A black hole is a volume from which photons, or any matter, can not escape. More formally, the coordinate speed of light at the event horizon - the boundary of a black hole - is zero, as measured by a sufficiently separated observer.

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Could gravity be repulsive at short distances?

I was wondering if it would be consistent with empirical data if gravity became extremely repulsive at short distances. For example (please bear with my use of classical formulas, I know little of ...
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Smallest Black hole nessesary to devour Earth?

While looking into black holes I can across the idea of hawking radiation, and the fact that microscopic black holes would near instantaneously evaporate before doing any damage. However larger black ...
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Location of singularity in moving black hole

Say a black hole is travelling at $c/2$, does the shape of the event horizon change? What about the location of the event horizon? If it is travelling at a hypothetical $c$, does the event horizon ...
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Schwarzschild: Proof that $\{r<2m\}$ is a black hole

I saw the following proof to show that $\{r<2m\}$ is a black hole in the Schwarzschild metric. Consider the Schwarzschild metric: $$ g=-V(r)\text d t^2 + \frac{1}{V(r)}\text d r^2 + r^2 \text d ...
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Why doesn't the light get out?

You're standing on a gedanken planet holding a laser pointer straight up. The light doesn't curve round, or slow down as it ascends, or fall down. It goes straight up. Now I wave my magic gedanken ...
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Black hole repulsion mechnism

Schwarzschild radius of black hole is proportional to its mass. From here we can deduce that black hole density getting lower as black hole grows in pace that is inverse to the square of mass. If it ...
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156 views

In principle, can energy “tunnel” directly out of a black hole? If not, why not?

Energy seems to quantum tunnel through normally impenetrable barriers, so I wonder why not the back side of an event horizon?
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Study the center and interior of a black hole using quantum entanglement

Having just watched the latest in a long line of space movies; Interstellar tries to combat the problem of studying the center of a black hole and understanding what's going on inside. My question is, ...
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How much consciousness can a stretched horizon have? [closed]

Giulio Tononi has a panpsychic theory which quantifies the amount of consciousness a system has by $\Phi$. The definition of $\Phi$ in his Integrated Information Theory depends upon dividing the ...
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Could gravity be considered a dimension rather than a force? [closed]

Sorry I could have phrased this better, what I was trying to get at is the possibility that gravity is a 4th dimension, thus leaving us we 3 spatial dimensions 1 temporal dimension, and 1 ...
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How confident are we that mass is not being lost in the universe?

After reading about the latest super-massive black hole in Nature 518, 512–515 (26 February 2015), I couldn't help but wonder if the accelerating expansion is a result of mass being lost. Would a ...
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Why are orbits around black holes stable?

Black hole theory involves space (or space-time), itself, being sucked into the black-hole, with the event horizon marking the point at which space/space-time is moving faster than the speed of light. ...
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$SO(p,1)$ transformation on black p-branes

I'm working on Blackfolds at the moment and I'm trying to boost-rotate( $SO(1,p)$ ) the p-brane $$ds^2=ds^2_{Sch}+\sum_{i=1}^p dz_i^2$$ Where $ds^2_{Sch}$ is the Schwarzschild metric in $N$ ...
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A ball in the gravity potential field of a black hole — seems a paradox

As illustrated in the following diagram (A, B, C, D are 4 specified space points, and C is close to a black hole), a small ball at distance of a black hole is stationary (suppose now it's mass is m0) ...
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Why is a freefall trajectory the slowest path to the singularity of a black hole?

Back in June 2007, a Belgian newspaper reported on an article from Nature from 2 Sydney University astrophysicists named Geraint Lewis and Juliana Kwan, who claimed that once you passed the event ...
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Heuristics for the Hawking mass

I have the following definition of Hawking Mass. Given a spacelike 2-surface $S$ embedded in a 3+1-dimensional Lorentzian Manifold $L$, $$ M(S) := \sqrt{ \frac{\text{Area}(S)}{16 \pi}} \left(1- \frac ...
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Will an object always fall at an infinite speed in a black hole?

Most of you if not everybody will agree that the stronger the gravitational pull, the faster an object will fall. For example, on a planet with 50 times the gravity of Earth, any object will hit the ...
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Black holes in a denser media

In Crown Glass, the speed of light is 1.52 times the speed of light in vacuum. Consider the following hypothetical situation: Hypothetical Situation If a black hole is surrounded by a giant crown ...
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Black Hole Entropy Calculation

I was watching "Leonard Susskind on The World As Hologram" ( youtube ). At one point he describes the way Bekenstein calculates the entropy of a black hole. Paraphrasing: Take a minimally sized black ...
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Can anyone recommend any book on physics for studying black holes? [duplicate]

I have been doing research on black holes for couple of years which mostly invloves theoretical knowledge. I understand that to learn more deeply about this subject, i need to have some basic ...
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Kerr metric Christoffel symbols

I've been slaving away trying to calculate the Christoffel symbols for the Kerr metric. Does anybody know of a link that I could compare my answers to? I've done some Google searches and all I can ...
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Black hole area theorem and Hawking radiation

Black hole area theorem states that surface area of a black hole does not decrease with time (see page 10 of Introductory Lectures on Black Hole Thermodynamics, Ted Jacobson ...
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If we're holding hands, and you're inside the event horizon of a black hole, do we both fall in?

Imagine some science fiction scenario where two people are floating through space holding hands orbiting a black hole. If one person falls close enough to the black hole that they're within the event ...
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Curvature of Light around a Black Hole [duplicate]

I am in a computer graphics class at my university and for my final project, I have chosen to create a program which renders a simple non-rotating black hole and models the curvature of light around ...
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What level of mathematics would I need to understand the physics of a black hole? [duplicate]

I recently went to go see Interstellar and was awed by the visualizations of the wormhole and the black hole Gargantua. I read that noted physicist Kip Thorne was a consulting producer on the film. I ...
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Through relativity could a person be dead and alive at the same time?

For the purposes of the question ignore the fact that radiation and several other things would kill humans long before this. You and another person are jumping into a black hole and the other person ...
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Can I hide a charge behind a black hole?

Suppose that you are standing on one side of a black hole. I'm standing directly opposite you, on the other side of the BH, and I'm holding a charged particle. Is it possible for us to be positioned ...
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How many times can light revolve around a black hole?

Take a light ray approaching a black hole from infinity which goes out again to infinity. What is the maximum finite rotation it can describe? (I know it can loop around indefinitely in the ...
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1answer
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Eternal black holes and Hawking radiation

I have a fairly simple question which is confusing me a lot. As Hawking showed, a black hole originated by collapse will emit Hawking radiation. This process will reduce the mass of the black hole ...
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Why is it hard to detect a black hole

I've read in some texts that we can't directly observe a black hole in space because not even light can escape from its gravity. Some of the indirect observational methods mentioned are, gravitational ...
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Can gravitational waves escape from inside of black holes? [duplicate]

I understand that light cannot escape from inside of an event horizon because the spacetime curvature is too warped for photons to escape. On the other hand, gravitational waves are ripples of ...
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4answers
163 views

Mass, energy, and entropy.

I have a seemingly simple question about the relation between these three that for some reason doesn't make sense to me. If entropy is the disorder of a system, then a low entropy state is one of ...
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How close would you have to be to the merger of two black holes, for the effects of gravitational waves to be detected without instruments?

Assume two black holes in the most common size range, spiraling into each other until they merge. The event releases significant amounts of energy via gravitational waves, which warp the space-time. ...
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Is the difference between an event horizon and a singularity merely perspective?

I know the question has been asked about how an event horizon is distinguishable from a singularity given that time must come to a stop at the event horizon, but I haven't been fully satisfied by the ...
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What happens to photons that get trapped in a black holes event horizon?

So, I know that photons do not travel fast enough to escape a black hole once it passes the event horizon. Also, I know that the photons themselves aren't affected by the gravity, but rather their ...
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Interstellar Movie: Black hole shown in the movie [duplicate]

In the interstellar movie, the black hole shown has a ring of light orbiting around it. From what I know, (correct me if I'm wrong) that light is unable to escape the gravity of the blackhole and ...
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Are empty black holes possible

When just considering GR without evaporation nor QM, is an empty (containing no matter or anything) black hole possible ? Let's say that there is only GR and nothing else (no matter or boson fields), ...
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Is it possible to have a black hole in empty space?

If the escape velocity of two very massive objects is near the speed of light, and those objects are orbiting each other (let's ignore the Roche limit for this exercise), is it possible that the ...
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Could Hyper-Massive Black Holes be due to Dark Matter in the Early Universe?

An interesting discussion started here: Is there a limit as to how fast a black hole can grow? I am curious if Thompson Scattering and Eddington Luminosity have the same effect on Dark Matter (or ...
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Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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What is the reasoning behind the idea that light cannot escape from a black hole? [duplicate]

According to the definition, light cannot escape from a black hole. How did scientists deduce that light cannot escape from a black hole?
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Is there a limit as to how fast a black hole can grow?

Astronomers find ancient black hole 12 billion times the size of the Sun. According to the article above, we observe this supermassive black hole as it was 900 million years after the formation of ...
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What is the speed of light after it has entered a black hole?

I was just thinking about this the other day. Given Einstein's Relativity etc. assigning the cosmic "speed limit" the value of $c=299792458\:\frac{m}{s}$, we know that the event horizon is the point ...
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Are black holes hot?

If no light can escape black holes, in my mind they would act as a greenhouse, collecting radiation from the stars or CMB or anything. Or is all this energy just absorbed by the black hole?
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How can Maxwell's Demon erase information while a black hole can not?

It is stated, that information can't disappear even in black holes. On the other hand, it is stated, that mystic beings, like Maxwell demons, can easily erase any information if they just pay with ...
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Where does information go if thermodynamic death?

Often read that until Hawking the black holes were introducing a problem with information. Allegedly information should be unable disappear, while this was happening in classic black holes. What ...
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Can a sufficiently large black hole be singularity-free?

This came to me after reading that a black-hole that has the mass of the observable universe will also have an event horizon that covers the observable universe. Since the definition of a black hole ...
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Would a black hole's rotational axis precess in orbit around the sun?

The earth rotates, and its axis of rotation precesses due to the gravitational pull of the sun and moon and other planets upon the mass of the earth. If an earth-sized, rotating black hole was in ...
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Why does the electric field escape a black hole? [duplicate]

An (unlikely) charged black hole can be described with the mass, angular momentum, charge and the thermal radiation. The reasoning behind the thermal radiation rests on the particle creation outside ...
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Boyer–Lindquist coordinates

In the Kerr solution to the vacuum Einstein Equation written in Boyer–Lindquist coordinates. Because it is not spherical polar coordinates, $r$ ranges from 0 to infinity does not cover all the space, ...