According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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Is a terminal gravitational center to the universe possible?

The current consensus is that there is no evidence of, or no way to tell whether or not there is a center to the universe. Considering our observable universe is only a small portion of what we know ...
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56 views

The steady state theory, can it now be falsified on particle physics grounds, in addition to CMB data?

The steady state theory is no longer taken seriously by most physicists and the Big Bang theory is supported by an enormous amount of evidence, especially the CMB data. But from a quick scan through ...
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3answers
363 views

Is there an exact formal definition of the Universe?

I've read several articles about Observable universe, Universe and Hubble volume, including Wikipedia articles and other references. After this I wondered: Is there a formal, rigorous definition in ...
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1answer
68 views

Do sound waves travel before Big Bang?

So I was reading a Scientific American article about how the universe is spreading apart and how it is getting faster. But in the article there was something that baffled be and it was this "Sound ...
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2answers
319 views

Is it possible to look into the beginning of the Universe?

If we currently can look into some of the furthest stars, actually seeing the past Isn't it conceivable that given enough distance we should be able to see Parts of the Big Bang? If the Universe is ...
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2answers
2k views

Atoms pop out of nothing/vacuum/pre-big-bang?

I saw a great documentary last night about 'nothing'. It's about vacuums, and how if you have a total vacuum atoms will pop out of nowhere! Pretty crazy stuff. Atoms literally coming out of nowhere,...
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3answers
158 views

Why is the universe not uniform?

From my understanding, the Big Bang theory says the universe expanded from a state of infinite density and pressure. I feel that if this is true, this should lead to a universe where matter is ...
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0answers
35 views

Did the early universe violate the 2nd law of thermodynamics? [duplicate]

If the universe started out isotropic and homogenous and of all fundamental particles then how could there now be any concentration of energy anywhere? If you say that nothing is really homogenous ...
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1answer
73 views

It's a Hypothesis about the Beginning of the universe [closed]

Let's take a piece of paper and plot a couple of dots in it. If we shrink the paper infinitely, at some point it would reach a state of infinite density, that is; a Singularity. But even at that state,...
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6answers
698 views

Is it possible that galaxies' redshift is caused by something else than the expansion of space?

I was thinking that maybe photons loss energy naturally when they travel great distances. Or maybe the mass of all matter is increasing over time and therefore photons emitted in the past are ...
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2answers
67 views

In Which Space Did the Big Bang Occur? [duplicate]

If our universe didn't exist before the big bang, the big bang can not have taken place in our universe, but in some external space. How does current physics explain this?
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2answers
132 views

How fast does space/time travel?

It is said that before the big bang there was no before, as space/time was created in the big bang. The big bang creates a rapid expansion of space/time... so how fast is rapid?
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1answer
134 views

Did the initiation of the Higgs Field and the inflationary period occur simultaneously?

My question is: Both of these concepts involve a phase transition and they both started, as far as I know, early in time, so are the above two ideas linked in any way? My first source for this query ...
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1answer
49 views

Why did formation of the first stars (population III) not happen earlier?

Was it the cooling of the universe? Naively, I would expect the lowering density to work against star formation.
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5answers
1k views

Does (it make sense to say that ) the universe has a center?

I was reading this page: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/oct/23/brian-cox-jeff-forshaw-answers and I found this sentence by Brian Cox: That seems to imply that everything is flying away ...
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2answers
81 views

could anti-matter black hole is sitting at the center of the universe ? that have all the aniti matter [closed]

i am very curious about the space , matter and anti-matter , i am not a scientist but i have few question , can we calculate the speed of expansion of the universe? , i have made some assumption or ...
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1answer
54 views

Singularity - Origin Point

How can it be said that the real beginning of the real universe involved a "singularity of zero size and infinite density of mass" when no space existed at all to define any density and when nothing/...
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3answers
727 views

What trajectory has the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation taken to get to earth?

I have a few related questions: Where is the CMB coming (emitted/reflected/remitted) from? When CMB hits the earth, is that the first thing those photons hit since they were emitted 400 thousand ...
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3answers
8k views

Why didn't the Big Bang create heavy elements?

In the case of a supernova explosion it is possible to create heavy elements through fusion. Supernovae have a tremendous amount of energy in a very small volume but not as much energy per volume as ...
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6answers
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Given that matter cannot escape a black hole, how did the big bang produce the universe we see today?

Extrapolation of the expansion of the Universe backwards in time using general relativity yields an infinite density and temperature at a finite time in the past. If the matter contained within our ...
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0answers
33 views

Why isn't the universe a singularity? [duplicate]

So, i'm just a high-schooler interested in physics, so don't judge me if I misinterpreted anything. But from my understanding of black holes, a singularity is created because any matter inside the ...
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0answers
39 views

Do the entropy of the universe and third law of thermodynamics conflict? [duplicate]

We know that our universe was in low entropy state at the earlier time after the Big bang. But we also know that the temperature at that times was enormously high. But what the third law of ...
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1answer
139 views

Pre Big Bang knowledge

I have read that no one knows what preceded the Big Bang, but is this true? The Big Bang process (with or without inflation) followed known rules which “existed” prior to time zero. For example, some ...
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2answers
181 views

Could the singularity that gave rise to our universe be past-eternal?

Are there any compelling models that include a past eternal singularity that ultimately gave rise to our universe? Does the "no-boundary" hypothesis that utilizes imaginary time have past eternal ...
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0answers
23 views

The universe is said to have begun as a singularity, but how do we know nothing else existed? [duplicate]

When I imagine the big bang, I first imagine a tiny ball surrounded by black void. Then the ball explodes and the universe begins. I assume most physicists have the same basic idea. But how do we ...
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0answers
50 views

Modeling of Big Bang [duplicate]

Well, I’m just an ordinary High School passed student. I had passion towards space-time- relativity and other things related with physics :D I have been watching theories of physics like Big Bang from ...
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1answer
49 views

Equations for Big Bang expansion, distance and energy

On the back page of the CPEP poster “The History and Fate of the Universe” a table gives distance scale (size), temperature, and energy (radiation) for seven expansion times (10-43 sec to now). http://...
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131 views

Is there any situation in which a primordial black hole-sized black hole form AFTER the “Big Bang?”

I have seen that primordial black holes may have formed at the start of the universe due to the density of matter. So, is there any way in which our current Universe could spawn a non-stellar mass ...
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0answers
27 views

Does the Big Bang Theory explain about the formation and destruction of matter? [duplicate]

I read here here that, The Big Bang theory explains how the universe was created. Even though it was unable to explain that how everything in the universe did came to existence from no matter state ...
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1answer
40 views

particle horizon and big bang

The farthest radiation we can see is from the particle horizon. But the farthest radiation is the CMB. Why does all radiation from the particle horizon stem from that earliest possible source time? In ...
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4answers
317 views

Frame of reference and big bang

I have read Brief History of Time in which he has wonderfully described the formation of universe. What is the frame of reference from which we are viewing the big bang? What is the frame of reference ...
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3answers
828 views

Big bang and time

I heard Carl Sagan talking about the Universe 15 Billion years ago, and the Big Bang. He made the statement that it was the biggest explosion of all time (at first I thought this a subtle pun). This ...
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0answers
35 views

Why not “A” big bang [duplicate]

What has led us to believe that there was "1" big bang and not multiple?
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7answers
10k views

Why is there a scarcity of lithium?

One of the major impediments to the widespread adoption of electric cars is a shortage of lithium for the batteries. I read an article a while back that says that there is simply not enough lithium ...
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0answers
24 views

Backtracking position [duplicate]

Using a hypothetical photo from a hypothetical telescope, we were able to determine that the farthest galaxy present in the photo is 1 billion light years away. Because we are awesome we were able to ...
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1answer
127 views

Faster than speed of light [duplicate]

I was watching a Physics TV show, When someone called Alex Filippenko said that when there was the Big Bang, the Space extended at a speed faster than speed of light. He said that it wasn't against ...
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0answers
31 views

How to explain the homogeneity of the universe through a physic model [duplicate]

If in general, two objects homogenize themself by combining it's parts, why the horizon effect, based on a big bang model, excludes such an important physical interaction process? I wonder if this ...
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1answer
63 views

About Time and the Big Bang [duplicate]

In a TV ducumentary, I heard that time started with Big Bang, and it is meaningless to talk of "before". This was given without any further explanation, in the peculiar, irritating style of ...
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1answer
205 views

If big bang theory is real.. then why do scientists do not accept “matter CAN disappear to Void”? [closed]

I believe in the big bang theory.. perhaps it was a big lightning not an explosion.. but even that is pretty much same as "big bang theory".. so matter came from "nothing" (zero). and existence is "...
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0answers
87 views

Does second law of thermodynamics imply the big bang?

Given that the second law of thermodynamics states that entropy always increases and the universe is currently not in a state of maximal entropy does that not imply that it must have started at a ...
2
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1answer
52 views

C&CP-Symmetry Violation in Baryogenesis

In cosmology, during the big bang; how does C-Symmetry violation allow for a greater number of baryons to be produced than anti-baryons in Baryogenesis, similarly how does CP-Symmetry tie into this?
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11answers
2k views

understanding time: Is time simply the rate change?

Is time simply the rate of change? If this is the case and time was created during the big bang would it be the case that the closer you get to the start of the big bang the "slower" things change ...
5
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2answers
267 views

Quantum entanglement and the big bang

Prior to the Big Bang all matter was compressed into a point of high density. Why isn't all matter already entangled?
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5answers
6k views

Does entropy increase or decrease as our Universe is expanding?

Scientists say that entropy of our universe is increasing as it is expanding and our universe is cooling down gradually from the time of its birth. If something is getting cooler and cooler, then how ...
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1answer
50 views

Superstrings in the 10th Dimension [closed]

Physicists say that the superstrings vibrating in the 10th dimension are what create the subatomic particles that make up our universe and all other possible universes as well. If that is true, then ...
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2answers
219 views

I understand the Big Bang Theory (BBT), but how was the matter in the BBT created?

I understand the Big Bang Theory to consist of all of the matter being pulled into one great gravitational pull. such a great force that it expelled the matter out causing the idea of Red-Shift and ...
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2answers
2k views

When did the first carbon nucleus in the Universe come into existence?

I am a chemist with a passion for astrophysics and particle physics, and one of the most marvellous things I have learned in my life is the process of stellar nucleosynthesis. It saddens me how my ...
5
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2answers
444 views

Probability of spontaneous Boltzmann brain formation

I was reading through Scott Aaronson's notes (pdf), but I can't make sense of his discussion about Boltzmann brains on p61. Specifically the fact that it says: But the problem is worse. Since in ...
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2answers
110 views

If temperature is dependent on mass, how did the early universe have a temperature?

I am near the end of the book The First Three Minutes by Steven Weinberg. I am reading it in order to get a better picture of the early universe in the Big Bang model. But one thing I am having ...
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1answer
723 views

Stephen Hawking's theory of multiple universes [closed]

Is it correct to think that there are multiple universes? Does my thinking of having more than one big bang?