# Tagged Questions

A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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### Computing the path of photons near a black hole

For a simulation, I want to compute the path that light follows near a black hole. Non-relativistically, a massive point particle in a central newtonian gravitational field follows either an ellipse, ...
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### View of the sky from inside a black hole

Consider an observer located at radius $r_o$ from a Schwarzschild black hole of radius $r_s$. The observer may be inside the event horizon ($r_o < r_s$). Suppose the observer receives a light ray ...
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### Fast moving black hole with low rest mass [duplicate]

Sorry for probably very stupid questions but.. If the massive body with small mass (one of the twins, for example) accelerates until the speed close to the speed of light, the mass of this body as ...
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### What subatomic particle is a blackhole composed of?

In a black hole, what is the "state" in which the mass that is present is in? Are they there as tightly packed neutron or soup of quark or are particles broken down into 10D strings and coiled as ...
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### Position / velocity / acceleration vs time graphs when falling towards a black hole

In Newtonian physics, as far as I understand it, for a small object falling towards a massive object, the graphs of position, speed and acceleration vs time look like this: (If the massive object ...
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### How does the mass of black holes become so much larger than an average star [duplicate]

How does the mass of black holes become so much larger than the mass of an average star? Since black holes are formed from the collapse of large stars, how come the mass of black holes is of ...
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### Formation of supermassive black holes

Scientists have found very bright source of light which they call quasar and the are found to be supermassive black holes. So these black holes are so massive that they cannot be formed by a supernova....
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### Will a giant ball of protons form a black hole?

Suppose you have enough energy and resources to put together (in a momentarily static configuration in which they are all at rest at the same time) as many protons as you want to form a "proton star". ...
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### What is the Schwarzschild metric with proper radial distance?

Reading the marvellous book "The Membrane Paradigm" I stumbled upon a suggested change of variable that I'm not able to deal with. Starting with the usual Schwarzschild metric for the spatial 3-...
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I'm not a physicist but reading from a few popsci books. I read that Hawking has equations that explain Hawking Radiation precisely, right? Is this equation a proof that the radiation is real or we ...
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### How Smooth is an Event Horizon?

For a non-rotating Black Hole, the event horizon can be described by the Schwarzschild metric as a sphere. Assuming external observer, away from the Black Hole and also assuming that there is no ...
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### Sending someone into the future using the sun?

Ok so for starters, i am not nearly as smart as the least-smart person on here, but I have been reading a lot about all sorts of stuff. We now know that the ability to "send" someone to the future is ...
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### Does the Bekenstein entropy bound present problems for unitarity in cosmological models that invovle a collapse or bounce?

If we expect the Bekenstein bound, or something like it, to hold in a collapsing universe, will that not eventually force us to accept some loss of information, or is there something I'm missing?
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### Big Crunch, then new Big Bang = exact same Universe? [closed]

If after a Big Crunch, the new singularity explodes in a Big Bang, would we get the same Universe all over again? Since black holes retain all the information they've stored, would we get an exact ...
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### Are strings in string theory actually little black holes? [closed]

I sometimes read that strings in string theory are actually little black holes, or can be interpreted that way. Is this true? How is that consistent with that the particle that a string represents ...
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### What is the black hole information paradox really? [closed]

Preliminaries What is the black hole information paradox really? Is it a sophisticated way to ponder and debate the existence of an operator on the boundary that can tease out the interior of a ...
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### Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
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### Wave equation for odd spacetimes and source terms

It seems to be quite common practice, when solving the wave equation in spacetimes with odd topologies or horizons, to decompose the solution into a sum of the various origins (or destinations) of the ...
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### Black hole gravity at bottom (deepest end) [closed]

If black holes are hole in space and time then at bottom or below bottom there is no more gravity of black hole. As any hole has an end (Deepest end). Is this true ? ******** EDIT *********** http:/...
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### What does string theory predict for the singularity inside a black hole?

The usual explanation for what's going on inside a black hole goes something like "General Relativity predicts a singularity with infinite curvature, but when matters gets so tightly compressed we ...
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### How can matter be squeezed extremely dense [duplicate]

I'm fairly new to physics and currently reading A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking. Hawking is talking about black holes being the size of a few miles containing the mass of multiple times the ...
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### Is the new Hawking black hole all about photon launch angles?

The new Jan 2014 Hawking paper (arXiv:1401.5761v1) asserts on page 3: The absence of event horizons means that there are no black holes - in the sense of regimes from which light can't escape to ...
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### How can black holes have electric charge and spin? [duplicate]

If the star's mass supposedly collapses into a single point, and it ends up having "said" zero volume, then how can people say that the hole has a specific spin or that it can have an angular momentum?...
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### Is it possible to push together two charged particles of the same charge hard enough so it becomes a black hole?

My chain of thought is the following: To push together two charges of the same sign you need to do work. The energy spent will be turned into electrostatic potential energy. Can we pump so much ...
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### How close can two extremal black holes with the same charge can get?

Here's a puzzle I have been pondering over. If we have two extremal black holes with the same charge, the electrostatic repulsion between them ought to cancel the gravitational attraction between ...
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### Two charged black holes in equilibrium

Consider a pair of (possibly rotating) charged black holes with masses m1, m2 and like charges q1, q2. It seems that under certain conditions gravitational attraction should exactly cancel ...
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### Overcharging a black hole

Hubeny's 1998 paper got a lot of people interested in determining whether cosmic censorship can be violated by dropping too much charge onto a black hole. It suggested that you might be able to get a ...
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### Does the size of a black hole change depending on its charge or spin?

I was talking to this friend of mine who said that the size of a black hole could vary depending on its "charge" and spin. He said the size of a black hole would reduce if it had a spin or charge. The ...
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### Pumping charged particles (of same charge) into a blackhole

Would would happen if you started pumping charged particles of same charge into a black hole? Let's assume that you have an infinite number of those charged particles. What will happen to the event ...
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### If I fall into an evaporating black hole, where do I end up?

This question has been bothering me for a while. I have a crude hypothesis... As I understand it, an observer falling into a black hole will cross the event horizon at some specific future (proper) ...
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### What is black hole spin?

First of, congrats to the people at LIGO. In this article, the BBC notes that the latest LIGO results show that a new black hole was formed with a spin of $0.2$ (dimensionless number). What exactly ...
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### Is there a center of gravity in black hole?

I've come across this particular gif "http://i.imgur.com/AOCqg5j.gifv" If you can see the above gif, you can see the two perfectly spherical black holes merge together forming a single larger ...
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### How to find tetrads corresponding to a given metric?

In General Relativity, sometimes doing calculations with a set of orthonormal tetrads $h^{a}_{\mu}$ where $h^{a}_{\mu}$$h^{b}_{\nu}$$\eta_{ab}=g_{\mu\nu}$ for some metric $g_{\mu\nu}$ is easier ...
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### Why do stars having mass less than 3 X mass of sun do not collapse into a black hole

Why do stars having mass less than 3 X mass of sun do not collapse into black holes?? Is there a way to find out the radius of a black hole if we know the mass of the parent star and vice versa??
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### Why is the photon-sphere around a Kerr Black Hole spherical and not ellipsoid?

Kerr Black Holes have usually (excluding extrema $a=0$, $a=1$) due to their spinning activity an ellipsoidal ergosphere. So why does the photon-sphere does not have an ellipsoidal form? http://...
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### Does gravitational waves add mass to black hole?

Due to the recent discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO I was wondering suppose a black hole stood between a gravitational wave then due to the fact that black hole can attract every thing then ...
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### The inside of of a black hole

I am looking for a confirmation (or correction) of my thinking about the nature of the black holes. As I am not a physicist and only a physics enthusiast, my understanding is probably very simplified ...
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### What is the maximum time dilation factor when orbiting a rotating black hole?

Suppose one spaceship is stably orbiting a rotating black hole and another is far away from the black hole. What is the maximum time dilation factor between the two ships? Can it be made arbitrarily ...
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### Is there high ring-down frequencies in LIGO's recent discovery?

This question is from Physics overflow: question in physicsoverflow. I am reading LIGO's new discovery of gravitational waves by black hole merger. During the merger, two phases are not hard to ...
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### How does the mass of a black hole varies?

Is there any change of the mass of a black hole if time passes ? As it absorb any mass near it, will the mass of the black hole gets increased, or as it radiates energy, will the mass of it gets ...
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### Why does Ligo's second detection of gravitational waves and a black hole merger look absolutely nothing like the first? [closed]

Why does Ligo's reported second detection of gravitational waves and a black hole merger look absolutely nothing like the first detection announced in Februaray? Here is the data from the first LIGO ...
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### AdS Black holes

How is the mass of the black hole defined in a asymptotcally AdS solution of the black hole? How can I find it? Beacause in asymptotcally flat solution I can read it from the $g_{tt}$ component of the ...
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### Do black holes exert an infinite amount of energy at the event horizon?

An interesting thought crossed my mind when reading about Hawkings' apparent horizon theory. If we assume that event horizons do actually exist, it would seem that black holes violate basic laws of ...
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### What is the relation between orbital velocity and escape velocity in strongly relativistic situations?

For practical purposes, I'm considering a non-rotating black hole or neutron star, because I find Kerr black holes a little confusing. The ratio between orbital velocity and escape velocity in ...
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### Black hole simulation

NASA published a computer generated black hole image. In the image you can clearly see the event horizon and the light of background stars graduating from "smeared" to normal. However, between the ...
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### Can black holes grow via accretion of dark matter particles?

I'm assuming that the answer to the question in the title is a resounding yes. Since Baryonic matter and dark matter interact via gravitational forces. If this is the case how is information not lost ...
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### If the speed of light is constant, why can't it escape a black hole?

When speed is the path traveled in a given time and the path is constant, as it is for $c$, why can't light escape a black hole? It may take a long time to happen but shouldn't there be some light ...
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### What does this depiction of a black hole in the movie Interstellar mean?

I was expecting a whirlpool in 3D and the matter glowing from friction as it nears the center, as I expected a event horizon to be negligible visually. How does this depiction work? How big is the ...