A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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What is the maximum time dilation factor when orbiting a rotating black hole?

Suppose one spaceship is stably orbiting a rotating black hole and another is far away from the black hole. What is the maximum time dilation factor between the two ships? Can it be made arbitrarily ...
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6answers
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How exactly does time slow down near a black hole?

How exactly does time slow down near a black hole? I have heard this as a possible way of time traveling, and I do understand that it is due in some way to the massive gravity around a black hole, but ...
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2answers
724 views

Can colliding gravitational waves create a black hole?

Whether gravitational waves are real or just a coordinate freedom was argued in the early days of GR. Eventually the conclusion was that they were real. And if they are 'real' then I'm curious if... ...
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1answer
255 views

Shape of accretion disk surrounding the black hole in Interstellar (film) [duplicate]

There is a black hole, called Gargantua, featured in the recent blockbuster Interstellar. I understand why the accretion disk is bright (friction), but why does it seem to be flowing in two ...
5
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179 views

Black hole temperature in an asymptotically de Sitter spacetime

I am trying to calculate the Hawking temperature of a Schwarzschild black hole in a spacetime which is asymptotically dS. Ignoring the 2-sphere, the metric is given by ...
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810 views

Is Hawking radiation a theory or a hypothesis?

There are lots of articles, calling Hawking radiation a theory, but doesn't the definition of a scientific theory state that a theory is substantiated by a repeated testing and an overwhelming amount ...
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72 views

Manifold for Schwarzschild and Bertotti-Robinson

In short: what is the manifold in discussion for Schwarzschild metric $$ ds^2 = -(1-\frac {2M}r)dt^2 + \frac1{1-\frac{2M}r} dr^2 + r^2 (d\theta^2 + \sin^2 \theta d\phi^2)$$ and Bertotti-Robinson ...
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227 views

Spacetime diagram of a collapse of a rotating star

There is a well-known "standard" spacetime diagram (Kruskal and Penrose) for the collapse of a spherically symmetric star to a Schwarzschild black hole (for example here, or here in EF), which stands ...
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79 views

Non-geodesic circular orbit? [closed]

From N. Straumann, General Relativity Exercise 4.9: Calculate the radial acceleration for a non-geodesic circular orbit in the Schwarzschild spacetime. Show that this becomes positive for ...
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2answers
61 views

What force made the big bang erupt?

Might be a stupid question, but it has been bugging me for a week. Pre big bang conditions look like an universe mass black hole to me, so what force acted against the massive gravity at the ...
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1answer
41 views

If photons don't have charge, why are they deflected by charged black holes?

If photons don't have charge, why are they deflected by charged black holes? According to quantum electrodynamics, photons don't have electric or magnetic fields either.
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22 views

Why Hawking radiation emission rate inversely proportional to black hole mass? [duplicate]

The rate of Hawking radiation emission increases as the mass of the black hole decreases, what I don't understand is that if the emission method is related to zero-point energy particles appearing and ...
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141 views

Euclidean black hole extrinsic curvature

I have read that the extrinsic curvature at the horizon of a euclidean black hole is zero? Does anybody know how this can be shown?
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1answer
93 views

Why does gravitational singularity break the laws of physics?

I am assuming there are two constituents that obliterate our current model of physics; that it's infinitely dense that it's infinitely small Please correct me if I am wrong.
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2answers
97 views

Black Holes: How does a three dimensional object collapse into a singularity & Where does the matter go?

A black hole comes into existence as the result of the core collapse of enormous stars, which lose quite some mass in a supernova explosion. However, supermassive black holes are still by any means ...
5
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1answer
254 views

Thermal AdS and the Hawking Page phase transition

I have some difficulty understanding the concept of pure thermal radiation, as described in Hawking and Page's paper on the Hawking-Page phase transition. The four-dimensional thermal AdS solution ...
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1answer
56 views

Can Schwarzschild black holes evaporate?

I recently saw this question, and came across a claim from Anixx that a Schwarzschild black hole cannot evaporate because it is static: @HDE 226868 Schwartzshield solution is a static one, which ...
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1answer
52 views

How can black holes have electric charge and spin? [duplicate]

If the star's mass supposedly collapses into a single point, and it ends up having "said" zero volume, then how can people say that the hole has a specific spin or that it can have an angular ...
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3answers
176 views

Photons straight into black hole

What happens to a photon shot straight into a black hole? Does it gain infinite momentum before it crosses the horizon? If it has a finite momentum going in, then it would seem that a photon of the ...
4
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2answers
2k views

How long does it take a black hole to eat a star?

I presume the answer is that it depends on the mass and size of the star and black hole, but I was wondering if somebody could provide some rough bounds (e.g. hours vs thousands of years). By ...
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2answers
136 views

How can a black hole zap a galaxy into existence?

I am referring to this picture published here. Apparently super massive black holes emit radiation and matter in astrophysical jets. And these jets can form galaxies. I have some questions: Isn't ...
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1answer
39 views

Viewing a Time-Dilated Space

I'm fascinated by space and physics but not exactly well-versed in them, so I'll try to keep this question as simple as possible. Imagine a person acting as an observer in a room with two large ...
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0answers
39 views

No Hair systems and black hole entropy

To my understanding, a black hole is a no hair system. So it can be described just by its mass, spin and charge. In other words it does not differentiate where its mass comes from, so it could be made ...
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1answer
46 views

External source of virtual particles near a black hole?

I've just read the following quote from the Wikipedia page on Hawking Radiation... In order to preserve total energy, the particle that fell into the black hole must have had a negative energy ...
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71 views

Electric and magnetic field in a black hole

I have many questions about this topic: Does the electric field of a charged black hole look like this? I mean how can it have an electric field if nothing can escape from a black hole, and what is ...
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1answer
73 views

Schwarzschild Radius vs Gravitational Pull? Error in Model?

I am a middle-school student who for fun has designed an simulation of gravity that finds the gravitational pull & then the Schwarzschild radius of the object, I have tested the program (coded in ...
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0answers
21 views

How much energy is radiated when matter falls into a black hole

When a black hole consumes matter, it can form an accretion disc. Is there a relationship between the mass of the falling matter $m$, the mass of the black hole $M$, and the energy radiated during the ...
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369 views

CPT and Event Horizon

Is the example of neutrino entering the event horizon of BH quoted from this article a valid possible example of CPT violation due to the presence of event horizon in BH ? Please, note that there is ...
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1answer
462 views

Black-hole firewall and holographic principle [closed]

Can the firewall be viewed as the holographic boundary? Naively a hologram 3d image can not cross the hologram 2d surface that produces that image. According to the metaphor the boundary - 2d field ...
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0answers
84 views

What exactly is black hole complementarity and why is it necessary for solving black hole information paradox?

What exactly is black hole complementarity and why is it necessary for solving black hole information paradox? The first question is about the story of vacuum fluctuation causing Hawking radiations. ...
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1answer
68 views

How does virtual particle become real particle in Hawking radiation? [duplicate]

I am new to black hole and general relativity and am just getting introduced to these concepts. According to my understanding, virtual particle that forms because of quantum fluctuation becomes real ...
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1answer
1k views

Would the inside of a black hole be like a giant mirror?

As any light reflected or emitted from objects inside a black hole (if it is possible to be there) does not leave the event horizon and comes back inside, would it be like seeing yourself? What I ...
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2answers
208 views

Is there a binary black hole system in the middle of the galaxy?

We have observed gravity effects from black holes in the center of galaxies, but galactic centers are dusty so we can’t tell if it’s one black hole or two black holes in a binary system in there. A ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Formation of supermassive black holes

Scientists have found very bright source of light which they call quasar and the are found to be supermassive black holes. So these black holes are so massive that they cannot be formed by a ...
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Falling into a black hole

I've heard it mentioned many times that "nothing special" happens for an infalling observer who crosses the event horizon of a black hole, but I've never been completely satisfied with that statement. ...
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87 views

On which basis we think there is something more than just super dense matter in black holes?

Apparently physicists think that there is something inside black holes. Like a new universe or a link between dimension... But for me a black hole is no more than supermassive supercompacted matter. ...
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0answers
29 views

Gravity at event horizon [duplicate]

To find the gravity at Schwarzschild radius of a black hole, I used the below equations. Assuming escape velocity at event horizon is speed of light c and M is the mass of the black hole $$ v_e = ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Why are Black Holes always referred to as 'Holes"

I read a lot of theories about black holes and cant help but wonder if they are "holes" at all. What if the center of a black hole is just an element that is created by the immense pressure at the ...
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2answers
106 views

Are black holes “Immortal”?

Black holes are stars that are so massive, that when they die, they become so dense that not even light can escape. That means that a black hole is costantly adding mass and energy and thus making its ...
2
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1answer
67 views

When do you see the second horizon as you fall into a black hole?

Suppose you are a massive observer falling into a Schwarzschild black hole (geodesically or not, it shouldn't matter). At any point on your personal worldline you can receive light signals from the ...
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0answers
31 views

Can a quark irreversibly pass though an event horizon?

This is an attempt to transform a question I asked about a year ago into a binary yes-or-no question: Since a quark has electrical charge, can it irreversibly pass though an event horizon? The ...
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1answer
32 views

Increase in momentum of a particle falling into a black hole

From the point of view of an external observer at a fixed distance above a black hole, the linear momentum a free falling particle increases exponentially with Schwarzchild time. (This happens when ...
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1answer
57 views

Is the event horizon also the boundary region of the mass contained by a black hole?

I was recently playing around with classic Newtonian mechanics and calculated that the Earth would have to be compressed to a spherical region of 8.8 millimeters (Its Schwarzchild radius) to turn its ...
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1answer
80 views

Scalar field in a Schwarzschild metric

I have found this article recently published in Classical and Quantum Gravity giving the exact solution of a scalar field in the Kerr-Newman metric. These authors also derived Hawking radiation for ...
0
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2answers
67 views

Black Holes and Light [duplicate]

It is said that photons have zero rest mass so how can gravitational force of a black hole affect light? And if photons do have some effective mass while traveling at speed of light then only can a ...
2
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0answers
59 views

Gravity's effects on photons moving away from source

As a photon has no mass and must always have velocity c, if I were to shine a laser straight up (so Earth's gravity would be pulling straight back on it), what would the effect be on the photon? It ...
2
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1answer
827 views

Questions after watching the movie Interstellar [closed]

Awesome movie, but as a physics student, some questions do crop up When they travel to the watery planet, they say that 1 hour on this planet is 7 yrs om earth. How is this possible? Is the planet ...
3
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0answers
55 views

No-hair theorems for naked singularities?

For black holes, we have no-hair theorems that say, under certain assumptions about the matter fields, that they are uniquely characterized by just a few parameters. Are there any such theorem for ...
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35 views

Do all the spacelike curve terminate at the spatial infinity $i_0$ in the Penrose Diagram of a Schwarzchild black hole?

Let's restrict to the radial direction, so the metric can be expressed as $ds^2=-(1-r_S/r)dt^2+(1-r_S/r)^{-1}dr^2$ with $r_S$ the Schwarzchild radius. Expressed in Kruskal coordinates, the metric is ...
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51 views

Extracting something from Schwarzschild metric

In Papapertrou's lecture book on General Relativity he said in p 137 that from the metric $$ ds^2= e^\nu dt^2-e^\mu dr^2 -r^2(d\theta^2 +\sin^2\theta d\phi^2)$$ one deduces that $$\sqrt{-g} ...