A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Whether the holographic universe of string theory prove the hypothesis of the holographic universe created by David Bohm or not?

Bohm, David (1980), Wholeness and the Implicate Order, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-7100-0971-2 As we can see from the book above, David created the hypothesis of the holopraphic universe in 1980. And ...
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Field equations in extended EH-GHY action. Is Schwarzschild a solution?

When taking the EH action, $$S_{EH} = \frac{1}{16\pi G}\int_M d^4x \sqrt{-g}R$$ and making a small variation in the metric while ignoring boundary terms, we obtain $$\delta S_{EH} = \frac{1}{16\pi ...
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SPEED of LIGHT as photons reach black holes [duplicate]

As photons reach a black hole and begin fall in - is their speed increased as they go down (like a vacuum cleaner does to dust).
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111 views

Speed of light originating from a star with gravitational pull close to black-hole strength?

Imagine you have a star which is on the brink of turning into a black hole. Lets say it is infinitely close to become a black hole, but not there yet. Since there is no event horizon, but a great ...
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At which point of the universe $R_{\mu \nu}=0$ if there is a source of gravitation (point mass)

Schwarschild found his solution to Einstein's field equations for vacuum ($T_{\mu \nu}=0$) by placing a point-mass in the center of origin. Since the Ricci tensor $R_{\mu \nu}$ and the Einstein ...
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56 views

Would gravity on the surface of a planet which is being consumed by a black hole change?

Assuming that the black hole starts grow in the exact center of the planet and that the general structure of the planet does not degrade as it is eaten from the inside, would the gravity on the ...
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2answers
816 views

Kinetic energy of a photon and Schwarzschild radius

I have read here, that $\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ must not be applied on a photon ever. If i want to calculate escape velocity $v_e$ i need to use $\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ because we say that kinetic energy ...
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How exactly does time slow down near a black hole?

How exactly does time slow down near a black hole? I have heard this as a possible way of time traveling, and I do understand that it is due in some way to the massive gravity around a black hole, but ...
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Is it mathematically possible or topologically allowable for cutouts, or cavities, to exist in a 3-manifold?

A few weeks back, I posted a related question, Could metric expansion create holes, or cavities in the fabric of spacetime?, asking if metric stretching could create cutouts in the spacetime manifold. ...
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Doesn't the Schwarzschild metric combined with Hawking radiation imply that nothing ever gets past the event horizon of a black hole?

According to the General Theory of Relativity, the coordinate time distance per spacetime distance traveled by a particle freely falling into a black hole gets closer and closer to $0$ as the particle ...
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Derivation of metric of space time with a point source in 2+1 dimension using ADM formalism

In "Quantum Gravity in 2+1 dimension" by S Carlip, Sec 3.1 (where the metric of a spacetime with a point source is derived, using the ADM formalism), equation 3.8 states that (this is the momentum ...
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Should all theories of gravity have Schwarzschild solution?

A consistent theory of gravity must include the Newton's classical theory of gravity as a weak field approximation. Moreover, to satisfy the experiments in the solar system, the Schwarzschild ...
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Theoretically, can a black hole collapse until it gets smaller than its Schwarzschild radius?

So, the concept is this: When a supergiant star collapses, its nucleus becomes a black hole. So, what if that black hole collapses again? I don't know if it is possible, but what if it happens?
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What happens if you let a cable roll slip into a black hole?

Does the cable roll spin faster the more cable goes into the black hole in reference of a observer standing next to it? Can gravity pull the cable that it exceed the speed of light inside a black ...
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135 views

The difference between an apparent horizon and event horizon?

I'm currently writing a project on minimal surfaces and general relativity - however I don't understand the difference between the apparent and event horizon? They ultimately both seemed to be defined ...
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44 views

Primordial black hole: how dense does matter need to be to feed it?

Primordial black holes are a dark matter candidate. Suppose you put a primordial black hole the mass of an asteroid in Earth's core. Will it grow? NO! The black hole will be on the order of a proton ...
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Do black holes exist? [duplicate]

Do black holes exist from our point of reference? From our point of reference nothing actually goes inside the event horizon right? So is there anything inside the event horizon from our reference? If ...
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245 views

If Black Hole never forms, how important will be to study Black Hole paradoxes?

I recently came across a paper Black Hole - Never Forms, or Never Evaporates. It is claimed that under general evaporation conditions, before particles come into the Black Hole, the Black Hole itself ...
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How can a singularity in a black hole rotate if it's just a point?

I guess nobody really knows the true nature of black holes, however, based on everything I know about black holes, there is a "singularity" at their center, which has finite mass but is infinitely ...
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Why don't black holes form from forces other than gravity?

Gravity is the weakest of the fundamental forces, so what is so special about gravity that it can form an inescapably strong field while a force like the EM force cannot? It seems to me that if there ...
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177 views

A few questions related to frame dragging

I am trying to get my head around a few concepts related to frame dragging and related physics. In regards to black holes that have no charge and all their mass is tied up in rotational kinetic ...
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entropy relation between ads$_2$ black hole and near extremal ads RN black brane

It seems that the entropy for AdS$_2$ black hole is independent of the temperature $s=s_0$. While for near extremal AdS RN black brane, $s=s_0+ s(T/\mu)$. Should not these two entropies be the same ...
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Local degrees of freedom in QUGRA lead to black holes

I am reading Jan Boer's review of the AdS/CFT correspondence and I quote from end of page 1, where he is talking about equivalence of (d+1)-dim gravity to d-dim field theory “If true, it implies ...
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Reissner-Nordström Black Holes

The Reissner-Nordström black holes are described by the metric, \begin{align} ds^2 = -\left(1-\frac{2M}{r}+\frac{Q^2}{r^2}\right)dt^2 + \frac{1}{1-\frac{2M}{r}+\frac{Q^2}{r^2}}+r^2d\Omega^2 ...
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Gravitational redshift of temperature and electrostatic potential

Consider a charged black hole in four-dimensional Minkowski spacetime, with charge $Q$, mass $M>Q$: $ds^2=-f(r)dt^2+\frac{1}{f(r)}dr^2+r^2d\Omega_2^2$, with $f(r)=1-\frac{2M}{r}+\frac{Q^2}{r^2}$. ...
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How long does it take for a black hole to form?

The well-known fable of an astronaut sending signals out to an external observer while falling toward an event horizon states that the time lapse between such signals becomes greater even if in the ...
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3answers
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Really nothing special when falling into a black hole?

It has been said time and again, that an observer who falls into a black hole will not notice anything special. Is this really true? There is of course the problem with the tidal forces, but I ...
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Fighting a black hole: Could a strong spherical shell inside an event horizon resist falling in to the singularity?

As a thought experiment imagine an incredibly strong spherical shell with a diameter a bit smaller than the event horizon of a particular large black hole. The shell is split into two hemispheres, ...
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109 views

Photons straight into black hole

What happens to a photon shot straight into a black hole? Does it gain infinite momentum before it crosses the horizon? If it has a finite momentum going in, then it would seem that a photon of the ...
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735 views

Is the observable region of the universe within the event horizon of a super-massive black hole?

Observations: I have read that for a free-falling observer within the event horizon of a black hole that all lines of sight will end at the singularity which is black. I also look up and see that ...
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132 views

How can a black hole have spin?

How is it possible, or even meaningful, to say that a black hole has spin? (Tangentially, if the singularity is assumed to be a point, it must have either zero or infinite angular momentum, in both ...
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What's Polarization in case of Blazars' emission?

It's known that the emission from Blazars is highly polarized. WHat does that mean? Is it simply another way of stating that blazars have highly collimated and beamed emission?
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Why an infinitely measuring apparatus in gravity is not possible?

In the discussion of the amplituhedron paper (arXiv:1312.2007), there is the following discussion in paragraph 14.outlook (page 28): Quantum mechanics forces us to divide the world in two pieces - ...
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In there such a thing as the Black Hole Information Paradox?

When I first heard about the black hole information paradox, I thought it had no content. At the time, papers about it had been written for numerous years and they keep on coming. Now that the press ...
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Effective mass of a black hole?

Suppose a black hole forms from a given mass of particles such as the core of a star going supernova. The black hole formed will have an effective mass due to the curvature of space time induced. Such ...
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Lorentz transformed Scharwzschild solution

A question that has always intrigued me is: "Imagine a star moving as it evolves into a black hole, Ignore the effect of debris from the supernova. Assume also that before the collapse, the star was ...
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73 views

Mechanism of Hawking's radiation and entropy of the black hole

During Hawking's radiation, a virtual particle with negative energy and mass (from pair of particle and antiparticle) fall into black hole and its real partner having positive energy escape from ...
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Is this a possible big-bang scenario? [closed]

Assume an universe with a single black hole that contains all the universe's mass and then let's wait for quite some time. What happens if by Heisenberg's uncertainty principle a virtual ...
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What happens to a photon when it enters a black hole?

The photon has a mass of 0, but it has energy because of its motion. When it is sucked into the black hole and becomes a singularity, it loses its energy because it is no longer moving. It is not ...
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Is time going backwards beyond the event horizon of a black hole?

For an outside observer the time seems to stop at the event horizon. My intuition suggests, that if it stops there, then it must go backwards inside. Is this the case? This question is a followup ...
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Can a black hole be explained by newtonian gravity?

In the simple explanation that a black hole appears when a big star collapses under missing internal pressure and huge gravity, I can't see any need to invoke relativity. Is this correct?
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If NASA could send a camera into a black hole, could we then see what's inside the black hole?

Inspired by Stephen Hawking I recently tripped upon an idea of what is really inside a black hole. I thought if NASA (or any other space agency) could send a super protected camera into a black hole, ...
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How can anything ever fall into a black hole as seen from an outside observer?

The event horizon of a black hole is where gravity is such that not even light can escape. This is also the point I understand that according to Einstein time dilation will be infinite for a ...
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1answer
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What's wrong with Schwarzschild equations?

I don't know much about black holes physics and so I find the Schwarzschild equations with a few contradictions. In particular I am trying to understand this little puzzle. The Schwarzschild ...
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Why can't dark matter be black holes?

Since 90 % of matter is what we cannot see, why can't it be black-holes from early on? Is is possible to figure out that there are no black holes in the line of sight of various stars/galaxies we ...
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What do we learn from gravity in three spacetime dimensions?

The last decades there has been a lot of research going on in the the area of three dimensional gravity. The motivation, I understand, is threefold: Whereas gravity is not perturbatively ...
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Would a collapsing Universe have the density of water?

I understand that the typical density of the super massive black hole is close that of the water. It is also my understanding that this density is not true matter density because the volume used to ...
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Do early-time black-hole infallers ruin effective field theory at the horizon for late-time observers?

I have an elementary confusion about black hole physics. The standard consensus is that if I fall into a black hole, at the horizon I don't see any violations of effective field theory for a large ...
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Why does a star beyond a certain mass limit (Chandrasekhar limit) only become a black hole?

Why does a star beyond a certain mass limit (Chandrasekhar limit) only become a black hole? A star is first made of hydrogen, it undergoes nuclear fussion reaction combining into helium and ...
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Something about things going in black hole?

Don't hit me if the question is too lame but here it goes 1) We all know that to see something light must get reflected from it's surface and then reach our eye's 2) Any thing which goes in black ...