The ability of an object to store electric charge.

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237 views

What is the difference between a battery and a “polarized” charged capacitor?

I know that the main difference between the two is that a battery can provide a constant voltage whereas a capacitor's voltage decreases as the charge stored decreases. But what about the internal ...
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1answer
123 views

Field of a parallel plate capacitor

Pretty much in all the diagrams I have seen the electric field of the parallel plates is depicted as in this image The field lines seems to start bending only after leaving the periphery of the ...
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2answers
1k views

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor [closed]

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor that stores 3.40 x 10^-10 C of charge at 20.0v I am lost. I am scared.
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2answers
852 views

How does capacitors provide initial high voltage for a motor?

While observing the water pump in my house I could see a huge capacitor connected to it. My father told me that it is to provide a high voltage of 440 V during the start-up process. But, how does a ...
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1answer
82 views

In what way do passive circuit elements change the functional form of the voltage?

I heard capacitors affect the valleys and mounds of voltage sine curves, so that you get DC from AC. It's related to Graetz bridge, flipping signs of sine waves and seemingly afterwards smoothing ...
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1answer
169 views

Why do some capacitors leak and other capacitors hardly leak at all?

I just found out that electrolytic capacitors hardly leak whereas non-electrolytic capacitors leak and at times, leak a lot. Questions: (a) what causes capacitors to leak? (b) why do electrolytic ...
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1answer
145 views

Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
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2answers
508 views

Alternative derivation for the capacitor energy equation [closed]

I hope this is the right place for this kind of post. A friend is trying to derive the equation for the energy stored in a capacitor by analysing the change in potential on one plate when the ...
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5answers
17k views

Why does the voltage increase when capacitor plates are separated?

In lab, my TA charged a large circular parallel plate capacitor to some voltage. She then disconnected the power supply and used a electrometer to read the voltage (about 10V). She then pulled the ...
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1answer
4k views

Does the phase difference between voltage and current in an LCR circuit exist throughout the circuit?

I know that in an purely inductive circuit the current lags behind voltage by $90^o$, in a purely capacitive circuit vice-versa and in an LCR circuit the current may lag or gain with respect to ...
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0answers
129 views

How is derived the relation between capacitances when a $Y-\Delta$ transformation is applied in a capacitors network?

A $Y-\Delta$ transformation can be applied to circuits in order to make an equivalent circuit (but simpler to put in terms of series/parallel devices). Wikipedia and other books show how to deduce the ...
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0answers
310 views

Calculating Electric Field from a Potential Difference w/o Charge

So here is my homework question: Two long cylindrical shells of metal (radii $r_1$ and $r_2$, $r_2 > r_1$) are arranged coaxially. The plates are maintained at the potential difference ...
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0answers
92 views

What is the electrical field of a capacitor plate as a charge approaches

The electrical field for a charge density $\varrho(r)$ is $${\bf E}({\bf r})=\frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}\int \varrho({\bf r}')\frac{{\bf r}-{\bf r}'}{\hspace{.1cm }|{\bf r}-{\bf r}'|^3} \mathrm ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between voltage and potential energy in a capacitor

I'm confused about the difference between voltage and potential energy in a capacitor. Suppose you have a capacitor with a voltage V and capacitance C, and you release a particle with charge $+Q$ from ...
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1answer
99 views

combination of 5 identical capacitors [closed]

Given 5 identical capacitors, each EMF. Draw the proper combination of all these 5 capacitors.. 1.) 2.5 2.) 4.17 I really do not know how to solve this thing and if anyone of you knows the title of ...
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2answers
2k views

How capacitive is the human body?

Testing a capacitive screen, it's clear that it can tell the difference between a celery touching it (human holding it with an isolating material) and a human touching it. Touching it holding a ...
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3answers
189 views

Will the rms current be affected by inserting dielectric in the capacitor in an LCR circuit?

MY thoughts: I think it will not be as the expression for RMS value is dependent only on the peak value of current. Is my thinking correct?
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2answers
75 views

Capacitor's voltage

Imagine I have two plates that form a capacitor, so the magnitude of the charge in each plate is, let's say, $Q$. So, the force, in respect to the distance $d$, is gonna be: $$F(d) = ...
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1answer
317 views

Is this a series or parallel connection?

I am confused how the capacitors in this circuit are connected. $C_4$, $C_6$ and $C_5$, $C_3$ appear to be parallel, but both $C_4$ and $C_6$ seem to be in series with $C_1$ as do $C_5$ and $C_3$. Am ...
2
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1answer
362 views

$\pi/2$ phase shift in RC circuit

I just recently learnt Alternating Current and RCL circuits and I also learnt about phasers and various graphs. Now I also know that current lags in an LR circuit. My intuitive understanding of this ...
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2answers
198 views

Moving the plates of a charged capacitor to calculate energy density - where's the flaw in my argument?

For a charged air-dielectric capacitor, let the plates be parallel to the $xy$ plane, with the top carrying a positive charge $+Q$, the bottom a charge $-Q$. The force on an infinitesimal charge ...
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3answers
681 views

The moving capacitor

To what extent can a charged capacitor mounted on a moving platform (e.g. a rotating wheel) be considered an electric current generator? Electric current, after all, is nothing more than the transport ...
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1answer
207 views

Drawing the circuit from a differential equation

Can you please help me in modelling a circuit using the differential equation? In the following equation, $u(t)$ is the input voltage and $y(t)$ is the output voltage. ...
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1answer
806 views

Voltage and parallel-plate capacitors

Suppose we have two parallel plates (each of area $A$) spaced with distance $d_1$ acting as a parallel-plate capacitor within a circuit. If the capacitor is connected to a power source with constant ...
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1answer
352 views

A dielectric table is being inserted between a plate capacitor and $\triangle U<0$ how to deduce the table is attracted to the plates?

I am practicing for an exam in my Physics $2$ course. One of a previews exam questions described a plate capacitor and asked to calculate the initial energy $U_{0}$, then a dielectric table was ...
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2answers
314 views

Is $Q=CV$ still acceptable formular on the capacitor charged by the transformed circuit?

Assume there is a 100V to 1000V transformer and the capacitor connected in the second circuit.(You know, transformers have two circuits) The second circuit's voltage is 1000V, but the amount current ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between parallel and series capacitors

Basically, I can't figure out that whether a capacitor is connected in series or parallel. The same problem occurs while solving for resistors. Can someone help me understand this difference ...
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1answer
186 views

Capacitance from Maxwell's equations

I am trying to get the definition of capacitance nailed down. This is my work so far: $$ \frac{\mathrm{d}U}{\mathrm{d}t} = \frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}t} \int_{\Omega_a}{ u(\mathbf{x},t)\mathrm{d}t} = ...
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1answer
470 views

Graphene batteries/super capacitors

A while ago, there was some news about micro-scale graphene-based supercapacitors and these devices can charge and discharge a hundred to a thousand times faster than standard batteries. Question: ...
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2answers
387 views

Drawing electric field lines-Equations or software

Shown below in the diagram are two conducting material connected to a battery source and vacuum OR air is in between them. There will be charges developed on their surfaces. I am interested in finding ...
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1answer
881 views

Electric field in a capacitor with a dielectric with variable permittivity

Consider the following parallel-plate capacitor, with a potential difference of $V$ across it's plates: I've seen some problems that assume a dielectric with a variable electric permittivity of ...
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2answers
817 views

What are the advantages in using 2 identical capacitors?

What advantage might there be in using two identical capacitors in parallel connected in series with another identical parallel pair, rather than using a single capacitor?
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3answers
508 views

Which is more dangerous upon contact, series or parallel capacitors?

If a pair of capacitors were connected up in series, and an identical pair was connected in parallel which pair would be more dangerous to handle if connected to the same voltage source?
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1answer
858 views

Dipole moment induced in a spherical particle

Consider a spherical metal particle made out of gold. If there is an external charge somewhere near the gold particle, is there a way to calculate the resulting dipole moment that is induced by the ...
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1answer
169 views

Dielectric modification of electrostatic equations?

I have learnt that in cases of electrostatic fields inside a dielectric of any source charge, the field is reduced by a factor of K( if K, the dielectric "constant", is taken everywhere to be same). ...
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1answer
221 views

Electrons drift velocity and capacitors

My friend said this to me and just want to make sure this is right " when we connect the a battery to a LED and the 2 poles are connected, electrons flow from the (-) to the (+) but with very low ...
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1answer
142 views

One terminal of an ideal voltage source connected to earth->Massive current will flow?

Assume we have a "somewhat" ideal voltage source like a DC power supply powered by mains. Take just one terminal and form a conductive path between it and earth ground. Assuming that no conductive ...
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1answer
160 views

Source of potential energy in a capacitor being pulled apart

When the plate spacing is large the capacitor system is storing more energy than when it is small. If one manually changes the spacing, where does the additional energy "come from" as the plate ...
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4answers
113 views

Capacitors' working in a circuit

Does charge in a capacitor containing circuit stop flowing when the potential of the capacitor becomes equal to the potential of the battery??
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1answer
570 views

Energy Change in a Capacitor by Inserting Dielectric

This is a practice Physics Subject GRE problem. A parallel-plate capacitor has plate separation $d$. The space between the plates is empty. A battery supplying voltage $V_0$ is connected across ...
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4answers
3k views

Potential Difference Between Capacitors in Series

I am struggling to find an answer to this, hopefully relatively simple, question. I had a search on stackexchange but couldn't find anything helpful. We are learning about capacitors in Physics and I ...
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2answers
636 views

Equivalent RC circuit to a RRC circuit?

I'm in doubt about a situation that I've seen sometimes: imagine we have a resistor in parallel with a resistor and a capacitor in series. Since I don't know how to generate figures of circuits to ...
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1answer
245 views

Capacitance of a conducting disk

I'm reading this(PDF) derivation of the capacitance of a thin conducting disk. The surface charge density of such a disk can be shown to be: $\sigma(r) = \frac{Q}{4\pi a\sqrt{a^2 - r^2}}$ (in ...
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4answers
4k views

Capacitor Charging and Discharging when connected to the ground

When we charge a capacitor using a battery and then remove the battery, the plates of capacitor becomes charged. One holds positive charge and the other one gets equal negative charge. o. k. ? Now ...
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0answers
63 views

Capacitors discharging in series [duplicate]

If you connect positive plate of a charged capacitor to ground, it doesn't get discharged. Now consider $4$ capacitors of equal capacitance connected in series to a $10\, \mathrm{V}$ battery. Connect ...
2
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1answer
695 views

How we approach RLC circult from RLGC model?

In the text, it introduces a practical model to investigate a transmission line (like BNC cable), it considers the transmission line has resistive $R$, inductance $L$, conductance $G$ and capacitance ...
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1answer
423 views

Finding the Steady State Charges

Here the problem states to find the steady state charges on the condensers.<<<< According to me the charges on second at steady must be ...
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1answer
35 views

Work due to introducing a dieletric in a capacitor

I have a doubt about a couple of exercises tha asks to find the work done on introducing a dieletric between the plates of a capacitor. Yes, this question is in the general case, how do we procede? I ...
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2answers
4k views

Inserting metal into parallel plate capacitor

The plates of an isolated parallel plate capacitor with a capacitance C carry a charge Q. The plate separation is d. Initially, the space between the plates contains only air. Then, an ...
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2answers
160 views

Flashlights and Capacitors

Why capacitors are used in flashlights of cameras instead of attaching the light directly to the battery? How this leads more light?