any force responsible for maintaining an object on a curved path around a fixed center. In introductory coursework this is usually "uniform circular motion" and yields several simple and useful relations. Not to be confused with the centrifugal pseudo-force experienced in a accelerated referenced ...

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2
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1answer
82 views

Moving Around Space Without Propellant [on hold]

A mechanism as shown in following picture is floating freely in space. Concentrating on the main components first, which is the long rod in the middle with another 8 smaller rods connected to it, ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Need clarification for Relation between angular momentum and centripetal force

I've recently started studying angular momentum, so, as far as I understand, angular momentum is conserved as long as any form of centripetal force can be maintained in the new system or otherwise it ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Centrifugal And Centripetal Forces [on hold]

Imagine a long rod floating in space(negligible gravity). On this long rod are attached 8 other smaller rods with a massive sphere attached to them at the end. They are connected with the long rod ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Coefficient of friction on a loop-the-loop!

Here is a question that I thought of while doing a physics lab in class. We dropped a marble from a certain height down a ramp and around loop-the-loop and let it fly off of a table and then we were ...
0
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2answers
48 views

What forces are applied as a car exits a curve with constant speed?

Imagine a car taking a curve with constant speed. Assuming no friction or air resistance all we would have would be centripetal force. As the car's front wheels straighten to exit the curve the ...
2
votes
4answers
357 views

What causes a car's velocity to follow the front wheels' direction?

I'm trying to simulate a car with correct physics models. In this example we let the car have a constant speed, and there are no forces (friction and drag) to slow down the speed. Here's a video that ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Force responsible for increasing a spiraling object's tangential velocity

Suppose we have a small mass attached to a string that has been fed through a hole in the friction-less table on which the mass is rotating. Pulling the string downwards thus decreases the radius of ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Gravitational Force vs. Centripetal Acceleration

Can someone please explain this conceptually: Suppose we have two probes, one one the surface of the earth and one in geosynchronous orbit. Since $a_c = \omega^2r$, the probe that is further out, ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Angular and linear displacement of a turning car

My illustration is supposed to show a simplified car (with just two wheels, where the front wheel has been rotated $-90 \text{ degrees}$). Let the car travel at constant speed. This means that the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Finding radius of turning car to calculate the centripital force

I'm writing a program to simulate a car driving. I'm wondering how I should find the radius when calculating the centripital force. If we let the car travel at a constant speed, then $F_{net} = ...
4
votes
7answers
936 views

Is there a huge difference between centrifugal and centripetal forces?

I am doing a video for 8th grade on the subject. I'm showing the experiment of swinging a bucket of water over your head. Is there a huge difference between centrifugal and centripetal forces? Would ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How realistic is a “bolas” system for artificial gravity in space travel?

The spinning space-station is very popular in sci-fi as a means of emulating gravity in space. But it requires rather a large diameter to minimise "gravitational gradient" effects and that means such ...
5
votes
3answers
110 views

Is the planet Mesklin as described in Hal Clement's Mission of Gravity correct?

The book Mission of Gravity describes a planet with a mass of 16 times Jupiter spinning at a rate of one revolution every 17.75 minutes. This causes it to stretch out into an oblate spheroid and has ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Why isn't $g$ larger on the equator? [duplicate]

I understand that at the equator, you will have maximum centripetal force acting on you, whereas if you're standing directly on the pole you will have none. But because centripetal is a resultant ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

What guarantees that in a circular motion in a vertical loop, the resultant of the forces will always point to the center?

Here's what I know: If a body moves in a circular trajectory, then the resultant of all the forces must point to the center of the circle it describes in its movement. If a body moves in a vertical ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Question about a car on a banked turn with no friction

A popular physics page explaining how a car can make a banked turn even with no friction : gives the following free body diagram and then says In the vertical direction there is no ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

The athlete feels a centrifugal force when whirling the hammer - is there always a centrifugal force associated with a centripetal force? [closed]

(this is a homework question) To this, I would say that the centrifugal force is just the reactionary force of the centripetal force, which is causing the hammer to 'want' to move away. Therefore, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why do objects experiencing centripetal acceleration not end up at their centers?

A satellite rotates around the earth; a ball on a string rotates around my hand. Each of these things experiences a net force equal to $ mv^2/r = F_{centripetal}$. Why does no object end up at the ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Calculating the first cosmic velocity / velocity for a circular orbit

Today in class we calculated first cosmic velocity using this equation $$G\frac{mM}{(R+h)^2}=\frac{mV^2}{R+h},$$ where $m$ = mass of the body, $M$ = mass of the Earth, $R$ = radius of the Earth, $h$ = ...
-2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is there a difference between normal forces and centripetal forces?

Is there a difference between normal forces and centripetal forces? Or they just mean the same thing? My textbook talks about centripetal forces, but not about normal ones.
1
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4answers
248 views

Question about magnetic force

I have some confusion regarding the magnetic force. I know that the magnetic field created by a moving charge or current EXERTS a force on any moving charge or current that is present in the field. ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views
1
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3answers
116 views

Does circular motion cause centripetal force OR does centripetal force cause circular motion?

Does circular motion cause centripetal force, or does centripetal force cause circular motion, or are they both occurring hand in hand together instantaneously? One more question: If I project a body ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Question about circular motion of car turning

When we move round a roundabout there is a frictional force between the tires and the road that acts towards the centre of the roundabout in order to produce the circular motion. Why then do we ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Motion in a vertical circle and forces in polar coordinates

Suppose a particle with mass $m$ is whirled at instantaneous speed $v$ on the end of a string of length $R$ in a vertical circle. Let $\theta$ be the angle the string makes with the horizontal. I know ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Centrifugal Term

I'm studying quantum mechanics with Griffiths (2 nd edition) and I have one question related to the Schrodinger equation in spherical coordinates. In the radial equation: ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

How does frequency change with centripetal force?

Using the equation $$F_c = {{mv^2}\over{r}}$$ I can see that mass and velocity are directly proportional to centripetal force. I can also see that the radius length is inversely proportional to ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

A simple pendulum

The idealized simple pendulum model (see the following figure) assumes that at every point of time the string to which the bob is attached exerts an equal and opposite force on the bob as does the ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Given the radius and angle of a frictionless banked curve, is it possible to find centripetal force?

A car is driving on a frictionless banked curve of radius 45 metres and 25 degrees. Is it possible to find centripetal force? If not possible, explain why.
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Tension of a curled chain, connected with understanding the chain fountain

I'd like to understand the physics of a chain fountain (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dQJBBklpQQ) and in order to do so, I am reading this paper credited for solving the mystery: ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Wheel slowing down with constant acceleration

A wheel of radius $R$ spins about its center with a centripetal acceleration of $v^2/R$. I get that the acceleration at all points on the rim of the wheel point towards the center of the wheel. But, ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Finding the centripetal force at any random point in a wheel which is rotating as well as translating

If we have a wheel which is decelerating due to friction with acceleration $-A$ and angular acceleration $-\alpha$, and we want to find the acceleration at any point, then we can simply find it using ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

A question on tangential and centripetal accelerations?

What is the proof that the component of acceleration perpendicular to motion for all motion is $v^2/r$, where r is the radius of curvature? Also, what is the proof that the component of acceleration ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Circular motion normal force

Extracted from this article (see the bottom section): Some roller-coasters have loop-the-loop sections, where you travel in a vertical circle, so that you're upside-down at the top. To do this ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Clearing up confusion about orbital mechanics

When I see an orbital mechanics problem, I recall the following things from my "toolbox": Angular momentum is conserved for a body orbiting a planet, since the torque due to gravity is 0. Kinetic ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

max speed of circular motion

I understand that it is the static friction force that lets us turn the car around the corner. It provides the necessary centripetal acceleration. Static friction opposes the impending motion of the ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Can I apply centripetal force

Suppose you have some object moving near a large planet. We can use energy conservation to obtain $K+U$ is constant. Also $F_c=F_g$, (I believe we can apply this even though we are not moving in a ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Centripetal acceleration for a polyline

This question is also posted on the Mathematics forum. I am not physicist, therefore sorry if my question is a bit primitive. Given a polyline (x and y coordinates) in Cartesian coordinate system, ...
2
votes
3answers
271 views

Centripetal force in this example?

I have a general question regarding the centripetal force. In the example of a ferris wheel where there is a normal force pushing up against the person and the gravitational force pulling the person ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

Is there an equivalent of Rindler coordinates for an object in centripetal motion?

Rindler coordinates are a parametrization of (a subset of) Minkowski space that are "natural" for an object experiencing constant acceleration - more specifically, an object experiencing constant ...
-1
votes
3answers
107 views

Centripetal and centrifugal force

If a stone is rotated with the help of a rope, then both centripetal force and centrifugal force will be liberated. The magnitude of that forces are same, but direction of them are opposite to each ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Intuition of centrifugal force [duplicate]

I heard that centrifugal force does not really exist; that it is made as opposite substance to centripetal force. Is it true? Could someone define for me what centrifugal force is in terms of vectors ...
0
votes
6answers
727 views

How does centripetal acceleration produce the tangential velocity?

I just got started on my physics course. And already I am confused with this stuff called centripetal acceleration. One thing I don't understand is what produces the velocity that is tangent to the ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

If earth stopped spinning how much heavier would 1kg feel [closed]

My girlfriend seems to think if the earth stops spinning we will all fall off However, she did spark my imagination, due to centripetal force things must feel lighter then they otherwise would on an ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Is gravity a centripetal force?

In curved space-time, there are curved paths. Since curved paths in our experience require some centripetal force to create them, isn't then gravity a centripetal force?
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Drag versus centripetal force

I'm trying to see how extensive a gaming engine's physics are. Consider a spinning disc with a box on it which is free to spin around a vertical pole connecting it to the disc. The pole is more ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Is this a correct understanding of circular motion?

We say an object experienced uniform circular motion iff it moves in a circle of constant radius, with constant angular velocity. To experience uniform circular motion, must the net force on the ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Rigid bar on the floor of a rotating space station

I read this in a comment to an answer in physics.stackexchange.com. The comment was An easier method might be to just place a straight, rigid beam on the floor. If you find the floor is concave, ...
2
votes
3answers
539 views

Throwing a ball in a rotating space station

I have lots of trouble understanding circicular motion, fictitious forces, and how to dermine if a reference frame is intertial. I have thought of the following the scenario which causes some ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

What happens to an orbiting body moving with the Earth's angular speed at various altitudes?

I was learning about inertial frames amongst other things, and I somehow came up with this question. Imagine we have a pole, made of imaginary very strong material that will never bend, placed at the ...