A fundamental property of matter which causes it to experience electromagnetic forces.

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+50

Charge distribution on plates

$A,B,C$ are $3$ identical metallic plates. Initially, charges $Q$, $4Q$ and $2Q$ were given to $A$,$B$ and $C$ respectively. Find final charge distributions when $B$ was earthed and $A$ and $C$ were ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Drift speed of electrons when the object is grounded

So I know that the drift speed of electrons is usually pretty slow. Let's say I have a charged sphere and I would ground it over a wire. How fast would the electrons leave the sphere? Would that drift ...
0
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1answer
195 views

Force due to combination of free space and dielectric

I will make a generalized form of my question. There are two point charges $q$, $x$ distance apart. And there is a dielectric slab of thickness $t$ and of dielectric constant $K$. Should the force ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Could Charles-Augustin de Coulomb measure the charge in Coulombs?

Did Charles-Augustin de Coulomb know: Coulomb's constant Coulomb (as a unit) if not then what was the first time it was measured?
3
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1answer
48 views

Acceleration of electric charges and radiation

According to classical electromagnetic theory, accelerated charges should emit radiation and lose energy. The reason given in my book why atoms don't emit radiation (say, when the atom moves along a ...
0
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2answers
342 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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0answers
29 views

Charge by Induction [on hold]

For example, Initially, there are two metal sphere touching each other and the ball on the left has a charge of +5q, while the other is neutral. Then a rod with charge -3q is brought near the left ...
0
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4answers
266 views

Does a charge experience no force due to electric field produced by it?

My book "Concepts of Physics (Satish K. Gupta)" says: The electric field of a charge is the space property by virtue of which the charge modifies the space around itself. As a result, if any ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Electrostatic pressure and charge [closed]

I've become a bit stuck on a question involving the charge transferred to a soap bubble as it's momentarilly connected to a potential V. I calculated the pressure difference between the atmosphere ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Question regarding 2 conducting spheres connected by a long fine line (electric potentional)

I'm having a bit of trouble understanding a pretty simple issue. Assuming I have 2 conducting spheres uniformly charged connected by a long fine line (as shows in the added photo) and im being asked ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
10
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2answers
293 views

Is there any theory for origination of charge?

We have a theory of a Higgs field that describes how a particle gets mass. Since mass and charge both are intrinsic properties of a particle, is there any similar theory for how particles get electric ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Reduced charge for attracting electrons?

The reduced mass in the two body problem is $\mu= \cfrac{m_1 m_2}{m_1 + m_2}$. Is there any analog to this with interacting charged particles (or at least that is of use somewhere in physics)? I have ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Lepton number conservation in standard model

Why is it said that in standard model lepton number is conserved? How do I know that Lepton number is an abelian charge? Why is this conservation not as sacred as electric charge conservation. How ...
5
votes
3answers
433 views

Does the Higgs field really explain mass or just reformulate it? What about charge?

The mass of a particle used to be considered a fundamental and intrinsic property of the particle; on the same level as other properties such as charge, spin, chirality/helicity. Due to the Higgs ...
0
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2answers
223 views

Effect of charges near a parallel plate capacitor

If I charged a parallel plate capacitor. And then, I insert a charged body near one of the plates. Will there be any interactions like attraction or repulsion? What if I disconnected the battery?
4
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3answers
3k views

Why does the comb attract the pieces of papers if they're neutral?

When we rub our hairs with a comb, and then try to attract small pieces of paper, they're attracted by the comb. The pieces of the paper were not electrified before they were attracted. Then they ...
3
votes
2answers
342 views

What is charge actually? How to define it? [closed]

Is charge of something for (e.g.) an electron related to electromagnetic space if it exists due to energy, due to which it may have mass? I don't know about quantum mechanics or advanced particle ...
0
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0answers
27 views

What is the symmetry associated with electric charge conservation [duplicate]

Is there a kind of symmetry that yields the conservation of charges? and if so , how it works for both type of charges? Electrical Charges
8
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3answers
1k views

What is the symmetry which is responsible for preservation/conservation of electrical charges?

Another Noether's theorem question, this time about electrical charge. According to Noether's theorem, all conservation laws originate from invariance of a system to shifts in a certain space. For ...
1
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5answers
328 views

How would charge distribute if electrons were balls?

In a conductor, any excess charge will distribute itself evenly over the surface of the conductor. Because of quantum mechanics, this is possible with small charges (i.e. 1e). But if electrons were ...
1
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2answers
63 views

How exactly do protons and electrons interact with each other?

How do these particles exchange information about charge and position between themselves, even though there's mostly empty space between them? Also what happens if a free electron passes closer to a ...
0
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3answers
44 views

Why leaf of electrometer doesn't repel each other in water?

Why leaf of electrometer doesn't repel each other in water? Normal electrometer filled with air will repel like it should do for electrostatic demonstration, but what if filled with water instead or ...
1
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1answer
46 views

What is the capacitance of parallel plate capacitor with different electrode material?

What is the capacitance of parallel plate capacitor with different electrode material? The capacitance of parallel plate capacitor depends on dielectric material, surface area, and separation between ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Why is there no massless spin 1/2 particles with charge? Is there any underlying theory? [duplicate]

Whether any massless spin 1/2 particles cannot have charge? If so, why?
8
votes
1answer
651 views

Solve my confusion about electrons?

When a glass rod is rubbed with a silk cloth, both get charged: The silk gets positively charged and the rod gets negatively charged. My question is the following: How/why do these objects return to ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What determines how much electrical charge an object can hold?

What determines how much electrical charge an object can hold? Does increase voltage force more electrical charge to be store in an object (Van de Graaff generator), since electric field increase as ...
3
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1answer
228 views

Semiconductor problem: how much Boron is required to establish a certain amount of charge carrier density

The problem description is as follows: Boron is used to dope 1 kg of germanium (Ge). How much boron (B) is required to establish a charge carrier density of 3.091 x 10^17 / cm^3. One mole of ...
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1answer
41 views

Attraction and repulsion of charge? [duplicate]

Why do like charges on identical bodies cause a repulsion and unlike charges cause an attraction?
0
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2answers
33 views

1 charge at the center and many uniformly distributed on the surface of a perfect ideal conducting solid sphere

Suppose there is a perfect ideal conducting solid sphere. Suppose somehow a charge of +Q is kept exactly at the center of the sphere and its surface also contains +Q charge uniformly distributed. ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Simultaneous Charging and Discharging Capacitor

sorry if I sound little noobish. Though I have a fairly good understanding of physics, I sometimes don't understand the electrical aspects. Say there is a capacitor. This capacitor is expected to act ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

How can we get the mass of an uncharged proton?

How can we get the mass of an uncharged proton, i.e. how varies the mass of the charged proton if i remove the electric charge? For the isotopic spin theory neutron and proton have the same mass and ...
1
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2answers
48 views

How does particles gain electrical charges and repel each others? (electrostatic stabilization)

When I study electrostatic stabilization, I understand that the particles have same charge and thus repel others, this is how colloid is stabilize. But how does particles gain electrical charges and ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Capacitor with dielectric between the plates

Let's assume we have a capacitor of capacitance $C$ and potential difference $U$. After charging it we disconnect it. Then we put a dielectric between the plates. I know that capacitance will increase ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

How do charge carriers move thermal energy? (Peltier effect)

I am having hard time understanding how the charge carriers (electrons and holes) are able to move thermal energy. I am on a high school physics level, so I will probably have a hard time ...
7
votes
2answers
362 views

Is it possible to charge photons

For example there are anti-particles to every particle we know, Similary in some sense, is there a possibility that we can charge photons..if not what are the reasons and has there been any attempt ...
0
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1answer
25 views

In what ratio does the charge distribute if a charge and uncharged body touch each other?

Lets say a large charged body has $n$ elementary charges and is brought in contact with a small uncharged body. When the charge distributes, does it distribute in the ratio of number of atoms or each ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Physical Consequence of Global Charge Conservation versus Local Charge Conservation?

Gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field implies local charge conservation. If the gauge is no longer invariant, then the electromagnetic field must no longer conserve charge locally. Is it ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How does this particle behave in the magnetic field?

I have the above question and I have though about it every way and can't seem to find out. So what I have concluded (ignore the answers on the img) Is that the force is on the z axis because the ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Charge distribution on conductors?

You have seen that the excess charge on an isolated conductor moves entirely to the conductor’s surface. However, unless the conductor is spherical, the charge does not distribute itself uniformly. ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Was the fractional model of quarks electric charge found before discovery of the $\Delta^{++}$?

From Wikipedia: Existence of the $\Delta^{++}$ , with its unusual +2 electric charge, was a crucial clue in the development of the quark model. the fractional model of Quarks electric charge was ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

Charge of an electric wire

If an electric current is flowing through an electric wire, can we consider that wire charged? The answer is required with a proof. Can we consider the wire to be charged positively or negatively?
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Buoyancy of a positively charged object inside positively charged fluid

An object with a density of $x$ inside a liquid with a density greater than $x$ would float. If we assume that both of these are positively charged and the object is in the middle of the liquid: ...
35
votes
7answers
2k views

Massless charged particles

Are there any massless (zero invariant mass) particles carrying electric charge? If not, why not? Do we expect to see any or are they a theoretical impossibility?
0
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2answers
5k views

Definition of electric charge and proper explanation

Is there a definition of electric charge and proper explanation of it? It is said "Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when close to other ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Do all planets have an electric charge?

Do all planets have an electric charge? If yes, is positive or negative? And how much each magnitude? I have read some articles which really confused me. Some of these articles said that all ...
6
votes
1answer
596 views

Origin of electric charge

Baryons have charges that are the result of a polynomial calculation of their building blocks (quarks)'s fractional charges. But what gives these quarks electric charges? What interactions do they ...
0
votes
3answers
50 views

Capacitance of Parallel Plates

For Parallel Plate Capacitors, I was wondering why, in the derivation, they set charge to $Q$, when there is a net charge of zero? I know it wouldn't be very helpful to use zero, but if the definition ...
7
votes
2answers
385 views

What's the deepest reason why QCD bound states have integer charge?

What's the deepest reason why QCD bound states have integer electric charge, i.e. equal to an integer times the electron charge? Given that the quarks have the fractional electric charges they do, ...
0
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3answers
41 views

Does corona discharge charged insulator?

Does corona discharge charged insulator? I draw a diagram to make it simpler to understand. Electrons form negative side is accelerated due to electric field and accumulate on insulator surface. Gas ...