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4
votes
3answers
1k views

How is the mechanism of greenhouse gases interacting with IR radiation?

How does atmospheric CO2 and other Greenhousgases (GHG) affect the incoming (from sun) and outgoing (from earth) radiation. I understand that at certain wavenumbers (or areas of wavenumbers) in the ...
2
votes
4answers
230 views

What could cause a planet to have apparently random season lengths?

The world A Song of Fire and Ice series is set on is characterized by seasons that last several years (how years are measured on this planet is not specified to my knowledge). However, they are of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Approximating mean daily and hourly temperature beyond Fourier series

Summary: What "well-known" and short parametrized mathematical function describes daily and hourly temperature for a given location? If you look at the mean daily temperature graph for a given ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Computing delta temperature based on radiation and heat loss

Is there a formula that gives me the instantaneous change in temperature under ideal circumstances? Details: On a cloudless day, temperature is affected by two major things(?): While the Sun is ...
8
votes
1answer
213 views

How do subgrid-scale parametrisations in climate models work?

Global Circulation Models typically have grids of 100-300km on a side. There are obviously lots of atmospheric processes that happen at smaller scales than this. Convection, cloud formation, the ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Reference request: statistical inference with real world (chaotic) data, e.g. climate/weather data

I'm interested in the process that goes from, for example, huge data sets of temperature, pressure, precipitation etc readings to a model of the atmosphere. I'd like to know about how much relies on a ...