According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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Explanation for the notion that physical laws break down at the Big Bang

I've often heard the phrase "physical laws break down at the big bang". Why is this? Divide by zero? Please provide the mathematics.
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Early time in the Big Bang

I am not a physicist, so I would really appreciate using a simple language for the explanation of my question. From what I understood at the early Big Bang the four fundamental forces were unified to ...
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Did space and time exist before the Big Bang? [duplicate]

I accept the Big Bang theory. What I can't understand is how there can be a where or when to the Big Bang if space time did not exist prior to it. Did space and time exist prior to the Big Bang?
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How fast did hydrogen atoms travel when they were first formed in the early universe?

I can't seem to find any data on this, is it a known value?
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Which was first, energy or matter in the creation of our universe?

Was it the Big Bang or was it something else that gives us our universe in its present condition? Did it all begin with just pure energy that eventually evolved into simple atoms of matter, that ...
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Can space expand with unlimited speed?

At the beginning, right after the Big Bang, the universe was the size of a coin. One millionth of a second after the universe was the size of the Solar System (acording to ...
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366 views

How do we know space is expanding when we are part of space? [duplicate]

From what I understand space itself is expanding, and the Big Bang attempts to describe this expansion at the very early stages of the universe. This is usually described in a visual way as 2 dots on ...
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95 views

What is the age of universe? [closed]

As we know at the time of big bang as mentioned by the scientist the universe expanded faster than the speed of light. So does it mean that at that time all the particles present travelled in the time ...
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150 views

Is it possible that a black hole sucks energy that is the origin of another universes big bang?

The universe expanded from nothing, right? And black holes may be a "gate" to parallel universes, is it possible that stars that is being sucked in by black holes in our universe may be the origin of ...
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192 views

In the big crunch theory, when the big crunch singularity forms, can the resulting black hole decay through hawking's radiation?

I've been pondering about this and I couldn't really find the answer for this. The big crunch theory postulates that the universe will eventually stop expanding and reverse back in on its self into a ...
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255 views

Is this a great flaw in big bang theory? [duplicate]

Einstein said that, Time & Space cannot exists without one another. Big bang says, time didn't exist before the big bang. So the Primordial ball referred in the Big Bang theory didn't had any ...
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742 views

Particles entangled after the big bang

Is that true that the big bang caused the quantum entanglement of all the particles of the universe so every particle is entangled to each other particle of the universe?
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Is the speed of light the ultimate speed limit? [duplicate]

As we all know nothing can go faster than the speed of light as mentioned by most of our pioneer's in physics. But as I was listening to one of the statements of Sir. Stephen Hawkins he stated that at ...
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What was ticking just after the Big Bang?

When reading about the Big Bang, I see phrases like 3 trillionths of a second after... So, what was ticking to give a time scale like this? We define time now in terms of atomic oscillations, but ...
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243 views

Did force of gravity cause evolution of large scale structures?

Did big bang create gravity? What role gravity is assumed to have played in the formation (starting from the big bang) of large structures of our universe and what other important physical mechanisms ...
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How exactly, or whats the process, rather, of energy changing into matter?

$E=mc^2$ this is the equation by Einstein claiming energy can change from energy to mass. this would happened at the big bang I assume, when electrons and protons were made to create hydrogen and some ...
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How can I read density fluctuation from microwaves?

The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation shows temperature differences. The red and yellow areas are warmer. The green and blue areas are cooler. For example consider this picture of CMBR ...
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219 views

Was the singularity at Big Bang perfectly uniform and if so, why did the universe lose its uniformity?

Am I right in understanding that current theory states that Big Bang originated from a single point of singularity? If so, would this mean that this was a uniform point? If so, as the universe ...
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115 views

How to understand movement in expanding universe?

I know that universe is expanding equally between every pair of points but it was a single point in it's very past... so I was wondering if we could locate this center point of universe. Now I know ...
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Curiosity episode with Stephen Hawking. The Big-Bang

In an episode of Discovery's Curiosity with host Stephen Hawking, he claims the Big Bang event can be explained from physics alone, and does not require the intervention of a creator. 1) His ...
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Conservation of Energy in the Universe [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is energy really conserved? Why can’t energy be created or destroyed? One of the laws of the universe that dazzles me the most is the law of conservation of energy. I ...
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What evidence is there for the Big Bang Theory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What has been proved about the big bang, and what has not? I know the expansion of the universe is the most compelling but what else makes it so well liked and believed. ...
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402 views

Do all the forces become one?

Were the forces of nature combined in one unifying force at the time of the Big Bang? By which symmetry is this unification governed? Are there any evidence for such unification of forces? Has ever ...
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918 views

Is it possible that the Big Bang was caused by virtual particle creation?

As far as I understand, it is understood that throughout the universe there exists, what is known as, a quantum field from which, due to its fluctuations, temporary (pairs of) virtual particles ...
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What's a compact scientific answer to question “(Why there is) / (what is before) the Big Bang?” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Did spacetime start with the Big bang? on causality and The Big Bang Theory Before the Big Bang What's a compact scientific answer to question "(Why there is) / ...
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Do new universes form on the other side of black holes?

I have four questions about black holes and universe formations. Do new universes form on the other side of black holes? Was our own universe formed by this process? Was our big bang a black hole ...
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861 views

Branes Collision -> Big Bang

Imagine universe occurred when two parallel branes collided, Momentum of Branes converted to big bang kinetic energy after Collision. Thus, high-energy quanta are high-Vibrating strings. what ...
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255 views

Do laws of thermodynamics have a place in Theory of Everything? [closed]

I am having a difficulty understanding why second law of thermodynamics is still a valid universally accepted concept. I understand it works on paper for describing isolated heat systems. However, I ...
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Which came first, movement or heat?

According to my measly understanding of the universe, when particles hit one another, some of their kinetic energy is transformed into heat. But when we heat particles (for instance, putting a bucket ...
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How is it possible to come to a conclusion that Universe is a result of the Big Bang while we aren't able to observe the entire Universe?

-I'm not a religious person so this is not a denial. I'm just trying to understand the most fundamental topic about Universe. -I know the Big Bang cosmological model is not a law but it's a theory. ...
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4answers
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How was the universe created?

I do not know much beyond high school Physics. Thus, I am asking this question from almost layman's perspective: What, as per the best of our existing knowledge and widely accepted among the ...
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Before the Big Bang

I've heard this saying before I don't know about anyone else. It says, "What ever was before the big bang is something physics can't explain..! Is this saying true (accurate)?
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Energy can't be created or destoryed? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Conservation law of energy and Big Bang? If energy can't be created or destroyed then how did the big bang create energy? and if energy can't be created then does that ...
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291 views

What really is Spacetime?

What is a good definition on Space, Time and the most specific topic "Spacetime"? Because someone told me that spacetime is the foundation of the entire universe? And also, Is it possible to create ...
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Is the cosmic horizon related to the Big Bang event?

The Universe expands according to the Hubble's law: velocity is proportional to distance. There must be some distance, therefore, at which the velocity reaches the speed of light. This defines the ...
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Is it possible all matter in the universe emerges from nothing?

If the Universe is flat and the total energy of the universe can be zero (we don't know if it is, but many theorists support the idea, i.e. at BB initial conditions: t = 0, V = 0, E = 0) then is it ...
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656 views

Why the red-shift of distant galaxies is considered to be the effect of expanding spacetime?

Why it's not explained just by Doppler redshift caused by faster movement of those galaxies billions of years ago when that light was emitted? Would the speeds of the galaxies necessary for Doppler ...
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201 views

Accelerating expansion of the universe and cyclic model

So I've heard that recent observations indicated that the rate of expansion of the universe is accelerating. Does this indicate that the universe can NOT be cyclical, with an infinite series of big ...
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Total momentum of the Universe

What is the total momentum of the whole Universe in reference to the point in space where the Big Bang took place? According to my reasoning (and a bit elementary knowledge) it should be exactly ...
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Simplifying the explanation of a low-entropy Big Bang

The claim that the young universe was in a low-entropy state seems at odds with maximal entropy being thermal equilibrium, and the young universe being in thermal equilibrium. I've looked at some ...
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If the universe started again with exactly the same conditions… would it be the same?

Sorry if this is a basic question but I can't find anywhere to ask else to ask it: If the universe was created again and exactly the same conditions where in place at the beginning, would everything ...
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Can anything come out from the big bang?

If any configuration of matter can fall into a black hole and hit the singularity, and ditto for the big crunch, and there is time reversal CPT invariance, does it mean anything can pop out of the ...
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Is the spacetime interval between the Big Bang and a given event dependent only on the time component?

My thinking is this - at the time closest to the Big Bang when physics doesn't break down, the universe would have had a volume that was still very close to zero. If that were so, wouldn't the space ...
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Was Planck's constant $h$ the same when the Big Bang happened as it is today?

Was Planck's constant $h$ the same when the Big Bang happened as it is today? Planck's constant : $$h= 6.626068 × 10^{-34}\, m^2 kg / s,$$ $$E=n.h.\nu,$$ $$\epsilon=h.\nu$$
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Are there still Big Bang Gravitational effects

If all matter was concentrated at one point before the big bang, I assume that the gravity was at a huge scale. For a long time many believed that the universe would eventually collapse back upon ...
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Shouldn't LHC have used $p\bar{p}$ collisions, instead of $pp$ collisions, to study baryogenesis?

Baryogenesis is the physical process(es) that produced baryon antibaryon asymmetry in the early universe. That means, the laws that governed the bigbang was baryon-antibaryon symmetric. On the other ...
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What's the evidence supporting 1 singular Big Bang? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What has been proved about the big bang, and what has not? I love to dabble with science, I'm by no means a scolar in this field. One thing that haven't seen proven yet ...
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118 views

Reference request for low entropy big bang

There is a somewhat widely accepted argument that the second law of thermodynamics exists because the universe began in a low-entropy state. I'm writing a paper that mentions this (and must be ...
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Can cosmic inflation be explained by matter antimatter reactions?

The big bang theory proposes that equal amounts of matter and antimatter were created in the beginning. Shortly afterwards most of it annihilated. Could that have produced enough energy to drive ...
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Negative and positive energy and Hawking [closed]

I don't have any physics background (except the material we did in high school-long time ago). I was watching a documentary with Stephen Hawking about whether God created the Universe and I could not ...