A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Schwarzschild radius in black hole density

The textbook from which I teach physics at the end of secondary school has a question about the density of a non-rotating black hole. Because the density at the singularity is perhaps infinite or ...
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How confident are we that mass is not being lost in the universe?

After reading about the latest super-massive black hole in Nature 518, 512–515 (26 February 2015), I couldn't help but wonder if the accelerating expansion is a result of mass being lost. Would a ...
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Event Horizon of Black Hole

What actually does happen to an object after it crosses the Event Horizon of a BH? Does it- lose the properties of matter and become a new, undiscovered type of matter? does it become negative ...
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Phenomena in the intersection of general relativity and quantum mechanics

I am looking for physical phenomena that have aspects involving both general relativity and quantum mechanics. The only example I know is Hawking radiation. While black holes are objects that cannot ...
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Black hole with two singularities?

I hope this question isn't too naive, but would it theoretically be possible to have a black hole with 2 singularities (or 2 black holes at the same location). If this is possible, would there be any ...
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Situation after Saini & Stojkovic's paper on unitarity in gravitational collapse and non-formation of black holes?

In their paper, Anshul Saini and Dejan Stojkovic [1] claimed that by calculations it is possible to demonstrate that in a gravitational collapse of a disk, an event horizon is never made for a far ...
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Rotating conical singularities in three dimensional gravity

A conical singularity in three dimensional flat space is usually desrcibed by the metric $ds^2=-dt^2+dr^2+r^2\gamma^2d\phi^2$ In three dimensional gravity with a negative cosmological constant, we ...
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Gravity on supermassive black hole's event horizon

M = black hole mass Gravitation is about 1/r^2 Schwarzschild radius r is ~ to M Greater BH -> weaker gravitation on its horizon. Lets take black hole so enormous that the gravitation on its ...
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What are the photon/electron consequences of matter in a gravitational time dilation?

So I saw Interstellar, and it got me thinking. I won't even mention all the plot holes, but I wanted to ask about a planet orbiting a black hole. I always thought you had to travel near the speed of ...
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22 views

Another universe in the other side of a black hole? [duplicate]

A common notion is that there is another universe in the other side of a black hole, past the singularity point....is this true? does it have any scientific support?
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Deriving Birkhoff's Theorem

I am trying to derive Birkhoff's theorem in GR as an exercise: a spherically symmetric gravitational field is static in the vacuum area. I managed to prove that $g_{00}$ is independent of t in the ...
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Schwarzschild metric circular orbits and kepler's 3rd law

I have been looking at the Schwarzschild metric presented to me as the following within lectures: ...
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131 views

Why doesn't the light get out?

You're standing on a gedanken planet holding a laser pointer straight up. The light doesn't curve round, or slow down as it ascends, or fall down. It goes straight up. Now I wave my magic gedanken ...
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Accretion disks on neutron star binaries

Why does hydrogen gas from accretion disks not constantly get sucked onto/into a neutron star or into a black hole? I understand that some gets sucked into the black hole and some may come down and ...
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Photon sphere of Sagrittarius A* , calculation correct? [on hold]

For Kerr Parameter a=0.52, my result for the photon sphere of Sagrittarius A* is ca. 19 Mio. km. (direct orbit and retrograd) Equation Calculation (direct orbit) I am not sure about the arccos ...
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Can the event horizon save conservation laws for black holes?

How reasonable it it to conclude that, from a remote observer’s frame, matter falling towards a black hole never crosses the event horizon, because ∆ t → 0 as v → c (according to the Lorentz ...
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188 views

If nothing ever falls into a black hole, why is there a puzzle about information?

From an outside perspective, nothing can ever pass the event horizon. It just scooches asymptotically close to the event horizon. So (from our perspective on earth), when a black hole reduces in ...
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1answer
94 views

$SO(p,1)$ transformation on black p-branes [on hold]

I'm working on Blackfolds at the moment and I'm trying to boost-rotate( $SO(1,p)$ ) the p-brane $$ds^2=ds^2_{Sch}+\sum_{i=1}^p dz_i^2$$ Where $ds^2_{Sch}$ is the Schwarzschild metric in $N$ ...
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Primordial galaxies and associated mass of blackholes [duplicate]

How could primordial galaxies or quasars at great redshifts like quasar ULAS J1120+0641 (detected as per when the universe was 700 mill years old) have blackholes at their centers with the mass of 2 ...
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1answer
63 views

Minimum size of black hole

What is the minimum size a black hole could be? I have been told that they were worried that the LHC would create a black hole, yet they say the Sun cannot be a black hole. I understand that the ...
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1answer
89 views

How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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4answers
342 views

Surface waves on Dr. Miller's planet

In the movie 'Interstellar', the crew land on a water world orbiting a black hole. The gravity is greater than that of Earth and there are huge surface waves present in the ocean that they land in. ...
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192 views

Mass, energy, and entropy.

I have a seemingly simple question about the relation between these three that for some reason doesn't make sense to me. If entropy is the disorder of a system, then a low entropy state is one of ...
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At what mass and/or radius does a black hole grow?

All black holes absorb mass attracted by gravity, and expel mass (Hawking Radiation). I've been led to believe, due to all popular representations of black holes, that astronomical (a.k.a. large) ...
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Generalized Bekenstein-Hawking temperature for Kerr-Newmann-dS black holes

What is the formula for the Bekenstein-Hawking temperature in a Schwarzschild-Kerr-Newmann-de Sitter spacetime, i.e., the temperature for a black hole with Mass (M), angular momentum (J), electric ...
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126 views

What happens to black holes if/when the universe “ends”

I've heard several ideas about what happens to the universe when it dies, and they range from infinite expansion and heat death, to a "big crunch". In the event that something like a "big crunch" ...
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48 views

How much work can we extract from a black hole?

Recently, I've read an article on scientific regarding the possibility of a stairwell into a blackhole (unsurprisingly, it isn't possible). I've found the following question more interesting: ...
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What will be the gravitational pull of the Sun if the Sun contracts to a black hole?

What will be the gravitational pull of the Sun if the Sun contracts to a black hole, and would the Sun be a Schwarzschild black hole or not?
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46 views

Gravitational electromagnetic clock effect [closed]

Suppose an orbiting object is moving around a rotating black hole. There is a massive gravitational acceleration that cause gravito-electro-magnetic clock effect. This effect says that object moving ...
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2answers
76 views

Why is $p_\phi$ conserved in a Schwarzschild orbit?

This arises from the question What is the relationship between $a$ and $m$, which I'm afraid I answered just by looking it up in Schutz's book. However Schutz (as he frequently does) glosses over ...
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1answer
21 views

Who can see the event/apparent horizon and Hawking effect?

As I understand, the Hawking effect is related with the presence both event and apparent horizon, i.e. if some kind of horizon exist, a loss/gain of information (unformally speaking) exists. My ...
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1answer
37 views

The formation of black holes and their destiny [closed]

Is anyone else against the current theory on what occurs for a black hole to begin? I know a black hole occurs due to neutron degeneracy no longer creating contraction energy to combat the hydrostatic ...
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1answer
492 views

A Theorem Due to Hodge: Hawking/Ellis

This is probably quite an obscure question but hopefully somebody has a simple answer. I'm studying the proof of the topology theorem on black holes due to Hawking and Ellis (Proposition 9.3.2, p. 335 ...
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1answer
46 views

Do all “normal” black holes rotate?

Can we assume that most (if not all) black holes are rotating, due to conservation of momentum? I am excluding the micro world from this question, just thinking of the range of stars on the main ...
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273 views

Is this derivation of Black Hole entropy viable?

This question is motivated by this one. Suppose $l$ is the minimum measurable unit of length. What is entropy of a spinless particle contained in this interval? We know that entropy of a two-level ...
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1answer
87 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is this ...
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1answer
46 views

Reference frame of high speed rocket [duplicate]

Imagine a high speed rocket, traveling past a star. In the rocket's reference frame, the star's length is contracted. This is a lot a mass in a thin line, so it the rocket's reference frame, could it ...
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What is exactly the density of a black hole and how can it be calculated?

How do scientists calculate that density? What data do they have to calculate that?
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1answer
87 views

Eternal black holes and Hawking radiation

I have a fairly simple question which is confusing me a lot. As Hawking showed, a black hole originated by collapse will emit Hawking radiation. This process will reduce the mass of the black hole ...
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1answer
37 views

Visibility of a super-massive star

I heard that mass and distance are the only deciding criteria for determining the gravitational pull. Keeping the distance constant, if mass would be the only deciding factor for gravitational pull, ...
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1answer
63 views

Is there a horizontal event horizon on a spinning black hole?

It seems that most of the information one reads about black holes theorises that they are not spinning. The theories then describe all matter approaching a black hole as being absorbed by it. Wouldn't ...
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1answer
97 views

What is the covariant basis around a Schwarzschild black hole?

First of all, I'm not interested in time for this question. So lets consider a 3-manifold whose metric is the spatial part of the Schwarzschild metric, so it has the event horizon and the singularity ...
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2answers
228 views

Which way do black hole jets spin?

The centers of black holes and quasars often have jets coming out the two poles of an accretion disk, say north and south. Is it known if the two jets spin in the same direction or opposite ...
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3answers
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Is the difference between an event horizon and a singularity merely perspective?

I know the question has been asked about how an event horizon is distinguishable from a singularity given that time must come to a stop at the event horizon, but I haven't been fully satisfied by the ...
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1answer
121 views

Calculate the mass of a Schwarzchild black hole with Komar integral [closed]

In Wald's GR, Komar integral is Eq. (11.2.9): $$M=-\frac{1}{8\pi}\int_S\epsilon_{abcd}\nabla^c\xi^d$$ $S$ can be chosen as a 2-sphere, the boundary of a spacelike hypersurface $\Sigma$ such that the ...
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Lower limits for steady-state black holes

Stellar mass (and larger) black holes emit Hawking radiation below the temperature of the cosmic microwave background; thus, they should always absorb more energy from space than they emit, and always ...
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261 views

Gravitational waves as information carriers

Is it possible to utilize gravitational waves as a delivery system for information between two observers straddling the event horizon of a black hole? And why ?
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149 views

Does the sun have a black hole inside of it?

The Schwarzschild radius of the sun is approx. 3 km. It would be a black hole if all the mass of it were within the 3km. However, even with the mass spread out couldn't the sun technically have a or ...
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3answers
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Why is it hard to detect a black hole

I've read in some texts that we can't directly observe a black hole in space because not even light can escape from its gravity. Some of the indirect observational methods mentioned are, gravitational ...
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1answer
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Is there a map which shows all the black holes in our galaxy?

I am looking for a map which shows all black holes in the Milky Way. See this exoplanet map for what I mean. If it is not existing (yet). Is there at least an online catalogue which summarizes for ...