Classical mechanics refers to the classical (i.e., non-relativistic, non-quantum) study of physics. Three major formulations of classical mechanics are newtonian mechanics, lagrangian mechanics, and hamiltonian mechanics. The latter two are rather useful in extensions to Classical Mechanics; ...

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determining phase constants in SHM [closed]

A particle moves along the x axis. It is initially at the position $x$ of $0.300 m$, moving with velocity $v$ of $0.070 m/s$ and acceleration $a$ of $-0.330 m/s^2$. Suppose it moves with constant ...
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49 views

Questions about basic jump physics

This is a problem a friend and I are working on for an undergrad reading course. Our goal at the end is to make an accurate two-dimensional model of the human jump using Processing by the end of next ...
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84 views

Gravitational work

As far as I know gravitational work is independent from the path of the object, and I have an object that goes up on a inclined plane to a certain height, and than, after the object reaches the edge ...
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125 views

Ideal gas in ensemble

I want to calculate the phase space density for a single ideal gas particle in a microcanonical ensemble. I know that the partition function is given by the well-known expression that you find for ...
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1answer
89 views

Power dissipation in High Voltage Cables

I was doing the following physics problem in physics class: You have two dimensionally identical pieces of metal, one made from aluminium the other made from iron. It is given to us that ...
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69 views

Latent heat of solidification

What is the heat release mechanism involved in solidification from liquid phase? Is the energy transferred to nucleation centres?
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90 views

Landau Mechanics equation 16.9

I am having trouble deriving the equation 16.9 from Landau's Classical Mechanics book. This equation is the maximum kinetic energy of a particle if a massive particle with mass $M$ disintegrates into ...
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191 views

Equation for Terminal Velocity on an inclined plane and the time it takes to reach it

Now I'm doing a research on the matter similar to this thread : Terminal Velocity of identical shape/size objects which is very self explanatory and very helpful. However in my case, the objects will ...
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1answer
100 views

Pressure inside a plastic bottle filled with water and squeezed by X weight?

I'd like to know how it'd be possible to calculate the pressure inside a plastic bottle filled with water and squeezed by say 20 kg sitting on the bottle, which is lying on its side (so that ...
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41 views

Torque in a 2-segment robot leg

I have a (hypothetical) robot with two legs, each with 2 segments, with a joint at the body of the robot and in the 'knee' of each leg, as in this (poorly-drawn) diagram: (Sorry about the quality and ...
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1answer
69 views

Is a motor HP torque directly proportional to the increasing HP among identical motors?

Say you have three motors: Motor 1 = .10 HP with x torque, performing task A Motor 2 = 1 HP with y torque, performing task A Motor 3 = 10 HP with z torque, performing task A If the motors are the ...
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68 views

If you dig a deep tunnel, will the rock sublimate?

If a tunnel is dug deep inside the crust (but before reaching places where the rock is liquid), how will the enormous downwards pressure manifest itself? Will the difference in pressure ...
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38 views

What does an $n$-body system with constant $T$ and $U$ look like?

Can someone give an example of a system where the kinetic $T$ and potential $U$ energy are constant (but not zero)? Here's what I have in mind: Say you have $n-1$ satellites of negligible mass ...
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47 views

Interaction of solid objects and change of trajectory

I have two solid objects. Each of them has an arbitary complex surface, which is discribed by set of vertices. The aim is to describe their interaction, result of which is the change in trajectory of ...
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1answer
46 views

(air pressure and displacement) Isn't this image wrong?

Isn't this figure wrong? P(x,t) = -B(dy/dx) . If the derivative of air displacement has a maximum, then this is where the pressure is minimum, not maximum as this figure suggests. Could someone ...
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91 views

Lifting an Atwoods machine from the ground? [closed]

If we have an Atwood machine where masses $m_A$ and $m_B$ rest on the ground, then we apply an upwards force $F$ to the Atwoods machine. What is the acceleration of the blocks when $F=124N$, $m_A = ...
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56 views

Rocket towing an object

I'm not sure if my question makes sense, but I don't know where to start. A crate of mass $m_2$ is connected by a massless rope of constant length $l$ to a rocket of mass $m_1$. We take into account ...
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1answer
45 views

Optimal placement of support joist under shelf

Assume an ideal board, supported by two joists. Where should those two joists be optimally placed? Instinctively, I'd say at somewhat less than 25% and somewhat more than 75% of the extend of the ...
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3k views

Acceleration of masses hanging from a system of two pulleys

"Masses $M_1$ and $M_2$ are connected to a system of strings and pulleys as shown. The strings are massless and inextensible, and the pulleys are massless and frictionless. Find the acceleration of ...
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33 views

Modulus of action-reaction forces

I read somewhere that action-reaction forces satisfy the form $$ \mathbf{F}_{12}=-\mathbf{F}_{21}=f(|P_1-P_2|)(P_1-P_2) $$ meaning that the modulus can only depend on the distance between the two ...
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289 views

An intuitive proof of Bertrand's theorem

Is there a way to see that Bertrand's theorem is true intuitively. I mean without getting into too much mathematics ?
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57 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop

I wanted to ask about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion as described in the following sketch. According to a simulation found in the internet , a ...
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1answer
78 views

Resonance and the driving frequency?

Why does resonance occur in a mass-spring system when the natural frequency = the driving frequency. I think it is because the driving force is always contributing to the kinetic energy of the system ...
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1answer
105 views

Relationship between tangential & centripetal forces when angular speed constant but radius varies

The model of a circular motion in basic Physics textbooks and online resources (e.g., Wikipedia on circular motion) assumes that the motion is a circle with constant radius to derive relationships ...
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56 views

velocity in inertial and nontial frames

I got confused about the difference between the last term of both pictures. In the first one, we have w x r, but in the second we have w x r underlined. Does anyone have a better explanation? They ...
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31 views

Do I need the exact velocity when experimenting with sliding coins?

I'm doing a home experiment but it's not going very well. I'm pushing coins on a table. I'm taking the time for how long it takes coin A to hit coin B and then I divide it by the time between them ...
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88 views

Lorentz force in rotating frame of reference?

This is the common problem of a charged particle moving in a static electric and magnetic field. Say $\textbf{E}=(E_x,0,0)$ and $\textbf{B}=(0,0,B_z)$. In the inertial frame of reference, the ...
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59 views

Horsepower at certain RPM point without knowing torque?

I want to know the horsepower produced by an engine at certain RPM by knowing another certain RPM point? Let's suppose that an engine produces 200 hp at 4000 RPM, how many horsepower is produced by ...
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2answers
71 views

If a paper disc is cut into a spiral, does its moment of inertia change?

It is obvious that there is no change in the mass of it and its radius. But the shape of the object does change. Does it mean its moment of inertia will also change?
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133 views

Equation of a flying kite

My question is the following: What is the shape of the rope which holds a kite flying? (Steady state.) I am not a physicist (I am a mathematician), so I can not work the physics part of the ...
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70 views

Two masses collide on a ramp [closed]

M1 slides down a frictionless ramp and collides with M2 They both compress the spring. How far is the spring compressed? What is the final velocity of M1 on the rebound up the ramp? I was thinking ...
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1answer
76 views

Power and speed [closed]

I'm asked to calculate how much POWER a 1210kg car needs to drive with a 85 km/s speed up a 655 meter long slope of 4.5°. I can find how much energy and work is required to do this, but isn't ...
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1answer
111 views

Classical disintegration of particles, Landau-Lifshitz series on Physics

i read Landau's book recently. In this book p.43 Landau says from (16.1) (16.2) can be write down $T_10$= $p_0^2$/2$m_1$=($M-m_1$)($E_i-E_1i-E_i'$)/$M$ For me, it is hard to understand the factor ...
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337 views

Minimum separation distance between two masses cushioned by a spring [closed]

I think this problem is much more difficult than what I've learned so far. B) is the problem I'm having a hard time with. I think it is much more difficult to consider because as the red object ...
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2answers
69 views

Fixed lever arm spinning under gravity, why am I getting these results?

Suppose there is a lever arm of length $L$, a mass $m$, and it is fixed at one end. The lever is parallel to the ground. So the force acting on the center of mass of the lever would be $mg$. Now ...
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97 views

How do I correctly choose signs for a falling particle?

An object falls from a height $h$ above water through air with negligible drag. In the water, the upward buoyancy exactly balances the downward gravitation force. The only remaining force on the ...
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2answers
1k views

Friction on an object moving with momentum over a surface

I'm familiar with the equations for friction for a static object and an object moving at steady speed over a surface from high school physics. But we never learned how an object moving only due to ...
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1answer
127 views

Diffraction of sound

The sound waves, by the virtue of it being a wave, shows diffraction and interference. But in diffraction, I learnt that if the wave is allowed to enter through a small aperture, there is a central ...
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1answer
55 views

Calculating Energy & Small functional time scale

I have an electric motor that can apply a pull force of $3000 \;\mathrm{lb}$ (electric winch), it draws $180 \;\mathrm{A}$ at $12 \;\mathrm{V}$. I understand that power $P = I \cdot V = 2.1 ...
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2answers
187 views

Symmetries of relativistic Lagrangian and Hamiltonian systems

In non-relativistic mechanics, the conserved quantities found using Noethers theorem in Lagrangian mechanics are the same as those quantities which are conserved under canonical commutation with the ...
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1answer
56 views

Force experienced on two particles in a rotating system?

I've a system of two particles of the same mass who rotate in a circle about the centre of mass of the two particles. Is the force experienced by the particles $F=MV^{2}/r$ or should I use ...
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1answer
138 views

Missing centrifugal acceleration

I am trying to get correct equations for acceleration of a point in reference frame A, given position, velocity and acceleration in rotating reference frame B. Let $\mathbf{x}_A(t)$, ...
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1answer
170 views

What is the tension in the string of a spherical pendulum? [closed]

Can some one solve it by using Lagrange's undetermined multiplier method or any other method that explains the physics in spherical pendulum system? book references: 1) Classical mechanics by ...
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1answer
1k views

Problem with Velocity of efflux [closed]

I am stuck in this problem- I need to find the velocity of efflux at the hole of the container. [We can assume that the area of the hole is negligible in comparison with the base area of the ...
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2answers
264 views

Curve object in liquid under pressure [duplicate]

I would like to know how red forces are compensate in this study. A black solid object is put in a liquid (helium or hydrogen for example). It's a curved solid. Solid don't move up or down, imagine it ...
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1answer
969 views

Internal kinetic energy and center of mass kinetic energy

For a given system, how can you tell which one is kinetic energy for center of mass and which one is internal kientic energy? K = Kcm + K int For example, "A 150 g trick baseball is thrown at 63 ...
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1answer
100 views

Classical mechanics problem for two boxes [closed]

![enter image description here][2] This question is truly annoying, and I have been stuck for an hour on part D, would greatly appreciate if anyone could shed a light on this problem. Why ans for ...
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1answer
90 views

Vector Summation [closed]

When two vectors are sketched from a single point, the angle between them is θ. Show that the size of their vector summation is given in the expression: $ \sqrt{A^2 + B^2 +2ABcosθ} $. Any ...
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3answers
501 views

Friction forces and sliding slabs

I have 2 questions, one generalizing the other. Question 1: Suppose we have 2 slabs resting horizontally on a table. Assume there is friction between the 2 slabs as well as between the bottom slab ...
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1answer
361 views

General Solution of Mechanics Problem

I had a homework problem that Given velocity, $v^2(t)=\frac{K}{x(t)}$, where $x(t)$ is distance, find $v$ as a function of $t$. Of course if we assume a positive root, it is easy but what if ...