A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

7
votes
1answer
137 views

What's the relation between the Euler $\psi$ function, the digamma function, and the hypergeometric function?

Can somebody help me out with the intermediate details of eqn. (2.5) in this paper? Generalized gravitational entropy. Aitor Lewkowycz and Juan Maldacena. arXiv:1304.4926. Is the Euler $\psi$ ...
7
votes
1answer
605 views

Can two particles remain entangled even if one is past the event horizon of a black hole?

Can two particles remain entangled even if one is past the event horizon of a black hole? If both particles are in the black hole? What changes occur when the particle(s) crosses(cross) the event ...
7
votes
2answers
990 views

Is it mathematically possible for a black hole to be connected to a white hole or a worm hole?

I know that there's no evidence at this point for "white holes" however would it even be mathematically possible for a black hole to be connected to a white hole (total opposite so everything would be ...
7
votes
1answer
129 views

How many of which particles are in Hawking radiation?

My understanding is that a black hole radiates ~like an ideal black body, and that both photons and massive particles are emitted by Hawking radiation. So for a low temperature black hole, photons are ...
7
votes
4answers
763 views

Hawking Radiation - Why it causes black holes to die? [duplicate]

If a particle is being expelled from the Black Hole and an antiparticle is being driven into it, shouldn't the opposite occur as well and in the same frequencies? I mean Black holes should emit ...
7
votes
2answers
851 views

Time dilation at a black hole [duplicate]

According to the Wikipedia article on black holes: Even though the collapse takes a finite amount of time from the reference frame of infalling matter, a distant observer sees the infalling ...
7
votes
2answers
215 views

Will the black hole evaporate in finite time from external observer's perspective?

There is the problem that is bothering me with the black hole evaporation because of Hawking radiation. According to Hawking theory the black hole will evaporate in finite time because of quantum ...
7
votes
2answers
128 views

Inside a huge sphere, which is being converted to a black hole

Suppose the following scenario: You reside inside a huge stable spherical star with non-lethal environment at its core. The object is so huge and massive, that its radius is only slightly above its ...
7
votes
3answers
595 views

Event horizons without singularities

Someone answered this question by saying that black hole entropy conditions and no-hair theorems are asymptotic in nature -- the equations give an ideal solution which is approached quickly but never ...
7
votes
1answer
313 views

Area law for Entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity

In connection with the long saga of the (claimed) microscopic calculations of the Hawking-Bekenstein entropy in (3+1) Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) and related approaches I have the following question: ...
7
votes
0answers
59 views

Role of the canonical ensemble and electric charge in AdS/CFT

If we consider a charged black hole in AdS spacetime, we can either do thermodynamics in the grand canonical or the canonical ensemble. In the former, we fix the electrostatic potential ...
7
votes
2answers
118 views

Could you theoretically map the internal distribution of mass in a black hole using Hawking radiation?

Assuming you could measure the qualities of the radiation emanating from all around a black hole, could this be used to determine the internal geometry or makeup of the mass inside?
7
votes
0answers
82 views

Should all theories of gravity have Schwarzschild solution?

A consistent theory of gravity must include the Newton's classical theory of gravity as a weak field approximation. Moreover, to satisfy the experiments in the solar system, the Schwarzschild ...
7
votes
0answers
175 views

Significance for LQG of Sen's result on entropy of black holes?

Sen 2013 says, ...we apply Euclidean gravity to compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of various non-extremal black holes in different dimensions [...] For Schwarzschild black holes in ...
7
votes
0answers
162 views

What really are exotic supersymmetric black holes?

I have just read (in the black holes chapter 14 on p244 of this book Ref.1) that in string theory, when one adds an (electric?) charge $Q$ to a static black hole, one can arrive at an exotic ...
7
votes
0answers
124 views

Hawking radiation for closely orbiting black holes

Suppose we have two black holes of radius $R_b$ orbiting at a distance $R_r$. I believe semi-classical approximations describe correctly the case where $R_r$ is much larger than the average black body ...
7
votes
0answers
111 views

Kerr solution for finite collapse time

The Kerr black hole solutions gives an analytic continuation that is asymptotically flat. Some people have argued that this is another universe, but others state that the analytic continuation ...
6
votes
2answers
824 views

Do black holes have infinite areas and volumes?

How to calculate the area / volume of a black hole? Is there a corresponding mathematical function such as rotating $1/x$ around the $x$-axis or likewise to find the volume?
6
votes
3answers
588 views

Black holes in a head-on collision

Assume two uncharged non-rotating black holes traveling straight at each other with no outside forces acting on the system. What is thought to happen to the kinetic energy of these two masses when ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the escape velocity of a Black Hole?

The escape velocity of Earth is $v=\sqrt{\frac {2GM}{R}}$, where $M$ is the mass of the Earth and $R$ it's radius (approximating it as a sphere), and is much less than light speed $c$. But I want to ...
6
votes
2answers
174 views

Speed of gravity in cosmological codes and ephemeris generation

There are few questions in Phys.SE concerning the speed of gravity, and the answers are traditionally that the speed of gravity equals to the speed of light. But in that case I have three more ...
6
votes
1answer
320 views

Why do the stars in the galaxy core move so fast?

There are a bunch of stars orbiting the black hole in the center of our galaxy. These stars move at huge speed. Why do we see this? Why do the black hole not impose any noticeable time dilation on ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

What prevents stars in globular clusters from merging over time to form a black hole?

Globular clusters are apparently very very old, and the density of these clusters appears to increase as one approaches the center of a cluster. Orbits are bound to be chaotic, since there is no ...
6
votes
3answers
441 views

Charging a black hole?

What would happen if we have a black hole and we start shooting at it a single electron at a time, and go on doing it forever? Would the electrons start to bounce off eventually?
6
votes
2answers
891 views

Why is BTZ black hole asymptotically $AdS_3$?

The metric for the BTZ black hole is $ds^2=-N^2dt^2+N^{-2}dr^2+r^2(N^\phi dt +d\phi)^2$ where $N^2=-M+\frac{r^2}{l^2}+\frac{J^2}{4r^2}$ and $N^\phi=-\frac{J}{2r^2}$. It is often said that BTZ black ...
6
votes
2answers
349 views

Neutron stars and black holes

The official limits for a neutron star is $1.4 - 3.2\;M_\odot$. But I read that the limit depends on the particular structure of a star to estimate which mass it must have. I also read that neutron ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

If there was a black hole on earth, what would it look like?

If an answer does exist, I'd love to hear it. I'm trying to incorporate a doomed earth story in something I'm writing, and the end of the world I'm going for is a black hole. Let's say the black hole ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

What happens when two high-speed objects going opposite directions crash into a black hole?

Imagine the following: A-> [] <-B where [] is a black hole, and A and B are two objects of same mass, traveling with the same speed right at the black ...
6
votes
1answer
140 views

What happens if you let a cable roll slip into a black hole?

Does the cable roll spin faster the more cable goes into the black hole in reference of a observer standing next to it? Can gravity pull the cable that it exceed the speed of light inside a black ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

Schwarzschild solution in arbitrary dimensions

Is there any generalized Schwarzschild solution for an arbitrary number of dimensions? Is it necessary to calculate each individually, or is there a relationship between them?
6
votes
3answers
543 views

Fighting a black hole: Could a strong spherical shell inside an event horizon resist falling in to the singularity?

As a thought experiment imagine an incredibly strong spherical shell with a diameter a bit smaller than the event horizon of a particular large black hole. The shell is split into two hemispheres, ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Gravity on supermassive black hole's event horizon

M = black hole mass Gravitation is about 1/r^2 Schwarzschild radius r is ~ to M Greater BH -> weaker gravitation on its horizon. Lets take black hole so enormous that the gravitation on its ...
6
votes
1answer
770 views

On black holes, Hawking radiation and gravitational atoms

Over the past hour or so I've been following one of my standard physics-based, wanders-through-the-internet. Specifically, I began by reviewing some details of dark energy theory but soon found myself ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

What is baryon loading in the context of gamma ray bursts (GRBs)?

I've read that with short hard gamma ray bursts (shGRBs) associated with the coalescence of NS-NS and NS-BH binaries are expected to be beamed along the axis of the orbital angular momentum (i.e. ...
6
votes
2answers
751 views

Deriving Birkhoff's Theorem

I am trying to derive Birkhoff's theorem in GR as an exercise: a spherically symmetric gravitational field is static in the vacuum area. I managed to prove that $g_{00}$ is independent of t in the ...
6
votes
2answers
714 views

Why is spacetime near a quantum black hole approximately AdS?

In this link, one of the answers contains the statement If you examine the space-time near a finite area quantum black hole, you will see an approximate AdS space. Presumably "approximate" ...
6
votes
2answers
279 views

How can one reconcile the temperature of a black hole with asymptotic flatness?

A stationary observer very close to the horizon of a black hole is immersed in a thermal bath of temperature that diverges as the horizon is approached. $$T^{-1} = 4\pi \sqrt{2M(r-2M)}$$ The ...
6
votes
2answers
153 views

Why do we care about the maximally extended versions of spacetimes?

One can take a spacetime and maximally extend it, so that geodesics end only on singularities, where they have to end -- not on coordinate singularities, which are not physically significant. But when ...
6
votes
2answers
472 views

Falling into a black hole

I've heard it mentioned many times that "nothing special" happens for an infalling observer who crosses the event horizon of a black hole, but I've never been completely satisfied with that statement. ...
6
votes
2answers
67 views

Charged black holes in equilibrium

Consider a pair of (possibly rotating) charged black holes with masses m1, m2 and like charges q1, q2. It seems that under certain conditions gravitational attraction should exactly cancel ...
6
votes
1answer
783 views

Time dilation when falling into black hole

I know that if one astronaut falls into a black hole, then a distant observer will see him take an infinite amount of time to reach the event horizon (provided the observer can see light of ...
6
votes
3answers
348 views

How can you tell if a critical energy density is actually a black hole?

Here's a question inspired by Edward's answer to this question. It's my understanding that the average energy density of a black hole in its rest frame is $\rho_\text{BH}(A)$, a function of surface ...
6
votes
3answers
409 views

Is it possible to have a singularity with zero mass?

A singularity, by the definition I know, is a point in space with infinite of a property such as density. Density is Mass/Volume. Since the volume of a singularity is 0, then the density will thus ...
6
votes
1answer
505 views

When a neutral star with a magnetic field collapses to form a black hole, what happens to the magnetic field?

By the no-hair theorem, black holes are only characterized by mass, charge and angular momentum. If the star is neutral, the black hole will have only mass and angular momentum - and therefore it ...
6
votes
1answer
459 views

What happens to an embedded magnetic field when a black hole is formed from rotating charged dust?

Black holes have no-hair so there are uniquely specified by a mass, charge and angular momentum. Imagine a cloud of charged rotating dust. There will be a magnetic field associated with the current ...
6
votes
1answer
514 views

geometry inside the event horizon

I'm trying to understand intuitively the geometry as it would look to an observer entering the event horizon of a schwarszchild black hole. I would appreciate any insights or corrections to the above. ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

Does gravity limit the number of bosons that can occupy the same single-particle state?

QFT says that an unlimited number of bosons can occupy the same "state" (what I mean by that is that the whole system's wavefunction is composed of a product of many identical wavefunctions). ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Does cosmic censorship rule out stable toroidal black holes? How?

I'm having a hard time understanding what the arguments against stable toroidal black holes are saying. For many of these, I can't figure out if they're talking about: A non-rotating toroidal event ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

does the background spacetime of a black hole affects its thermodynamic properties?

The question is this: will the thermodynamic properties of a black hole (Hawking radiation spectra and temperature, entropy, area, etc.) depend if the black hole sits in a DeSitter or an Anti-DeSitter ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

How legit is this paper claiming to have observed Hawking radiation? [closed]

I recently stumbled upon this paper. In it, the author claims to have found a signature for Hawking radiation in a condensed matter system. I know that experimentalists have been trying to find ...