A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Thermal radiation in the Unruh Effect

The following formula has been given in 't Hooft's black holes notes ($|\Omega \rangle$ is the vacuum state of Minkowski space, O is a operator): $$\langle \Omega| O|\Omega \rangle = \sum_{n \ge 0} ...
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Gravitational field strength and Horizon in Rindler coordinates

I came across the following statements in 't Hooft's black holes notes, but not being able to justify them. The metric in the Rindler coordinates $x=\tilde{x}, y=\tilde{y}, z= \rho \cosh{\tau}, t= ...
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Graviton through the horizon and force felt outside a black hole [duplicate]

Gravitational force is mediated by graviton exchange. If I am standing outside a black hole, I can of course feel the attracting force towards the black hole. This should correspond to gravitons ...
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What do the components of light velocity look like in polar coordinates?

The Schwarzschild solution makes use of polar coordinates, and I'm wondering how the different components of velocity of light change with the position. Might I get some examples of light velocity ...
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Is a dynamical extension of non-commutative black holes feasible?

Non-commutative (sometimes called "fuzzy") black holes are solutions of Einstein's equations obtained with a previous basic assumption of non-commutativity of the coordinates $[x^{\mu},x^{\nu}]=i\, ...
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Pair production intefering with gamma-ray laser black hole fabrication

A common "proposal" to make a micro black hole is to use on the order of 10^12 kg of gamma-ray lasing medium and focus all the light at a small point. However, intense light will interact with itself ...
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Singularities in Schwarzchild space-time

Can anyone explain when a co-ordinate and geometric singularity arise in Schwarzschild space-time with the element $$ ...
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Magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line

Here's the reference: The researchers showed that a magnetic field-pulsed microwave transmission line containing an array of superconducting quantum interference devices, or SQUIDs, not only ...
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Black hole entropy from collapsed entangled pure light

Consider the following scenario, very similar to the one proposed in this question, but this time, the pure quantum radiation used for the black hole collapse, is now being split with down-converter ...
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Can a black hole actually grow, from the point of view of a distant observer? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Black hole formation as seen by a distant observer I've read in several places that from the PoV of a distant observer it will take an infinite amount of time for new ...
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Does black hole complementarity apply to white holes?

If physics is time reversal invariant, there ought to be white hole complimentarity as well. Imagine a white hole so enormous that it is possible for life to evolve entirely within it for billions of ...
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How complete is our understanding of general-relativistic solutions for extremal black holes?

Putting aside quantum mechanics (or at least putting aside the question of fermions), is our knowledge of extremal General-Relativity solutions good enough that we would be able to rule out a ...
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Will perfect black hole apply force on matter?

While standing on a planet its gravitation force is noticeable and manifests only through the normal force, e.g. if jupiter had rocky surface, standing on the surface will apply about 2.5 times more ...
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Gamma-ray bursts: A supernova connection

Can the gamma ray bursts connected to a new supernova prevent the black hole from forming? Quoting the abstract of the linked reference "...has become clear that probably all long GRBs are ...
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Do all black holes spin in the same direction?

My question is as stated above, do all black holes spin the same direction? To my knowledge, the spin in the direction of the spin of the matter that created them. Another similar question was asked ...
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Travelling through a worm hole

In every documentary I've seen about worm holes, I have noticed that they usually say that according to the General Theory of Relativity, there could exist worm holes called traversable wormholes; ...
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Why isn't the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy considered the quantum gravitational unification?

Based on the Bekenstein-Hawking Equation for Entropy, hasn't the relationship between quantum mechanics and gravity already been established.
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Are there experiments that are banned from being done at the LHC?

Are there experiments that are banned from being done at the LHC because they are too dangerous?
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Can every particle be regarded as being a combination of Black holes and White holes?

Can the statement be regarded as true? That every particle, or element in the universe can be regarded as a combination of black hole and white hole in variable proportion.
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Speed of light originating from a star with gravitational pull close to black-hole strength?

Imagine you have a star which is on the brink of turning into a black hole. Lets say it is infinitely close to become a black hole, but not there yet. Since there is no event horizon, but a great ...
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What generates such a huge amount of gravitational attraction in a black hole?

I had been fascinated to hear that anything can be swallowed by a black hole. But what causes such a huge amount of gravitational force?
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What would happen to the Moon if Earth is turned into a black hole?

Assume that all of sudden the Earth is turned into a black hole. And the moon revolves around the Earth (before turning into a black hole). What would happen to the Moon after earth changes to black ...
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If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does gravity escape a black hole? If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? I mean, Einstein's relativity ...
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How can Maxwell's Demon erase information while a black hole can not?

It is stated, that information can't disappear even in black holes. On the other hand, it is stated, that mystic beings, like Maxwell demons, can easily erase any information if they just pay with ...
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Are electrons miniature black holes? [duplicate]

For something to be a blackhole, it must have gravity and the radius must be smaller than the schwarzschild radius for its mass. -Electrons have gravity -Electron are theoretically believed to be ...
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Shape of accretion disk surrounding the black hole in Interstellar (film) [duplicate]

There is a black hole, called Gargantua, featured in the recent blockbuster Interstellar. I understand why the accretion disk is bright (friction), but why does it seem to be flowing in two ...
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If you flew into a black hole

Would you outlive everyone? I'm coming from the point of view that time would be experienced more slowly (although not from your point of view) the denser the gravity gets.
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How can we detect a black hole? [duplicate]

If black holes are phenomena of very high density (gravitational singularities) which don't emit radiation how can we detect them so far away from us where so much other radiation can hide the black ...
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Where do black holes go?

According to many physicist what ever goes near to a black hole is pulled by it sucked up in a parallel universe. As far as i know black holes are also made up of material particles as any other thing ...
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What is the reasoning behind the idea that light cannot escape from a black hole? [duplicate]

According to the definition, light cannot escape from a black hole. How did scientists deduce that light cannot escape from a black hole?
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Schwarzschild Radius vs Gravitational Pull? Error in Model?

I am a middle-school student who for fun has designed an simulation of gravity that finds the gravitational pull & then the Schwarzschild radius of the object, I have tested the program (coded in ...
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How Can Anything Escape A Supermassive Black Hole?

Some of my questions haven't been well received, because I seem like I'm challenging well respected theories without having done the proper university training and study. I have been studying this ...
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71 views

What is the mass required for a star to have the gravity equivalent to a black hole?

At what mass does the light from stars ( I am talking about stars and not black holes) fail to escape the star's gravity? Is it the same (minimum) mass required for an object to be called a black ...
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453 views

Can negative energy explain black holes?

I think black holes are peculiar and I want to know if there is a relation to negative energy. Does negative energy have positive mass and therefore can explain the nature of black holes? IS there any ...
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How could the “Big Bang” singularity have actually expanded? [duplicate]

We have mountains of evidence about singularities and how they work, and we have mountains of evidence that the "Big Bang" was the origin of the universe as we know it. But if compressing enough ...
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Black Holes and Light [duplicate]

It is said that photons have zero rest mass so how can gravitational force of a black hole affect light? And if photons do have some effective mass while traveling at speed of light then only can a ...
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Charged particle singularity

Is it possible to manipulate magnetic/electric fields, similar to magnetic confinement technologies/penning traps, to compress charged particles into black holes?
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Is the acceleration at the event horizon of a black hole independent of the magnitude of its radius?

Is the acceleration of a free-falling observer at the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole the same regardless of the numerical value of the radius (i.e. outside of a black hole, is the acceleration ...
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Temperatures at extreme densities

Cosmology (and astrophysics) talk about the "initial singularity" (IS, became the big bang) and "black hole singularities" (BS, inside black holes), and these appear to be quite different: The IS is ...
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Can we create a small black hole? [duplicate]

Suppose we create very large spherical body by using gamma rays generator and they will concentrate on a single point at the centre of sphere.We will place this spherical body thousands of kms above ...
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Gravity in the center of a hollow neutron star [duplicate]

Imagine a hollow 100 metre diameter (for example) sphere made of incredible dense material (ie neutron star dust etc) but is self supporting (ie the central cavity). Assuming that the sphere skin is ...
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Spacetime around a Black Hole

If we consider the sun, then space-time is curve around it. My question is that what is the kind of curvature of space and time around the black hole. Is that space and time more curved around the ...
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Can a free falling observer localize the event horizon by calculations?

I'm think that in general relativity we can always pass the one curve in one coordinate system for another coordinate system. My intuition say that the free falling observer locate the event horizon ...
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Eternal Black Holes

What is the definition of an eternal black hole? Studying white holes and the term appears in relation to this field of research.
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Does the sun have a black hole inside of it?

The Schwarzschild radius of the sun is approx. 3 km. It would be a black hole if all the mass of it were within the 3km. However, even with the mass spread out couldn't the sun technically have a or ...
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On which basis we think there is something more than just super dense matter in black holes?

Apparently physicists think that there is something inside black holes. Like a new universe or a link between dimension... But for me a black hole is no more than supermassive supercompacted matter. ...
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Quantum uncertainty of a singularity: A Black Hole Problem

A black hole in GR seems to have a sharply defined radius. Of zero, that is since all the mass has been compressed into the infinitely dense center point. However, shouldn't the fuzziness of quantum ...
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Size of black hole

I am wondering about size of black hole. How is it possible that we have black holes of different sizes? As I know the singularity is point which is infinite small and is infinite dense. So my ...
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Black Hole gravity pull [duplicate]

Please I want to Know that if the radius of the black hole = 0 then how it have its surface and how it absorbs things? $$\begin{align} g &= \frac{Gm}{0^2} \\ &= \infty \end{align}$$ then ...
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Would gravity on the surface of a planet which is being consumed by a black hole change?

Assuming that the black hole starts grow in the exact center of the planet and that the general structure of the planet does not degrade as it is eaten from the inside, would the gravity on the ...