According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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What started the Big Bang? [duplicate]

If the Big Bang started everything, including time, what EVENT could ever occur outside time unless all events are non-temporal prior to and during the big bang?
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How is the Lyman alpha forest and Gunn-Peterson trough evidence for Reionization? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand how the Lyman alpha forest and Gunn-Peterson trough are evidence for Reionization. From what I've read, the Lyman alpha forest tells us how much neutral hydrogen is in the ...
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Does the Big bang imply Absolute time

According to the current understanding the Big bang created space, so it has happened everywhere: dating events 'after the bing bang' would be an absolute time scale. More specifically, wherever you ...
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What was the value of the Hubble parameter at the Big Bang nucelosynthesis?

If we assume the middle of the BBN, ~300 seconds, I tried to calulate this using H(t)=1/2 t^-1 for a radiation dominated universe, which gives the value 5*10^16 km/s/Mpc. This value seems ridiculously ...
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38 views

Why do “Quantum Fluctuations” need Inflation to grow into cosmic scales?

This is a follow up to How do quantum fluctuations lead to overdense regions in the CMB? (which still hasn't been answered). The general logic of Inflation (if anything about the theory can be ...
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Is a terminal gravitational center to the universe possible?

The current consensus is that there is no evidence of, or no way to tell whether or not there is a center to the universe. Considering our observable universe is only a small portion of what we know ...
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195 views

Is the Universe infinite or it's just expanding to infinity?

According to the WMAP data in the past years we can say that our universe is considered flat or at least nearly flat and we also know that flat universe is allowed to be both infinite or finite in ...
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33 views

Why isn't the universe a singularity? [duplicate]

So, i'm just a high-schooler interested in physics, so don't judge me if I misinterpreted anything. But from my understanding of black holes, a singularity is created because any matter inside the ...
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39 views

Do the entropy of the universe and third law of thermodynamics conflict? [duplicate]

We know that our universe was in low entropy state at the earlier time after the Big bang. But we also know that the temperature at that times was enormously high. But what the third law of ...
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140 views

Pre Big Bang knowledge

I have read that no one knows what preceded the Big Bang, but is this true? The Big Bang process (with or without inflation) followed known rules which “existed” prior to time zero. For example, some ...
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27 views

Does the Big Bang Theory explain about the formation and destruction of matter? [duplicate]

I read here here that, The Big Bang theory explains how the universe was created. Even though it was unable to explain that how everything in the universe did came to existence from no matter state ...
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Modeling of Big Bang [duplicate]

Well, I’m just an ordinary High School passed student. I had passion towards space-time- relativity and other things related with physics :D I have been watching theories of physics like Big Bang from ...
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Why not “A” big bang [duplicate]

What has led us to believe that there was "1" big bang and not multiple?
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Backtracking position [duplicate]

Using a hypothetical photo from a hypothetical telescope, we were able to determine that the farthest galaxy present in the photo is 1 billion light years away. Because we are awesome we were able to ...
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1answer
127 views

Faster than speed of light [duplicate]

I was watching a Physics TV show, When someone called Alex Filippenko said that when there was the Big Bang, the Space extended at a speed faster than speed of light. He said that it wasn't against ...
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31 views

How to explain the homogeneity of the universe through a physic model [duplicate]

If in general, two objects homogenize themself by combining it's parts, why the horizon effect, based on a big bang model, excludes such an important physical interaction process? I wonder if this ...
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34 views

Best evidence for Big Bang? [duplicate]

Why is the existence of cosmic microwave background regarded as the best evidence of Big Bang (or Big Bang model?)?
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64 views

General questions related to inflation of the universe

(i) We know that the universe is expanding. As it expands, something has to "fill in", even if it is vacuum. Isn't energy required for this? For creating new "dark matter"? But we can't get energy ...
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57 views

Is the Big Bang notion compatible with the flat space? (A problem with the **moment** of Big Bang, not with the place of it) [duplicate]

A passage from a paper: "If one imagines running the clock backward in time, any given region of the universe shrinks and all galaxies in it get closer and closer until they smash together in ...
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1answer
101 views

Where is the universe expanding from? [duplicate]

It seems to be quite a common question to ask "what is the universe expanding into?" However I want to ask "where is the universe expanding from?" Is there a "centre of expansion" of our universe ...
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62 views

Is there a real and relevant relationship between Big Bang and dark matter?

Since the postulate of dark matter is based on the unexpected rotational velocity around the centre of a spiral galaxy, then it can be presumed that the Big Bang Theory is not relevant to the search ...
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173 views

What evidence is there of a universe older than 13.8 billion years

I've read an analogy that finding iron-rich galaxies just 900 years after the Big Bang is like finding an old man in a crib in a nursery. We just recently found a supermassive black hole 12 billion ...
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45 views

Infinite universe, big bang = no singularity? [duplicate]

If we traced an infinite universe back in time towards t=0(ish) would a singularity still be formed? Would the singularity be infinite in size? (To me it seems it would have to be) This reminds me ...
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96 views

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? [duplicate]

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? If we consider the BB to be the Beginning of of our universe, can we call this the Origin of all of the 3 ...
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33 views

About a *center of the universe* [duplicate]

I understand that the history of our universe began with an explosion - the Big Bang. Now, I saw a comment in some old post, that "the universe has no center". Is that true? If there was initially a ...
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101 views

Upper Limit of the Hubble Parameter right after Inflation

When I take the FLRW equation $$H_{(t)}=H_0\cdot\sqrt{\Omega_R\cdot a_{(t)}^{-4}+\Omega_M\cdot a_{(t)}^{-3}+\Omega_K\cdot a_{(t)}^{-2}+\Omega_{\Lambda}}$$ and calculate the value of the ...
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34 views

Did spacetime curve infinitely about 13.7 billion years ago? [duplicate]

GR/Big Bang Model implies that there was a singularity about 13 billion years ago, in which all the matter and energy along with the observable universe (or perhaps, the entire universe) was contained....
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The infinitely dense point from which the universe allegedly originated - the universe must expand, right?

This is all based on some thoughts this article gave me. Assertions The big bang theory is currently accepted theory about the origin of the universe Infinitely dense implies some kind of material (...
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Does the density of matter increase as we approach the big bang? [duplicate]

I am interested in knowing whether it is clear (undisputed) that the density of matter/energy increases as we approach the time of the big bang? Does this follow from the FLRW metric?
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61 views

Light speed after the Big Bang

We know that immediately after the Big Bang space was opaque to light. As space expanded, light could travel. However I would think that as space expanded at some de sites the light would be much ...
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60 views

Loop quantum gravity- is the critical density sufficient to form a 'black hole'?

I think in loop quantum gravity the rate of expansion of the universe is found from: $H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\rho\left(1-\frac{\rho}{\rho_c}\right)$ And I was wondering whether the critical density $...
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110 views

Center of mass & Big Bang Theory

I have read in my text books about the Big Bang theory and quote "the entire matter in the universe was once concentrated in a single very dense and hot fire ball; it exploded some 20 billion years ...
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43 views

extreme heat to extreme cold (define the endstate)

Contemporary cosmology frequently has space temperatures just after the 'big bang' in the regions of millions of degrees and with inflation and expansion of the universe this is now down to a couple ...
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34 views

Was the mass of the universe the same when it first began as it is now? [duplicate]

I've heard that the big bang began in all places at once, but my physics teacher told my class that the universe was all once compressed into a single dense piece of matter. If my physics teacher is ...
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48 views

Will it ever be possible to observe the cosmic neutrino background?

Is there any foreseeable technology which would facilitate the direct observation of the cosmic neutrino background? Would the ability to warp spacetime have any application here?
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382 views

If nothing can travel faster than the speed of light, how can there be parts of the universe we can't see? [duplicate]

Assuming we originated from a single infinitely dense point in space time in the big bang, how can there be parts of the universe that we can't see as the light has not reached us yet, if nothing can ...
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44 views

Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
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54 views

Extra dimensions and the big bang [duplicate]

If there were extra compact dimensions,and at the big bang all dimensions were compact,my question is why the big bang failed to expand those presumed extra dimensions like it did with the 3 spatial ...
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1answer
95 views

The Univere's mass-energy and uncertainty [duplicate]

A virtual creation with total mass-energy = $E$ is allowed as long as that virtual creation doesn’t last longer than $E/h$. Can the uncertainty principle also be used to estimate the mass-energy in ...
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97 views

What's a compact scientific answer to question “(Why there is) / (what is before) the Big Bang?” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Did spacetime start with the Big bang? on causality and The Big Bang Theory Before the Big Bang What's a compact scientific answer to question "(Why there is) / (what ...
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67 views

Energy can't be created or destoryed? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Conservation law of energy and Big Bang? If energy can't be created or destroyed then how did the big bang create energy? and if energy can't be created then does that mean ...
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3answers
178 views

Infinite Universe and Big Bang

A common view now in the physics community is that the Universe is infinite in extent (which makes Hubble sphere an infinitely small part of the Universe). On the other hand, there is the Big Bang ...
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298 views

Simplifying the explanation of a low-entropy Big Bang

The claim that the young universe was in a low-entropy state seems at odds with maximal entropy being thermal equilibrium, and the young universe being in thermal equilibrium. I've looked at some ...
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218 views

How could mass exist before Big Bang?

I heard that before Big Bang the temperatures were so high that mass and energy constantly converted to each other. After big bang the temperature became less and the conversion stopped that is what ...
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445 views

What is the difference between a low vs. high entropy plasma just after and before a singularity occurs?

Although it appears that the universe is not closed (since it is accelerating) I have been reading different websites on how the universe would look like if it was closed and the big crunch did occur. ...
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Singularity - Origin Point

How can it be said that the real beginning of the real universe involved a "singularity of zero size and infinite density of mass" when no space existed at all to define any density and when nothing/...
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1answer
1k views

Which was first, energy or matter in the creation of our universe?

Was it the Big Bang or was it something else that gives us our universe in its present condition? Did it all begin with just pure energy that eventually evolved into simple atoms of matter, that ...
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1answer
50 views

Superstrings in the 10th Dimension [closed]

Physicists say that the superstrings vibrating in the 10th dimension are what create the subatomic particles that make up our universe and all other possible universes as well. If that is true, then ...
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1answer
177 views

Why did the big bang explode if there is no oxygen in space? [duplicate]

If there is no oxygen in space, where the super dense singular object was suspended, then why did it explode because this reaction needs oxygen?
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4answers
665 views

Was Einstein wrong when he said nothing can go faster than the speed of light? [duplicate]

If the universe is constantly expanding faster than the speed of light, how could Einstein be right?