Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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5
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4answers
231 views

Why the round trip instead collision time?

From Newton's second law, the $\Delta t$ is defined as the collision time, but why in this case, it can be assumed to be the value of time between successive collisions on 1 wall? If I have an ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

What happens when two bodies collide in a dynamics point of view?

I'm a high school student learning about energy and momentum. What confuses me is the things with elastic and inelastic collisions. I completely (in my opinion) understand those concepts in energy ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

What makes objects fly out of bike basket?

When riding a bike on a bumpy road, objects (let's say, a baseball weighing 150 grams) sometimes fly upwards and out of the basket. However I cannot seem to be able to explain this physically. ...
0
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0answers
36 views

kinetic energy of flowing fluid

When a quantity of fluid (let's say equal to volumetric flow rate Litre/s) collides during a second with an object, do all the molecules of this quantity collides with it? I am asking this question ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Rigid Balls aligned along a line in vacuum

Recently I've been trying to visualize a situation where i have these really rigid identical balls aligned along a line so close to each other in vacuum.Now if I were to apply an impulsive force to ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Elastic collision between two circles [duplicate]

I am trying to calculate the final velocities of two equal mass 2-dimensional circles after an elastic collision. I have tried to figure it out using formulas I know from high school physics, but ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Discrepancy of capture from 2p+1 state to 2p(+-1)

In the (nlm) characterization of hydrogenic orbitals. Consider the collisions H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p-1) + H+ H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p+1) + H+ where an electron capture has ocurred. Should the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Coefficient of restitution belongs to kinetics and not to kinematics?Reason

The Coefficient of restitution is defined as $$e=\frac{v_2-v_1}{u_1-u_2}$$ $$v_2\to \text{final velocity body 2}$$ $$v_1\to \text{final vel of body 1}$$ $$u_1\to\text{initial vel of body 1}$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Is the reaction force for a stone hitting a wall infinite?

Let us assume a rigid stone which moves in empty space with a constant speed of $v$. (Or in the air with no friction and drag or you can imagine a free fall with friction). This stone hits a rigid ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Is Buoyant force a reaction?

When we fall on water. The surface molecules are pushed down and as a consequence molecules below the surface molecules and molecules beneath them and so on are also pushed down. Some of them are ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Energy release on impact

I was watching this video from a video game showing a space ship travelling towards a planet at 22% the speed of light. The ship system pulls the ship out of this "quantum travel" just in time to ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

What exactly will happen if a small planet collides with earth

This is a video of a simulation of Ceres (a dwarf planet) hitting Earth at 2000km/s. What strikes me the most, is how fast the shockwave is moving. It takes about 6 minutes for the shockwave to pass ...
0
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2answers
164 views

What happens if a motorcycle going at 50mph crashes head into a car going at 60mph? [closed]

I wonder if a motorcycle (going at 50mph) crashes into a car (going 60mph), what is the damage that motorcycle will experience? Here's a diagram that shows what I've in mind: ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Conservation of Mechanical Energy Before and After Impact of a Hammer

If a hammer does work by driving a nail into a wooden board, how does the mechanical energy from right before the hammer hits the nail compare to the mechanical energy after the nail has been driven ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Conservation of momentum in inelastic conservation

Why does momentum and velocity change along contact normal but not contact tangent In in elastic collision? Suppose a ball strike an inelastic surface. It's velocity component does not change along ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

How does general relativity explain the impact force after radial inward fall toward Earth?

I understand that, in the context of the Schwarzschild spacetime (General Relativity), a radially inward falling observer follows a time-like geodesic with zero four-acceleration. There are no forces ...
0
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0answers
96 views

Glancing collision question

Can someone explain the energy loss in a glancing collision to me? And how this compares with head-on collisions. I know head-on collisions are when objects rebound on straight line paths that ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

For elastic collisions, can I transfer mass to velocity?

I think my teacher said that because the momentum is the same if you multiply/divide mass and velocity by the same factor, you can make the masses equal and then do a shortcut. Is this right?
1
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1answer
43 views

Impact on landing with forward motion vs straight down

A skateboarder ollies down a set of stair. Is the impact when landing less than if dropped straight down from the same height?
0
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0answers
16 views

Are the effects of faraday's law of induction worth considering in this experiment?

In my intro to physics lab at uni, we did an experiment where we were supposed to measure the amount of kinetic energy and momentum before and after collisions between two carts. For some reason, ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

How to conserve angular momentum?

If i want to conserve angular momentum from the point of contact of the solid sphere and the ground how should I do it? I know we can use $mvh = I\omega + MvR$ ,if the collision is elastic. But in ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

two sphere collision, distribution of KE

If we have two glass balls of exact same mass and size. We tape to the first one a very little piece of titanium facing the other sphere and we collide the two spheres at the same speed. The question ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

What happens to the kinetic energy of a system in a non-elastic collision? [duplicate]

I know that the kinetic energy of a system is NOT conserved in a non-elastic collision. But energy is supposed to be conserved, so where does all that energy go? Is it transformed into other forms ...
-1
votes
2answers
72 views

Heat produced in collision [closed]

A 5-gram marble is moving at 5 m/s [N] collides with a 2-gram marble moving at 3 m/s [N]. Final velocity of 2-gram marble: 7 m/s [N] How would I find the amount of heat produced in this collision? ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Understanding elastic collisions of objects with the same velocities

I am having trouble understanding the following statement from my book: The law of cosines tells us that if the sides of a triangle obey the Pythagorean formula, they must form a right triangle. ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

How does Newton's third law apply to an object interacting with air?

We all know that if I punch the wall with $100\,\mathrm{N}$ force, the wall pushes me back with with $100\,\mathrm{N}$ and I get hurt. But if I punch air with $100\,\mathrm{N}$, does air punches me ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is happening from electro-magnetic point of view when a proton and an anti-proton annihilate?

Purely electro-magnetically before a proton (+) and an anti-proton (-) annihilate each other /assume they do/, they form a dipole. What happens after that? In other words, what does an external ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

I do not know whether i have solved this correctly. Can anyone help? [closed]

A cart is moving along the $x$-direction with a velocity of $4 \;\mathrm{m/s} $. A person on the cart throws a stone with a velocity of $6 \mathrm{m/s}$ relative to himself. In the frame of ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Why does the rule that elastic collisions are at 90 degrees in 2 dimensions not apply?

When one object collides with another object of the same mass in a 2D plane, we know that we can derive that the angles that the objects leave the collision at add up to 90 degrees in a perfectly ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Why time of flight remains same for a projectile even though collision takes place?

Why time of flight remains same for a projectile even though collision takes place ? Suppose a ball is projected with some velocity V with some angle θ the the time of flight is T. Now if another ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Understanding $F=ma$

I know the formula F=ma, but I truly need to understand its implications. Take this scenario for example, we have two bullets exactly the same weight and size (identical to each other). Lets assume ...
-1
votes
2answers
184 views

Problem regarding bullet penetration [closed]

Which property remains constant when we say that bullets are penetrating the wall? I mean is the resistive force always constant for a given wall (assumed stationary and immovable) irrespective of the ...
0
votes
1answer
600 views

How do I derive the formula of coefficient of restitution?

I have learnt in collision mechanics about the term Coefficient of restitution, $\mathrm{e=\frac{v_{2f}-v_{1f}}{v_{1i}-v_{2i}}}$. But the sad part is that, in my book only the formula is there. My ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Impact Time in Impulses

Impact time is said to be a key determinant in determining how much force is exerted upon a body. Because the impulse required to stop a falling block is the same regardless of what type of flooring ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Momentum conservation in a small time interval

I recently solved a problem in which I used the "fact" that the momentum is conserved just before and just after a collision between two (or maybe more) objects but I am not sure whether this is true ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Precisely calculate velocities after collision of convex objects

I am writing a simple physics engine, and I'm now trying to calculate the post-collision velocities of two colliding, convex objects. I know the coefficient of restitution, but most of the math that ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Issues determining velocity in a totally elastic collision

A block of mass $M_1$ is attached by string to a support. The block is raised to a height and released. It then strikes a block of mass $M_2$ on a frictionless surface. Find the velocity of block ...
2
votes
1answer
558 views

Can solids behave like liquids?

Basically, the more I look at things the more it seems like there's entirely no difference between a liquid and gas, it all just depends on the relative density of what's around it. This being said, ...
3
votes
7answers
516 views

Why isn't momentum conserved in this pulley problem?

I have some conceptual doubt about method of solving this problem. 24. A block of mass $m$ and a pan of equal mass are connected by a string going over a smooth light pulley as shown in figure ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Collision symmetry and measuring the asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process

I saw a talk the other day about an asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process caused by CP-violation: Apparently one way this can be measured (ATLAS is doing this) is to collide protons and observe the ...
3
votes
4answers
321 views

Is there difference in force when the height increases?

Consider a man with mass 50kg. When he jumps from a 2 meter height, the total force is $F=ma$ ie (mass * gravity), but nothing happens to him. When he jumps from a 50 meter height, the total force ...
2
votes
2answers
318 views

Why does a continuous water stream form ripples when colliding with a surface? [duplicate]

I was in the shower one day washing my hair, and noticed that the water falling off my hair formed perfect streams that ceased to break into droplets for quiet some distance (probably about 5-6 cm). ...
1
vote
4answers
90 views

Car Crash Scenario [closed]

Two vehicles travelling at 80mph in the same direction. Vehicles are directly behind each other. 12 meter distance between them. Front door of car in front rips of and hits the front window of the ...
1
vote
3answers
386 views

Why don't electrons collide among themselves

The Heisenberg principle states that we cannot ascertain simultaneously the position or momentum of any small particle. However slight, is there a chance that 2 or more electrons from the same or ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Collision of Inelastic ball above the ground

An inelastic ball of mass $m$ is dropped from a height $h$ above the ground and at the same time a second ball of mass $m_1$ projected vertically upwards to meet the former. Show that in order that ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Problem conserving 4-momentum at CoM frame in an inelastic collision [closed]

I am confused about the case where mass is not conserved in a collision (not due to relativistic factors). The center of momentum (CoM) frame is not the same before and after the collision. Let's ...
6
votes
5answers
930 views

What happens when two photons collide with one another, head on, dead center? [duplicate]

If two photons were to collide directly, head on, and are of the same energy, what happens? Are new particles created, is energy released? Or do they just pass through one another?
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

How is the final velocity in 2 body collision distributed between the 2 bodies?

Suppose 2 sphere of mass 1Kg move with velocity 5m/s and 10m/s in same direction. Let us call the ball moving with 5m/s blue and other one red with blue ahead of red from origin. Initial KE of Blue = ...