A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

9
votes
4answers
318 views

Solid objects inside the event horizon - can they remain “solid”?

So, once something is inside a black hole's event horizon, it can only move towards the center. This is fine for a point-object. But 3D solid objects rely on molecular forces to stay in one piece. ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Gravity on supermassive black hole's event horizon

M = black hole mass Gravitation is about 1/r^2 Schwarzschild radius r is ~ to M Greater BH -> weaker gravitation on its horizon. Lets take black hole so enormous that the gravitation on its ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Why does the Kruskal diagram extend to all 4 quadrants?

Why is it that the Kruskal diagram is always seen extended to all 4 quadrants when the definitions of the $U,V$ coordinates don't seem to suggest that the coordinates are not defined in, say, the 3rd ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the effect of gravity on gamma rays?

I read an article about a Gamma Ray burst linked to a black hole. How does high gravity fields affect gamma rays?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Is there some special cutoff density after which spacetime “collapses” and forms a black hole?

With crude calculations following densities can be approximated: Given that radius of proton is $1.75×10^{−15} m$ and it's mass is $1.67 × 10^{-27}kg$, this gives density of proton to be $\dfrac ...
11
votes
2answers
462 views

Can matter really fall through an event horizon?

This question is closely related to Event horizons without singularities from about a year ago (May 2012), which John Rennie answered nicely and persuasively. My variant of the question is this: ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

black hole event horizon [closed]

Given gravitational time dilation, under what conditions will a test particle cross an event horizon before the black hole evaporates? Assume zero background radiation.
2
votes
0answers
67 views

To what extent are the astronomically observed black hole candidates compatible with GR black holes?

Do they all fit Schwarzschild black holes? How people compare them with more complicate BH solutions as spinning BH solutions (even if they are not known analytically), say. I'd like more than ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How to use The Schwarzchild Metric formula to get distribution representing “free-fall”

Given formula: How I can use to calculate distribution of points in space, so if i choose path which contains most of the points I get path that close to "free-fall path". As far as I know i should ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Is any apparent horizon a minimal surface?

I faced "any apparent horizon is a minimal surface", but I don't know how I can relate a physical concept (apparent horizon) to pure mathematical concept (minimal surface). How can I prove it?
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Gauge fixing the Einstein's gravity action

This is in reference to this paper, arXiv:1204.4061. I was wondering if someone can give me a reference which explains this gravitational gauge fixing that they have done in $2.10$ and how that ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Gravastars: Are they observationally distinguishable from Black-Holes?

Are observations of Hawking radiation at the acoustic event horizon in Bose-Einstein condensates consistent with Gravastars? To reconcile the second law of thermodynamics with the existence of a ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Observing a growing black hole

Suppose you are at rest relative to a black hole (so you are maintaining some constant acceleration in order to oppose that gravitational attraction), outside the event horizon. Now a continuous ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

How much of the mass of a supermassive black hole comes from dark matter?

How much of the mass of a supermassive black hole comes from dark matter? Assuming cold dark matter exists and that it doesn't bank up and get pushed away from black holes like some baryonic matter. ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Fine structure parameter $\alpha$ at event horizon

As magnetic field lines collect at a black hole event horizont (for no field lines will be present in the black hole) then ratio of electric field to magnetic field will change, so by this change in ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Is there a matching material interior for the Kerr solution of Einstein's equations?

Is there a matching material interior for the Kerr solution of Einstein's equations? I can only find informal and conflicting information about this. Some time ago, I've heard that it was expected to ...
11
votes
1answer
276 views

How many bits are encoded on the surface of the smallest black hole?

Here's my guess ($157\, \textrm{bits}$) and how I got there. Please feel free to disregard completely and give your own answer. My understanding (please correct any wrong assumptions as there may be ...
64
votes
7answers
6k views

How can a black hole produce sound?

I was reading this article from NASA -- it's NASA -- and literally found myself perplexed. The article describes the discovery that black holes emit a "note" that has physical ramifications on the ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

How much extra distance to an event horizon?

How much extra distance would I have to travel through space to get from Earth to a stellar mass event horizon? (compared to the same point in space without a black hole)
1
vote
2answers
235 views

How is the singularity in Newtonian gravity resolved?

In Who's afraid of a Black Hole? at time ~20:38, Michio Kaku makes a claim that $1/r$ when $r=0$ equals $\infty$ and when physicists see the $\infty$ they see a monstrosity. Coincidentally, Newton's ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How much extra distance to a CERN event horizon? [duplicate]

How much extra distance would a scientist have to travel to get to the event horizon of a mini black hole if they ever make one?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What would the effect be of a small black hole colliding with the earth?

If a small black hole (say about .1 mm radius or 1% of Earth's mass) came flying along at the speed of a comet or higher and impacted the earth, what would happen? Would it pass through the earth (and ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

Watching something fall into a black hole from far away

I am observing (theoretically) an object falling into a black hole from a safe distance away. My understanding is that from far away it appears as if the body will asymptotically approach the event ...
-1
votes
1answer
202 views

Does a black hole have an interior or does the spacetime manifold itself end at the event horizon? [closed]

There have been a number of intriguing ideas over the years hinting at the possibility that a black hole might not have an inside, that it might consist of nothing but a surface and an external ...
2
votes
2answers
381 views

Einstein Equation at the Singularity. Understanding the Dr. Michio Kaku's explanation

I'm trying to understand what Dr. Michio Kaku is exaplaining in this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hydDhUNvva8 I'm just able to rewrite this two equations. I think I've probably made ​​some ...
3
votes
4answers
876 views

Gravity stronger than electromagnetic force in a black hole?

Well, the question has somewhat been answered before, but there's one part missing, which - I'd think - is in conflict with the physical laws. The earlier reply says that the gravitational pull even ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

Black-hole firewall and holographic principle [closed]

Can the firewall be viewed as the holographic boundary? Naively a hologram 3d image can not cross the hologram 2d surface that produces that image. According to the metaphor the boundary - 2d field ...
5
votes
5answers
504 views

Do new universes form on the other side of black holes?

I have four questions about black holes and universe formations. Do new universes form on the other side of black holes? Was our own universe formed by this process? Was our big bang a black hole ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

What's the timescale until the Medium Crunch?

The future of the universe seems to be: clusters of galaxies drift apart due to space expansion until they all pass out of each other's cosmic event horizon. Gravitationally bound clusters overcome ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Euclidean black hole extrinsic curvature

I have read that the extrinsic curvature at the horizon of a euclidean black hole is zero? Does anybody know how this can be shown?
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Photon “stuck” on the event horizon of a black hole

According to what I've read on special relativity, $c$ is the speed limit for every object in the universe, and according to Einstein, an object's speed through the three spatial dimensions plus its ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Specific questions on Bekenstein's article on the generalized second law of BH-thermodynamics

I am reading Bekenstein's article from June 1974, Physical Review D, vol. 9, no. 12, "Generalized second law of thermodynamics in black-hole physics". On the second page he starts his discussion by ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Dipping a Dyson Ring below the event horizon

The basic assumption about inescapability beyond the Event Horizon is that the necessary escape speed (orbital speed) would exceed speed of light, therefore no object can achieve it. Now, would it be ...
1
vote
1answer
896 views

In general relativity (GR), does time stop at the event horizon or in the central singularity of a black hole?

I was reading through this question on time and big bang, and @John Rennie's answer surprised me. In the immediate environment of a black hole, where does time stop ticking if one were to follow a ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Surface gravity for a rotating charged black hole

I have that the surface gravity (at the outer event horizon) for a Kerr-Newman black hole is $$ K_+ = \frac{r_+-r_-}{2(r_+^2+(J/M)^2)} = ...
4
votes
2answers
603 views

What happens to a photon in a black hole?

Assume a photon enters the event horizon of a black hole. The gravity of the black hole will draw the photon into the singularity eventually. Doesn't the photon come to rest and therefore lose it's ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Photons hitting the Black Hole Singularity

I was watching one of Dr. Susskind's Lectures on String theory and he was talking about black hole singularities (see the 40 minute mark of this lecture ...
-4
votes
3answers
2k views

Are Stephen Crothers' claims legitimate? [closed]

I came up last night with a talk given by Stephen J. Crothers in which he claims that black holes and the Big Bang have no basis in general relativity. But is he really true? How legitimate are his ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

White hole and Schwarzschild solution

What is the relation between white hole and the Schwarzschild solution commonly found in textbooks of physics and interpreted usually as black hole?
1
vote
1answer
107 views

How does Hawking radiation grow as a black hole evaporates?

The temperature of Hawking radiation is inversely proportional to the mass of a black hole, $T_{\rm H}\propto M_{\rm BH}^{-1}$, and so as the black hole shrinks the temperature of the radiation should ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Trapping Light in a shell

I was curious about this. Is it theoretically (mathematically) possible to create a shell such that when a photon 'hits' the shell, the spacetime at the shell surface is such that the photon travels ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

The final death of a black hole

What are the different death scenarios for a black hole? I know they can evaporate through Hawking radiation - but is there any other way? What if you just kept shoveling more and more mass and ...
7
votes
1answer
812 views

What happens to atoms inside a black hole?

Black holes have very high gravitational force that tends to crush everything. So as we know atoms in a molecule have inter-atomic spacing between them and further electrons also revolve at a certain ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Entering a black hole, jumping into another universe---with questions

I'm quite familiar with SR, but I have very limited understanding in GR, singularities, and black holes. My friend, which is well-read and is interested in general physics, said that we can "jump" ...
4
votes
0answers
186 views

The surface area to volume ratio of a sphere and the Bekenstein bound

I am trying to relate the surface-area-to-volume-ratio of a sphere to the Bekenstein bound. Since the surface-area-to-volume-ratio decreases with increasing volume, one would surmise that, per unit of ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How is black hole affected by gravity of nearby bodies?

I run into wikipedia articles about ergosphere of rotating black holes. What if some massive body passes nearby some black hole: is something like ergosphere produced, or is the event horizon ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Does gravity limit the number of bosons that can occupy the same single-particle state?

QFT says that an unlimited number of bosons can occupy the same "state" (what I mean by that is that the whole system's wavefunction is composed of a product of many identical wavefunctions). ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Schwarzschild solution in arbitrary dimensions

Is there any generalized Schwarzschild solution for an arbitrary number of dimensions? Is it necessary to calculate each individually, or is there a relationship between them?
7
votes
1answer
118 views

What's the relation between the Euler $\psi$ function, the digamma function, and the hypergeometric function?

Can somebody help me out with the intermediate details of eqn. (2.5) in this paper? Generalized gravitational entropy. Aitor Lewkowycz and Juan Maldacena. arXiv:1304.4926. Is the Euler $\psi$ ...
13
votes
4answers
620 views

Isn't gravity non-local and non-causal?

The way I think of this is that, I can ask physical questions about a space-time which are impossible to answer unless one knows the full space-time, and hence I am inclined to believe that gravity is ...