According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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Discrepancy problem in lithium?

Why is there a discrepancy between the amount of lithium-7 predicted to be produced in Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the amount observed in very old stars?
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69 views

Is the size of the universe directly related to its temperature? [duplicate]

The universe was at its hottest when it was at its smallest. As the universe expands, it gets cooler. Is the expansion of the universe the direct cause the cooling? I suppose it would be more clear ...
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102 views

Did the Earth (amongst other things) travel faster than light?

It's often said that when you look far across space with a telescope you are looking back in time, as the light has only just reached our position in space. However, given that the Earth and many ...
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174 views

Theory of black holes producing matter or antimatter [closed]

One of my friends gave a theory about the formation of black holes. He said that: Black holes are formed when an extremely massive star collapses in its own gravity to produce a particle of ...
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59 views

TEO: raise of a System [closed]

I think this question is settled somewhere betweeen physics and philosophy and we surely can not find a answer that fits 100%, but lets talk about it. While thinking about how the universe and its ...
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407 views

Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe [duplicate]

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
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371 views

Did the singularity really existed in the begining of the universe?

I read in Hawking's brief history of time the following: The final result was a joint paper by Penrose and myself in 1970, which at last proved that there must have been a big bang ...
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92 views

Red Shift and Light Speed

I read several questions/answers about red shift on this web site, but there is something I still don't understand. Why is red-shift considered to be the effect of expanding space-time, why it could ...
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165 views

At what point does everything become nothing?

I understand that the universe, which I'll call "everything", is expanding and it used to be much smaller. But I keep hearing assertions about a universe coming from nothing. If you rolled the clock ...
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205 views

Why is the Big Bang the biggest explosion in the universe?

What makes the big bang the biggest explosion in the universe? Why even should such an explosion ever happens? Through what process and how does this amount of energy get released as a big bang? Are ...
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433 views

Explanation for the notion that physical laws break down at the Big Bang

I've often heard the phrase "physical laws break down at the big bang". Why is this? Divide by zero? Please provide the mathematics.
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209 views

Is it possible that a black hole sucks energy that is the origin of another universes big bang?

The universe expanded from nothing, right? And black holes may be a "gate" to parallel universes, is it possible that stars that is being sucked in by black holes in our universe may be the origin of ...
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189 views

How to understand movement in expanding universe?

I know that universe is expanding equally between every pair of points but it was a single point in it's very past... so I was wondering if we could locate this center point of universe. Now I know ...
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92 views

Can anything come out from the big bang?

If any configuration of matter can fall into a black hole and hit the singularity, and ditto for the big crunch, and there is time reversal CPT invariance, does it mean anything can pop out of the big ...
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86 views

Is the spacetime interval between the Big Bang and a given event dependent only on the time component?

My thinking is this - at the time closest to the Big Bang when physics doesn't break down, the universe would have had a volume that was still very close to zero. If that were so, wouldn't the space ...
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9k views

Negative and positive energy and Hawking [closed]

I don't have any physics background (except the material we did in high school-long time ago). I was watching a documentary with Stephen Hawking about whether God created the Universe and I could not ...
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53 views

What is Hawking's, “No Boundary Conditions”? [closed]

In his "No Boundary Conditions", is Hawking stating that time is eternal? And what is the difference between Real Time and Imaginary Time? Is he saying there are two different arrows of time, and ...
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49 views

When did the universe become lighter than water at 1 g/cm3 [closed]

Did the universe become lighter than water before light could travel through it? What temperature was it at the time where matter was roughly 1g/cm3?
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50 views

How Can a Singularity contain different things? [closed]

According to the Big Bang model, space and everything in it was squeezed into a infinitely small point which subsequently expanded. But if everything is squeezed into a point of zero size than there ...
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44 views

Did the strong force trigger inflation?

I understand there can only be speculative theories regarding this epoch, but it would be great to know if this theory has some level of acceptance in the physics community. If the strong force is ...
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36 views

How is the potential infinitude of the universe compatible with the Big Bang?

I know no physics, but I read that while the observable universe is finite, for all physicists know the universe is infinite. How is this compatible with the Big Bang hypothesis? Does it mean that it'...
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57 views

What would happen if you were to release the energies of the big bang in our universe a second time? [closed]

Would it just wipe out everything, or would something else occur?
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358 views

Can space be created or destroyed [duplicate]

Wikipedia says It appears that space was created in the Big Bang, 13.8 billion years ago This seems a little off to me: can we say something has been created if there was no before it had ...
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2answers
63 views

Is there a friction or retarding force in creating spacetime?

As matter and energy expand with the big bang, they create spacetime (or so I've been told). Is there any evidence that this creation of spacetime has a retarding force on the expansion? If not, ...
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89 views

Is the center of the universe in another dimension?

If we live in a four dimensional world and when we try to find the center of the universe (where the big bang occured) we found that there is no apparent center, could that means that the big bang ...
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63 views

What does inflationary theory explain which quantum entanglement cannot?

Introduction This is an honest question... I don't study inflationary theory extensively (This is an understatement) but I am lost as to why it was developed in the first place. Here is why: ...
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Did light already experience death of the universe immediately after the Big Bang?

Let's suppose that I am on Point A with a light-beam launcher. My goal is to launch a beam of light to Point B, which is about 8,000 quadrillion light years away. My friend named Jack is at Point B ...
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39 views

Would the universe look any different today if energy/matter had not appeared until some time after spacetime had begun expanding?

Why is it necessary for spacetime and energy/matter to begin together at spacetime = 0? Would the universe look any different today if energy/matter had appeared some time after spacetime had begun ...
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75 views

What force made the big bang erupt?

Might be a stupid question, but it has been bugging me for a week. Pre big bang conditions look like an universe mass black hole to me, so what force acted against the massive gravity at the beginning,...
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What (if any) state did energy exist in prior to the big bang? [duplicate]

I am comfortable with the idea that 'pure energy' cannot be observed, only different forms in which it manifests. I can also understand that matter-antimatter interactions result in fundamental ...
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219 views

I understand the Big Bang Theory (BBT), but how was the matter in the BBT created?

I understand the Big Bang Theory to consist of all of the matter being pulled into one great gravitational pull. such a great force that it expelled the matter out causing the idea of Red-Shift and ...
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111 views

How did gravity affect gas clump after the big bang

In the first episode of Cosmos. It was said that after the big bang, gravity worked to pull clumps of gas together and heating them. My question is what was exerting the gravitational pull to make ...
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45 views

How mass being distributed after an explosion

Consider an explosion which is taking place in a vacuum, The exploding object is very small with a huge amount of energy and high density (like a big bang explosion) and the object explodes from the ...
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183 views

branes-collision -> big-bang -> 2nd Universe?

If the cosmological model of the Ekpyrotic universe is correct should there not always a 2nd universe be created on the 2nd brane? Pictures and articles I found speak only of one universe. Why is ...
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205 views

Big Bang, What is wrong with such thinking? [closed]

Also if I think the Expanding of Universe like this: At the Start : The Amount of Matter and Anti-Matter is equal and they annihilate and all we had is Large Amount of energy. But some 'X' Thing, ...
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307 views

General Relativity and the effect of mass on time [duplicate]

My question is related to the first page of this article regarding the big bang theory and refers to this specific sentence: Armed with the best physics of the 20th century, Albert Einstein came ...
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3answers
241 views

Accelerating expansion of the universe and cyclic model

So I've heard that recent observations indicated that the rate of expansion of the universe is accelerating. Does this indicate that the universe can NOT be cyclical, with an infinite series of big ...
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31 views

Is matter infinite? [on hold]

This may be a sophomoric question so please lay into me...but I can't find a straight answer. Many theories (multiverses on the mind), assume an infinite amount of mass/energy. Have read for every ten ...
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54 views

Qualitative picture or reference for a Lemaître's Cold Big Bang theory

Warning: please, consider this question to be motivated by historical curiosity or as an exercise in model-building. I believe this cannot be considered non-mainstream physics as it was very much ...
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Can we see the past view of our galaxy while observing in the sky because of the homogeneous structure of our universe?

As a sense, we think that simple speed addition should work ($V_1+V_2$) for all references but we know today that universe does not match our this sense. We cannot exceed the speed of light in any ...
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32 views

Logical Explanation as to how exactly did Space and Time originated with the Big Bang [duplicate]

I've read a couple of answers to this question but somehow I'm unable to find a chain of causalities that would prove that space and both time originated from Big Bang, besides I don't quite ...
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37 views

Gravitational entropy [duplicate]

In the beginning (big bang), mass was evenly distributed (if you consider an elementary particle as an extended object, like a circle on a very thin cylinder, with a radius near the Planck length, but ...
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1answer
56 views

Did time also began from big bang?

Did time began from big bang? If not then what existed before big bang? If time had a beginning, then does it have a end, or pause because if time had a pause then we would not have known about it, ...
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quantum fluctuation to explain the big bang

I have seen on this site a few times the following picture but the big bang was supposedly the beginning of time also so how can quantum fluctuations which are functions in time (like all our known ...
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What would happen if another big bang occurred at the centre of the current universe? [duplicate]

If another Big Bang occurred now, at the centre of our universe, what would happen? As the rate of expansion is increasing, the two "layers" (if there were any) would never meet, in which case, would ...
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1answer
38 views

Were the known laws of physics valid at the Big Bang?

Did the currently known laws of physics also come into existence at the time of the big bang? What about the various constants such as mass of electron or speed of light? Did these also come into ...
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20 views

Light from the big bang [duplicate]

Considering that the Big Bang all started from a single point in space time, and the light emitted from it has been spreading outwards in all directions ever since, how do we, from earth, see the ...
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1answer
104 views

Big Bang Quarks Travelling at Light Speed [closed]

When I think of an explosion it lasts a fraction of second. When the entire mass of the universe explodes how much time passes before the perfect sphere slows from traveling at/near the speed of light ...
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54 views

Could the Big Bang be the result of a decrease in entropy?

In my freshman engineering physics class I learned that a decrease in entropy, though hypothetically possible, is less statistically likely than either any or almost any other possible single ...
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What started the Big Bang? [duplicate]

If the Big Bang started everything, including time, what EVENT could ever occur outside time unless all events are non-temporal prior to and during the big bang?