Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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Angular momentum after elastic collision

If two balls collide (elastically) and there is no friction between them, will their angular momentum change after the collision?
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1k views

Elastic collision of rotating bodies

How would you explain in detail elastic collision of two rotating bodies to someone with basic understanding of classical mechanics? I'm writing simple physics engine, but now only simulating ...
3
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1answer
189 views

Why do we hear a higher pitched sound out of water when we hit two stones against each other in the water?

The observer is outside the water; the stones are underwater (say, 1 m below surface, if that matters). This produces a higher pitched sound for the observer than when both the observer and the stones ...
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1answer
457 views

Simple 2D Vehicle collision physics

I'm trying to create a simplified GTA 2 clone to learn. I'm onto vehicle collisions physics. The basic idea I would say is, To apply force F determined by vehicle A's position and velocity onto point ...
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1answer
47 views

Relationship of multiple particles under collision [closed]

Consider 3 particles. All 3 particles travel along the x-axis. The 1st particle possesses some mass, m, and its initial position is somewhere on the negative x-axis. It has some (positive) velocity ...
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44 views

How to get rotation speed after disk-disk collision?

Assume two circular disks A and B collide. They have both initial linear momentum and angular momentum. If their surface has no friction, their angular velocity does not change after collision, so I ...
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0answers
143 views

Baryonic density in collision experiments

Does anyone know any way of estimating the net baryon density in collision experiments, e.g. in LHC, RHIC, or the upcoming ones at GSI-FAIR? I have comes across many hand-waving arguments, sample - ...
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0answers
48 views

Converting impact speed to pressure magnitude

In explosive safety and stability testing, a drop test is commonly used to determine the sensitivity to impact. In the test, an impactor of known mass is dropped. The initial height varies throughout ...
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3answers
385 views

The theory of moon creation when a Mars size planet hit Earth

As we know the predominant theory where does the moon come from is that a Mars size planet hit the earth and took a chunk out of it which eventually materialized into moon. My question is that if a ...
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2answers
129 views

What is the relative speed of two near-light speed particles headed towards each other?

I understand that nothing can move faster than light due to time dilation. I want to build upon my understanding of Einstein's theory of Special Relativity, so I came up with this hypothetical problem ...
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3answers
637 views

Simple elastic collision

If a particle with mass $m$ collides with a wall at right angles, and the collision is perfectly elastic. The particle hits the wall at $v\ ms^{-1}$. There is no friction or gravity. So the particle ...
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4answers
160 views

How to calculate a collision which is partly elastic and partly inelastic?

(For the purpose of this question, "calculating a collision" means: given the velocities and masses of two objects in a collision, figuring out the new velocities of both objects after the collision). ...
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1answer
273 views

How to get the new direction of 2 disks colliding?

I'm developing a 2D game including collisions between many disks. I would like to know how I can get the angle corresponding to the new direction of each disk. For every disk I have this information ...
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3answers
481 views

Train crash: are these situations alike? [duplicate]

I was just wondering... I believe that if a car travelling 50 miles per hour crashes into a wall, the result should be the same as crashing to another car also travelling 50 miles per hour (but in the ...
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3answers
214 views

What is the strange event in this simulation of a galactic collision?

I was watching this video on YouTube: 2 Spiral Galaxies w/Supermassive Black Holes Collide Around half way, and again almost at the end, the black holes seem to suddenly give off some sort of force ...
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2answers
5k views

Small car colliding with large truck

A small car collides with a large truck. Why do both vehicles experience the same magnitude of force? Wouldn't the large vehicle experience less force than the small one?
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2answers
300 views

Why can't collisions be elastic?

I understand that in inelastic collisions thermal energy is given out, but why does that happen? Why can't they simply rebound without giving off energy? Also, why in some collisions more heat is ...
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2answers
4k views

What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
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1answer
51 views

Collision of light waves & matter

When light or electromagnetic wave hits an obstacle, what happens? Are the reactions times always negligible? By reaction I mean all that happens after the hit like reflection for example.
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1answer
84 views

What would happen if two entangled particles collided?

Does that is even possible? I have almost zero knowledge in quantum physics, it is just a curiosity that popped in my mind.
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2answers
209 views

How to calculate velocities after collision?

I'm currently writing a program for a particle simulator. One of the requirements is that the particles collide in a realistic way. However, I don't know how to calculate the final velocities. For ...
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2answers
132 views

How is the Principle of Conservation of Momentum proven using the Momentum-Impulse Principle?

Consider two particles moving in the same direction on the same line, $A$ and $B$, with mass $m_A$ and $m_B$, respectively. They also have velocies $u_A$ and $u_B$. They collide. After the collision A ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Finding the coffecient of restitution

A ball moving with velocity $1 \hat i \ ms^{-1}$ and collides with a friction less wall, afetr collision the velocity of ball becomes $1/2 \hat j \ ms^{-1}$. Find the coefficient of restitution ...
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1answer
60 views

Finding direction of a ball after collision in cartesian coordinate system [closed]

In elastic collision of ball to wall along x axis m*Vix=m*Vfx as velocity of wall is 0 before and after collision thus Vix=Vfx ......eq(1) Kinetic Energy is conserved so m*Vi2 = m*Vf2 (Vix2 + ...
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5answers
85 views

Doubt in collision

If a ball under the influence of gravity falls straight down from a height $h$, collides elastically with the floor, at the instant of collision, what forces does it experience? Shouldn't the ...
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1answer
48 views

Is this process possible for L=0? $e^+e^- \to 2\eta_c$

For the following $$e^+ e^- \to \eta_c \eta_c$$ I think it violates parity conservation so it can't happen, but is there any other reason as to why it can't take place? Or is it actually possible?
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1answer
584 views

Physics needed to build a top down billiards game [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How are these balls reflected after they hit each other? I was wondering what sort of physics equations would I need in order to build a top down billiards game? I tried ...
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1answer
57 views

Advantages of $e^-e^-$ or $e^+e^+$ collisions over $e^+e^-$ collisions?

Is there any (interesting) HEP process whose study would take advantage from $e^-e^-$ or $e^+e^+$ collisions with respect to $e^+e^-$ collisions?
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1answer
216 views

Is a collision with an immovable object equal to a head-on collision? [duplicate]

Scenario 1 Two identical and bilaterally symmetrical cars, driven by identical drivers in the exact center of the car and in the same body position, each traveling the same speed, collide exactly ...
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1answer
863 views

Heavy vs Light Particle Ideal Gases

Assume there are two ideal gases. The first is made of a light particle, and the second is made of a heavy particle. The two are of the same amount, in the same volume container, and at the same ...
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1answer
81 views

Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding force exerted in an Inelastic Collision

I did a lab today in Physics in which we launched ball from a spring loaded cannon directly into a pendulum that captured the ball, held it, and swung upwards with it (representing a totally inelastic ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Trying to make a realistic simulation of 'breaks' (Pool)

I'm working on a 2D pool simulation project right now, and I'm trying to create good looking physics that are also performant. After collisions are detected, I update the velocities of the balls. So ...
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0answers
61 views

Researching an automobile accident.Wondering if someone can help me as I never studied physics

I am trying do some independent research on a recent auto collision where the information released doesn't seem plausible based on the pictures that I have seen of the accidents aftermath. A ...
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1answer
35 views

Transfer of angular momentum during oblique impact with(out) adhesion

I am solving a problem of 2 identical spherical particles colliding. The impact is oblique. I consider both normal and tangential contact forces. Tangential force is a combination of elastic force ...
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3answers
82 views

Elastic collision of point particle and rod

A 1 meter long rod on the ice with mass $m_2=1$ kg is perpendicularly hit on one end by a point particle with mass $m_1=0.1$ kg. The collision is elastic and the point particle is bounced back in ...
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0answers
103 views

Kinematics and Motion [closed]

If a body loses half of its velocity on penetrating 3cm in a wooden block, then how much will it penetrate more before coming to rest? How does answer come out to be 1cm?
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0answers
58 views

Relativity addition and signs

I have just covered a very brief module on special relativity as a part of my physics course. I have also done some extra reading mostly; Morrin's Classical Mechanics. While I found the book really ...
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1answer
89 views

Lennard-Jones induced pseudo-molecules

It can be shown that the Lennard-Jones potential - which describes the interaction between particles in non-ideal gases - gives rise to pseudo-molecules: after a triple "collision" of three ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the appropriate device for measuring energy loss from collision with surface?

The surface of a running track (i.e. cinder or rubber) has an effect on a runner's performance. I would like to get some device for measuring how much energy a runner loses on each surfaces. I've ...
2
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1answer
402 views

Moment of inertia of rotating particles in center of mass frame?

I am trying to simulate a collision between two molecules. I know the energy for every position/orientation, from which I can calculate the forces. The treatment is classical and the molecules are ...
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0answers
34 views

How to write down the detailed balance (microreversed) amplitude

I know that time-reversal of a reaction and the detailed balance (microreversed, or reciprocal) reaction are different. Textbooks on scattering theory explain how to relate the S-matrix elements of a ...
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2answers
1k views

Elastic collision and spring

Bodies $A$ and $B$ are moving in the same direction in a straight line with a constant velocities on a frictionless surface. The mass and the velocity of $A$ are $2 \text{kg}$ and $10 \text{m/s}$. ...
2
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1answer
247 views

Swords, impacts and elasticity for a noob

So I'm a game developer and I'm trying to understand some (extremely) basic facts of impact mechanics. I had read something entitled Dynamics of Hand-Held Impact Weapons, but it was a bit too ...
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0answers
404 views

kinetic energy in collisions [closed]

We were hoping you could help us understand collision energy. Vehicle $ A $ is driving West at $35\space mph$ and weighs $ 1437 \space kg$. Vehicle $ B $ is driving North at $35\space mph$ and weighs ...
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2answers
244 views

Matter and anti-matter collision energy problem

From Beyond Einstein, by Michio Kaku and Jennifer Thompson, Chapter 13, Antimatter : Dirac, also focused on the fact that Einstein's equation $E=mc^2$ wasn't totally true. (Einstein was aware that ...
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10answers
3k views

Should you really lean into a punch?

There's a conventional wisdom that the best way to minimize the force impact of a punch to the head is to lean into it, rather than away from it. Is it true? If so, why? EDIT: Hard to search for ...
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4answers
325 views

Acceleration of a car in a collision?

For example because of newton law $F=ma$ force is acceleration times mass but if I go at a high constant velocity ($900\: \mathrm{miles/hour}$) in my car for examples I have $0$ acceleration but if I ...
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2answers
74 views

Why is scattering vector $\vec{q}$ called vector of 'momentum transfer'?

In the world of scattering the angle at which you detect the scattered radiation is known as $q$, where $$ \vec{q} = \frac{4\pi\eta}{\lambda}\sin(\theta/2) $$ I read in a lot of books that this is ...
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5answers
109 views

Satellite Collision Problem

I'm stuck on a problem of two satellites going towards each other. The mass of the first satellite is 400kg and the mass of the second satellite is 100kg. The altitude of the satellites is 1000km. I ...