3
votes
2answers
79 views

Cartesian Coordinates to Polar Coordinates

I apologize if this question is trivial, but I am new to physics and am struggling with some of the basic concepts. Working in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with standard coordinates $(x,y)$, suppose we have a ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Electrical force between two objects

I tried to solve the following problem: There are 2 objects . The object m1 with charge q and the object m2 with charge q.(same charge).The object m2 is connected with a rope to the ceiling. at the ...
1
vote
4answers
75 views

Basic buoyancy question

If I have a cup of water filled with air at the bottom of a pool, then when the cup is "upside down" the air doesn't leave because the water pressure is pushing it up against the top of the container. ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Which areas of physics are related to the act of playing drums?

I'm musician (drummer) and I'm trying to figure out what can I study (related to Physics) for better understanding of the drumsticks and wrist movements, the force applied and the better way to apply ...
-5
votes
1answer
86 views

Why $\vec F=m\vec a$ instead of $\vec F=m\vec v$? [duplicate]

$\vec F=m\vec a$ ,for moving object with 10 $km/s$ in a constant manner ,where acceleration is zero. ie No force on object ? http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=622711
14
votes
5answers
1k views

Force as change in momentum vs. change in velocity

Is there ever a situation where the distinction between $F = m \frac{dv}{dt}$ and $F = \frac{dp}{dt}$ is important? I can't think of a situation where one is true and not the other (assuming only ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Acceleration of masses hanging from a system of two pulleys

"Masses $M_1$ and $M_2$ are connected to a system of strings and pulleys as shown. The strings are massless and inextensible, and the pulleys are massless and frictionless. Find the acceleration of ...
1
vote
0answers
379 views

Sum of energy in a free rotation with Algodoo sofware

I try to understand why Algodoo software (freeware) give an efficiency greater than unity. I tested several scenes and at each time I can look the software give energy, I don't say it's all the time ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Creep of materials at atomic/molecular level under stresses

Do the viscoelastic materials creep at the same rate under three types of fundamental stresses, viz.- TENSION, COMPRESSION and SHEAR??? My intuition tells me that the answer is no. But, I can't get ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Question about resolving forces

Say, in the example below, the weight $mg$ of the object is $800N$. To find $R$, the conventional method is to use $R\sin(28^\circ) = 800$. But why isn't it possible to use instead the component of ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Modulus of action-reaction forces

I read somewhere that action-reaction forces satisfy the form $$ \mathbf{F}_{12}=-\mathbf{F}_{21}=f(|P_1-P_2|)(P_1-P_2) $$ meaning that the modulus can only depend on the distance between the two ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Confusion with curl of Lorentz magnetic force

Since the magnetic force is a no work force, $dW=\vec F\cdot d\vec r=0$ for $\vec F(\vec r)=q(\vec v(\vec r) \times \vec B(\vec r))$, therefore $\oint \vec F \cdot d\vec r=0$ by Stoke's theorem. ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Universal gravity at small distance

Could it be that there is simply a maximum gravitational force that two bodies of finite mass can exert on one another? This would occur at $r=0$, so maybe there is some really really really small $a$ ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Can a force applied to a wheel find the fastest way of getting to the other side?

I haven't studied much about this, so if I am mistaken about something please correct me. From what I have seen around the Internet, a force applied to a object takes time to propagate through the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop

I wanted to ask about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion as described in the following sketch. According to a simulation found in the internet , a ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop (Circular motion) [closed]

I couldn't understand something about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion. When the normal force equals 0 , the pearl didn't disconnect from the smooth ...
2
votes
4answers
80 views

Acceleration and Circular Motion

Lets assume that there is a force that makes our body moves in circular motion. We know that the acceleration of a body that moves in circular motion is Velocity ^ 2 / Radius . How is it ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Internal potential energy and relative distance of the particle

Today, I read a line in Goldstein Classical mechanics and got confused about one line. To satisfy the strong law of action and reaction, $V_{ij}$ can be a function only of the distance between ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

How much force is required to compress air?

How much force (Newtons) is required to compress normal air in a chamber to 2 atm? For example, if I had a sealed piston pump, how much force would need to be exerted in order for the air to be ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Why are non-horizontal levers not considered to be in equilibrium?

Consider a triple-beam balance, like so: An unknown mass is placed on the left pan, and the provided weights are moved on the right until the lever arm comes to rest at an exactly horizontal ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Mathematically impossible for a vortex line to have loose ends?

Could someone show the math behind it? Source : "A vortex is a bunch of air circulating around itself. The axis around which the air is rotating is called a vortex line. It is mathematically ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Why does air circulate on an airfoil — The Kutta Condition

Why does the air circulate on a flowing airfoil, thus giving rise to increased velocity (circulation + relative airspeed) above the wing and hence decreased pressure.
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Why friction force is force of constraint?

My understanding about constraint force is that it is a force which limits the geometry of particle's motion. For example, situations such as the particle trapped in a track or limited in domain can ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there forces which do not involve a change in momentum?

I am familiar with the equation $$\vec{F}=m \vec{a}$$ I am wondering as to whether it is possible for something to exert a force on another object without changing the momentum of said object. My ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Impulse & Momentum

please could someone check this MIT video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lkuo6nZ6nZM) at 26mins 31secs. He says that if you threw a tomato on a bathroom scale then you would get a certain force ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Conceptual question on superposition of forces holding a specific mass in equilibrium

Consider a point mass $x$ (like for example the earth in space) and let $A$ and $B$ be two sets of point masses which each hold the point mass $x$ in equilibrium, meaning the acceleration induced by ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

The superposition of force (or acceleration) configurations

My question is quite specific as it refers to this article but I hope that someone here could help me. I cite the relevant part of the article: ... The second example consists of gravitational ...
2
votes
5answers
684 views

Can we escape earth's gravity slowly?

I had a recent conversation with my girlfriend, who is a physics grad student. She was kind enough to listen to me rant about an idea concerning escape velocity. Unfortunately, I am still thinking ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Why does centre of mass of ice-container system shift in absence of any net external force?

Consider a cube of ice in a flat based container(the base is very broad).The temperature of the system is at first fixed at a minus Celsius temperature, but then the system is left on a table with the ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Force from a HEMIspherical shell [closed]

I am working on this problem and just trying to figure out what my prof/ TA did in the solution sheet -- but also to make sure I understand what I am doing and some of the mathematics involved. A ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

2D. Force applied at angle to body, where translational vector will be directed?

I'm not a physicist and just making some research by the way of creating simple physics simulator, because of that, sorry if this is very dumb question, but I really need help with it. Let's assume ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

Atwood machine problem [closed]

Sorry for the bad drawing, but I hope that this will help you get a hold of the problem. Consider an Atwood Machine with a total of two blocks, a mass less pulley, ideal string. One block rests on ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Forces on a helical screw?

The common screws which we use, are right handed helices, the simplest parametric equations of which are:- $$x(s)=\cos(s),y(s)=\sin(s),z(s)=s$$, with $z$-axis as the axis of the helix. My question ...
-9
votes
3answers
172 views

What would happen if an unstoppable force hits an immovable object? [closed]

I realize that the question a rather large paradox, but I do wonder if such a thing were true what would happen. Assuming that neither of these "objects" can be destroyed by each other.
2
votes
1answer
350 views

Lorentz force from velocity-dependent potential and Lagrangian

There is something i'm missing. I am at page 22-23 of Goldstein Classical Mechanics 3rd ed. Lorentz force can be derived from a potential $$U=q\phi-q\mathbf{A}\cdot\mathbf{v}$$ Where $\phi(t,x,y,z)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

At what angle do billiard balls scatter if they collide off center?

The angle defined by joining a line from the centers of the balls must be important. But do they follow this angle when viewed in the rest frame of one of the balls or in the CM frame? The spheres ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

Pendulum Hits a Mass and Spring

I think this problem’s solution is on the web but after a few days of searching, I can not find it. Can anyone give me a reference? Thanks in advance. A mass and spring are resting on a frictionless ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Why isn't the product rule used in the definition of mechanical work?

Mechanical power is normally defined as $P = \mathrm{d}W/\mathrm{d}t$, and work is normally defined as $W = \vec F \cdot \vec x$. Today an undergrad pointed out a confusion he had from Griffiths' ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Stable equilibrium given force

If a particle moves under the influence of a resistive force proportianal to velocity and a potential $U$, $$F(x,\dot x)=-b\dot x-\frac {\partial U}{\partial x}$$ Where b>0 and ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Two boxes that are connected pushed by force - what happens between two boxes?

So when two boxes are connected together, and force is applied, two boxes move with the same acceleration. (assuming force is constant.) My question is, how are forces between two boxes get cancelled ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

Doubt in law of mutual interaction

Book: Classical mechanics (textbook) by Douglas Gregory (cambridge publications) Law of mutual interaction states that when two particle (let it be P1 and P2) interacts, the particle (P1) induces an ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

Variable Tension in the string [closed]

A body of mass $m$ is hanging with a string having linear mass density $\lambda$. What is the tension at point $A$ as shown in the figure. I am aware of the scenarios in which string is ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Consistency of equation with special relativity?

The following is the equation which, I want to know, if it is valid in relativistic domain. Consider two equal charges moving in same direction with velocity $v$ and charge $q$ at a separation of ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Free body diagram of rod in sphere

I was finding the free body diagram part of dynamics quite easy until I found this question , Here's how it goes : A rod AB is placed inside a spherical shell, whose inside surface is rough. Draw ...
0
votes
2answers
185 views

A few questions about the concept of work

From Wikipedia: The work done by a constant force of magnitude F on a point that moves a displacement d in the direction of the force is the product: $$W = Fd.$$ If I lift some object from a ground, ...
0
votes
1answer
401 views

Resisting force depends on velocity? [duplicate]

Why does resisting force depend on velocity? I think there is no relation between resisting force and velocity of object. Please speak about it logically.
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What force does bathroom scale measure?

When you stand on a bathroom scale, I know that the force displayed is the normal force. Since it is the normal force, then technically the force displayed would actually be Fg= (mass)(acceleration) ...
1
vote
1answer
302 views

Buoyancy Problem - Cubes in water

I have a tank with water (10 m high) , with an ideal seal at the bottom (water can't fall down, but can enter bodies). I have a system of 6 cubes ( of polystyrene density= 20 Kg/m^3) with dimension ...
-1
votes
3answers
1k views

How much torque does it take to turn a doorknob? [closed]

How much torque does it take to turn a doorknob? I'm not looking for an exact answer, just a ballpark for someone who doesn't have a sense of everyday amounts of torque. Here's a very ordinary ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Inclined plane question [closed]

An object, mass $m$ is placed on an incline, angle $\theta$. System is at equilibrium. coefficients of static and kinetic frictions are $\mu_s$ and $\mu_k$ respectively. Then: 1) What is the Total ...