Tagged Questions

The ability of an object to store electric charge.

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Capacitor related query

Why does a capacitor charge only upto the voltage of the source? I mean in an r.c. circuit if we have a resistor that is in series with the capacitor then because of the potential drop there will be ...
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Realistic vs Idealistic capacitance

I am doing an investigation into the differences of calculating capacitance using the well know formula for an idealistic parallel plate capacitor, based on the assumption of a uniformly distributed ...
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Capacitors in parallel and capacitors in series

How can I recognize clearly when I deal with capacitors in parallel or capacitors in series? Can follow a "rule" or a intuitive method? I have to do difficult exercises regarding system of capacitors ...
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Coefficients of capitance

In my syllabus about electromagnetism, they introduce the coefficients of capacitance by stating that, if we have $n$ conductors enclosed by linear dielectrics, then we can write 'because of ...
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What is the difference between a battery and a “polarized” charged capacitor?

I know that the main difference between the two is that a battery can provide a constant voltage whereas a capacitor's voltage decreases as the charge stored decreases. But what about the internal ...
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Field of a parallel plate capacitor

Pretty much in all the diagrams I have seen the electric field of the parallel plates is depicted as in this image The field lines seems to start bending only after leaving the periphery of the ...
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Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor [closed]

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor that stores 3.40 x 10^-10 C of charge at 20.0v
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How does capacitors provide initial high voltage for a motor?

While observing the water pump in my house I could see a huge capacitor connected to it. My father told me that it is to provide a high voltage of 440 V during the start-up process. But, how does a ...
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In what way do passive circuit elements change the functional form of the voltage?

I heard capacitors affect the valleys and mounds of voltage sine curves, so that you get DC from AC. It's related to Graetz bridge, flipping signs of sine waves and seemingly afterwards smoothing ...
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Why do some capacitors leak and other capacitors hardly leak at all?

I just found out that electrolytic capacitors hardly leak whereas non-electrolytic capacitors leak and at times, leak a lot. Questions: (a) what causes capacitors to leak? (b) why do electrolytic ...
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Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
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Alternative derivation for the capacitor energy equation [closed]

I hope this is the right place for this kind of post. A friend is trying to derive the equation for the energy stored in a capacitor by analysing the change in potential on one plate when the ...
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Why does the voltage increase when capacitor plates are separated?

In lab, my TA charged a large circular parallel plate capacitor to some voltage. She then disconnected the power supply and used a electrometer to read the voltage (about 10V). She then pulled the ...
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Does the phase difference between voltage and current in an LCR circuit exist throughout the circuit?

I know that in an purely inductive circuit the current lags behind voltage by $90^o$, in a purely capacitive circuit vice-versa and in an LCR circuit the current may lag or gain with respect to ...
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How is derived the relation between capacitances when a $Y-\Delta$ transformation is applied in a capacitors network?

A $Y-\Delta$ transformation can be applied to circuits in order to make an equivalent circuit (but simpler to put in terms of series/parallel devices). Wikipedia and other books show how to deduce the ...
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Calculating Electric Field from a Potential Difference w/o Charge

So here is my homework question: Two long cylindrical shells of metal (radii $r_1$ and $r_2$, $r_2 > r_1$) are arranged coaxially. The plates are maintained at the potential difference ...
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Is this a series or parallel connection? [on hold]

I am confused how the capacitors in this circuit are connected. $C_4$, $C_6$ and $C_5$, $C_3$ appear to be parallel, but both $C_4$ and $C_6$ seem to be in series with $C_1$ as do $C_5$ and $C_3$. Am ...
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$\pi/2$ phase shift in RC circuit

I just recently learnt Alternating Current and RCL circuits and I also learnt about phasers and various graphs. Now I also know that current lags in an LR circuit. My intuitive understanding of this ...
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Moving the plates of a charged capacitor to calculate energy density - where's the flaw in my argument?

For a charged air-dielectric capacitor, let the plates be parallel to the $xy$ plane, with the top carrying a positive charge $+Q$, the bottom a charge $-Q$. The force on an infinitesimal charge ...
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The moving capacitor

To what extent can a charged capacitor mounted on a moving platform (e.g. a rotating wheel) be considered an electric current generator? Electric current, after all, is nothing more than the transport ...
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Drawing the circuit from a differential equation

Can you please help me in modelling a circuit using the differential equation? In the following equation, $u(t)$ is the input voltage and $y(t)$ is the output voltage. ...
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Voltage and parallel-plate capacitors

Suppose we have two parallel plates (each of area $A$) spaced with distance $d_1$ acting as a parallel-plate capacitor within a circuit. If the capacitor is connected to a power source with constant ...
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A dielectric table is being inserted between a plate capacitor and $\triangle U<0$ how to deduce the table is attracted to the plates?

I am practicing for an exam in my Physics $2$ course. One of a previews exam questions described a plate capacitor and asked to calculate the initial energy $U_{0}$, then a dielectric table was ...
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Is $Q=CV$ still acceptable formular on the capacitor charged by the transformed circuit?

Assume there is a 100V to 1000V transformer and the capacitor connected in the second circuit.(You know, transformers have two circuits) The second circuit's voltage is 1000V, but the amount current ...
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Difference between parallel and series capacitors

Basically, I can't figure out that whether a capacitor is connected in series or parallel. The same problem occurs while solving for resistors. Can someone help me understand this difference ...
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Capacitance of a conducting disk

I'm reading this(PDF) derivation of the capacitance of a thin conducting disk. The surface charge density of such a disk can be shown to be: $\sigma(r) = \frac{Q}{4\pi a\sqrt{a^2 - r^2}}$ (in ...
If you connect positive plate of a charged capacitor to ground, it doesn't get discharged. Now consider $4$ capacitors of equal capacitance connected in series to a $10\, \mathrm{V}$ battery. Connect ...