any force responsible for maintaining an object on a curved path around a fixed center. In introductory coursework this is usually "uniform circular motion" and yields several simple and useful relations. Not to be confused with the centrifugal pseudo-force experienced in a accelerated referenced ...

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0answers
18 views

Calculate object displacement with a radial/centripetal acceleration [on hold]

What i want to do is calculate the displacement of a object with a certain radial acceleration in a moment of time. The object has a velocity, radial acceleration and a tangential acceleration. For ...
0
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2answers
31 views

Is centrifugal force equal in magnitude to the centripetal force in the frame of a body undergoing circular motion?

I was working out the minimum tangential velocity required for a swing to complete a full revolution and assumed the centripetal force is equal to the centrifugal force, so that I could set the weight ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Could two identical stars revolve around each other in a common orbit if we only account for Newtonian physics?

Both a parent star and its planet revolve around the center of mass of the system, the reason we see stellar wobble. But if we take this to be true, which it is, there can be a configuration in which ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Gas pressure and centrifugal force

I think about a rotating torus (simplified tire) filled with ideal gas. Mass of gas is $m$ and molar mass is $M$. Pressure in non rotating torus is $p_0$. Temperature is constant $T$. Inner radius of ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Why does a string remain taut in circular motion

Lets say an object is tied to a string and it is being swung in a circle: In this case, the tension of the string acts as a centrifugal force that keeps the object moving in a circle. However, if ...
0
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2answers
46 views

Question on circular motion — car turning on road

Lets say a car is turning on a road that has friction. I made this small diagram where the two parallel lines indicate the tires of the car. In order for the car to keep turning in a circle, there ...
1
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0answers
31 views

what does exactly accelerometer measure on a vertical rotating disk?

I am trying to understand an aspect of rotational dynamics. I am having some trouble arriving at a solution. Consider a disk of uniform mass distribution, and radius R centered at the origin of an xy ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

Proof of centripetal acceleration formula ($a_c = \frac{v^2}{r}$) for non-uniform circular motion

The formula for centripetal (radial) acceleration is well known, and there exist many proofs for it: $$||a_c|| = \frac{||v||^2}{r}$$ However, all the proofs I've seen rely on the fact that it is ...
1
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2answers
64 views

Is there a reaction force on the ball in a vertical circular motion?

You have a light string. At one end of the string there is a ball modelled as a particle. The string has negligible mass. The other end of the string is fixed at a point and the ball is undergoing ...
-2
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4answers
130 views

Sun revolves around the Earth [duplicate]

What if somebody says that Sun revolves around the Earth and not Earth revolving around the Sun? What would be the consequences?
1
vote
3answers
48 views

Uniform Circular Motion and Centripetal Acceleration

In introductory physics books (or at least mine) it limits the equation $a_c=v^2/r$ to the situation where the speed around the circular path is constant. It enforces the idea that the speed is ...
2
votes
4answers
65 views

Turning on a straight, unbanked, frictionless road

I was learning about circular motion when this question struck me: In real life situations we are able to take a turn along a circular arc with our bike because friction provides us the necessary ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

UCM unidentified force

A train rounds a curve of radius 235 m (turning right). The train track is flat, and the train is traveling at a constant speed. A lamp in the train makes an angle to the vertical of 17.5 degrees. ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Motion of a car rounding a bank

When a car is traveling round a banked track as fast as possible, it has a tendency to slip up the slope. Opposite in the case when the car travels slowly and has a tendency to slip down. Can ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What provides the centripetal force for a glider?

Whenever any object follows a circular path, there is always a centripetal force which is provided by something. However, in the case of a glider making a loop in air, what provides the centripetal ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Reference frame and centrifugal force

Imagine you are on a theme park ride in which you sit in a car and are spun around in a circle, basically like a giant centrifuge. An observer from the outside would say that there is no centrifugal ...
45
votes
8answers
5k views

Does centrifugal force exist?

Currently in my last year of high school, and I have always been told that centrifugal force does not exist by my physics teachers. Today my girlfriend in the year below asked me what centrifugal ...
10
votes
3answers
810 views

Centrifugal force?

Everyone calls it a pseudo force and that it is not really present, even there are so many machines listed to advantage of centrifugal force ( centrifuge, washing washing drier),and also it has the ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Centrifugal force for non uniform circular motion [closed]

If a body is under non-uniform circular motion, will it experience or will there be any impact of centrifugal force on the body upon eliminating the centripetal force? update-sorry.the title of ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Find the tangential acceleration

A racing car driver drives his car on a flat circular track of radius $\frac{25}3 m$ and a coefficient of friction $0.5$. Find the magnitude of its tangential acceleration (in $ms^{-2}$) at an ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Vortex Air Intake

Why is a vortex air intake in an engine cause the fuel to burn more efficiently within a vehicle. Why is this more efficient.
2
votes
1answer
97 views

A bomb can be made to explode or implode? [closed]

A bomb can be made to implode or explode. Can one be made to explode while creating a vortex at the same time?
2
votes
1answer
187 views

How is circular motion possible on a banked road when there is no Friction?

It is given here that the maximum safe speed of a vehicle on a banked road having coefficient of friction $0$, is $V =\sqrt{R g \tan \theta}$, where $\theta$ is the angle of banking. I can't ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Centrifugal force when there is no friction [duplicate]

Assume that a coin is placed on circular disk and now a disk is rotated with constant angular velocity. If there is no friction between the surfaces of a disk and coin, according to theory the coin ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Relativity's effects on centripetal motion [duplicate]

I am wondering if, for a particle moving close to the speed of light (so that we must examine things relativistically rather than classically) does the centripetal force equation $F_c=m\frac{v^2}{r}$ ...
3
votes
3answers
350 views

Conical vs Simple Pendulum

I don't understand why the Tension $T$ on a conical pendulum and a simple pendulum are different. In a simple pendulum, one would say that the tension of the rope is $T=mg \cos(\theta)$. However, ...
6
votes
10answers
376 views

Why is centrifugal 'force' perpendicular to line of inertia

I know that centrifugal is labeled a fictitious force only arising in a rotating reference frame, but I still struggle to understand the forces at play intuitively in tethered rotating bodies. I've ...
1
vote
2answers
402 views

Friction as a Centripetal Force

When an object is moving in a circle, won't the frictional force oppose it's motion? And if the velocity is always tangential to the path, there is no component of it towards the center, so there is ...
38
votes
6answers
5k views

Pouring water in an aircraft while upside down?

What is the physics behind the following photo? Someone had told me that this is because the aircraft might be moving towards a lower altitude, but I am still not sure.
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the cause of centripetal/centrifugal force?

What is the cause of centripetal/centrifugal force? When an object of mass $m$ is moved in a circular orbit, it experiences a centrifugal force radially away from the center. What is the cause of this ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Pendulum in a Turning Airplane

My friend and I are having an argument over what happens with a pendulum hanging inside an airplane during a turn. Assuming that the airplane is making a standard 1 G coordinated turn, how does the ...
-1
votes
2answers
104 views

Can a car skid while moving in a circle? [closed]

How can a car skid if it is moving around a circular road? It is understandable that it can topple but I feel it impossible that a moving car can skid. It is hard to imagine that a car would skid ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What is the physics associated with climbing a space elevator?

Suppose you have a space elevator and you use it to lift weight to orbit. Obvious this is pulling down on the counterweight. So doesn't this mean that you need to apply appropriate acceleration ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Is rotational motion conditioned to a central force?

We know rotational motion as a combination (a resultant) of two effects the tangential velocity and a centripetal force. Does rotational motion turn into linear motion at the same instance this ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Force needed to change momentum, from fixed position

I have a situation where I want to change the velocity of a mass, by applying a force from a fixed position. For example in the diagram below, the mass starts with the initial velocity in the upper ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Motion of Object in Rotating water [duplicate]

Water inside bucket is rotated (by spoon or something) to flow in circular motion. An object kept in the bucket tends to be at the center of the bucket. Why is that?
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Effect of spin on gravitational field?

If a large sphere of uniform density is spinning around one axis, is its gravitational field uniform? If yes, then what if it's not a sphere or not uniform? For example if we remove a chunk of the ...
1
vote
3answers
407 views

how apparent weight varies due to the rotational motion of earth

I learned that as the earth rotates about its axis, the bodies on the earth also follow a circular path. In most books I read, they give the example of a person standing on a weight balance at the ...
0
votes
2answers
165 views

velocity required when rounding a flat curve and banked track

When rounding a flat curve, the centripetal force is provided by the frictional force. I learned that when a car rounds a flat curve with a fixed radius $R$, it can be able to make a turn as long it ...
1
vote
2answers
498 views

Do centripetal and reactive centrifugal forces cancel each other out?

In order for a body to move with uniform velocity in a circular path, there must exist some force towards the centre of curvature of the circular path. This is centripetal force. By Newton's Third ...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

Why isn't the gravitational acceleration taken in to account when determining the net acceleration of a person riding a Ferris wheel?

Say for example you have a person riding a Ferris wheel. What is the difference in his acceleration (towards the center) for when he is at the highest point to when he is at the lowest point? So the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Work in circular motions

Suppose that a satellite circles around a planet that exerts $2000N$ of gravitational force on the satellite. I understand the fact that since the circular motion and the centripetal force are ...
3
votes
2answers
282 views

Car on a frictionless banked curve

A car is on a banked curve, following a path which is part of a circle with radius $R$. The curve is banked at angle $\theta$ with the horizontal, and is a frictionless surface. What is the speed ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

Centripetal force in frame of reference of body moving In a circle

Suppose a body is moving in a circle about a fixed point. In the frame of reference of the body, is the centripetal force felt or is only the centrifugal force felt? More generally, does a body only ...
1
vote
2answers
307 views

Charge to mass ratio inversely proportional to curved path radius?

In a cloud or bubble chamber, charged particles follow circular paths. I learned that charge to mass ratio of the particles is inversely proportional to the radius of the path. Thus, a particle ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

Vertical uniform circular motion.. can it really be uniform? [closed]

This is the picture in my mind: For centripetal force, I learned that: $T-mg\cos\theta= \frac{mv^2}{r}$ In vertical circular motion, the velocity is naturally going to decrease as kinetic energy ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Centripetal issue when considering gravity

Forgive me if my question seems silly, but I am quite baffled. Suppose you have a satellite orbiting a horizontal swing planted into the ground and we want to find the velocity with which the ...
0
votes
2answers
400 views

Direction of friction when a car turns

When a ball moves to the right, friction acts to oppose the motion, in other words, to the left. However, when a car travels around a bend, the friction acts in the perpendicular direction to the ...
1
vote
2answers
352 views

Intuitive understanding of centripetal vs. centrifugal force

I am having trouble understanding how centripetal force works intuitively. This is my claim. When I have a mass strapped on a string and spin it around, I feel the mass pulling my hand. So, I want ...
1
vote
1answer
403 views

Question regarding centripetal force and tangential force

I was asked to think of a situation where a car driver only feels centripetal acceleration, but exerts no tangential acceleration. The first thing that came to mind was orbit, where the satellite ...