A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
266 views

What is a virtual photon pair?

When describing a black hole evaporation in the hawking black body radiation it is usually said that is due to a virtual photon pair, is it this what happens? And what is virtual photon pair, does the ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Rotating Empty Sphere around stationary black hole

Would it be possible to create a habitable in terms of gravity planet that would rotate with the black hole acting as a center of gravity? The rotation of the structure would lessen the gravitational ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Mass of Milky Way Supermassive Black Hole

I am looking at data from Andrea Ghez (2005; ADS link) which states the mass of the supermassive black hole in the MW. Here's what I don't understand: She reports the value as $3.7 \times 10^6 ...
4
votes
2answers
529 views

What is the motivation for assuming “Page” scrambling for Hawking radiation?

What is the motivation for assuming "Page" scrambling for Hawking radiation? Obviously, at the semiclassical level, we want the outgoing Hawking radiation to look thermal and mixed. However, surely ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Are different frequencies of light lensed differently during gravitational lensing a bit like refraction?

So I was wondering about the event horizon on a black hole. And wondering if the point of no return for radio waves vs gamma rays would be different. I guess the logic being, since gamma rays have ...
1
vote
3answers
516 views

Why can't light escape from inside event horizon of Black Holes?

The simple answer: Its because Gravity of Black Hole there doesn't allow it. See also this and this Phys.SE posts. Isn't it a classical answer? When we're unable to connect Gravity with Quantum ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Why singularity in a black hole, and not just “very dense”?

Why does there have to be a singularity in a black hole, and not just a very dense lump of matter of finite size? If there's any such thing as granularity of space, couldn't the "singularity" be just ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

Could micro black holes obey the Eddington limit?

A stellar-mass black hole has recently been discovered in the Andromeda galaxy. One interesting part of the release is that this black hole shines close to its Eddington limit. Quasars are ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Why don't black holes have magnetic hair? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What happens to an embedded magnetic field when a black hole is formed from rotating charged dust? It is well stablished that the only hair a black hole can have is: ...
6
votes
0answers
69 views

paper about black branes and implications to 4d black holes

This paper makes a case for piezoelectric response (electric dipole moment under mechanical oscillations) of black branes. This paper does not make an implication of their results for 4D black holes ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

Event Horizon fluctuating due to gravitational waves

Do the interiors of black-holes create gravitational waves and if so do these waves cause the radius of the event horizon to fluctuate as the waves pass the horizon ?
1
vote
1answer
233 views

Where did Karl Schwarzschild derived his solution?

Does anyone know more about circumstances of Karl Schwarzschild at the Russian front in 1915 where he allegedly derived his famous solution of the Einstein equations (describing a black hole)? Sources ...
3
votes
2answers
418 views

What happens to the wavelength/frequency of a photon as it passes through an event horizon?

I've asked a similar question about photons and black holes but wanted to rephrase it more specifically, so here goes... Ever since I learned how a photon's wavelength and frequency are indivisibly ...
7
votes
0answers
123 views

Hawking radiation for closely orbiting black holes

Suppose we have two black holes of radius $R_b$ orbiting at a distance $R_r$. I believe semi-classical approximations describe correctly the case where $R_r$ is much larger than the average black body ...
17
votes
2answers
625 views

is there a way to split a black hole?

Classically, black holes can merge, becoming a single black hole with an horizon area greater than the sum of both merged components. Is it thermodynamically / statistically possible to split a black ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Is there a black hole interior in black hole complementarity?

According to black hole complementarity, for an external observer, the interior of the black hole is replaced with a stretched horizon at a Planck distance above where the horizon ought to be. Is this ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Nothing escapes BHs, gravitons mediate gravity, so why do BHs gravitate? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does gravity escape a black hole? Nothing escapes black holes, gravitons mediate gravity, so why do black holes gravitate? My question is, "where is the hole (no ...
12
votes
1answer
333 views

Quantum uncertainty of particle falling in black hole

A stationary observer at infinity sees a particle of mass m falling in a supermassive Schwarzschild black hole. He observes an increasing redshift and sees the particle ceasing to progress when it ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

Cosmology questions from a novice

These ideas/questions probably represent a lack of understanding on my part, but here they are: 1) Cosmologists talk about the increasing speed of expansion of the universe and talk of dark energy as ...
5
votes
2answers
140 views

Have scientists been able to find an example of a possible White Hole?

We went to a planetarium last night last night and watched "Black Holes" narrated by Liam Neeson. If I recall correctly, he said that scientists believe that they have identified a number of Black ...
7
votes
0answers
103 views

Kerr solution for finite collapse time

The Kerr black hole solutions gives an analytic continuation that is asymptotically flat. Some people have argued that this is another universe, but others state that the analytic continuation ...
2
votes
9answers
2k views

How does this thought experiment not rule out black holes?

How does the following brief thought experiment fail to show that general relativity (GR) has a major problem in regards to black holes? The full thought experiment is in my blog post. The post ...
7
votes
1answer
558 views

Moving black holes

What happens to the fabric of space in the wake of a moving black hole? Is space permanently deformed by a moving black hole or does it rebound as the black hole passes?
4
votes
1answer
97 views

NGCC 1277— a recoil ejection?

Recent calculations agree that a merging pair of supermassive black holes can emit enough gravitational waves to eject themselves from a galaxy. Could NGCC 1277, a small galaxy with a 17 billion ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

transition between extremal and nonextremal black hole states

Extremal black holes are at zero temperature, hence they do not radiate. my question is twofold: 1) is extremality of micro black holes a stable property? electric charge is quickly emitted from ...
2
votes
0answers
332 views

Nonlinear refraction index of vacuum above Schwinger limit

This question is more about trying to feel the waters in our current abilities to compute (or roughly estimate) the refraction index of vacuum, specifically when high numbers of electromagnetic quanta ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

micro black hole forces

A black hole would radiate mass optimally for interstellar-travel applications in the range between $10^7$ and $10^8$ kilograms. Assuming a light-only radiation emission spectrum, with a parabolic ...
7
votes
3answers
397 views

An electron falling into a black hole

If an electron falls into a black hole. How can the Heisenberg uncertainty principle hold? The electron has fallen into the singularity now so it has a well defined position which means that it ...
10
votes
4answers
590 views

At what rate does a rotating black hole lose mass via Hawking Radiation?

I initially thought it was inversely proportional to the mass, but I think that's wrong because temperature is inversely proportional to mass. If someone could give the formula(s) for finding this ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Is it possible for a black hole to form for an observer at spatial infinity?

To my knowledge if you calculate the coordinate time (time experienced by an observer at spatial infinity) it takes an infinite amount of time for an object to fall past the horizon of a Schwarzschild ...
3
votes
1answer
538 views

Can a blackhole eat a blackhole?

I'm not a physicist and I do not understand maths. But I watch documentaries about "how it all began", "the big bang", "What is time", etc etc just really fascinating. I was wondering if a blackhole ...
-2
votes
1answer
173 views

Way to escape from a black hole

I’ve had a question on WHY a traveler couldn’t “escape” from a black hole under specific conditions (I have an image I'd like to send to clarify, but the website won't let me)> The key is for the ...
1
vote
4answers
154 views

How do black holes accrete mass?

Thanks to time dilation, a distant observer watching a man fall in to a black hole will only see him asymptotically approach the event horizon. So how do black holes ever get bigger?
8
votes
3answers
464 views

Thermodynamically reversed black holes, firewalls, Casimir effect, null energy condition violations

Scott Aaronson asked a very deep question at Hawking radiation and reversibility about what happens if black hole evolution is reversed thermodynamically. Most of the commenters missed his point ...
5
votes
1answer
319 views

Kerr geodesics differential equations in equatorial plane

With friend, we are writing an interactive educational simulation of particle falling into a black hole. Currently we use Schwarzschild geodesics. However, we want to generalize it to the case of ...
5
votes
1answer
231 views

Thought Experiments on black holes, (im)possible perpetual motion and minimum mass for photographic plates

Consider a black hole in vacuum at Temperature T. The setup that I am interested is a one that collects thermal photons from a black hole by enclosing in a spherical photographic plate and then ...
7
votes
6answers
743 views

What prevents the accumulation of charge in a black hole?

What prevents a static black hole from accumulating more charge than its maximum? Is it just simple Coulomb repulsion? Is the answer the same for rotating black holes? Edit What I understand from ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does gravity escape a black hole? If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? I mean, Einstein's relativity ...
18
votes
7answers
2k views

How precisely does a star collapse into a black hole?

I think we all heard general statements like "once big enough star burns out there is nothing to prevent the gravitational collapse ending in a black hole". But I can't remember even seeing the ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

what does holographic principle from string theory say about the possibilities of wormhole travel?

Is travel through stable macroscopic wormholes between remote points of spacetime going to be possible in a definitive theory of gravity, be it string theory or something beyond it? Physicists level ...
-1
votes
3answers
224 views

How many pieces of toast would you need to make a black hole?

I am trying to find the following: How many pieces of toast would you need to make a black hole? From what I've learnt so far I need to find an equation for the compression force the massive amount ...
3
votes
2answers
435 views

Hawking radiation from point of view of a falling observer

This paper tells that Hawking claimed that the falling to a black hole observer will not detect any radiation. But only because the frequency of the Hawking radiation will be of the order $1/R_s$ so ...
0
votes
1answer
183 views

Light orbiting a massive body [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can a photon be made to orbit a known (or undiscovered theoretical) body? How massive would a black hole have to be for light to orbit it at 1km away from the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Black hole analog experiment?

This question is directed mostly at people giving lectures on black holes, but input by other physicists or students is very much appreciated. Do you know a good (home)-experiment with a black hole ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is some analogous experiment about the black holes by using the diary product like eggs, milk? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Black hole analog experiment? I will explain my situation a little bit: My teacher assign a experimental project that must be including the diary product: egg and milk ...
10
votes
3answers
653 views

Hawking radiation and reversibility

It's often said that, as long as the information that fell into a black hole comes out eventually in the Hawking radiation (by whatever means), pure states remain pure rather than evolving into mixed ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

What is the speed for an object that travel close to the speed of light?

I have some questions regarding Einsteins theory of Relativity that should be fairly easy to answer. Lets say we make an experiment where we have a rocket (with an astronaut inside) that travels very ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Why are black hole singularities stable?

The Friedmann equations says that huge matter densities lead to huge expansion rates. In Newtonian gravity, two massive point particles separated by an infinitesimal distance will experience an ...
6
votes
1answer
465 views

When a neutral star with a magnetic field collapses to form a black hole, what happens to the magnetic field?

By the no-hair theorem, black holes are only characterized by mass, charge and angular momentum. If the star is neutral, the black hole will have only mass and angular momentum - and therefore it ...
5
votes
2answers
225 views

Information Loss in annihilation

The concept of information loss is usually discussed with respect to a black hole. My understanding is that whatever matter you put into the black hole, it has only 3 "hairs" and so one doesn't know, ...