A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Is the difference between an event horizon and a singularity merely perspective?

I know the question has been asked about how an event horizon is distinguishable from a singularity given that time must come to a stop at the event horizon, but I haven't been fully satisfied by the ...
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How close would you have to be to the merger of two black holes, for the effects of gravitational waves to be detected without instruments?

Assume two black holes in the most common size range, spiraling into each other until they merge. The event releases significant amounts of energy via gravitational waves, which warp the space-time. ...
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Event horizons without singularities

Someone answered this question by saying that black hole entropy conditions and no-hair theorems are asymptotic in nature -- the equations give an ideal solution which is approached quickly but never ...
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What is the covariant basis around a Schwarzschild black hole?

First of all, I'm not interested in time for this question. So lets consider a 3-manifold whose metric is the spatial part of the Schwarzschild metric, so it has the event horizon and the singularity ...
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What happens to photons that get trapped in a black holes event horizon?

So, I know that photons do not travel fast enough to escape a black hole once it passes the event horizon. Also, I know that the photons themselves aren't affected by the gravity, but rather their ...
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Which way do black hole jets spin?

The centers of black holes and quasars often have jets coming out the two poles of an accretion disk, say north and south. Is it known if the two jets spin in the same direction or opposite ...
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Are empty black holes possible

When just considering GR without evaporation nor QM, is an empty (containing no matter or anything) black hole possible ? Let's say that there is only GR and nothing else (no matter or boson fields), ...
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Calculate the mass of a Schwarzchild black hole with Komar integral

In Wald's GR, Komar integral is Eq. (11.2.9): $$M=-\frac{1}{8\pi}\int_S\epsilon_{abcd}\nabla^c\xi^d$$ $S$ can be chosen as a 2-sphere, the boundary of a spacelike hypersurface $\Sigma$ such that the ...
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Interstellar Movie: Black hole shown in the movie [duplicate]

In the interstellar movie, the black hole shown has a ring of light orbiting around it. From what I know, (correct me if I'm wrong) that light is unable to escape the gravity of the blackhole and ...
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72 views

Is it possible to have a black hole in empty space?

If the escape velocity of two very massive objects is near the speed of light, and those objects are orbiting each other (let's ignore the Roche limit for this exercise), is it possible that the ...
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Could Hyper-Massive Black Holes be due to Dark Matter in the Early Universe?

An interesting discussion started here: Is there a limit as to how fast a black hole can grow? I am curious if Thompson Scattering and Eddington Luminosity have the same effect on Dark Matter (or ...
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Gravitational waves as information carriers

Is it possible to utilize gravitational waves as a delivery system for information between two observers straddling the event horizon of a black hole? And why ?
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Is there a limit as to how fast a black hole can grow?

Astronomers find ancient black hole 12 billion times the size of the Sun. According to the article above, we observe this supermassive black hole as it was 900 million years after the formation of ...
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What is the reasoning behind the idea that light cannot escape from a black hole? [duplicate]

According to the definition, light cannot escape from a black hole. How did scientists deduce that light cannot escape from a black hole?
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Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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How do we determine the mass of a black hole?

Since by definition we cannot observe black holes directly, how do astronomers determine the mass of a black hole? What observational techniques are there that would allow us to determine a black ...
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What is the speed of light after it has entered a black hole?

I was just thinking about this the other day. Given Einstein's Relativity etc. assigning the cosmic "speed limit" the value of $c=299792458\:\frac{m}{s}$, we know that the event horizon is the point ...
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Is dark energy around a black hole locally curved?

The repartition of dark energy in the vacuum is homogeneous all over the universe. The diagram below represents space with a black hole in the middle. The square is divided in small unit squares. If ...
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Are black holes hot?

If no light can escape black holes, in my mind they would act as a greenhouse, collecting radiation from the stars or CMB or anything. Or is all this energy just absorbed by the black hole?
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Can a sufficiently large black hole be singularity-free?

This came to me after reading that a black-hole that has the mass of the observable universe will also have an event horizon that covers the observable universe. Since the definition of a black hole ...
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Where does information go if thermodynamic death?

Often read that until Hawking the black holes were introducing a problem with information. Allegedly information should be unable disappear, while this was happening in classic black holes. What ...
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How can Maxwell's Demon erase information while a black hole can not?

It is stated, that information can't disappear even in black holes. On the other hand, it is stated, that mystic beings, like Maxwell demons, can easily erase any information if they just pay with ...
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Would a black hole's rotational axis precess in orbit around the sun?

The earth rotates, and its axis of rotation precesses due to the gravitational pull of the sun and moon and other planets upon the mass of the earth. If an earth-sized, rotating black hole was in ...
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Boyer–Lindquist coordinates

In the Kerr solution to the vacuum Einstein Equation written in Boyer–Lindquist coordinates. Because it is not spherical polar coordinates, $r$ ranges from 0 to infinity does not cover all the space, ...
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Is the $\alpha'$ expansion in string theory an asymptotic expansion?

The low-energy bosonic effective actions of string theory lead to Einstein-Hilbert gravity, along with scalars and $p$-form Maxwell fields. For example, the action for type IIA string theory is $S = ...
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Are electrons miniature black holes? [duplicate]

For something to be a blackhole, it must have gravity and the radius must be smaller than the schwarzschild radius for its mass. -Electrons have gravity -Electron are theoretically believed to be ...
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How dense and compact would Kepler-5b need to be to become a black hole

How dense and compact does Kepler-5b need to be to become a black hole ?
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Quarks falling in a black hole?

All I know about quarks is that they make up protons and neutrons and you can't really pull a quark pair apart, you just end up with 2 quark pairs because of all the energy you added becomes 2 new ...
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Calculation, radius of Saggriatus A* (SMBH) , Error in Wikipedia?

The parameter Schwarzschild Radius of Saggriatus A* is given in Wiki by 2.08×1015 (~0.2 ly) see in Parameters http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwarzschild_radius However, when I do the calculation ...
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Spacetime geometry around two black holes

For space-time geometry we all know images like he one below. But if I were to take a neutron star and put it right next to but not touching a black hole what effect would that have on the geometry of ...
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Pumping charged particles (of same charge) into a blackhole

Would would happen if you started pumping charged particles of same charge into a black hole? Let's assume that you have an infinite number of those charged particles. What will happen to the event ...
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Topology of a black hole

How many dimensions are theorized for a black hole, in view of the fact that black holes are not observed directly.
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61 views

The ever increasing pull of a black hole

If something is caught in the pull of a black hole and keeps accelerating it can't keep accelerating with no limits or else it would accelerate beyond c. So is there a limit on how fast acceleration ...
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What does this depiction of a black hole in the movie Interstellar mean?

I was expecting a whirlpool in 3D and the matter glowing from friction as it nears the center, as I expected a event horizon to be negligible visually. How does this depiction work? How big is the ...
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281 views

Why does the Ricci tensor vanishes in Schwarzschild metric? [duplicate]

If the Schwarzschild metric is suppose to describe the behaviour of a spherical object in flat space, so the Schwarzschild is different from the flat metric because it describes curved space so why ...
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Do neutrinos of any flavor get trapped in black holes?

This question has been bothering me a bit. I know that neutrinos have super small mass and they interact via the weak force. Since they have a non-zero mass, they should be affected by black holes and ...
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How could the “Big Bang” singularity have actually expanded? [duplicate]

We have mountains of evidence about singularities and how they work, and we have mountains of evidence that the "Big Bang" was the origin of the universe as we know it. But if compressing enough ...
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Why can't no particle rotate opposite to the central mass within the ergosphere?

Wiki says about the Kerr metric: A moving particle experiences a positive proper time along its worldline, its path through spacetime. However, this is impossible within the ergosphere, where ...
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Big Bang snuffed by a black hole?

Wasn't the density of the universe at the moment after the Big Bang so great as to create a black hole? If the answer is that the universe/space-time can expand anyway what does it imply about what ...
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Given that matter cannot escape a black hole, how did the big bang produce the universe we see today?

Extrapolation of the expansion of the Universe backwards in time using general relativity yields an infinite density and temperature at a finite time in the past. If the matter contained within our ...
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Eternal Black Hole: Connection with White Holes

What is the connection between an eternal black hole and a white hole? No prior knowledge of general relativity.
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Penrose diagram (Reissner-Nordstrom metric)

I try to derive the Penrose diagram for the Reissner-Nordstrom metric $$ \text d s^2 = -\frac{(r-r_+)(r-r_-)}{r^2}\text d t^2 + \frac{r^2}{(r-r_+)(r-r_-)}\text d r^2 + r^2 \text d \Omega^2\;,\qquad ...
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White Hole Formation and Queries

How do white holes form? Why are they called the "time-reversed" versions of a black hole? What's an "eternal" black hole? How come a white hole is only encountered if you remove the star from the ...
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What am I missing in this thought experiment about a black hole?

I've got a problem setting up a general relativity (GR) thought experiment. Thanks for your help! I'm the observer, in a lab that is falling through the event horizon of a black hole, observing a ...
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How close can an observer approach the black hole in an unpowered flyby without falling into it?

In classical mechanics by choosing the right trajectory you can approach a planet arbitrarily closely, if there is no atmosphere or anything to slow you down, you can approach the surface then fly ...
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Why singularity in a black hole, and not just “very dense”?

Why does there have to be a singularity in a black hole, and not just a very dense lump of matter of finite size? If there's any such thing as granularity of space, couldn't the "singularity" be just ...
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60 views

White Hole Formation [duplicate]

How does a white hole form in nature if it were to exist? No knowledge of general relativity or advanced mathematics but doing a researching a physics project and need a basic explanation.
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186 views

Really nothing special when falling into a black hole?

It has been said time and again, that an observer who falls into a black hole will not notice anything special. Is this really true? There is of course the problem with the tidal forces, but I ...
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209 views

No hair theorem and black hole entropy

The no hair theorem says that black holes rapidly converge to a state that is completely described just by their mass, spin and charge. Black hole thermodynamics says that the black hole entropy is ...
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Does compression of matter increase gravity?

Black holes are thought to originate when a star burns out and collapses to a smaller physical size. This compresses it's matter, but would that increase it's gravity? And would it be enough to ...