A fundamental property of matter which causes it to experience electromagnetic forces.

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Metal with the biggest positive and negative charge per atom (ion)

Which metal has the highest positive and negative charge per atom? i know that Arsenic can have a positive charge of +5 and negative charge of -3 but is there any metals that can have more electric ...
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2answers
47 views

Is it possible for electrons to carry more than one charge?

Sorry if this has been asked before. Could also be a really basic question (new to electrical study). I am a bit confused about the relationship between electrons and charges. So what I understand is ...
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29 views

Why are there only 2 types of charges? [duplicate]

Why is there only 2 possible types of charges positive and negative? Can there be more, the same way there might be more than 3 spatial dimensions?
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0answers
35 views

Why are electric charge and magnetization extensive properties? [closed]

While reading about extensive properties examples I came across electric charge and magnetization. But I couldn't understand why are they extensive properties?
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2answers
40 views

Charging a spherical capacitance

How could one charge a spherical capacitor with a battery or any other emf source?
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1answer
63 views

Using Cosine Law to Find Net Electric Force on Charge Always Results in Positive Number?

In order to determine the net force other charges have on a particular charge, you must take into account each individual electric force between the charge and the charge of interest. However some of ...
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1answer
52 views

How is the charge concentrated at the centre of shell for calculating potential from it? [duplicate]

While calculating electric potential due to a spherical shell at a point outside the shell, why do we say that the entire charge is present at the centre of shell? Is this true even if the charge on ...
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1answer
285 views

Semiconductor problem: how much Boron is required to establish a certain amount of charge carrier density

The problem description is as follows: Boron is used to dope 1 kg of germanium (Ge). How much boron (B) is required to establish a charge carrier density of 3.091 x 10^17 / cm^3. One mole of ...
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1answer
28 views

What underlying structure/framework defines the charge of an antiparticle or regular particle (specifically a proton)? [duplicate]

I can't seem to find an answer to this. For a given configuration, say for a Hydrogen atom: the proton has properties which give it a positive charge. This is a known truth. Now lets take Hydrogen's ...
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3answers
41 views

Uses of Static Electricity

Is it possible to store static electricity in any type of battery and can they be used in electric appliances(light,bulbs mainly)?
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1answer
197 views

What determines how much electrical charge an object can hold?

What determines how much electrical charge an object can hold? Does increase voltage force more electrical charge to be store in an object (Van de Graaff generator), since electric field increase as ...
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1answer
89 views

Description of the motion of the COM of a system of charged particles moving in a magnetic field

I recently came across a problem where an electrically neutral particle is at rest in a uniform magnetic field. The particle now splits into two charged particles of equal mass $m$; charge and mass ...
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1answer
33 views

Parallel plate capacitor

How does a parallel plate capacitor emit a constant electric field between its plates? Isn't the electric field governed by an inverse square law? Then what would happen if I put a charged particle ...
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2answers
157 views

How can I split a resultant force into its $x$ and $y$ components?

Point charge 3.5μC is located at x = 0, y = 0.30 m, point charge -3.5μC is located at x = 0 y = -0.30 m. What are (a)the magnitude and (b)direction of the total electric force that these charges ...
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7answers
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Why is the charge naming convention wrong?

I recently came to know about the Conventional Current vs. Electron Flow issue. Doing some search I found that the reason for this is that Benjamin Franklin made a mistake when naming positive and ...
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7answers
2k views

Why do we have an elementary charge but no elementary mass?

Why do we have an elementary charge $e$ in physics but no elementary mass? Is an elementary mass ruled out by experiment or is an elementary mass forbidden by some theoretical reason?
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3answers
39 views

What stored charges do in a capacitor? [closed]

Why does a fan need capacitor? Capacitor is just providing charges to fan but it can be accomplished without it by directly connecting fan with electric supply. Which other appliances need capacitor?
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1answer
41 views

How to find whether the electric field between capacitor plates is above or below the electrical breakdown limit of the insulator between the plates?

Let's say the two plates of a capacitor have charges $q_1$ and $q_2$. The separation between these plates is $d$. I know that I can calculate the electric field by dividing the voltage that is applied ...
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1answer
28 views

Does magnitude of a charge influence magnitude of force that individual charge exerts on another charge [closed]

two point charges, q1 and q2, are placed 0.3m apart on the x-axis, as shown in the figure above. Charge q1 has a value of -3 nano Coulomb and q2 has a value of +4.8 x10^-8 C. The net electric field ...
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2answers
52 views

Is a given charge density a surface charge density or volume charge density?

The exact question goes like this: In a certain electronic tube, electrons are emitted from a hot plane metal surface, and collected by a plane metal plane parallel to the emitter, at a distance ...
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1answer
173 views

Is electric charge truly conserved for bosonic matter?

Even before quantization, charged bosonic fields exhibit a certain "self-interaction". The body of this post demonstrates this fact, and the last paragraph asks the question. Notation/ Lagrangians ...
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5answers
5k views

Why do we test electric fields with positive charges and not negative ones?

Is there any difference between using a positive versus a negative charge to test an electric field?
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1answer
229 views

Force due to combination of free space and dielectric

I will make a generalized form of my question. There are two point charges $q$, $x$ distance apart. And there is a dielectric slab of thickness $t$ and of dielectric constant $K$. Should the force ...
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1answer
69 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
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0answers
20 views

Determining if an object is dielectric or metallic

In a worksheet I was given, I had to find the net electric field of P which is L distance away from a bar. The last question is ...
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2answers
521 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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2answers
275 views

Effect of charges near a parallel plate capacitor

If I charged a parallel plate capacitor. And then, I insert a charged body near one of the plates. Will there be any interactions like attraction or repulsion? What if I disconnected the battery?
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1answer
125 views

Gauss Theorem:Electric field of an uniformly charged non-conducting spherical shell

I want to know the electric field of an uniformly charged non-conducting spherical shell. I know that in case of conductors(metals),the sphere can be shell or it can be solid,but in both the cases ...
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1answer
43 views

How does a minority carrier diffuse?

I have gone through a lot of questions but none of them ask how do the minority carriers approach the depletion layer in the first place. When a p-n junction is formed, negative space charge ...
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2answers
53 views

Draw the charge configuration according to the electric field [closed]

I'm trying to draw the charge configuration outside the regions that lead to the given electric field patterns. Can someone show me how?
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2answers
50 views

What is the difference between electric charge and electric flux?

What is the difference between electric charge and electric flux? According to my knowledge electric flux is nothing but electric charge enclosed by the closed surface.
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1answer
75 views

Upper limit to electric charge confinement?

The following questions are not intended for conventional capacitors (which stores excess charge on the outside surface), rather a type of hypothetical capacitor which is designed to confine charge by ...
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1answer
33 views

What molecules are ionized in a lifter ion engine?

Lifters generate lift through ionizing air molecules and then attracting those ions toward an oppositely charged surface to create thrust. are constructed on a balsa frame with a 1 inch wide aluminum ...
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1answer
52 views

Gauss's Law :Electric field due to uniformly charged sphere

While determining the electric field due to a uniformly charged conducting or non-conducting sphere,does the sphere is considered hollow or it is considered solid? Can anyone really state , what is ...
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0answers
9 views

Would the charges on a superconductor near an another charged conductor move and produce magnetic field?

When there is a charged conducting object near an another charged conducting object the charges on these objects accumulate to the sides where the closest points between these objects are. However, ...
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3answers
328 views

Why are there no elementary charged, spin-zero particles?

In the spirit of a related inquiry, I would like to know if there's a basis for understanding why there aren't any elementary particles that have non-zero electric charge but zero spin? Can such a ...
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0answers
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Charge distribution over a finite plate

Let's say we have a tube(simply a cylinder with no top or bottom) with charge $q_1$, radius $r_1$ and length $l_1$ made out of insulating material. There is also a finite conducting plate with sides' ...
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1answer
54 views

Electric charge of light? [duplicate]

Light (or any radiation as a matter of fact) is an electromagnetic wave so why doesn't it have a electric charge associated with it? As far as I know only static or flowing electric chargers can ...
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1answer
62 views

How would the universe change?

How would the universe be modified if protons (as we know them) have negative charge and electrons (as de know them) have positive charge.
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1answer
291 views

Why isn't the quark charge taken as primitive?

Why are electrons taken implicitly to be the elementary charge? It would save a lot of fractions in particle physics problems.
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1answer
36 views

Is the charge of an ion evenly distributed?

This question relates to: Gauss' law and ions? Is the charge distribution in an ion spherically symmetric due to quantum mechanical effects or do we assume it when using Gauss's law, as in the ...
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1answer
23 views

Gauss' law and ions?

My text book says that with we have a singly ionized sodium atom net charge +e and if we choose a spherical surface centered on the ion and large enough to contain it all we do not need to know the ...
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1answer
81 views

Charge vs Charge Density in classical electrodynamics

What is assumed to be a more fundamental physical quantity in classical electrodynamics. The charge density as a scalar field or the physical entity charge.
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1answer
125 views

Electron Charge is 150%?

Is there a theory for why the charge of an electron is precisely 50% larger (magnitude) than a quark's? I have usually thought of this the other way around: the charge of a quark being 2/3 (or -2/3) ...
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1answer
30 views

When two spheres of equal charge make contact, why does the larger sphere gain more charge?

Suppose that two spheres, $S1$ and $S2$, with radii $R1$ and $R2$ resp. have the same charge uniform charge $Q$ and $R1 > R2$. After they are forced to come in contact, why does $S1$ gain more ...
2
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2answers
31 views

Unequally charged hanging pith balls

I have done a problem which asks us to find the charge on two equally 'massed and charged' pith balls which are left hanging on a string with a certain length that repels each other and attains an ...
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1answer
47 views

How to distribute static charges evenly on a finite plate?

There are several ways to make charges on an object evenly distributed. For example, if the surface of the object is infinite or the object is a sphere. There is one more way which I am not sure if it ...
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3answers
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How can metal objects become electrically charged, if current flow means that an equal number of electrons enter/leave the object?

I am trying to answer to the question in the title. I am restricting my question to metal objects only. Here is my logical reasoning: Current is the flow of charge over time. In a circuit (simple ...
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1answer
143 views

Understanding the Charge Conjugation Operator

I am trying to understand the charge conjugation operator. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C_parity Because the operator is Hermitian, this seems to imply that there is a (possibly spontaneous?) ...
2
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2answers
38 views

Do charges flow from strong insulator to weak insulator?

Do static charge in a strong insulator flow to a weaker insulator when both stay in contact with each other? For example, when an insulator weaker than air placed in a medium of air, would the static ...