A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Does time symmetry still holds when a particle drops into a black hole?

When a particle drops into Earth, it hits the ground and rebounds, if time reverse, it is equivalent to another particle moves with same speed but opposite direction. But at the case that a particle ...
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Worldlines in Schwarzschild geometry

I have an observer and a photon on a hypersurface $ \theta=\pi/2$ . My observer has $e, l$ constants of motion (energy and angular momentum divided by mass) and photon has $e',l'$. What conditions ...
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88 views

Big Bang Quarks Travelling at Light Speed [closed]

When I think of an explosion it lasts a fraction of second. When the entire mass of the universe explodes how much time passes before the perfect sphere slows from traveling at/near the speed of light ...
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41 views

Black hole evaporation, mass or bit?

Usually when we talk about black hole evaporation, mass or energy is taken as the target and the evaporation time is computed based on mass loss in a given time period. Is there any work to analysis ...
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1answer
94 views

What does it look like for a ball falling to the event horizon observed by distant static observer?

Here is the picture used in susskind&Lindesay's book ''An Introduction to Black Holes, Information and String Theory Revolution'' I understand very well that the ball will be contracted at the ...
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42 views

Conditions at black hole's event horizon

This question had, at least partially, been discussed here before, but I feel that the record has not been set straight. There seem to be lack of agreement regarding conditions (like gravitational ...
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47 views

Has a stellar blackhole more mass than previously?

What is the coefficient of mass gained/lost by a star in its first phase transitioning into a blackhole. Does the blackhole have more or less mass than the star it was made from? Thank you Regards
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Two black holes prepared from different initial states

I have asked a similar question, I would like to reformulate it in more details. Here is a thought experiment: Assuming we can create black holes by squeezing photons, we can then prepare two ...
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37 views

light in black holes and space time

I watched videos, read articles, learned a lot about black holes and got confused: Lets say that a light is doing its way inside a black hole toward the singularity. If it's inside the event ...
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Dimensional inconsistency in first law of black hole thermodynamics

The first law of black hole mechanics (let's simplify by considering a uncharged and non-rotating black hole) can be written as $$\delta M = T \delta S$$ If I use the definition of Hawking ...
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57 views

Hawking radiation: why do only negative mass particles fall into black holes? [closed]

So I have read other questions asked about this topic, but they focus more on positive or negative energies of the virtual particles, and I want to ask specifically about the negative mass issue. ...
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73 views

Mass and time relativity [duplicate]

In the space between galaxies in the absence of matter, would time run faster than inside a galaxy? A black hole can slow time. Is there a cosmic opposite of that effect on time? Like the following ...
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28 views

Does matter stacks up as it approaches Black hole?

When something approaches Black hole it'll experience time dilation with respect to a frame away from the black hole. So to an observer away from the hole the object would seem to slow down until ...
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What is the global Virasoro symmetry generators in BTZ spacetime?

This is the case of AdS3, how about BTZ? The picture is from arxiv:1506.01353.
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How does a black hole's gravity affect other dimensions? [closed]

Given the extreme gravitational force of a black hole, can it have affects on other higher dimensions? Does it continue to warp space-time regardless of the number of dimensions? In fact, can a ...
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46 views

If black hole is equivalent to a planet of same mass for a distant observer, then why does 'excess radius formula' require uniform mass density?

I understand that the spacetime curvature of a non-rotating, uncharged black hole is identical to that of a planet with same mass/energy for an observer at a distance farther than the radius of the ...
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36 views

Can a massive imploding sphere smash the holographic principle and conservation of information into oblivion?

Let $\text{BH}_1$ be a black hole of mass $M_1$, zero charge and angular momentum, and event horizon radius $R_1=\frac{2GM_1}{c^2}$. Alice is loitering at distance (all distances here are from the ...
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149 views

Super massive Black Hole and photon reduction [closed]

This is a picture of 2 galaxies taken from The Hubble. The arrow shows a smaller galaxy's black hole starving of the usual stars because of the binary rotation about the bigger galaxy that is pulling ...
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1answer
40 views

Black Hole Heat Capacity

Why is the specific heat capacity of a black hole given by $C=\frac{\partial M}{\partial T}$? Heat capacity should be ratio of heat change to temperature change so, denoting heat by $Q$, we have ...
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69 views

Quasar redshift

The quasar 3C 273 has a redshift z=0.158. A question in a textbook: could this be a gravitational redshift instead of cosmological (=resulting from the expansion of space)? My answer: no. Firstly, ...
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Could the recent evidence of a gravitational force orbiting the solar system indicate not the existence of a ninth planet, but rather a black hole?

In case you haven't heard already, researches at the California Institute of Technology discovered mathematical evidence of large object orbiting the sun at a distance about 20 times further than that ...
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52 views

Hawking radiation and black hole evaporation [duplicate]

As I understand it, Hawking radiation predicts black hole evaporation because of quantum effects. After the creation of a particle/anti-particle near the horizon of the black hole, if the one gets ...
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49 views

Will the CO–0.40–0.22 black hole companion of Sagittarius A merge with it?

According to "Signature of an Intermediate-Mass Black Hole in the Central Molecular Zone of Our Galaxy" by Oka, Mizuno, Miura and Takekawa, there is a second black hole, with a mass of ~ $10^5$ Sun , ...
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Black hole with NO radiation

I've been recently thinking about black holes and..., ...let's say we have a black hole that doesn't radiate anything. Then you will drop this black hole to some solid surface (let's say the black ...
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47 views

Hawking paradox [duplicate]

Over the centuries, physicists "gave up" on conservation of elements, conservation of mass and then conservation of energy, which now we know to be related to symmetries. How can we be sure that ...
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What does black hole temperature mean? [duplicate]

From the title, the question is a bit open ended. Let me make it a bit simpler. 1. What region of the black hole has temperature? Is it the surface space? the region outside? . . . etc , any precise ...
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When is the event horizon a Killing horizon?

I know the definition of both (event horizon is closure of causal past of future null infinity whilst Killing horizon is a null surface where some Killing vector becomes null e.g. the surface where it ...
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Time Dilation inside a hollow shell

Assuming I have a hollow shell with total mass $M$ and radius $r$. On the surface, the gravitational time dilation would be $$\tau=t \cdot \sqrt{1-\frac{v_{esc}^2}{c^2}}$$ where $$v_{esc} = ...
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What would be the view like from inside a black hole looking towards the event horizon?

Ignoring the fact that we would be torn apart by gravitational gradient and assuming we get some time to make some observations before hitting singularity, what would we see looking towards the event ...
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125 views

Black Hole Matter to Subatomic Exchange

When matter enters a black hole with a singularity the particles smaller than photons released come from within the black hole or do subatomic particles shed from matter just before matter passes the ...
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26 views

If gravitons are particles, how do they escape BH gravity if nothing can? [duplicate]

If gravitons are particles, how do they escape BH gravity if nothing can? So are the gravitons really particles or is there really just/only curvature of space-time?
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23 views

Can a solid object inside the black hole event horizon avoid the singularity? [duplicate]

I will ask this as a simple lay man. Let's consider an astronomical black hole that was creating by in falling matter on a neutron star. As neutron star get heavier it gets smaller and a Schwarzschild ...
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99 views

Derivation of Schwarzschild metric using the full machinery of differential geometry [closed]

How would one derive the Schwarzschild metric using the full machinery of differential geometry, using the component approach as little as possible? Something along these lines: Begin with a manifold ...
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42 views

Photon gas into a Black hole

Can a photon gas have so much energy that it collapse into a black hole just like a regular star?
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Clarification on hawking radiation [duplicate]

I read that a pair of entangled quantum particles can spontaneously pop into existence for a brief moment and especially near to the event horizon whereby one of the entangled quantum particle passes ...
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51 views

What does singularity mean in the context of black holes? [duplicate]

Non-rotating big stars can be subject to a gravitational collapse increasing their density. When the density is so high that the mass volume shrinks below the event horizon, a black hole is formed. ...
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2answers
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Gravitation, light and black holes

I have few basic misunderstandings about black holes. I know that heavy mass causes a curved space time around it, what i don't understand is if this mass is a star and it becomes a black hole, why ...
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Gravitational Lensing Diffrence between Big and Small Black Holes

Would you see more of the back holes iris in smaller black holes compared to larger ones and if so can one be big enough the photon sphere would completely cover it and it would look like distorted ...
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48 views

Can many universes exist inside black holes? [closed]

As temperature and pressure grows, matter changes. The energy imposed on matter forces particles to disintegrate and recombine in different ways and subatomic orbitals fold over each other into new, ...
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Is the information that a human brain (and body) “contains” superflorous to the information contained within the atoms of the body?

Layman here. I recently watched this video talking about Stephen Hawking's theory of hairy black holes. The speaker mentions, as I've heard before, that once "something" has entered a blackhole its ...
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Special relativity and black hole paradox [duplicate]

Today a friend of mine posed me a paradox involving black-holes, one that I couldn't solve. Suppose we have planet, with a density such that it is almost to the point of turning into a black hole, ...
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What are the difference between a black holes and a black branes? [closed]

I want to know the fundamental difference between a black hole and a black brane? What is the planar limit?
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174 views

Can we tell a wormhole from a black hole by observation?

I'm assuming stable wormhole really exist (naturally/microscopic or not) how can we distinguish between a wormhole and a black hole since we can't probe their "insides"?
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What is the inertial mass of a black hole?

Or the inertial mass of any spherically symmetric object, can I calculated by measuring very accurately the spacetime distortion this object produces in its surroundings? With 'inertial mass' I mean ...
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1answer
52 views

Acceleration of a static observer in Schwarzschild measured in locally inertial frame [closed]

Consider a static observer at $r=R>2M$ with four velocity given by $$U^\mu=\frac{dx^\mu}{d\tau}=(1-\frac{2M}{R})^{-1/2}\delta^\mu_0$$ in the Schwarzschild metric ...
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21 views

How do black holes form without violating the uncertainty principle? [duplicate]

Many videos on YouTube while discussing black holes mention that it's born out of a heavy star when it collapses into a single point and that infinitely curves spacetime around it. When all the mass ...
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1answer
68 views

How destructive would a small black hole be on the surface of the Earth?

Say a black hole with the diameter of around 200 meters or so was formed on the Earth's surface, how much damage would it cause?
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2answers
94 views

Gravitational lensing and perspective

When looking at a black hole the ability to see ourselves is compromised by the small window for the light trajectory to come back to us. The light from the Earth that is bent by (almost) 180° and ...
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2answers
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Is all of a black hole's mass situated arbitrarily close to the event horizon?

Forgive me if I'm thinking about black holes in completely the wrong way, but since time dilation increases to arbitrarily large amounts the closer you get to the event horizon of a black hole, ...
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Simple metric of stellar collapse

Is there a simple metric (Lorentzian manifold) known which exhibits the formation of a black hole while not having any white hole counterpart and which moreover satisfies the strong and dominant ...