A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Gedanken experiment: Does it collapse to a black hole or not?

Imagine that I am a stationary far-off observer of a massive star that is minutely larger than its Schwarzschild radius (in other words, its on the verge of collapsing). My spacecraft accelerates ...
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x-rays from dark matter accretion into a supermassive black hole?

I understand that accretion of normal matter into a super-massive black hole leads to x-ray emissions. Is the same effect expected to occur for dark matter accretion into a supermassive black hole? ...
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Is a black hole's mass uniformly distributed?

If you were to fly around a black hole, would the gravitational pull be uniform and centered on the singularity, regardless of your relative location? If yes, how can this be consistent with models ...
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Black holes – Irrotational vortex or Rigid-body-like vortex

As light enters a Black hole – does the light enter as “Irrotational vortex” or as “Rigid-body-like vortex”? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vorticity Thank You
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Are temperature and chemical potential of a black hole independent quantities?

I am a bit confused about the independent parameters in a charged black hole in AdS spaces. From equation (63) of this lecture notes we see that the temperature (T) of the black hole has chemical ...
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Mass and Schwarzschild Radius [duplicate]

Do free massless particles have a Schwarzschild radius? I'm curious about the mass in the equation for the Schwarzschild radius. I know that you can calculate a Schwarzschild radius for any massive ...
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Can black holes actually merge?

If time stops at the event horizon, can we ever detect two black holes merging? In other words, if you are a short distance away, would you encounter a spherically symmetric gravitational field, or a ...
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Black-hole meets Black-hole [duplicate]

What will happen if a black hole collides with another black hole of equal mass and diameter and what will be its effect on light?
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Short Gamma Ray Bursts from black hole mergers

I have read in passing that short gamma ray bursts can be caused by the merger of 2 black holes in a binary system. I have Googled but can't seem to find any good sources describing the phenomenon ...
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2answers
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What happens when a black hole dies?

It just vanishes into space leaving nothing behind or does it expel some material? Also, talking more about black holes, as far as i understand the term "temperature", it is defined by the amount of ...
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3answers
80 views

What is the binding energy of a black hole?

As the particles which constitute a black hole collapse they become tightly bound. I assume this means a lot of energy would be required to liberate a particle from that bound state. Is it a finite ...
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106 views

How to derive the Schwarzschild metric?

I'm having trouble differentiating the following when making a change of co-ordinates to determine the Schwarzschild metric. $$r'^{2}=r^{2}C(r)$$ Then taking the total derivative of both sides, the ...
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102 views

Schwarzschild Solution

I'm able to derive the Schwarzschild solution under the assumptions that the metric is (1) static (2) spherically symmetric and that the space is the vacuum. However, I have read that the ...
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Is this derivation for black hole entropy being negative correct?

This "derivation" will use relativity-corrected Planck units to show black hole entropy should be negative. Do you see an error in this line of reasoning? From Einstein's "Relativity" appendix 2 ...
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Why we don't see time dilation in stars orbiting black hole?

We have images of stars orbiting black holes or black holes destroying near stars, but why do we see the stars moving normally? I mean, if time dilation does exist, shouldn't we see that stars slow ...
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How close would you have to be to the merger of two black holes, for the effects of gravitational waves to be detected without instruments?

Assume two black holes in the most common size range, spiraling into each other until they merge. The event releases significant amounts of energy via gravitational waves, which warp the space-time. ...
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27 views

Density and behaviour of gravity [duplicate]

If a matter condensed into small enough (schwarzchild radius) we can create Blackholes. I have trouble understanding this concept. Does the black hole created for example by compressing a tennis ball ...
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35 views

Does the effect of spaghettification mean that (speculative) traversable wormholes can only exist from supermassive black holes? [on hold]

Assumption that wormholes really exist. Even if humanity could produce wormholes from quantum black holes. These would be never traversable due to the effect of spaghettification? Or does the exotic ...
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175 views

Thermal radiation in the Unruh Effect

The following formula has been given in 't Hooft's black holes notes ($|\Omega \rangle$ is the vacuum state of Minkowski space, O is a operator): $$\langle \Omega| O|\Omega \rangle = \sum_{n \ge 0} ...
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Why do physicists trust black hole physics?

Based on popular accounts of modern physics and black holes (articles, video lectures), I have come to understand the following: Black holes are predicted by General Relativity, a classical theory ...
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3answers
160 views

Mechanism of Hawking's radiation and entropy of the black hole

During Hawking's radiation, a virtual particle with negative energy and mass (from pair of particle and antiparticle) fall into black hole and its real partner having positive energy escape from ...
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203 views

Information Retrieval

This question is motivated by the issue of information retrieval from black holes, but it is essentially a question about quantum information. It is widely believed (in certain circles) that the ...
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2answers
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Are black holes eternal?

The question might sound very easy - Hawking radiation, however I was pondering that as you get closer and closer to a black hole, time dilates exponentially where the surface of the black hole is ...
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44 views

Black Holes' size and emitting [on hold]

From the physical observation by space detectors: Do black holes grow in size? Do black holes emit any kind of energy or radiation or something like that?
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53 views

Do the stellar remnant in a black hole have spatial extent? [duplicate]

I am not talking about event horizons. I am talking about the actual remnant of stellar collapse. Is it just a point, hence the problem with the singularity? Or does it have a finite volume that we ...
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Is this what causes a black hole “event horizion” [closed]

OK I read material on what the event horizon is. In effect it is a closed system by which any event that occurs inside the system cannot be the cause of any event outside the system. The closed ...
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3answers
337 views

Definition of event horizon - Gravity around blackholes [closed]

Put simpler: A black hole is surrounded by a 'sphere' where, to an outside observer. the speed of light is (near) zero. What is the radius of that 'sphere' (for a non-rotating black hole) and how ...
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Is the event horizon of black holes visibly sharp, or blurry?

As you come in closer to a black hole, how do you see the event horizon? Is it always like a clear-cut surface? Or it only looks clear-cut from a distance, but as you come closer to the black hole, ...
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2answers
53 views

Theoretical relativity of black hole and antimatter [closed]

(Theoretically), can black holes be considered antimatter that just cancels its equivalent mass and goes back to neutral stage? Note: Be kind I am not a physicist .
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4answers
161 views

How can an infinitesimally small object rotate?

How is it possible for an object like a black hole or electron to spin since they are made up of no other components? If my understanding is correct, an electron is an elementary particle which means ...
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766 views

How can we detect a black hole accurately?

I know there are many ways in detecting a black hole, but there are odds against them too. So I wanted to know a accurate method to detect a black hole. Here are the known methods to me and the odds ...
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159 views

Spinning micro blackholes power conversion

In the context of energy extraction of spinning black holes, there are two known mechanisms: the Penrose process and the Blandford-Znajek process. The former relies on fragmentation of accreting flow, ...
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370 views

Black hole entropy

Bekenstein and Hawking derived the expression for black hole entropy as, $$ S_{BH}={c^3 A\over 4 G \hbar}. $$ We know from the hindsight that entropy has statistical interpretation. It is a measure ...
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3answers
100 views

Decay of matter

I was watching Stephen Hawking's documentary and in there he explained how he realized why black holes eventually disintegrate: There are ripples in space, an antiparticle and a particle get ...
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137 views

Where and how is the entropy of a black hole stored?

Where and how is the entropy of a black hole stored? Is it around the horizon? Most of the entanglement entropy across the event horizon lies within Planck distances of it and are short lived. Is ...
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How confident are we that mass is not being lost in the universe?

After reading about the latest super-massive black hole in Nature 518, 512–515 (26 February 2015), I couldn't help but wonder if the accelerating expansion is a result of mass being lost. My ...
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Can we see the photon sphere from outside? [duplicate]

This question came to my mind when i saw the movie interstellar. In the movie there is a scene with a black hole and a sphere of light around it, what i assume to be the photon sphere. You can see it ...
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21 views

Do all stars Turn into Black Holes? [duplicate]

If all stars turn into black Holes one day, in far future, what will happen to Earth if Sun becomes a Black Hole.
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1answer
241 views

What constitutes a blackhole firewall?

I understand that, to break the entanglement of two particles of Hawking radiation and therefore preserve monogamy of entanglement, there should be a firewall around the event horizon. This firewall ...
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Possible paradox with black holes and time dilation [duplicate]

I am by no means an expert in the realm of physics. I do from time to time, try to understand the concepts of modern physics and their applications. I came across this video that I am currently ...
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How does a Black hole attract light? [duplicate]

Please no hate for lack of knowledge: I am somewhat fascinated with the subject of black holes. However, I do not understand a concept which is constantly attributed with black holes: that a black ...
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How does one correctly interpret the behavior of the heat capacity of a charged black hole?

Consider the Reissner-Nordström metric $$ds^2=-f(r)dt^2+f^{-1}(r)dr^2-r^2d\Omega^2\hspace{2cm} f(r)=1-\frac{2M}{r}+\frac{M^2q^2}{r^2}$$ where I defined the charge-to-mass ratio $q:=Q/M$, which ...
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How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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How long can a particle survive inside of the horizon of a black hole?

By examining the causal structure of a Schwarzschild black hole, one can see that a particle in region II is unable to escape to $r=\infty$. Such diagrams do not show, however, how long a particle ...
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150 views

How does Hawking radiation grow as a black hole evaporates?

The temperature of Hawking radiation is inversely proportional to the mass of a black hole, $T_{\rm H}\propto M_{\rm BH}^{-1}$, and so as the black hole shrinks the temperature of the radiation should ...
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Generalized Bekenstein-Hawking temperature for Kerr-Newmann-dS black holes

What is the formula for the Bekenstein-Hawking temperature in a Schwarzschild-Kerr-Newmann-de Sitter spacetime, i.e., the temperature for a black hole with Mass (M), angular momentum (J), electric ...
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Hawking Temperature of the BTZ Black Hole

The metric of the BTZ Black Hole is given by $$ ds^2 = - N^2 dt^2 + N^{-2} dr^2 +r^2(d\phi + N^\phi dt)^2 $$ with $$ N^2 = -M+ \frac{r^2}{l^2} + \frac{J^2}{4 r^2}, \ \ \ \ \ \ N^\phi = ...
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Is the Hawking radiation of a charged black hole thermal?

Suppose you have a Schwarzschild black hole of mass $M$ and angular parameter $a = 0$ (no rotation). Question: is it possible to throw a charge $Q$ at a faster rate than it will be re-radiated? Will ...
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How can a black hole produce sound?

I was reading this article from NASA -- it's NASA -- and literally found myself perplexed. The article describes the discovery that black holes emit a "note" that has physical ramifications on the ...
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global transformations in 3d gravity

I am currently working on proper and improper gauge transformations in 3d gravity and btz black holes. (because I have seen it defined with many different ways I will just say that with "proper"and ...