Coherence describes properties of correlations among physical quantities of waves, with special emphasis on constant phase differences and frequencies in common. Such collective linkages enable stationary (temporally and spatially constant) interference.

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Distribution of quantum beating among spectral frequencies

Let's imagine that we have 3-level system: ground state $\vert 0 \rangle$ and two excited states $\vert 1 \rangle$, $\vert 2 \rangle$ with similar energies $\hbar \omega _1$ and $\hbar \omega _2$ ...
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324 views

Fiber optics with broadband, incoherent light

I wonder if someone could help clarify waveguiding with broadband, incoherent light please. If we take a telecomms fiber, which is single-moded above ~1.4 μm and couple a laser beam in, we assume ...
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Spatial coherence of SLED light (width of active region?)

As far as I know, super-luminescent diodes (a.k.a. SLEDs) have a very similar structure to laser diodes, except that the front faces of the active region are tilted to prevent the sort of reflections ...
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Validity of the 'photon wavetrain' model of coherence

In some optics textbooks, coherence is introduced with the "photon wavetrain" model. In this model, we consider light generated by many atoms each making the same transition. During each transition, a ...
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How to find Intensity from field of train of pulses?

Lets say there is process that emits a field $E$ every half cycle of a driving laser pulse (in particular, high harmonic generation). The total field is $$ E_{tot}(t) = \cdots + E(t-2\pi/\omega)-E(t-\...
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Are two waves coherent iff they have the same frequency?

The essential property that two waves must own in order to interfere with each other is to be coherent. Two waves are coherent if their phase difference $\phi_2-\phi_1$ does not change in time ...
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Will these two coherent electromagnetic waves be in phase?

My question is how will I know if two coherent electromagnetic waves are in phase based on their phase difference. I just solved a problem which stated... Two coherent sources A & B send ...
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How far apart can the slits be in a double-slit experiment using direct sunlight?

In a normal double slit experiment, I'm told that sunlight doesn't produce a visible interference pattern because there is no stable phase relationship between the two slits. However, sunlight ...
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What makes the radiation behind slits coherent?

Have a look on the sketch To get such a intensity distribution of light behind a slit we presuppose that all the light that moves on the two lines is coherent; of the same wavelength AND the same ...
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Why incoherent source of waves have to be passed though a single slit for double slit interference pattern to occur?

Thomas Young used a single slit between the light source and the double slits. I can't understand why did he used the single slit, since the light from only one source is coherent already or isn't it? ...
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29 views

Is nanoparticle a Bose einstein Condensate

I was reading about nanopartilces(NPs) and their properties. At several places I have read that NPs act as coherent body. I wonder if the Nps can be treated as Bose Einstein condensate (BEC) as ...
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Time-coherency of “incoherent” light

Even "incoherent" light as the one of a light bulb has some coherency, and would interfer in the double-slit experiment (even if more blurry because the different wavelengths don't trigger the same ...
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Non coherence of Fermions and Bosons through $U(1)$

I "know" the textbook answer why we cannot write, $$ |\psi\rangle = a|j=\tfrac{1}{2}\rangle + b|j=1\rangle $$ as "each term in the quantum superposition transforms differently under $U(1)$", $$ U(2\...
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What is coherence in quantum mechanics?

What are coherence and quantum entanglement? Does it mean that two particles are the same? I read this in a book called Physics of the Impossible by Michio Kaku. He says that two particles behave in ...
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Polarized Coherent Beam Hits a Polarizer Off-Polarization Angle While Varying Distance?

Just wondering about an experiment that should be easy to perform on an optical bench: A coherent beam is polarized. It then hits another polarizer which is set to permit a polarization angle off ...
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Finding the appropriate fitting function for a coherence length measurement

I'm studying Coherent Optics in Experimental Physics, and I intend to determine the coherence length of a two beam interference. To do that, I used an He-Ne laser, a Michelson interferometer and a CCD....
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What is the shape of the MTF curve in coherent imaging?

For incoherent imaging, the shape of the diffraction-limited MTF curve would look roughly like a triangle, with normalized contrast starting at 1 for zero spatial frequency and decreasing to 0 at the ...
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62 views

Would a collection of entangled particles behave like a superfluid? [closed]

Superfluidity of a Bose-Einstein condensate comes from the fact that all the particles are found in the same quantum state. They are described by the same macroscopic wavefunction. They never collide ...
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209 views

Is this wave spatially coherent?

Is the following wave (the solid lines representing the intensity maxima) spatially coherent? I've been seeing different, seemingly contradictory definitions of spatial coherence. Some places ...
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What exactly is the “coherence” between waves?

I know, by definition, that coherence means that a pair of waves have constant phase difference. What does this mean? Does it mean they always have a 360 degrees, or 0 degrees phase difference? Or ...
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Connection between coherence and monochromaticity of a light source?

Is there any connection between the coherence ( length, time ) and monochromaticity of a light source?
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Conservation of quantum coherence?

Is coherence conserved under unitary transformation? As we saw in the process of generating entanglement, coherence between states of the subsystem is transferred to quantum correlations (related to ...
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42 views

“Classical” Coherence

I'm having a couple of courses where the concept of coherence is quite important. I know the traditional definition of coherence and it's connection to the phase of a wave. But often, I found, that ...
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How to tell whether a wave is coherent or not? [closed]

I know that coherency means constant phase difference,but how to figure it from equation? Are all sinusoidal waves coherent?
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Re-entering superposition

I've realized that I'm somewhat familiar with what happens when an system in a superposition is "measured". But not at all with what happens after. Example: If there is an electron in a superposition,...
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102 views

What is a wavefront?

For this picture Anna wrote: "Incandescent light is incoherent because it comes from many sources and the same is true for sunlight. By passing the light through the one slit he created a single ...
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62 views

Are these waves coherent? [closed]

Are these two sinusoidal waves coherent? Note that it is not on y-t graph. And $x_1 \neq x_2$ but time taken to cover both the distances is same (which means same frequency). i.e. $t_1 = t_2$ $$x_1/...
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How can I simulate two fluorophores with a reticle?

Fluorophores typically emit in an incoherent fashion. I thought I could simulate two fluorophores (e.g. single molecule fluors) with a reticle. My concept was to make two small holes in a chrome ...
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Are two waves being in phase is the same as saying that the two waves are coherent?

If two waves are coherent, is it the same as them being in phase? Please correct if I'm wrong.
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Entanglement and coherence

I have come across a wonderful review of entanglement by Chris Drost in his answer to this post. One part that left me puzzled was: (This post is merely an attempt to understand a portion of Chris' ...
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110 views

Does chirp (GDD, TOD ) affect the temporal coherence of a laser?

Lets say we have a laser beam with finite temporal coherence. A broadband spectrum with a transform limited pulse of 100fs. If we measure its temporal coherence when the pulse is transform limited (...
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Can thermal states of light be monochromatic?

As one can read from the quantum optics textbooks each mode of light of a certain frequency, spatial configuration and polarization can be considered as a quantum harmonic oscillator. One can imagine ...
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48 views

How is the temporal coherence of a pulse defined?

I am having problem with the concept of coherence and photon degeneracy. The temporal coherence of pulse is defined in Born and Wolf as: $$t_c=\lambda^2/c\Delta\lambda$$ (The time a photon takes to ...
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70 views

Why, in order to obtain distinct interference, is a small distance between the two waves essential?

This is quoted from Concepts of Physics by H.C.Verma: In order to obtain a fairly distinct interference pattern, the path difference between the two waves originating from coherent sources should ...
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Connection between Polarization and Coherence in optics

It is not completely clear to me how the notions of polarization and coherence, in optics, work together! I quite understand both of them but it's still hard to grasp their deep connection. I'm quite ...
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104 views

Do stars produce spatially coherent light? Why?

If I understand correctly, the existance of astronomical interferometry implies coherence of light produces by stars. The temporal coherence can probably be achieved by wavelength filters. But what ...
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68 views

Coherence theory and spatial/temporal coherence

I'm working on a beyond the Standard model (BSM) experiment (on its theoretical side, actually) and I really need to understand better the concepts of spatial and temporal coherence. The rough idea ...
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104 views

What is the relationship between coherent states and quantum coherence?

What is the relationship between coherent states and quantum coherence? To me coherent states were only talked about in regard to Quantum Harmonic Oscillator, whereas coherence and decoherence on the ...
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915 views

Simple explanation of Coherent integration radar

I have a physics background, and I'm reading some physics data analysis papers where they keep throwing around the term coherent integration. I've done the google search, but the best answer I could ...
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104 views

Is it possible to produce coherent light with a thermal source? [closed]

Coherent light means monochromatic light and alle waves have the same phase difference. This is given for laser, where the resonator is a potential box and the outgoing waves have the same phase ...
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coherent length measurement of a monochromatic laser source

i need to learn about how to measure coherent length of a monochromatic laser source.I know that I can use michelson interferometer or spectrometry.For laser which has long coherent length michelson ...
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Why Does Passing Light Through a Slit Make it Coherent?

Related: Why incoherent source of waves have to be passed though a single slit for double slit interference pattern to occur? If you have a an incoherent light source, why does passing it through a ...
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Understanding quantum coherence in biological processes (Magnetoreception)

Moved my questions to the top. Context below. Why is the strength of the electric field and the coupling constant being compared to the inverse coherence time? What is the inverse coherence time? Is ...
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In what applications are lasers necessary vs. just convenient?

I’m trying to understand, given the wide array of current laser applications: Which applications actually require laser characteristics, as opposed to just use lasers because they are the most ...
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Micro gripper for conveying tiny objects

Figure below shows a micro gripper used for conveying very small objects (i.e. the spherical object in Figure) and putting them in desired place using capillary force principal in a liquid bridge. To ...
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252 views

Quantum coherence and decoherence

In Quantum Mechanics coherent states are defined as eigenstates to some annihilation operator. Afaik this notion is due to Roy Glauber. Now, I just read that if you have a spin-state for example, ...
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279 views

Coherence of spin state

In my textbook the coherence of a spin state $|\psi\rangle $ is measured by the quantity $|\langle \uparrow|\psi| \downarrow \rangle|$. The thing is that I am not sure how this quantity is related to ...
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363 views

Convert normal white light to laser-like light?

Is there a probable device that can convert white light to laser-like light without the need of an electrical stage in-between? I'm thinking of something along this level. A very precise filter and ...
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1answer
481 views

Coherence length requirement for interference

One property of light sources that is usually stated, which is of particular importance when trying to create interference fringes, is the coherence length (or coherence time). The equation for the ...