# Tagged Questions

The ability of an object to store electric charge.

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### The effect of an electric field on capacitance

Decreasing the distance between the two parallel plates of a capacitor increases the amount of charge that can be held on each plate. If this is because the charges are attracted to each other and ...
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### Understanding Capacitors [duplicate]

I cannot understand how capacitors work. Electric field is supposedly uniform between the parallel plates of a capacitor. But how? Since $E=\frac{kq}{d^2}$, shouldn't the electric field approach ...
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### What is the work done by battery and what does work done on battery mean?

Suppose we have a charged capacitor connected to a battery. Now we push the plates of the capacitor away from each other decreasing capacitance and hence energy stored in the capacitor decreases. Now ...
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### Brightness of 2 Lightbulbs hooked up to Capacitor [closed]

The figure shows a circuit consisting of a battery, a switch, two identical lightbulbs, and a capacitor that is initially uncharged. a. Immediately after the switch is closed, are either or both ...
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### Phase difference in currents in parallel RC circuit

shouldn't the phase difference be 0. The potential difference across any branch at any instant should be V.so what's wrong ?btw correct answer is (C)
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### Does the energy inside a capacitor has a variable dependency of the capacity?

While studying energy inside capacitors, I came up with something: If we can calculate the energy inside it as: $$U=\frac{1}{2}QV=\frac{1}{2}CV^2=\frac{1}{2}\frac{Q^2}{C}$$ Then, why in some cases ...
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### Immersing a copper sphere into a conducting liquid that is itself in a conducting bath [closed]

Question A small copper sphere of radius a is half immersed at the surface of a poorly conducting liquid of resistivity $\rho$. The liquid is contained in a spherical copper bath of radius b, where b ...
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### Why is capacitance defined as charge divided by voltage?

I understand that capacitance is the ability of a body to store an electrical charge and the formula is $C=\frac{Q}{V}$. What I don't understand, however, is why it is defined as coulomb per volt. Of ...
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### Spherical 'capacitor' with only one charged plate

A question I came across asks about two concentric spherical conductors where only the inner sheet is charged. The question first asks to find the capacitance of such an arrangement. The first part ...
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### What is the potential difference between the plates? field around the plates? charge is on each plate? [closed]

What is the potential difference between the plates? field around the plates? charge is on each plate?
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### What happens to the electric field at the boundary of a dielectric?

The question in the title is a broader one, but for now, I want to confine myself to the following problem. I have the task to find the potential difference between points A and B shown in the ...
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### Why there cannot be induction current between plates of capacitor while discharging?

If a capacitor gets charged by induction through the plates, then why there is no induction current between them while discharging instead of displacement current ?
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### Whats the meaning of this equation relating electric field and potential energy?

My electrodynamics teacher was explaining that it is required to apply some energy (or do some work) on charges in order to arrange them in space. When he stated an example about energy in a capacitor ...
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### What is the player's role in the functioning of a theremin?

I recently see a video on how the theremin works, and wasn't satisfied with the answer. I watched around, but they all seem to give the same explanation. A diagram as below is given, and it is ...
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### Capacitor in AC circuit

Can someone explain to me the process of discharging of a capacitor when the EMF of AC source is decreasing? And where do charges go? I mean if there's a weak battery, it will be charged but what ...
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### How, if at all, does the behavior of a parallel plate capacitor change in the presence of a magnetic field?

I'm an AP physics student curious about magnetism and my teacher couldn't answer this question. We already learned about velocity selectors, so I know that, when the plates of the capacitor are in the ...
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### I don't get the idea of potential in a capacitor [closed]

First off, what is meant by the potential of the conductors? Also potential difference between the two conductors is a function of distance from either right? Then why does it have an exact value. For ...
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### doubt from capacitance and capacitors

Can a charged capacitor mathematically be represented as uncharged capacitor connected in series with battery of opposing emf ? Please explain with an example
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### Arms of Parallal Plate Capacitor

In case if Parallel Plate Capacitors, is it necessary for the two plates to be equal in length? If yes why? And if they were not equal, what would be the problem?
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### Finding Inductance in an AC RLC Circuit?

In the laboratory you find an inductor of unknown inductance $L$ and unknown internal resistance $R$. Using a dc ohmmeter, an ac voltmeter of high impedance, a 1 microfarad capacitor, and a 1000 Hz ...
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### How do I calculate the relative permittivity of a capacitor given when only given 2 charges? [closed]

I have a past paper question which gives me the external charge of this capacitor 7.1μC and the internal charge caused by the resultant field as 1.3μC, how do I calculate the relative permittivity? ...
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### What happens in the RC circuit when being charged?

Say I have this RC circuit and at the start, the switch is off (current going from left to right and the starting point is just above the battery). I understand that then the capacitor acts just like ...
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### is there any way to create electric field around two similarly charged plates?

Can an electric field exist around two similarly charged plates, like if we consider to put small paper pallets around it so that it can attract paper pallets without generating repulsion ?
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### Attractive force between capacitor plates

A textbook question requires me to calculate the force of attraction between plates of a parallel-plate capacitor. The answer provided is $\frac{1}{2}QE$. I am not entirely sure how they arrived at ...
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### Series circuit of capacitor and ohmic resistance: Voltage drop at Capacitor? [closed]

I have a question to an exercise I am currently trying to solve. It is given an Capacitor and an ohmic resistance in a series circuit. The whole voltage is 40V, the resistor has an resistance of 10kΩ....
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### Which makes for a better equivalent capacitor? In series or in parrallel? [on hold]

I understand how capacitors in series and in parallel work. However, I am wondering if it makes a difference, in terms of making a better capacitor that can store more charge, would you connect them ...
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### Imaginary component in capacitive reactance

This is a trivial question in first year but, unfortunately, this popped up in an elementary yet compulsory lab experiment. The capacitive reactance is defined as $$X_{c}=\frac{1}{\omega c}$$ The ...
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### How does increasing the distance between 2 copper plates in a circuit affect the capacitance? [duplicate]

We have been told that the voltage decreases, but not been given a proper explanation by my teacher. Can anyone shed some light on this? Also, does increasing the distance between the plates of a ...
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### Why should we use good conductors as electrodes of a capacitor?

I was asked if and why why should the electrodes of a capacitor should be good electrical conductors. It seemed obvious to me that if I want to form a Helmholtz double layer (because that's what ...
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### Capacitor and Dielectric [closed]

Here's a homework problem: A $12 \mu F$ capacitor $C_{1}$ consists of plates $A$ and $B$. An $18 \mu F$ capacitor $C_{2}$ consists of plates $C$ and $D$. (a) Each are charged up by a $10 V$ battery ...
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### Why does a ceiling fan start up slowly? [closed]

I think it probably has something to do with the capacitor inside but I don't get it why doesn't it just Start spinning instantly when we push the button why does it slowly start to spin and gradually ...
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### Why does the current in a purely capacitive AC circuit lead the voltage by 90 deg?

1.When we mathematically derive the expression for the current from a sinusoidal voltage source (v=V sin(wt)), we take the derivative of q=cv where c is the capacitance. The final expression we get is ...
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### Choosing between a parallel-plate and spherical capacitor model

This problem is solved in the solutions manual by making reference to equations for the parallel-plate capacitor. I have some basic understanding of why this is the case (the local curvature is small ...
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### Spherical Conducting Shells, Potential

When we have a spherical conducting shell and charge on outer surface of the shell then the potential inside remains constant i.e, kQ/R (R=radius). But say the inner surface of the shell is charged ...
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### Things that must be considered when mass producing a capacitor [closed]

The question is to list four things that must be considered when a capacitor is chosen for inclusion in a circuit which is to be mass produced. Are there a specific set of four things? I've come up ...
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### charge on the capacitors

When we connecting a capacitor to a battery of $V$ volts. After it is completely charged, it is disconnected from the battery, and if we connected to another capacitor. In this case, there is no ...
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### Effect of potential difference on capacitance

I've read multiple threads here discussing the relation between capacitance and potential difference and they have begun to confuse me. I have a homework question about which of the following will ...
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### When deriving potential between plates of parallel plate capacitor, why isn't the charge distributed on the top *and* bottom of both plates?

Let's say we have a canonical parallel plate capacitor with area $A$ and separation $d$ where $A>> d^2$. A charge of $+Q$ is placed on the top plate and $-Q$ is placed on the bottom plate. We ...
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### Electric field Intensity , parallel plates

My book says that the electric field due to infinite long plates doesn't depend on 'r', so does it mean that no work is done in moving a point charge towards or away from it? Also considering the ...
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### coaxial capacitor potential calculation

How is capacitance of a cylindrical capacitor calculated? In his question his Equation 1 tells us how to calculate the potential of a cylindrical object and there are two locations where I cannot ...
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### What actually goes on in RLC circuit?

I already have difficulty understanding how each of the RLC circuit elements work individually as it is, and I have no idea how they work simultaneously in an RLC circuit. My schoolbook represents the ...
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### Spherical capacitor with conducting wire [closed]

We have a spherical capacitor which consists of two conducting shells with radii $R_1,R_2$ with $R_2>R_1$. The two shells carry charges equal to $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ respectively (with $Q_2>0$) . We ...
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### separation of the plates , charge stored, potential difference and energy stored

I have facing problem when comes to determine which formula should be used in some capacitor-based questions. For example, if initially a parallel plate capacitor with separation of plates d is ...
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### Why don't capacitor charging graphs look like other exponential growth graphs?

Sorry if this question is stupid, but I can't find any answers for this online. Physics websites show that capacitors charge and discharge exponentially. The discharging graphs of charge against time ...
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### Explaining why there is current in a circuit with a capacitor whilst the capacitor is charging

The question I'm trying to answer is part b) of the question below: My answer was: As some of the electrons will initially be repelled by the electric field of the negative plate, there will be ...
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### Voltage drop across capacitors in series, why?

Basically when you connect more than 1 capacitor in series then the charge on each capacitor is same but there is a voltage drop across each capacitor. I have no intuition as to why the voltage drop ...
35 views

### Capacitors in an AC circuit

Can I combine capacitors in the same way for an AC circuit as I can for a DC circuit (In series or in parallel)? Does the same apply for simplifying resistors?
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### RC circuit energy [closed]

I am quite new at circuit analysis and I have a question about a RC circuit, with the resistor and the capacitor connected in series. I want to find the energy supplied by the ideal voltage source ...