A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Two different expressions for the Schwarzschild Radius? [closed]

This might sound as quite an obvious question at first, but in most places the expression I've seen for this radius is: $$\frac{2GM}{c^2}$$ but in other places, I've seen the expression as:$$\approx ...
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Can a body ever experience acceleration this strong?

Using the Schwarzschild radius formula, I approximated the Sun's Schwarzschild radius to be $3\text{ km}$. Now assuming I have a body (not a human body) which is at a distance of $10\text{ km}$ from ...
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creating black holes

Black holes are created usually when something massive (usually a dying star) collapses on itself to create a hole in spacetime. However, I hear that a black hole can be made with objects that aren't ...
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Mass without Matter?

My cursory studies of general relativity had introduced me to the concept of how gravity is associated with the warping of spacetime and that the presence of matter in space warps space and this ...
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How do we expect distance measurements to compare inside and outside the event horizon of a black hole?

I've read that as one approaches the event horizon of a black hole, time is dilated relative to time measured farther away from the event horizon (clocks tick slower near the event horizon). I've ...
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Why does a black hole have a finite mass?

I mean besides the obvious "it has to have finite mass or it would suck up the universe." A singularity is a dimensionless point in space with infinite density, if I'm not mistaken. If something is ...
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Can black holes actually merge?

If time stops at the event horizon, can we ever detect two black holes merging? In other words, if you are a short distance away, would you encounter a spherically symmetric gravitational field, or a ...
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Could we have a black hole on Earth? [duplicate]

There was once a Far Side cartoon in which a black hole had opened in someone's living room and was sucking the furniture, people, pets, etc to the middle of the room. It was a funny picture, but ...
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Schwarzchild solution

I'm able to derive the Schwarzschild solution under the assumptions that the metric is (1) static (2) spherically symmetric and that the space is the vacuum. However, I have read that the ...
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Strange Airy Black Hole

Imagine a sphere, with a radius about the size of the Solar system. Somehow fill it with air at 100KPa (Earth surface density). $1 km^3$ of air is about 1.25 billion kg. A Solar system radius is about ...
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If the observable universe were compressed into a super massive black hole, how big would it be?

I understand only a little of general relativity, but that's why I'm here! :) Consider the hypothetical situation of some extra-terrestrial intelligence pushing all the mass in the observable ...
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would a supermassive black hole accretion disk really vaporize solid objects?

Both Interstellar and Greg Egan's Incandescence involve worlds deep inside accretion disks of large holes, kept at a comfortable temperature. Is this (remotely) realistic? Although powerful and hot, ...
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Supermassive Black holes at centers of galaxies [duplicate]

Why there is super-massive black holes at the center of our galaxy and other galaxies ?
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Is there a way to find the “Characteristic Length Scale” for a Reissner-Nordstrom Black Hole using the Schwarzschild Radius?

Is there a way to use $r_s$ to find $r_q$? The two formulas for both are in the link below. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reissner%E2%80%93Nordstr%C3%B6m_metric The problem is I do not fully ...
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If photons have no (rest) mass, why would black holes attract light? [duplicate]

I was told that photons have no (rest) mass. However I thought that black holes are called "black" because no light can go escape the gravity force in their vicinity. I somehow think that, if light is ...
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Could you theoretically map the internal distribution of mass in a black hole using Hawking radiation?

Assuming you could measure the qualities of the radiation emanating from all around a black hole, could this be used to determine the internal geometry or makeup of the mass inside?
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Does the sun have a black hole inside of it?

The Schwarzschild radius of the sun is approx. 3 km. It would be a black hole if all the mass of it were within the 3km. However, even with the mass spread out couldn't the sun technically have a or ...
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Black holes “regurgitate”

Do Black holes "regurgitate" their contents at some point or do they simply grow larger as they "suck" in more matter? Also, is their bottom (if they have one) "capped" or is open to expel the matter ...
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Is space stretched with no limits by a black hole?

Some depictions of black holes show space being warped into a singularity, with no end, e.g. as below. Moreover, in Cosmos, Neil Tyson speculates with the possibility that Black Holes contain other ...
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Theory of black holes producing matter or antimatter [closed]

One of my friends gave a theory about the formation of black holes. He said that: Black holes are formed when an extremely massive star collapses in its own gravity to produce a particle of ...
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How much extra distance to an event horizon?

How much extra distance would I have to travel through space to get from Earth to a stellar mass event horizon? (compared to the same point in space without a black hole)
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Time coordinate inside black hole horizon [duplicate]

I am new to physics and was trying to learn more especially about general relativity. The Schwarzschild metric, changes the sign of the time and radial parts of the metric once we cross the event ...
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Event Horizon of Supermassive Black Holes

I'm going to ask/explain this as best I can; I'm sure I have some fundamentals wrong here. Spaghettification is a phenomenon which occurs only in stellar-mass black holes owing to the immense gravity ...
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How would a black hole behave in a double slit experiment?

Theoretically we can convert a body into black hole by compressing its mass below some radius (known as Schwarzschild Radius). Suppose such object after becoming black hole has a radius which is ...
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Can the density of quarks be more than density of black hole? [duplicate]

I have found this list of densities here: http://wiki.chemprime.chemeddl.org/index.php/Density_of_Black_Holes and I am looking for the density of quarks but I have not found it. I was wondering if ...
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Are a black hole really connecting 2 parallel universe?

What is beyond the point of singularity in a black hole and universe expands in all the 3 $x$, $y$ and $z$ axis? So how can one thing be on top of another when we don't know where the end point of ...
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Does non-mass-energy generate a gravitational field?

At a very basic level I know that gravity isn't generated by mass but rather the stress-energy tensor and when I wave my hands a lot it seems like that implies that energy in $E^2 = (pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2$ ...
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Rotating Black hole can we obtained its from non rotating solution? [duplicate]

How we get Kerr metric from the Schwarzschild solution? If this is a algorithm then how angular momentum comes?
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How does gravity escape a black hole?

My understanding is that light can not escape from within a black hole (within the event horizon). I've also heard that information cannot propagate faster than the speed of light. It would seem to ...
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Is there a peak gravitational force between bodies?

Suppose Object A is exerting gravitational force on Object B. Object A increases in mass, and so increases in volume, increasing the gravitational force on Object B. But, since mass occupies space the ...
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Does inbound light slow down (for an external observer) as it approaches the event horizon?

As I understand, for an external observer nothing even enters a black hole because it takes infinite time in his frame of reference for something to actually reach the event horizon. I also read that ...
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Is the flatness of space a measure of entropy?

This is a bit quirky: For a very long time I've found Stephen Hawking's evaporating small black holes a lot more reasonable and intuitive than large black holes. The main reason is that gravity is ...
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Do black holes have transient color charge?

In the membrane model, when a baryon hits the event horizon its spatially separated quarks will impact the membrane at different times. Doesn't this necessarily mean that black holes acquire, however ...
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How does a sonic black hole (or dumb hole) work?

I came across this term and I heard they used sonic black holes to detect something analogous to hawking radiation, but I have failed to find sources which explain how exactly they work and how they ...
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Has the idea of holeum been debunked?

Here is the wikipedia article. The basic idea is that the primordial density of microscopic black holes was high enough that many were able to form stable bound states before decaying through Hawking ...
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Can a fuzzball collapse into a singularity?

I've been reading Kip Thorne's Black Holes and Time Warps and got curious about extreme states of degenerate matter; a little research reveals that since the book was written quark and preon ...
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micro black hole forces

A black hole would radiate mass optimally for interstellar-travel applications in the range between $10^7$ and $10^8$ kilograms. Assuming a light-only radiation emission spectrum, with a parabolic ...
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Is FTL information transfer possible in an experiment involving entangled particles and an “available” black hole?

We consider the classical entanglement experiments involving Alice and Bob, and their entangled particles. It is proved that nothing that happens at Bob's end has any immediate effect on Alice's ...
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Forces on objects orbiting a black hole?

Firstly, please excuse my elementary knowledge and lack of eloquence when writing about astrophysics. I am a dentist, who occasionally thinks about the how the universe works. I'm both fascinated and ...
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A Theory of Almost Everything? [closed]

Before I present this theory, I ask that you take the time to read this disclaimer. I do not claim to have an excellent knowledge of physics, it is actually rather limited. Therefore, I am not ...
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The arrow of time and the cosmology of a black hole interior

When solving the Einstein field equations in Schwarzschild metric for an observer falling into a black hole the radial coordinate r of the black hole and time t switch roles in the equations when ...
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Black holes and positive/negative-energy particles

I was reading Brian Greene's "Hidden Reality" and came to the part about Hawking Radiation. Quantum jitters that occur near the event horizon of a black hole, which create both positive-energy ...
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How does the Hawking Radiation mechanism cause a black hole to lose its mass? [duplicate]

Correct me if I am wrong: in the Hawking Radiation mechanism, when a virtual particle-antiparticle pair gets created at the edge of the black hole, a black hole could sometimes eat up one of the ...
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Can one model a spiral galaxy with a similar manifold to one for a whirlpool?

My question is more of a phenomenological question than literal, since the forces involved are very different. When one looks at the distortions (or wrinkles or whatever you wish to call them) in the ...
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What was the entropy of the universe at the time of the Big Bang?

(I asked this question in Philosophy.SE; but I was advised to direct it here, despite it is, in my opinion, somewhat too speculative for physics.SE). High entropy generally means high disorder; and ...
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If I kept getting closer and closer to the speed of light, what would be the gravitational effects appearing like to an observer? [duplicate]

Now, with special relativity applied to the scenario of me getting closer and closer to light speed, my mass would increase with respect to the observer, and also my length would contract in the ...
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Time functions in general relativity

In my general relativity notes a function $f$ is called time function, if $\nabla f$ is time-like past-pointing. Say that we are in Schwarzschild spacetime and I want to check if $f=t$ is a time ...
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Why is the first term of First Law of Black-Hole Thermodynamics in other unit than in joule? [closed]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole_thermodynamics#The_First_Law http://www.physics.umd.edu/grt/taj/776b/lectures.pdf (p.13) The 2 sources have various forms of the same law. I found both are ...
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Conformal Killing fields on Schwarzschild

I am trying to understand which are the conformal Killing Fields on the Schwarzschild spacetime. I say that $X$ is a conformal Killing field on $S$ ($S$ is Schwarzschild) if there exists a function ...