, and at the same ...
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87 views

Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
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2k views

Finding force exerted in an Inelastic Collision

I did a lab today in Physics in which we launched ball from a spring loaded cannon directly into a pendulum that captured the ball, held it, and swung upwards with it (representing a totally inelastic ...
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57 views

What would the collision between a (large) solid planet and a gas giant be like?

Assuming a Jupiter-like planet and an Earth-like planet (Except, say... half the mass of Jupiter), what would happen when the two collide? For clarification: What would the actual collision be like? ...
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69 views

Researching an automobile accident.Wondering if someone can help me as I never studied physics

I am trying do some independent research on a recent auto collision where the information released doesn't seem plausible based on the pictures that I have seen of the accidents aftermath. A ...
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106 views

Kinematics and Motion [closed]

If a body loses half of its velocity on penetrating 3cm in a wooden block, then how much will it penetrate more before coming to rest? How does answer come out to be 1cm?
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60 views

Relativity addition and signs

I have just covered a very brief module on special relativity as a part of my physics course. I have also done some extra reading mostly; Morrin's Classical Mechanics. While I found the book really ...
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1answer
85 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
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96 views

Lennard-Jones induced pseudo-molecules

It can be shown that the Lennard-Jones potential - which describes the interaction between particles in non-ideal gases - gives rise to pseudo-molecules: after a triple "collision" of three ...
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322 views

Two dimensional elastic collisions with varying angle of incident

If in an elastic collision I know all initial values and that mass for each object remains constant throughout the collision (but different from one another) how can I determine their final velocity ...
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36 views

How to write down the detailed balance (microreversed) amplitude

I know that time-reversal of a reaction and the detailed balance (microreversed, or reciprocal) reaction are different. Textbooks on scattering theory explain how to relate the S-matrix elements of a ...
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2answers
1k views

Elastic collision and spring

Bodies $A$ and $B$ are moving in the same direction in a straight line with a constant velocities on a frictionless surface. The mass and the velocity of $A$ are $2 \text{kg}$ and $10 \text{m/s}$. ...
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254 views

Swords, impacts and elasticity for a noob

So I'm a game developer and I'm trying to understand some (extremely) basic facts of impact mechanics. I had read something entitled Dynamics of Hand-Held Impact Weapons, but it was a bit too ...
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423 views

kinetic energy in collisions [closed]

We were hoping you could help us understand collision energy. Vehicle $ A $ is driving West at $35\space mph$ and weighs $ 1437 \space kg$. Vehicle $ B $ is driving North at $35\space mph$ and weighs ...
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2answers
275 views

Matter and anti-matter collision energy problem

From Beyond Einstein, by Michio Kaku and Jennifer Thompson, Chapter 13, Antimatter : Dirac, also focused on the fact that Einstein's equation $E=mc^2$ wasn't totally true. (Einstein was aware that ...
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5answers
287 views

Why is there no relation between kinetic energy and momentum in collision of two bodies? [duplicate]

The statement that baffles me: During most of the collisions, part of the kinetic energy evolve as heat, nevertheless momentum is still conserved. Ok, the statement may be true. But what ...
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3k views

Should you really lean into a punch?

There's a conventional wisdom that the best way to minimize the force impact of a punch to the head is to lean into it, rather than away from it. Is it true? If so, why? EDIT: Hard to search for ...
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500 views

Acceleration of a car in a collision?

For example because of newton law $F=ma$ force is acceleration times mass but if I go at a high constant velocity ($900\: \mathrm{miles/hour}$) in my car for examples I have $0$ acceleration but if I ...
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2answers
93 views

Why is scattering vector $\vec{q}$ called vector of 'momentum transfer'?

In the world of scattering the angle at which you detect the scattered radiation is known as $q$, where $$ \vec{q} = \frac{4\pi\eta}{\lambda}\sin(\theta/2) $$ I read in a lot of books that this is ...
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133 views

Satellite Collision Problem

I'm stuck on a problem of two satellites going towards each other. The mass of the first satellite is 400kg and the mass of the second satellite is 100kg. The altitude of the satellites is 1000km. I ...
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8answers
249 views

Can I throw a stone through my window without breaking the glass?

As far as I know, most of an atom is vacuum. Therefore, in theory, would it be possible for me to throw a tiny stone through my window without breaking it because no matter actually collides?
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130 views

What would be the result of the collision of two down quarks?

Even if we can't have single quarks in nature because of the charge colour, what would be the result of the collision of two down quarks at high velocities (0,99% c) at high energies, like the ones of ...
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2answers
979 views

Collision between a photon and an electron

Looking through this AP Physics question, I was struck by how the 'collision' between a photon and electron looks so much like a macroscopic collision. Is this even physically possible? Look at the ...
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3answers
534 views

Force when acceleration is zero

i tried to find it in books but i was unable to do so and i am not able to understand this and I couldn't think of a better example. i repeat. its just an example. if i punch someone's face with my ...
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2k views

When is energy conserved in a collision and not momentum?

Consider the following example: A bullet of mass 45g is fired at a speed of 220 m/s into a 5.0 kg sandbag hanging from a string from the ceiling. The sandbag absorbs the bullet and begins to ...
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242 views

What's the outcome of two polarized electrons beam collide head on?

Let's say that I have two electron beams targeted towards each other along x-axis. Both beams are polarized on axis (z-axis) perpendicular to x-axis. Another beam's polarization is up and another down ...
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Perfect elastic collision and velocity transfer

So my teacher told me that when you have two identical balls in a perfectly elastic collision, the first ball A will collide with B and afterwards A will stop and B continue. Why is this? Doesn't ...
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Inelastic collision and conservation of linear and angular momentum

Is it possible for two spheres (a & b) to have an inelastic collision with BOTH the total linear and angular momentum preserved? I'm doing some physics simulation of some spheres attracting each ...
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1answer
207 views

Could ions emitted by an ion thruster represent any realistic danger?

As ion thurster designs improve, the ions emitted could have a velocity (relative to the spacecraft) of well above 10^5 or even 10^6 m/s. It the likelihood of any such ions ever hitting a human ...
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5answers
106 views

Relation between the conservation of Energy and the conservation of Momentum?

I just learn about the momentum and it conservative attribute in a closed and isolate system and there is something I don't understand when I relate it to the conservation of the energy Considering ...
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3answers
333 views

Conservation of 4-momentum in special relativity

I understand that the inner product of two 4-vectors is conserved under the Lorentz transformations, so that the absolute value of the four momentum is the same in any reference frame. This is what I ...
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3answers
159 views

Collision between a photon and a massive particle

Just a small question regarding collisions. Imagine a head-on collision between a photon and a particle with mass that moves with a non-relativistic speed, the particle was on its ground state, ...
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1answer
127 views

How can one calculate the gamma-ray energy spectrum for proton-proton collisions?

How does one calculate the the energy spectrum of gamma-rays produced by a proton-proton collision? I'm at a complete loss.
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252 views

Momentum And A Car Collision

I am studying an example problem, concerning the very topic mentioned in the title. In this example problem, a car has a head-on collision with the wall; the initial and final velocity are known, as ...
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494 views

Kinetic energy loss when a rigid body falls into water

Assume you have a rigid body falling into the ocean at terminal velocity. Also assume that the rigid body does not break on impact. How could you figure out how much kinetic energy would be lost in ...
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1answer
30 views

What matters more in the strength tester game at a carnival, momentum or force?

A buddy and I were arguing over which matters more in the strength tester game (assuming the same accuracy of the hit): 1) momentum or 2) force. He was arguing that if you swing the hammer directly ...
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36 views

Resources for droplets investigation

I am interested in investigating droplets mechanics. I have read some documents and journal papers related to some aspects of (water) droplets e.g. surface tension, collision with flat surfaces or ...
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2answers
110 views

What causes damage, kinetic energy or momentum?

Let's assume we have 2 bullets. The first bullet has $450$ $J$ of KE and $3$ $kg.m/s$ of momentum, while the second bullet has $250$ $J$ of KE and $5$ $kg.m/s$. Now if they are both shot at ballistic ...
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322 views

Relativistic Elastic Collision

I am having trouble getting my head around the transfer of energy in a relativistic elastic collision. My understanding of a relativistic elastic collision is one in which the total rest mass on each ...
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1answer
302 views

Centrality and collision parameter b

Can someone tell me what does it 20-30% collision centrality mean in terms of impact parameter b?
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1answer
35 views

Understanding the forces involved in a bounce from a collision?

A rock is thrown towards a window, and hits it. The window does not break and the rock reverses its direction and falls under the window. My question is, under this circumstance since the rock ...
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96 views

Simulation of broken object

I was thinking and the following question came out: how an object that is falling is simulated once it hits the ground? Specifically, I would like to understand how one would be able to simulate the ...
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1answer
1k views

Scattering problem: Converting the two-body lab frame problem into a one-body center-of-mass frame problem

I'm reading the section on scattering in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics, and I have a rather basic question about this. It says that scattering in the laboratory is a two-body problem because of ...
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1answer
282 views

Inelastic Collision and incident angle

This problem is puzzling me. Scenario 1: A certain sphere is having an innelastic collision with a plane of a very large mass. Let the angle between the sphere's velocity and the surface be 90 ...
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2answers
180 views

Unexpected potential energy increase during Tic-Tac drop

I dropped a Tic-Tac: (no worries, it happened before), and I noticed as it bounced on the floor that it would first jump 20 cm high, and at the next bounce for instance 50 cm high. Shouldn't it ...
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2answers
4k views

Why does a ball bounce?

If an object is acted on by equal and opposite forces then it will be in equilibrium, and it's acceleration or velocity (and so direction as well) will not be changed. So when a ball bounces, it ...
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1answer
47 views

Is change in kinetic energy invariant?

Consider the inelastic collision between two bodies. This question follows on from this: Is the coefficient of restitution frame independent and energy conservation?. One of the answers to this ...
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2answers
34 views

Is collision in ideal gas because of physical collision or due to repulsion force

Is collision in ideal gas because of physical collision or due to repulsion force when they approach close by?
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2answers
59 views

why ions and electrons are at different temperatures in plasma?

In plasma, collision rate among ions or electrons is much larger than the collision rate between ions and electrons. why is that so?
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31 views

Dual and Multiple scattering of protons in light elements

I was wondering whether dual large angle scattering and multiple small angle scattering is of great significance in proton colision with light nuclei in comparison to heavy nuclei. For instance given ...