A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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AdS/CFT dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at finite temperature

The gravity dual of $N$ D$p$-branes at zero temperature is $$ ds^2= H^{-1/2}(r)(-dt^2+dx_p^2) + H^{1/2}(r)(dr^2 + r^2d\Omega_{8-p}^2) $$ with $$ H(r) = 1 + \left(\frac{R}{r}\right)^{7-p} $$ what ...
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Hawking Radiation: Couldn't virtual particles make black holes more massive? [duplicate]

From what I understand about Hawking radiation, a virtual particle comes into existence very near the event horizon of a black hole. This causes one part of the particle to fall into the black hole, ...
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How can Quasars emit anything if they're black holes?

We've heard it many times, nothing can escape the gravity of a black hole, even light once it's past the event horizon. If this is true, how can a black hole emit anything? Quasars are massive black ...
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Black hole temperature in an asymptotically de Sitter spacetime

I am trying to calculate the Hawking temperature of a Schwarzschild black hole in a spacetime which is asymptotically dS. Ignoring the 2-sphere, the metric is given by ...
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When does a singularity start to exist during a black hole formation?

Excuse me if the question is naïve. I am not a physicist. Let's imagine formation of a black hole from a homogeneous collapsing star. At certain moment when enough of matter is inside of a small ...
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Does Hawking radiation need an apparent horizon and when does it switch on during stellar collapse?

I've read that Hawking radiation is implicitly linked with the existence of an apparent horizon (1). This seems a slightly less onerous than linking Hawking radiation with a genuine bona fide event ...
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What happens to a particle in the exact center of a Kerr black hole?

Kerr black holes (and Kerr-Newman black holes), instead of the "point" singularity theorized in spherically symmetric black holes, instead have a "ring" singularity, spread along the equatorial plane ...
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Fermions in Schwarzschild spacetime

To my understanding Geroch proved that on 4-dimensional non-compact manifold a necessary and sufficient condition for a manifold to have a notion of spinors is to be parallelizabe .1 (General ...
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Hawking (blackbody) radiation, emission or absorption

A black body is classically defined as a perfect absorber of radiation. That seems to fit a black hole pretty well. The only remaining question, then, How do we know that Hawking radiation is emission ...
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Is relativistic event horizon half of Newtonian event horizon?

Is Relativistic event horizon half of Newtonian event horizon? relativistic escape velocity formula (from $m\phi=E-E_0$) is $v_e=\sqrt{2\phi-(\frac{\phi}{c})^2}$ and the Newtonian version of the ...
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Does space expand locally without restriction in freefall to central region of black hole?

It is often stated that a distant observer will observe a freefalling object as experiencing an infinite journey to the event horizon, but that a traveler in the local frame will experience a ...
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Could undetectable micro black holes floating around the universe cause cellular damage if they passed through a person's body?

What is to say there are not trillions upon trillions of micro black holes floating around Earth passing in and out and occasionally swallowing parts of cells of people, animals, plants, and other ...
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Maxwell's equation for non inertial observer

Applying Maxwell's equation we can prove that light will move at the speed of light for every inertial frame, is it true as well for non-inertial frames? How light moves slowly near a black hole??
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Black Holes can't exist?

So in this article here, Mersini-Houghton says that Black Holes can't exist. Is there any truth to this? references: http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1406.1525 http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1409.1837
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Can one model a spiral galaxy with a similar manifold to one for a whirlpool?

My question is more of a phenomenological question than literal, since the forces involved are very different. When one looks at the distortions (or wrinkles or whatever you wish to call them) in the ...
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Has the universe we live in started as a black hole that is imploding?

As discussed in this question, as far back as the 1960s it was suggested that the Schwarzschild metric can be smoothly joined to a de Sitter metric. For example the idea has been used by Lee Smolin in ...
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Forces on objects orbiting a black hole?

Firstly, please excuse my elementary knowledge and lack of eloquence when writing about astrophysics. I am a dentist, who occasionally thinks about the how the universe works. I'm both fascinated and ...
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Are there any difference between gravitational potential of different types of black holes?

There are four possible types of black holes that could exist in the theory of gravitation (called general relativity). Are there any difference between the value of gravitational potential of these ...
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Could you theoretically map the internal distribution of mass in a black hole using hawking radiation?

Assuming you could measure the qualities of the radiation emanating from all around a black hole, could this be used to determine the internal geometry or makeup of the mass inside?
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Inside a huge sphere, which is being converted to a black hole

Suppose the following scenario: You reside inside a huge stable spherical star with non-lethal environment at its core. The object is so huge and massive, that its radius is only slightly above its ...
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Could galactic rotation be similar to an irrotational vortex?

Could black holes' near light speed rotation cause galaxies to move like an irrotational vortices?
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In black hole complementarity, does Bob literally observe Alice's death?

I'm interested in the picture of black hole complementarity where an observer (Bob) far away from the black hole watches another observer (Alice) fall in, and develops a very different picture of ...
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Can a lone black hole in a closed Universe evaporate?

If there is a closed Universe which only has a black hole in it, can that black hole evaporate? As the black hole evaporates, it gives off energy, which will eventually come back and be re-absorbed ...
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How do we determine the temperature of a Black Hole?

How do we determine the temperature of a Black Hole? Since we cannot see a Black Hole, which I presume, is because it absorbs light, would it not also prevent radiation from escaping, making ...
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Data/signal from a black hole to observe a singularity

I wonder if a situation is possible where, we measure some signal/property concerning a black hole. Supposing the measurement we make with some telescope, gets us the Fourier transform coefficients of ...
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What happens to objects pulled in by black hole? [closed]

What happens to the particles/elements/objects that sink into the gravitational pull and ultimately go to the interior part of a black hole? If, according to popular notion, it is crushed by the ...
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37 views

Hawking Radiation and virtual particles

Why is energy/ mass taken away from a black hole? Doesn't the energy coming from the virtual particle come from the vacuum energy? ...if this is so, why does the black hole have to pay the energy ...
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Could strings be geons?

Is it possible that string theory strings are geons? This may be an overly speculative or naive question, but is there an obvious reason why not? Both strings and geons seem to have roughly the same ...
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The bigger the mass, the more time slows down. Why is this?

If I were to stand by a pyramid, which weighs about 20 million tons, I would slow down by a trillion million million million of second. Don't know if that's exactly right, but you get the point. Also, ...
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Is there any evidence that matter and antimatter continuously appear and disappear on the edge of a black hole?

I heard Stephen Hawking got a Nobel prize for this, someone said there was no evidence for it which I find quite strange since he got an award for it.
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Can a black hole bounce?

Is there a limit to the amount of matter that a black hole can accrete per second and if so could a certain sized black hole bounce off a dense enough surface?
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How is the logarithmic correction to the entropy of a non extremal black hole derived?

I`ve just read, that for non extremal black holes, there exists a logarithmic (and other) correction(s) to the well known term proportional to the area of the horizon such that $S = \frac{A}{4G} + K ...
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586 views

Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
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What happens when electron degeneracy pressure is being overcome (right before an object turns into a black hole)?

I was wondering about hydrostatic equilibrium (the balance of radially inward and outward forces) in large (i.e. above the Chandrasekhar limit) stars. It is often said that when the gravitational ...
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Surface gravity of Kerr black hole

I'm going through Kerr metric, and following the 'Relativist's toolkit' derivation of the surface gravity, I've come to a part that I don't understand. Firstly, the metric is given by ...
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Einstein and the existence of Black Holes

I have seen some papers claiming that Einstein said there is no Black Hole in the real world, here is a phrase from Einstein himself, see this arXiv preprint: The basic result of study is the ...
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If distant observers never see a black hole form in finite time how can the information paradox be a problem?

So, at least as reported in the media, the physics community is still struggling with the problem of resolving the impossibility of retrieving information from beyond the event horizon of a black hole ...
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Gravitational waves as information carriers

Is it possible to utilize gravitational waves as a delivery system for information between two observers straddling the event horizon of a black hole? And why ?
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Is the Casimir effect also present between two event horizons?

A follow-up to this question: Is the Casimir effect also present between two event horizons?
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How far has a black hole to be in order for its tidal forces to disintegrate earth?

I don't know if this question can be answered to honest but I though I might try ask just in case someone can calculate that. What I need to know here is how strong should the tidal forces be to start ...
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What is the metric of Vaidya black-hole horizon?

The metric of a Vaidya black hole in outgoing/retarted null coordinates are $$ds^2=-\left(1-\frac{2m(u)}{r^2}\right)du^2-2dudr+r^2\Big(d\theta^2+\sin^2\theta d\phi^2 \Big)$$ The eveolving horizon ...
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Can every particle be regarded as being a combination of Black holes and White holes?

Can the statement be regarded as true? That every particle, or element in the universe can be regarded as a combination of black hole and white hole in variable proportion.
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The Effect of Tortoise Coordinates

Referring particularly to http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9909056 in regard to the wave equation for Schwarzschild-AdS black holes (p.4), I'm trying to understand tortoise coordinates. So starting ...
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If there was a black hole on earth, what would it look like?

If an answer does exist, I'd love to hear it. I'm trying to incorporate a doomed earth story in something I'm writing, and the end of the world I'm going for is a black hole. Let's say the black hole ...
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A Sphere of Black Holes

Imagine a sphere of black holes surrounding a piece of space. Will this piece be separated from the rest of normal spacetime (at least for some time, till these black holes finally attracted ...
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Positive Mass Theorem

I'm currently a third year undergrad writing about Minimal Surfaces. In particular, trapped surfaces and black holes. What does the Positive Mass Theorem have to do with this? And does the theorem ...
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Why doesn't Hawking radiation cancel itself out?

Hawking Radiation is formed when particle, anti particle pairs formed by the uncertainty principle are separated by the event horizon of a black hole. It seems like an equal amount of particles ...
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Spacetime around a Black Hole

If we consider the sun, then space-time is curve around it. My question is that what is the kind of curvature of space and time around the black hole. Is that space and time more curved around the ...
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Why is information indestructable?

I really can't understand what Leonard Susskind means when he says that information is indestructible. Is that information that is lost, through the increase of entropy really recoverable? He ...
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Am I right in saying that $gmm/r$ is motion due to potential energy?

I was watching a video about the swarzchild radius and it said that potential energy is $gmm/r$. This cannot be right though because potential energy goes up with distance not down. I'm assuming he ...