Interaction between two or more bodies that results in physical contact and an exchange of momentum between the bodies involved.

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5answers
922 views

Elastic collision of point particle and rod

A 1 meter long rod on the ice with mass $m_2=1$ kg is perpendicularly hit on one end by a point particle with mass $m_1=0.1$ kg. The collision is elastic and the point particle is bounced back in ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Finding final velocity in inelastic collision [closed]

Information: In a shipping company distribution center, an open cart of mass 49.0-kg is rolling to the left at a speed of 5.40-m/s (see the figure). You can ...
1
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1answer
140 views

The Coefficient of Restitution of a bouncing ball

If I drop a ball from a height $H$ and the ball rebounds from the floor it will bounce back up to a height of $e^2h$ where $e$ is the coefficient of restitution of the collision between the floor and ...
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2answers
106 views

Two balls travelling at different speeds collide in two referentials

In a referential R1, one ball B1 travels at 100 m/s and hits and another identitcal ball B2 that travels at 50 m/s in the same direction. Assuming the material in which the balls are made is such that ...
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2answers
37 views

What makes a collision superelastic?

I've seen an online definition: A collision in which potential energy is converted into kinetic energy so that the total kinetic energy of the colliding objects is greater after the collision than ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Can we generate electric current by injecting electrons into a copper panel

Suppose I take a vacuum tube and accelerate electrons in it by electric fields then collide it on a copper plate. Will the electrons then go inside it and generate an electric current by putting a ...
5
votes
3answers
315 views

The momentum of a swinging sword

Suppose you are faced with a zombie, and the only way to kill it and save yourself is to chop its head off with your sword. However, you are very weak from illness, and can only afford to strike once. ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Calculation of velocity via kinetic energy and momentum yielding different answer

I am attacking the given problem (as a preface I'm not asking to be spoon fed any answers, just looking for clarity from people much smarter than myself) A 15.0kg block is attached to a very light ...
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0answers
48 views

During perfectly elastic collision of two objects $A$ and $B$, how much is the initial speed of object $A$ affecting the force applied to $A$ itself?

I got stuck in what seemed to be an easy problem. If two bodies $A$ and $B$ collide perfectly elastically and head-on what is the equation that gives us the forces applied to $A$ and $B$, given a ...
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2answers
134 views

Collision of two satellites

In a theoretical situation in which two identical satellites travelling around the Earth in opposite directions collided head on so that there velocities relative to the earth both became 0, would ...
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2answers
85 views

Why is momentum conserved in inelastic collisions? How is it related to momentum-impulse theory?

First of all I want to mention, that I've found many questions around this site and in other websites dealing with my question; however, I don't think they answer my question fully. So I am here to ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Dissipated Energy from Falling Object using Lagrangian [closed]

A plate of mass $M$ moves horizontally with initial speed $v$ on a frictionless table. An object of mass $m$ is dropped vertically onto it from the height $h$ and smashes. How much energy is ...
1
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2answers
234 views

Case of the mysterious bullets (taken from Mad About Physics)

"Two ideal bullets, identical in shape, size and mass, strike the same target with the same speed just before the collision. Force meters at the target register two times the force value for bullet A ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Linear Momentum Based Problem [closed]

A ball moving along a straight line collides elastically with another stationary ball of the same mass. At the moment of collision the angle between the straight line passing through the centres of ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Relating to Inelastic Collisions

There is a very simple equation for an inelastic collision but it really only applies to 2d scenarios: $$v = \frac{(m_1 u_1 + m_2 u_2)}{(m_1+m_2)}$$ What would be the equation for an inelastic ...
12
votes
1answer
677 views

Mars just collided with Earth! A question of eccentricity

One of the standard theories behind the formation of our Moon is the giant impact hypothesis, according to which Earth was struck by a Mars-sized body (about $10\%$ the mass of Earth) early in its ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Reflection - reaction force direction

Let's say an object hits a wall. When the object is reflected does the direction of the reaction force caused on the wall look like the red arrow? Does that direction depend on how "strong" object is ...
0
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2answers
172 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Equations for a collision between two particles

Say I have two particles on a 2D plane, they have a x and y coordinate, a x and y velocity, a mass, a coefficient of restitution and a coefficient of friction. What formulae would I need to determine ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

How do we prove that the initial velocity is equal to final velocity relative to centre of mass?

In elastic collision it is stated that the initial velocity relative to centre of mass is equivalent to final velocity of centre of mass of the same object. How do we prove that?
0
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1answer
41 views

What will happen to the center of mass of the human body when a person carries a weight with one hand?

What will happen to the center of mass of the human body when a person carries a weight with one hand a briefcase for example. Wouldn't the center of mass move horizontally towards the side carrying ...
0
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3answers
87 views

Object falls and hits ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum?

When an object falls and hits the ground - which forces are involved to change its momentum? Should $m\vec{g}$ be taken into account of the forces that were involved in the change of momentum?
0
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0answers
56 views

What is the relationship between the Young's modulus of a material and the elasticity of a free fall collision

I'm coding a 2D physics simulator based around the Newtonian physics principles with some alterations due to computation limits and I am at the stage of creating a collision event between a planetary ...
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0answers
21 views

Centrality analogue in proton-proton collision

If we look at ion-ion collisions one can represent most observables as a function of centrality (0-5% centrality class event etc.). Is there any possibility to introduce centrality analogue in ...
89
votes
3answers
17k views

Why doesn't matter pass through other matter if atoms are 99.999% empty space?

The ghostly passage of one body through another is obviously out of the question if the continuum assumption were valid, but we know that at the micro, nano, pico levels (and beyond) this is not even ...
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1answer
169 views

How can one calculate the gamma-ray energy spectrum for proton-proton collisions?

How does one calculate the the energy spectrum of gamma-rays produced by a proton-proton collision? I'm at a complete loss.
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1answer
143 views

Elastic Collisions and Relative Velocities

In a 1D elastic collision, it is well-known that the relative velocities of the two objects (before and after the collision) are reversed. What is the extension of this result to 2D or higher? Is ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Ideal Bullet Block

What if in the experiment by Veritasium Bullet Block Explained, we used an ideal block and bullet, so that the collision is perfect elastic, and the bullet doesn't stick to the block after hitting it? ...
2
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2answers
155 views

Is momentum conserved in the collision of a ball with a hanging rod?

Suppose we have a situation like A ball of some mass $m$ with some velocity collides with rod hinged at point $A$. Is momentum conserved in this situation? I know that hinge will give impulsive ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How to calculate the deceleration of two trains moving with the same velocity? [closed]

Two trains travelling on the same track are approaching each other with equal speeds of 40m/s. The drivers of the train begin to decelerate simultaneously when they are just 2km apart. If the ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Hitting the center of percussion

I have a couple of questions about the CP The formula is : $$b=\frac{L^2}{12A}$$ where b is the distance from CoG, therefore if L = 1 (and M = 12), the distance from the center of gravity be ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Definition of a symbol $s_{NN}$ appearing in particle physics

What is the meaning of $s_{NN}$ in particle physics? See e.g. here http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/thesis/karabowicz_phd_thesis.pdf page 18 in the pdf. What is its relation to energy? I ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

Small car colliding with large truck

A small car collides with a large truck. Why do both vehicles experience the same magnitude of force? Wouldn't the large vehicle experience less force than the small one?
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Hockey puck collision [closed]

I have a homework question in which a sticky hockey puck traveling at constant velocity parallel to the side of the rink strikes a stationary puck and sticks to it. The angels between centres at ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

Elastic collisions and conservation of momentum

If you have an elastic collision between objects 1 and 2 and where 'kinetic energy is conserved', does this mean object 1 will always have the same velocity it had before the collision? Or will ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Modelling an Inelastic Collision

I've attempted to model the inelastic collision between a moving mass and a large stationary object, e.g. dropping an ball on the floor, for analysing the approximate kinematics and heat dissipation ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Two cars colliding with different speeds

If I have one car travelling at 30 m/s and another travelling at 10 m/s both weighing the same amount, why is it that the car travelling 10 m/s would have more damage? According to Newton's third law ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Collisions of celestial objects

When massive, spherical celestial objects collide, how long does it take for the objects to coalesce into a new, larger, spherical entity under the influence of gravity? Examples of the above:- ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

A particle collides with another particle in an (infinitesimally long?) elastic collision, what is the resultant force?

When an object collides with another object in an elastic collision, the first object exerts a force on the second object (and vice versa); how do you calculate the force that the object experiences? ...
5
votes
8answers
1k views

Physics Paradox about Newtons Second Law $F=ma$

If force equals mass times acceleration, wouldn't a basketball dropped from the top of the Eiffel tower exert the same force on the ground as a basketball dropped a foot off the ground? They both ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

Is it possible to determine the outcome of any impact knowing only the ratio of masses? [duplicate]

In elastic collisions in 2-D if two balls $A$, $B$ ($m_A = m_B$, $R = 1$) have equal mass we can determine in advance the outcome of the collision. If cue-ball $A$ impacts object-ball $B$ (at rest) ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

What are all the equations we use to calculate how bounces work?

I mean, what is the object's final displacement, or the function that describes the object's height over time (see [1]) of an object thrown by a height $h$ with a speed of $\vec{v_0}$, a mass of $m$, ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

Experiment to verify a spring constant

In my high school physics class, I had students do a Hooke's Law lab to measure an unknown spring constant. Once we compared everyone's data we came up with a class value for $k$ of 253 N/m. We then ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Trying to make a realistic simulation of 'breaks' (Pool)

I'm working on a 2D pool simulation project right now, and I'm trying to create good looking physics that are also performant. After collisions are detected, I update the velocities of the balls. So ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse [duplicate]

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Will the bouncing particle exert greater force on the surface?

Imagine elastic collision and no energy is lost from the system. A particle is emitted from the bottom of a box. The box is in inertial motion. The particle hits the top of the box and travels in ...
-1
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2answers
172 views

Question about impulse and momentum

Check this question first please My question is: Why can't I use equations of motion to get the final speed after rebounding?Acceleration not equal to $9.8 \text{m/s}^2$ or the intial after ...
3
votes
3answers
286 views

Does the stationary object deform more than the moving one after a collision?

Given two identical clay disks on an air track, one is stationary and another is moving at "high" speed. After colliding, does the stationary disk deform more than the moving one? If it matters, the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Can a bullet shot through a glass make a clean hole?

One can often see (hopefully only in the movies) that a bullet shot through a pane of window glass leaves a hole in it, but overall the glass is left largely intact. However, a low-speed projectile, ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Why do we hear a higher pitched sound outside the water when we smash two stones in water?

The observer is outside the water; the stones are in water (say, 1 m below the surface). This produces a higher-pitched sound for the observer than if both the observer and the stones are in air. Is ...