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48 views

How fast would a 60 km diameter moon ring rotate to simulate 1 G? [on hold]

After seeing this answer regarding increasing mass for greater weight on the moon, my eyes caught the first comment about centrifuges in science fiction. Naturally, the thought of putting Elysium on ...
2
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3answers
62 views

Intuition and difference between centrifugal force & Coriolis force?

My book says that when a frame rotates uniformly, pseudo/fictitious force must be taken to count. This is centrifugal force. Also, while Googling, I found another pseudo force Coriolis force. ...
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2answers
33 views

Rigid bar on the floor of a rotating space station

I read this in a comment to an answer in physics.stackexchange.com. The comment was An easier method might be to just place a straight, rigid beam on the floor. If you find the floor is concave, ...
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2answers
67 views

What if the centripetal force were acting outward?

Centripetal force is the centre-seeking force & is responsible for circular motion. But what if the centripetal force were acting radially outward? What would happen then?
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0answers
33 views

Why are centrifuge space-station designs not a reality? [duplicate]

Considering how useful it could be for the crew of a space station to have at their disposal a 1g environment (or more) at the rim to a 0g environment at the axis of rotation, why aren't modern space ...
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0answers
20 views

Effect of Earth's rotation on apparent weight (acceleration due to gravity) [duplicate]

What would be reason for change in weight due to rotation of Earth? How can the direction of $g'$ (The value of $g$ at any point on Earth) be the apparent vertical direction? Why isn't $g$ the ...
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2answers
73 views

Who plays the role of centrifugal force in an inertial frame of reference?

It is noteworthy to quote a sentence from my book, It is a misconception among the beginners that centrifugal force acts on a particle in order to make the particle go on a circle. Centrifugal ...
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2answers
108 views

Centrifugal force in the Hydrogen atom for $L=0$

I have found the following interesting article: http://arxiv.org/abs/0706.0924 The authors examine the radial momentum operator in detail, in particular its time evolution due to the forces acting ...
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0answers
25 views

In the formula for the change of frame of reference, which term(s) is/are the centrifugal/centripetal acceleration?

This is the formula for the change of frame of reference for the acceleration: I have a book where it is written that: The first term is the absolute acceleration. The second term is the relative ...
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1answer
41 views

How to correctly resolve forces radially in vertical circular motion?

I have always had problems at resolving forces and relating to Centripetal Force. Il show an example that I am stuck at right now. Please help me understand. This is the diagram: This is the ...
4
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3answers
176 views

Why is Earth's gravity stronger at the poles?

Lots of places state that the Earth's gravity is stronger at the poles than the equator for two reasons: The centrifugal force cancels out the gravity minimally, more so at the equator than at the ...
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1answer
25 views

Correcting for oblateness of the Earth [duplicate]

I'm trying to model numerically the effects of the Earth's oblateness on satellite orbits. I'm seeing precession of the orbit, but not in the plane that I'm expecting. Here's my corrected grav. ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Frequency of Oscillations about Circular Orbit [closed]

I'm trying to figure out the frequency of small oscillations about the basic circular path of a mass at the end of a spring, being spun around a table. I understand that the spring will stretch out a ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Calculation of the g-force acting on people in a fake fun ride

I saw this video: https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=622261007879030&set=vb.100002854081079&type=2&theater If you go to minute 1 and 2 seconds you see a fun ride in action. Obviously ...
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2answers
213 views

Effect of steering a car at high speed

I take it the angle of the steering wheel in a car is roughly proportional to the curvature, and therefore inversely proportional to the turning radius. When I am driving slowly and want to turn the ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Centripetal force in loop motion

I saw it from the book which talk about centripetal force in circular motion The main idea here is the balance in the term of relation between velocity and centripetal acceleration - centripetal ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Fictitious forces and $\omega$

I have been studying fictitious forces, such as the centrifugal force and Coriolis force. The equation for the centrifugal force is given by: $$F_{centrifugal}=-m\omega\times(\omega\times r)$$ My ...
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0answers
32 views

Could an object higher than the stationary orbit be returned to the outgoing point on this orbit?

In the question Centrifuge speed of an object higher than a stationary orbit, I asked: Does an object higher than the stationary orbit move slower or faster around the world than the top of a tower ...
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2answers
56 views

Centrifuge speed of an object higher than a stationary orbit

In the question At what altitude above equator do gravitational and centrifugal forces cancel each other?, I asked how high a tower on the equator has to be such that at its top, gravitational and ...
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2answers
87 views

At what altitude above equator do gravitational and centrifugal forces cancel each other? [closed]

How high has to be a tower at equator to get on its peak the same - but of course inverted sing - value of gravitational and centrifugal forces?
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1answer
59 views

How to explain centrifugal force from frame of reference of earth?

Suppose we have a circular table. We have made a straight line groove in the table extending from the center to the circumference.Now we place a block at some distance from the center in the groove ...
0
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3answers
218 views

How fast would the Earth need to spin for us to feel weightless?

It's a classic question with many answers all over the Internet, but none here so I figured I'd ask it: How fast would the Earth need to spin for a person (or anything for that matter) to feel ...
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1answer
356 views

How fast must a torus spin to have a felt gravity? [closed]

Given a rotating torus (like a gyroscope or a rotary) with a radius of 1km, how fast must it rotate to have someone inside the torus feel normal gravity of 1G?
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0answers
37 views

Calculus of variations applied to a rotating liquid

I thought I knew how to use calculus of variations, but then I started thinking about the problem of a rotating liquid and it confused me a great deal. It would be nice to hear your thoughts on the ...
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2answers
116 views

Why doesn't a car slide down a banked road when there is no friction?

In case of banked roads without friction, there is an additional $mg \sin(\theta)$ which is unbalanced. Why isn't this taken into account because it is responsible for making the vehicle slide down ...
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0answers
86 views

Lack of scale in Schrödinger equation for square-inverse potential

I see that if we set our potential in schrodinger equation to be a inverse-square dependence we don't have a typical unit of length as we have for hydrogen atom. $$-{\hbar^2\over 2m}\nabla^2\psi + ...
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2answers
87 views

Is centrifugal force equal in magnitude to the centripetal force in the frame of a body undergoing circular motion?

I was working out the minimum tangential velocity required for a swing to complete a full revolution and assumed the centripetal force is equal to the centrifugal force, so that I could set the weight ...
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4answers
214 views

Why would the apple fall under the tree?

Here is an extremely naive question: Why would the apple fall under the tree? I am puzzled by this, because the conventional answer that the gravity between the apple and the earth pulling apple down ...
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0answers
24 views

Do we feel the full force of the earths gravity even though the earth is spinning [duplicate]

As far as I know, since the earth is spinning, centrifugal force should be throwing you off the earth. However, gravity counteracts that by being a stronger force. So if you stood an object with the ...
1
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2answers
129 views

Why does a string remain taut in circular motion

Lets say an object is tied to a string and it is being swung in a circle: In this case, the tension of the string acts as a centrifugal force that keeps the object moving in a circle. However, if ...
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2answers
330 views

Question on circular motion — car turning on road

Lets say a car is turning on a road that has friction. I made this small diagram where the two parallel lines indicate the tires of the car. In order for the car to keep turning in a circle, there ...
2
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2answers
72 views

Having trouble understanding how the centrifugal force works

I thought that I understood the centrifugal force earlier, but I can't seem to grasp how it interacts when considering that everything is relative? Let's imagine that you are the only one in the ...
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2answers
86 views

Is there a reaction force on the ball in a vertical circular motion?

You have a light string. At one end of the string there is a ball modelled as a particle. The string has negligible mass. The other end of the string is fixed at a point and the ball is undergoing ...
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1answer
50 views

UCM unidentified force

A train rounds a curve of radius 235 m (turning right). The train track is flat, and the train is traveling at a constant speed. A lamp in the train makes an angle to the vertical of 17.5 degrees. ...
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0answers
55 views

Why doesn"t centrifugal force throw us off the earth? [duplicate]

I was drawing a diagram and trying to resolve all the forces. It seems to me that because of gravity, centrifugal force will produce a sort of "dragging" motion along the surface of the earth. The ...
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0answers
65 views

When rotating a liquid-filled jar what determines how much force goes to spinning the specimen floating inside?

Another way of stating it: When you have leaves in a (cylindrical) tea cup, if you rotate the cup (eg clockwise), the leaves largely stay in place relative to the table, but spin clockwise a little. ...
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4answers
726 views

Why are people weightless whilst in orbit around the Earth? ISS? Satellites? [duplicate]

Had physics for 2 years now on highschool, but there is a thing I am wondering about. You know the in the height above the earth surface around where the satellites are (Or the ISS), I've calculated ...
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1answer
86 views

Reference frame and centrifugal force

Imagine you are on a theme park ride in which you sit in a car and are spun around in a circle, basically like a giant centrifuge. An observer from the outside would say that there is no centrifugal ...
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8answers
8k views

Does centrifugal force exist?

Currently in my last year of high school, and I have always been told that centrifugal force does not exist by my physics teachers. Today my girlfriend in the year below asked me what centrifugal ...
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3answers
1k views

Centrifugal force?

Everyone calls it a pseudo force and that it is not really present, even there are so many machines listed to advantage of centrifugal force ( centrifuge, washing washing drier),and also it has the ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Centrifugal force for non uniform circular motion [closed]

If a body is under non-uniform circular motion, will it experience or will there be any impact of centrifugal force on the body upon eliminating the centripetal force? update-sorry.the title of ...
4
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3answers
99 views

What is an intuitive explanation using forces for the equatorial bulge?

The earth is not a sphere, because it bulges at the equator. I tried fiddling with centripetal force equations and gravity, but I couldn't derive why this bulge occurs. Is there (a) a ...
0
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2answers
64 views

Find the tangential acceleration

A racing car driver drives his car on a flat circular track of radius $\frac{25}3 m$ and a coefficient of friction $0.5$. Find the magnitude of its tangential acceleration (in $ms^{-2}$) at an ...
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2answers
82 views

Centrifugal force when there is no friction [duplicate]

Assume that a coin is placed on circular disk and now a disk is rotated with constant angular velocity. If there is no friction between the surfaces of a disk and coin, according to theory the coin ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Choosing proper centripedal force in Newtonian gravitational forces [closed]

I am trying to do an orbit simulation, I took Newton's law of Newtonian gravitational forces. It seems to work correct, but I can't really determine the velocity of an object needed to stay in free ...
3
votes
3answers
627 views

Conical vs Simple Pendulum

I don't understand why the Tension $T$ on a conical pendulum and a simple pendulum are different. In a simple pendulum, one would say that the tension of the rope is $T=mg \cos(\theta)$. However, ...
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2answers
138 views

Force acting on center of mass

Pictured above is a biker (traveling in a curve) whose center of mass has two forces acting on it. These two forces - a horizontal centrifugal force F(centripetal)* and a vertical gravitational ...
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10answers
491 views

Why is centrifugal 'force' perpendicular to line of inertia

I know that centrifugal is labeled a fictitious force only arising in a rotating reference frame, but I still struggle to understand the forces at play intuitively in tethered rotating bodies. I've ...
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6answers
6k views

Pouring water in an aircraft while upside down?

What is the physics behind the following photo? Someone had told me that this is because the aircraft might be moving towards a lower altitude, but I am still not sure.
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4answers
3k views

What is the cause of centripetal/centrifugal force?

What is the cause of centripetal/centrifugal force? When an object of mass $m$ is moved in a circular orbit, it experiences a centrifugal force radially away from the center. What is the cause of this ...