A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Black-holes are in which state of matter?

Wikipedia says, A black hole grows by absorbing everything nearby, during its life-cycle. By absorbing other stars, objects, and by merging with other black-holes, they could form supermassive ...
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Maximal kinetic energy due to gravitational attraction

Two related questions: Small object of mass $m$ is falling into the supermassive black hole of mass $M$. What is the maximal kinetic energy can be acquired by the small object, from the point of ...
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Angular momentum of a rotating black hole

Is there an upper limit to the angular momentum of a rotating (Kerr) black hole?
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Is it possible for a black hole to form for an observer at spatial infinity?

To my knowledge if you calculate the coordinate time (time experienced by an observer at spatial infinity) it takes an infinite amount of time for an object to fall past the horizon of a Schwarzschild ...
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Why isn't Hawking radiation frozen on the boundary, like in-falling matter?

From the perspective of a far-away observer, matter falling into a black hole never crosses the boundary. Why doesn't a basic symmetry argument prove that Hawking radiation is therefore also frozen on ...
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Why do photons add mass to a black hole?

Why do photons add mass to a black hole? When photons are taken irreversibly into a black hole does the mass of the BH increase?
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How can black holes have gravity? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does gravity escape a black hole? How can gravity get out of a black hole? If a black hole is so powerful that even light does not travel fast enough to get out, and ...
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black hole event horizon [closed]

Given gravitational time dilation, under what conditions will a test particle cross an event horizon before the black hole evaporates? Assume zero background radiation.
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Hawking radiation and black hole entropy

Is black hole entropy, computed by means of quantum field theory on curved spacetime, the entropy of matter degrees of freedom i.e. non-gravitational dofs? What is one actually counting?
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Can anything come out from the big bang?

If any configuration of matter can fall into a black hole and hit the singularity, and ditto for the big crunch, and there is time reversal CPT invariance, does it mean anything can pop out of the ...
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How does nature prevent transient toroidal event horizons?

How does nature prevent transient toroidal event horizons?.. and does it really need to? Steps to construct a (transient) toroidal event horizon in a asymptotically flat Minkowski spacetime: take a ...
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What is the escape velocity of a Black Hole?

The escape velocity of Earth is $v=\sqrt{\frac {2GM}{R}}$, where $M$ is the mass of the Earth and $R$ it's radius (approximating it as a sphere), and is much less than light speed $c$. But I want to ...
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event horizons are untraversable by observers far from the collapse?

Consider this a followup question of this one In the classical schwarszchild solution with an eternal black hole, the user falls through the event horizon in finite local time, but this event does ...
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Where 2 comes from in formula for Schwarzschild radius?

In general theory of relativity I've seen several times this factor: $$(1-\frac{2GM}{rc^2}),$$ e.g. in the Schwarzschild metric for a black hole, but I still don't know in this factor where 2 comes ...
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Hawking radiation from point of view of a falling observer

This paper tells that Hawking claimed that the falling to a black hole observer will not detect any radiation. But only because the frequency of the Hawking radiation will be of the order $1/R_s$ so ...
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Will the Big Rip tear black holes apart?

There seems to be an obvious contradiction between the predictions of the physics of black holes and the Big Rip, a predicted event about 16.7 Gyr in the future where local groups, galaxies, solar ...
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What is the mechanism for fast scrambling of information by black holes?

Sekino and Susskind have argued that black holes scramble information faster than any quantum field theory in this paper. What is the mechanism for such scrambling?
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Is mass of the parent star is equal to the mass of the born blackhole

I want to know whether mass of the black hole which has born from a star is similar to its parent star or not. whether the born black hole will have high or low mass comparing to its parent star. ...
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Why are white holes the same thing as black holes in quantum gravity?

Why are white holes the same thing as black holes in quantum gravity? Their Penrose diagrams in semiclassical gravity are utterly different.
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What is the speed for an object that travel close to the speed of light?

I have some questions regarding Einsteins theory of Relativity that should be fairly easy to answer. Lets say we make an experiment where we have a rocket (with an astronaut inside) that travels very ...
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Is the Chern-Simons integral of gauge fields over black hole singularities zero?

Suppose we have an evaporating black hole and a nonabelian Yang-Mills theory with a $\theta$ topological term. This counts the total number of instantons minus antiinstantons. Consider the total ...
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Does black hole complementarity apply to white holes?

If physics is time reversal invariant, there ought to be white hole complimentarity as well. Imagine a white hole so enormous that it is possible for life to evolve entirely within it for billions of ...
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Falling into a black hole

I've heard it mentioned many times that "nothing special" happens for an infalling observer who crosses the event horizon of a black hole, but I've never been completely satisfied with that statement. ...
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Are “typical” black holes rotating, or stationary?

From my (somewhat limited) understanding of GR I know that there are two different kinds of solutions that produce a black hole, some that rotate and some that do not. What I can't figure out from my ...
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How can things at the event horizon slow down and appear to stop to a remote observer?

So they say the remote observer will never see anything fallen to the black hole, because any object will slow down as it gets closer to the event horizon and eventually stop to stay there forever. Am ...
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geometry inside the event horizon

I'm trying to understand intuitively the geometry as it would look to an observer entering the event horizon of a schwarszchild black hole. I would appreciate any insights or corrections to the above. ...
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What is gravitational speed for a black hole? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the escape velocity of a Black Hole? This is gravitational speed for earth: $$v=\sqrt {g_{e}r}.$$ What is gravitational speed for a black hole? I want an ...
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What happens to matter in extremely high gravity?

Though I am a software engineer, I have bit interest in sciences as well. I was reading about black holes and I thought if there is any existing research results on How matter gets affected because of ...
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Black holes and positive/negative-energy particles

I was reading Brian Greene's "Hidden Reality" and came to the part about Hawking Radiation. Quantum jitters that occur near the event horizon of a black hole, which create both positive-energy ...
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Black hole - white hole (collision)

A non-spinning, equally massive black hole and white hole experience a direct collision. What shall happen? What shall be the result of such a collision?
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Do wormhole exits require matter? If not, would they change the edge of the universe?

As a layperson who watches way too many theoretical physics and astronomy documentaries, I've seen the folded-piece-of-paper analogy of wormholes a bajillion times. Usually they explain that black ...
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Will acceleration rate of expansion of space become faster than speed of light?

From watching cosmology lectures, it seems that the space between galaxies is expanding at an accelerating rate, my question is since it is the space that is (acceleratingly expanding), the special ...
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The role of dark matter in black holes and star formation

In my understanding, there exists a critical mass for which a star needs to be in order for it to collapse into a black hole. This also applies to a certain critical density of gas in order for stars ...
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Direct observations of a black hole?

I'm not very knowledgeable about physics generally, but know that nothing can escape a black hole's gravitational pull, not even light (making them nearly invisible?). My question is: What has been ...
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The Strength Of A Black Hole

Does the gravitational strength of a black hole at its singularity change the more it pulls things into it?
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Can a charged black hole interact via electromagnetism? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole Light cannot escape from a black hole. However light is also interpreted as the carrier of the electromagnetic force. So ...
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Can every particle be regarded as being a combination of Black holes and White holes?

Can the statement be regarded as true? That every particle, or element in the universe can be regarded as a combination of black hole and white hole in variable proportion.
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When would the proposed black hole at the centre of Milky Way gulp in our solar system? [duplicate]

I've heard and read that our solar system lies near to the peripheral region of the Galaxy. Then accordingly we would have a greater probability of sustaining to eventual gulping down by the ...
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Wasn't the Hawking Paradox solved by Einstein?

I just watched a BBC Horizon episode where they talked about the Hawking Paradox. They mentioned a controversy about information being lost but I couldn't get my head around this. Black hole ...
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Why is information indestructible?

I really can't understand what Leonard Susskind means when he says that information is indestructible. Is that information that is lost, through the increase of entropy really recoverable? He ...
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When a high speed neutrino just misses an old neutron star, why isn't it trapped?

Suppose a neutrino is seen travelling so fast that its Lorentz gamma factor is 100,000. It races past an old, no longer active neutron star, narrowly missing it. As far as the neutrino is concerned, ...
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Event horizons without singularities

Someone answered this question by saying that black hole entropy conditions and no-hair theorems are asymptotic in nature -- the equations give an ideal solution which is approached quickly but never ...
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How to get Planck length

I know that what Planck length equals to. The first question is, how do you get the formula $$\ell_P~=~\sqrt\frac{\hbar G}{c^3}$$ that describes the Planck length? The second question is, will any ...
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A Query on the Trapped Null Surface

A a compact, orientable, spacelike surface always has 2 independent forward-in-time pointing, lightlike, normal directions. For example, a (spacelike) sphere in Minkowski space has lightlike ...
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Why is matter drawn into a black hole condensed into a single point within the singularity? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is matter drawn into a black hole not condensed into a single point within the singularity? When we speak of black holes and their associated singularity, why is ...
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Galaxies Center

It is believed (to my understanding) that at the center of all large galaxies are super massive black holes. Why is it then when you see photos of galaxies that the center is extremely bright if a ...
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Can a black hole form due to Lorentz contraction? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If a 1kg mass was accelerated close to the speed of light would it turn into a black hole? Imagine, a rod of length L is moving with velocity approaching the speed of ...
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Area law for Entropy in Loop Quantum Gravity

In connection with the long saga of the (claimed) microscopic calculations of the Hawking-Bekenstein entropy in (3+1) Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) and related approaches I have the following question: ...
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Can two particles remain entangled even if one is past the event horizon of a black hole?

Can two particles remain entangled even if one is past the event horizon of a black hole? If both particles are in the black hole? What changes occur when the particle(s) crosses(cross) the event ...
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Why is a black hole black?

In general relativity (ignoring Hawking radiation), why is a black hole black? Why nothing, not even light, can escape from inside a black hole? To make the question simpler, say, why is a ...