A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Are black holes stationary?

If light/energy with zero mass hits the speed limit, are black holes with infinite density at a universal standstill with everything moving relative to them? Am I barking up the wrong tree as they ...
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Seeing The Light in a Black Hole

I assume if light can't escape a black hole, then light is in a black hole. Does the light 'shine' inside a black hole
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Firewall's grandfather paradox

See What are cosmological "firewalls"?. Alice is in freefall in her spacecraft just above the horizon of a gigantic black hole. She measures whether or not the near modes of the horizon ...
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188 views

Light orbiting a massive body [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a photon be made to orbit a known (or undiscovered theoretical) body? How massive would a black hole have to be for light to orbit it at 1km away from the ...
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picture of newtonian gravity and black hole

We assume that the earth planet is a black hole. When a light beam is fired. The only way that even light can move is A and B which means this is impossible that light move on other ways C, D, E ...
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Learning about predicted interactions between black holes and tachyons

I'm a hobbyist reader/student looking for some reading material on the predicted effects of tachyons and black holes (or other ultra-high gravity wells). Are there any good links or references people ...
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Is it possible to assign a physical radius to a black hole?

The Schwarzschild metric is given by: $$c^2d\tau^2 = \left(1-\frac{r_s}{r}\right)c^2 dt^2-\left(1-\frac{r_s}{r}\right)^{-1}dr^2 - r^2 \left(d\theta^2 + \sin^2 \theta \, d\varphi^2\right).$$ The ...
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No Hair systems and black hole entropy

To my understanding, a black hole is a no hair system. So it can be described just by its mass, spin and charge. In other words it does not differentiate where its mass comes from, so it could be made ...
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Viewing a Time-Dilated Space

I'm fascinated by space and physics but not exactly well-versed in them, so I'll try to keep this question as simple as possible. Imagine a person acting as an observer in a room with two large ...
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Gravity at event horizon [duplicate]

To find the gravity at Schwarzschild radius of a black hole, I used the below equations. Assuming escape velocity at event horizon is speed of light c and M is the mass of the black hole $$ v_e = ...
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Increase in momentum of a particle falling into a black hole

From the point of view of an external observer at a fixed distance above a black hole, the linear momentum a free falling particle increases exponentially with Schwarzchild time. (This happens when ...
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Does light slow down (for an external observer) as it approaches the event horizon?

As I understand, for an external observer nothing even enters a black hole because it takes infinite time in his frame of reference for something to actually reach the event horizon. I also read that ...
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Do all the spacelike curve terminate at the spatial infinity $i_0$ in the Penrose Diagram of a Schwarzchild black hole?

Let's restrict to the radial direction, so the metric can be expressed as $ds^2=-(1-r_S/r)dt^2+(1-r_S/r)^{-1}dr^2$ with $r_S$ the Schwarzchild radius. Expressed in Kruskal coordinates, the metric is ...
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Speed of light/quasar [duplicate]

If the gravitational pull of a black hole is strong enough to stop the speed of light from leaving it , then wouldn't a quasar have to travel faster than the speed of light, at some point, to break ...
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Is the gravitational acceleration at the event horizon constant?

If the escape velocity at the event horizon of a black hole is equal to the speed of light, does this imply that the gravitational acceleration at the event horizon is also constant? For example, ...
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Is this answer stating that an external observer can see a black hole mass grow, correct? [duplicate]

Is this answer from here stating that an external observer can see a black hole mass grow, correct? This question (is an external observer can ever see the mass of a black hole increase--motivated ...
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It's about black holes [duplicate]

If is was to stand deep inside the center of a black hole and was to point a light gun straight up at the center of the event horizon, would the beam of light make it out of the black hole?
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Extracting something from Schwarzschild metric

In Papapertrou's lecture book on General Relativity he said in p 137 that from the metric $$ ds^2= e^\nu dt^2-e^\mu dr^2 -r^2(d\theta^2 +\sin^2\theta d\phi^2)$$ one deduces that $$\sqrt{-g} ...
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de Sitter–Schwarzschild metric in the Kretschmann Gravity?

The Kretschmann Gravity (Gauss-Bonnet Gravity,Lovelock Gravity) results when the Ricci scalar is replaced by the Kretschmann invariant in the Lagrangian of the General Relativity. We consider here a ...
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Schwarzschild metric in Isotropic coordinates

As one wants to jump to Isotropic coordinates in order to write the Schwarzschild metric in terms of them, one does this coordinate transformation: $$r=r'(1+\frac{M}{2r'})^2$$ So we start with the ...
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Loop quantum gravity- is the critical density sufficient to form a 'black hole'?

I think in loop quantum gravity the rate of expansion of the universe is found from: $H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\rho\left(1-\frac{\rho}{\rho_c}\right)$ And I was wondering whether the critical density ...
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Information of things inside a black hole [duplicate]

Can we get the information of things that are gone in black hole?
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Blackholes gravity, why it has effect outside the event horizon? [duplicate]

If gravity is a curvature of space time, and the event horizon is the collapse of this curvature on itself, then if the blackhole gets more matter after it is formed we should see no effect at all ...
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Size of objects and variations in brightness?

My textbook says talking about Cygnus X-1 (the first black hole to be identified as such) has variations in brightens of the order of 0.01 seconds and that this means that it's dimeter must be on the ...
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I would like to know, what would happen if a primordial black hole mass of Earth, would impact with the Earth [duplicate]

Sorry for any mistakes, I'm Italian Hello everyone, I'm writing a novel, in which the Earth is devastated by enormous geological cataclysms (something like the end of the world), and to implement my ...
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Wormholes with event horizons?

Under General Relativity, Lorentzian wormholes (the kind that are traversable) require exotic matter (a kind of unobtainium which is not known to exist). On the other hand, we know black holes exists ...
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Do calculations support the idea that our universe should be a black hole? [duplicate]

In "The Physics of Star Trek" by Lawrence M. Krauss, he mentions that our universe, by all calculations, should actually be a black hole. I read it a while ago, but I think he mentioned that the mass ...
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hawking radiation [duplicate]

My question is regarding Hawking Radiation and its effect on black hole. Now as we know that particle and particle pairs create at every place in space and it is true near black hole horizon. Then why ...
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Why does Hawking Radiation not add up to zero? [duplicate]

First off: I am not familiar with the details of quantum mechanics or relativity. My understanding of Hawking radiation is as follows: Pairs of particles and anti-particles can and will spontaneously ...
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Was the mass of the universe the same when it first began as it is now? [duplicate]

I've heard that the big bang began in all places at once, but my physics teacher told my class that the universe was all once compressed into a single dense piece of matter. If my physics teacher is ...
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Photons and Black holes

How many photons in one Planck volume would it take to form a tiny black hole? A photon doesn't have mass but it does have energy, $1.0101 \times 10^{-37}$ Joule for red $650$ nm wavelength light if ...
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Primordial black hole: how dense does matter need to be to feed it?

Primordial black holes are a dark matter candidate. Suppose you put a primordial black hole the mass of an asteroid in Earth's core. Will it grow? NO! The black hole will be on the order of a proton ...
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What's Polarization in case of Blazars' emission?

It's known that the emission from Blazars is highly polarized. WHat does that mean? Is it simply another way of stating that blazars have highly collimated and beamed emission?
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Lorentz transformed Scharwzschild solution

A question that has always intrigued me is: "Imagine a star moving as it evolves into a black hole, Ignore the effect of debris from the supernova. Assume also that before the collapse, the star was ...
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Do early-time black-hole infallers ruin effective field theory at the horizon for late-time observers?

I have an elementary confusion about black hole physics. The standard consensus is that if I fall into a black hole, at the horizon I don't see any violations of effective field theory for a large ...
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Has the Reissner-Nordstrom metric ever been experimentally verified?

In contrast to the solution of the conventional Reissner-Nordstrom problem, where the Schwarzschild metric takes on an additional $1/r^2$ term due to the added electric charge, P. Mannheim has in ...
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Timelike Shell Collapsing into a Black Hole

Does anyone know where I can find the solution for a spherically symmetric thin shell of timelike matter falling into a Schwarzschild black hole? The matter should be pressureless, so that each ...
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Does a black hole singularity last essentially no intrinsic time? [duplicate]

Reading an interesting article on a recent ArXiv paper by Carlo Rovelli and Francesca Vidotto on so-called Planck stars, at https://medium.com/the-physics-arxiv-blog/6cf7ec0ed28b I was struck by the ...
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How is matter stored in black hole?

A black hole engulfs the matter nearby, how does it store the mass inside? We know that matter is composed of particles, does a black hole store the mass in massive particles? Or can we assume that ...
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Is it possible to imagine micro blackhole set creating hawking radiation soliton convergence that forms new micro black hole?

Is it possible to imagine micro blackhole set creating hawking radiation soliton convergence that forms new micro black hole? If so, is there a configuration of micro black hole that would loop?
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Is the black hole surface area actually zero?

From quantum mechanics we know that entropy of a part can be smaller than the entropy of the whole. I wonder whether a similar rule works for GR as well. Quantum mechanics predicts that the entropy ...
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34 views

Why is it more likely that the particle with negative mass falls into a black hole? [duplicate]

If particle-antiparticle pairs pop into existence at the event horizon, and presumably their orientation to the black hole is random, why is it the particle with negative mass is more often (always?) ...
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interaction of mathematical structures (rephrased) [duplicate]

From a physicist's perspective there are several situations in which somehow arbitrary choices of mathematical structures can be made. One can describe a system from different perspectives, etc. ...
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Deriving 'frame dragging' in elliptical coordinates?

I'm currently trying to derive the equation that demonstrates 'frame dragging'. I am familiar (of sorts) with the Kerr metric, but I am most comfortable working in cartesian/elliptical coordinates? ...
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How many how many planck areas would capture of a resting electron add to the surface of a black hole?

In other words, what is the 'information content' of an electron (or of other supposedly elementary particles for that matter) as revealed by their effects on black hole horizon area?
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x-rays from dark matter accretion into a supermassive black hole?

I understand that accretion of normal matter into a super-massive black hole leads to x-ray emissions. Is the same effect expected to occur for dark matter accretion into a supermassive black hole? ...
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Schwarzchild radius of a star with solar mass 30? [duplicate]

I am currently trying to determine the Schwarzchild radius of a star with solar mass 30. I am calculating it both with respect to solar mass, and w.r.t kilograms, however I am getting conflicting ...
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Does space expand locally without restriction in freefall to central region of black hole?

It is often stated that a distant observer will observe a freefalling object as experiencing an infinite journey to the event horizon, but that a traveler in the local frame will experience a ...
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How to use The Schwarzchild Metric formula to get distribution representing “free-fall”

Given formula: How I can use to calculate distribution of points in space, so if i choose path which contains most of the points I get path that close to "free-fall path". As far as I know i should ...
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How much extra distance to a CERN event horizon? [duplicate]

How much extra distance would a scientist have to travel to get to the event horizon of a mini black hole if they ever make one?