A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Can the density of quarks be more than density of black hole? [duplicate]

I have found this list of densities here: http://wiki.chemprime.chemeddl.org/index.php/Density_of_Black_Holes and I am looking for the density of quarks but I have not found it. I was wondering if ...
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107 views

Are a black hole really connecting 2 parallel universe?

What is beyond the point of singularity in a black hole and universe expands in all the 3 $x$, $y$ and $z$ axis? So how can one thing be on top of another when we don't know where the end point of ...
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110 views

What happens at the center of a black hole according to holographic theory?

As far as I understand, the AdS/CFT correspondence proposed by Maldacena is an exact duality to a four-dimensional theory, which interpolates between one well-defined conformal field theory in the UV ...
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2answers
131 views

Can we add two singularities and make a single singularity?

My question is if we have two black hole and they will merge into each other, then where will be the singularity?
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31 views

Rotating Black hole can we obtained its from non rotating solution? [duplicate]

How we get Kerr metric from the Schwarzschild solution? If this is a algorithm then how angular momentum comes?
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111 views

How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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87 views

What has been observed as the “Hawking radiation” emitted by a black hole analog?

I've noticed this paper which explains that they have observed the "Hawking radiation" emitted by a black hole analog. In which sense the Bose-Einstein condensate described by the paper can be ...
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149 views

Can gravitaitonal waves orbit each other to form a standing wave?

Since gravity waves are a type of propagation of energy of some sort, they ought to induce their own gravitational field. I'm assuming this extra gravitational force / curvature is independent from ...
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84 views

Can a fuzzball collapse into a singularity?

I've been reading Kip Thorne's Black Holes and Time Warps and got curious about extreme states of degenerate matter; a little research reveals that since the book was written quark and preon ...
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66 views

Is FTL information transfer possible in an experiment involving entangled particles and an “available” black hole?

We consider the classical entanglement experiments involving Alice and Bob, and their entangled particles. It is proved that nothing that happens at Bob's end has any immediate effect on Alice's ...
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101 views

A Theory of Almost Everything? [closed]

Before I present this theory, I ask that you take the time to read this disclaimer. I do not claim to have an excellent knowledge of physics, it is actually rather limited. Therefore, I am not ...
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1answer
139 views

The arrow of time and the cosmology of a black hole interior

When solving the Einstein field equations in Schwarzschild metric for an observer falling into a black hole the radial coordinate r of the black hole and time t switch roles in the equations when ...
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356 views

How does the Hawking Radiation mechanism cause a black hole to lose its mass? [duplicate]

Correct me if I am wrong: in the Hawking Radiation mechanism, when a virtual particle-antiparticle pair gets created at the edge of the black hole, a black hole could sometimes eat up one of the ...
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62 views

If I kept getting closer and closer to the speed of light, what would be the gravitational effects appearing like to an observer? [duplicate]

Now, with special relativity applied to the scenario of me getting closer and closer to light speed, my mass would increase with respect to the observer, and also my length would contract in the ...
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5answers
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What was the entropy of the universe at the time of the Big Bang?

(I asked this question in Philosophy.SE; but I was advised to direct it here, despite it is, in my opinion, somewhat too speculative for physics.SE). High entropy generally means high disorder; and ...
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91 views

Time functions in general relativity

In my general relativity notes a function $f$ is called time function, if $\nabla f$ is time-like past-pointing. Say that we are in Schwarzschild spacetime and I want to check if $f=t$ is a time ...
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61 views

Why is the first term of First Law of Black-Hole Thermodynamics in other unit than in joule? [closed]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole_thermodynamics#The_First_Law http://www.physics.umd.edu/grt/taj/776b/lectures.pdf (p.13) The 2 sources have various forms of the same law. I found both are ...
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96 views

How possible is it that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) on its second try, could disrupt the gravity of Earth?

How possible is it that the Large Hadron Collider, on its second try, could disrupt the gravity of Earth?
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193 views

Conformal Killing fields on Schwarzschild

I am trying to understand which are the conformal Killing Fields on the Schwarzschild spacetime. I say that $X$ is a conformal Killing field on $S$ ($S$ is Schwarzschild) if there exists a function ...
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57 views

Is it possible to assign a physical radius to a black hole?

The Schwarzschild metric is given by: $$c^2d\tau^2 = \left(1-\frac{r_s}{r}\right)c^2 dt^2-\left(1-\frac{r_s}{r}\right)^{-1}dr^2 - r^2 \left(d\theta^2 + \sin^2 \theta \, d\varphi^2\right).$$ The ...
4
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1answer
259 views

What would happen if a negative mass crossed the event horizon of a black hole?

If negative mass really existed and somehow a very fast traveling negative mass object reached near the black hole's event horizon. What would happen when it crosses the event horizon? According to ...
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73 views

Dark matter and black hole [closed]

Is black hole a kind of dark matter.
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510 views

Shape of accretion disk surrounding the black hole in Interstellar (film) [duplicate]

There is a black hole, called Gargantua, featured in the recent blockbuster Interstellar. I understand why the accretion disk is bright (friction), but why does it seem to be flowing in two ...
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2answers
840 views

Is Hawking radiation a theory or a hypothesis?

There are lots of articles, calling Hawking radiation a theory, but doesn't the definition of a scientific theory state that a theory is substantiated by a repeated testing and an overwhelming amount ...
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79 views

Manifold for Schwarzschild and Bertotti-Robinson

In short: what is the manifold in discussion for Schwarzschild metric $$ ds^2 = -(1-\frac {2M}r)dt^2 + \frac1{1-\frac{2M}r} dr^2 + r^2 (d\theta^2 + \sin^2 \theta d\phi^2)$$ and Bertotti-Robinson ...
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125 views

How close can an observer approach the black hole in an unpowered flyby without falling into it?

In classical mechanics by choosing the right trajectory you can approach a planet arbitrarily closely, if there is no atmosphere or anything to slow you down, you can approach the surface then fly ...
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Why Hawking radiation emission rate inversely proportional to black hole mass? [duplicate]

The rate of Hawking radiation emission increases as the mass of the black hole decreases, what I don't understand is that if the emission method is related to zero-point energy particles appearing and ...
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47 views

If photons don't have charge, why are they deflected by charged black holes?

If photons don't have charge, why are they deflected by charged black holes? According to quantum electrodynamics, photons don't have electric or magnetic fields either.
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2answers
64 views

What force made the big bang erupt?

Might be a stupid question, but it has been bugging me for a week. Pre big bang conditions look like an universe mass black hole to me, so what force acted against the massive gravity at the ...
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1answer
87 views

Non-geodesic circular orbit? [closed]

From N. Straumann, General Relativity Exercise 4.9: Calculate the radial acceleration for a non-geodesic circular orbit in the Schwarzschild spacetime. Show that this becomes positive for ...
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1answer
121 views

Why does gravitational singularity break the laws of physics?

I am assuming there are two constituents that obliterate our current model of physics; that it's infinitely dense that it's infinitely small Please correct me if I am wrong.
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2answers
126 views

Black Holes: How does a three dimensional object collapse into a singularity & Where does the matter go?

A black hole comes into existence as the result of the core collapse of enormous stars, which lose quite some mass in a supernova explosion. However, supermassive black holes are still by any means ...
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70 views

Can Schwarzschild black holes evaporate?

I recently saw this question, and came across a claim from Anixx that a Schwarzschild black hole cannot evaporate because it is static: @HDE 226868 Schwartzshield solution is a static one, which ...
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145 views

What happens to black holes if/when the universe “ends”

I've heard several ideas about what happens to the universe when it dies, and they range from infinite expansion and heat death, to a "big crunch". In the event that something like a "big crunch" ...
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281 views

Spacetime diagram of a collapse of a rotating star

There is a well-known "standard" spacetime diagram (Kruskal and Penrose) for the collapse of a spherically symmetric star to a Schwarzschild black hole (for example here, or here in EF), which stands ...
3
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1answer
67 views

How can black holes have electric charge and spin? [duplicate]

If the star's mass supposedly collapses into a single point, and it ends up having "said" zero volume, then how can people say that the hole has a specific spin or that it can have an angular ...
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Is there a peak gravitational force between bodies?

Suppose Object A is exerting gravitational force on Object B. Object A increases in mass, and so increases in volume, increasing the gravitational force on Object B. But, since mass occupies space the ...
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How can a black hole zap a galaxy into existence?

I am referring to this picture published here. Apparently super massive black holes emit radiation and matter in astrophysical jets. And these jets can form galaxies. I have some questions: Isn't ...
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40 views

No Hair systems and black hole entropy

To my understanding, a black hole is a no hair system. So it can be described just by its mass, spin and charge. In other words it does not differentiate where its mass comes from, so it could be made ...
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1answer
53 views

Viewing a Time-Dilated Space

I'm fascinated by space and physics but not exactly well-versed in them, so I'll try to keep this question as simple as possible. Imagine a person acting as an observer in a room with two large ...
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1answer
58 views

External source of virtual particles near a black hole?

I've just read the following quote from the Wikipedia page on Hawking Radiation... In order to preserve total energy, the particle that fell into the black hole must have had a negative energy ...
2
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27 views

How much energy is radiated when matter falls into a black hole

When a black hole consumes matter, it can form an accretion disc. Is there a relationship between the mass of the falling matter $m$, the mass of the black hole $M$, and the energy radiated during the ...
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90 views

Schwarzschild Radius vs Gravitational Pull? Error in Model?

I am a middle-school student who for fun has designed an simulation of gravity that finds the gravitational pull & then the Schwarzschild radius of the object, I have tested the program (coded in ...
2
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92 views

Electric and magnetic field in a black hole

I have many questions about this topic: Does the electric field of a charged black hole look like this? I mean how can it have an electric field if nothing can escape from a black hole, and what is ...
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94 views

What exactly is black hole complementarity and why is it necessary for solving black hole information paradox?

What exactly is black hole complementarity and why is it necessary for solving black hole information paradox? The first question is about the story of vacuum fluctuation causing Hawking radiations. ...
3
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1answer
93 views

How does virtual particle become real particle in Hawking radiation? [duplicate]

I am new to black hole and general relativity and am just getting introduced to these concepts. According to my understanding, virtual particle that forms because of quantum fluctuation becomes real ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Formation of supermassive black holes

Scientists have found very bright source of light which they call quasar and the are found to be supermassive black holes. So these black holes are so massive that they cannot be formed by a ...
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2answers
93 views

On which basis we think there is something more than just super dense matter in black holes?

Apparently physicists think that there is something inside black holes. Like a new universe or a link between dimension... But for me a black hole is no more than supermassive supercompacted matter. ...
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Is there a binary black hole system in the middle of the galaxy?

We have observed gravity effects from black holes in the center of galaxies, but galactic centers are dusty so we can’t tell if it’s one black hole or two black holes in a binary system in there. A ...
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Gravity at event horizon [duplicate]

To find the gravity at Schwarzschild radius of a black hole, I used the below equations. Assuming escape velocity at event horizon is speed of light c and M is the mass of the black hole $$ v_e = ...