According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
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2answers
134 views

Big Bang, What is wrong with such thinking? [closed]

Also if I think the Expanding of Universe like this: At the Start : The Amount of Matter and Anti-Matter is equal and they annihilate and all we had is Large Amount of energy. But some 'X' Thing, ...
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3answers
2k views

Are Stephen Crothers' claims legitimate? [closed]

I came up last night with a talk given by Stephen J. Crothers in which he claims that black holes and the Big Bang have no basis in general relativity. But is he really true? How legitimate are his ...
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3answers
167 views

Age of the universe in years

It seems to be commonly accepted that the Big Bang occurred roughly 13.7 billion years ago. My question is what is the meaning of the year in this context? When I type year definition into google, ...
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1answer
279 views

Is “A Brief History of Time” still up to date?

I have recently found my copy of Hawkings' A Brief History of Time which I have never finished. This time I'm determined to read it all the way through. However, the book is now almost 25 years old. ...
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2answers
66 views

Red Shift and Light Speed

I read several questions/answers about red shift on this web site, but there is something I still don't understand. Why is red-shift considered to be the effect of expanding space-time, why it could ...
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0answers
52 views

Extra dimensions and the big bang [duplicate]

If there were extra compact dimensions,and at the big bang all dimensions were compact,my question is why the big bang failed to expand those presumed extra dimensions like it did with the 3 spatial ...
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1answer
120 views

Does the big bang violate the conservation of energy? [duplicate]

It is a fact that a thing is existing now because it had already been created. So why don't we take this to account to redefine law of conservation of energy.
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3answers
96 views

What happened to high temperatures in the universe?

We know that after the big bang the temperature was about 10^32 K. But now the average temperature of the universe is about 4 K. What happened to the temperature at that time? Where did it go?
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2answers
149 views

What is the universe expanding into? [duplicate]

Due to curiosity, it made me wonder what is outside of the universe, is it a new chemical or just empty space? But empty space have protons appearing and disappearing in it, it basically still has ...
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1answer
169 views

How far away is Cosmic Background Radiation? [duplicate]

I've been reading about Cosmic Background Radiation (CMBR) lately. My understanding so far is that this is the "Noise"/"Flash" from the big bang. Assuming that information is correct, how far away ...
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51 views

Bekenstein bound and the early universe [duplicate]

From what I understand, in the very early stages, the universe was extremely small. Also black holes are maximum entropy objects and thus saturate the bound. Now what I don't get is that unless ...
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3answers
257 views

Has anyone ever tried to formulate physics base on computer science or Information processing?

Some physicists and university researchers say it's possible to test the theory that our entire universe exists inside a computer simulation, like in the 1999 film "The Matrix." In 2003, University ...
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1answer
957 views

What could explain the measurements that the Methuselah star is older than the universe?

So there has been talk in the news of a star named Methuselah that is "older than the universe". Moreover, this star happens to belong to our very own Milky Way. The article mentions that Methuselah ...
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2answers
275 views

Is it possible for dark matter to somehow turn into regular matter?

Is it possible for dark matter to create the regular matter that we, the stars, and the galaxies are made of? The reason I'm asking this is because I have a hard time imagining how something can ...
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1answer
117 views

General Relativity and the effect of mass on time [duplicate]

My question is related to the first page of this article regarding the big bang theory and refers to this specific sentence: Armed with the best physics of the 20th century, Albert Einstein came ...
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3answers
380 views

Entropy and Big Bang aren't mutually exclusible? [closed]

There are some principles in entropy im having trouble understanding. If Entropy requires that the energy in the universe must always been constant, shouldnt in theory 'Heat Death' have occurred since ...
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1answer
453 views

Additional merits to Wetterich's “Universe without expansion” compared to standard cosmological redshift interpretation?

A recent news item in Nature promotes Wetterich's preprint "A Universe without expansion". All sounds very exciting but hard to judge for non-experts. As I understand from the Nature's article, the ...
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1answer
81 views

Were there time just after the Big Bang?

I have understood that just after the Big Bang there were no cesium atoms and the definition of time requires cesium atoms. So were there any time before cesium atoms appeared in the universe?
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3answers
101 views

Hydrogen cloud at the universe's beginning?

What prevented all of the hydrogen at the universe's start from coalescing into one gigantic star?
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1answer
115 views

At what point does everything become nothing?

I understand that the universe, which I'll call "everything", is expanding and it used to be much smaller. But I keep hearing assertions about a universe coming from nothing. If you rolled the clock ...
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1answer
119 views

Why is there a line in the middle of the Planck full sky map?

Why there is a straight line (or perhaps a flat surface) in the middle of the Planck full sky map? and zoom (it makes it seem that the big bang was a collision between two unknown surfaces)
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1answer
119 views

Why is the Big Bang the biggest explosion in the universe?

What makes the big bang the biggest explosion in the universe? Why even should such an explosion ever happens? Through what process and how does this amount of energy get released as a big bang? Are ...
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2answers
287 views

Origin of motion and relative speed of bodies in the universe

Charged particles can hit the earth at relativistic speeds. But it seems that all large bodies have fairly low relative speed. Of course, speed can increase considerably when a body orbits close to a ...
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2answers
70 views

Spread and direction of the cosmic background radiation

Something I can never understand is that where the cosmic background radiation spreads? If I know well, the cosmic background radiation is actually the light of the Big Bang. If it happened exactly ...
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0answers
62 views

Why didn't a black hole form right after the Big Bang? [duplicate]

Why didn't a black hole form right after the Big Bang and the universe contract towards a singularity?
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1answer
78 views

The Univere's mass-energy and uncertainty [duplicate]

A virtual creation with total mass-energy = $E$ is allowed as long as that virtual creation doesn’t last longer than $E/h$. Can the uncertainty principle also be used to estimate the mass-energy in ...
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4answers
234 views

How can the big bang occur mathematically?

As we know time began with the big bang. Before that there was no time, no laws, nothing. Mathematically how can an event take place when no time passes by? How did the big bang took place when there ...
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5answers
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Does the expansion of the universe soon after the Big Bang affect the amount of time that light takes to reach us?

If faster than light travel is impossible, how is it that light emitted from matter so close together in the time soon after the Big Bang is only now just reaching us? I would assume that there would ...
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1answer
120 views

Assuming space is infinite can our observable universe be an island amongst an archipelego?

According to recent measurements our observable universe is roughly 93 billion light years in diameter; also it appears (according to WMAP measurements) that spacetime is flat. Supposing space is ...
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2answers
272 views

Excluding big bang itself, does spacetime have a boundary?

My understanding of big bang cosmology and General Relativity is that both matter and spacetime emerged together (I'm not considering time zero where there was a singularity). Does this mean that ...
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1answer
142 views

Explanation for the notion that physical laws break down at the Big Bang

I've often heard the phrase "physical laws break down at the big bang". Why is this? Divide by zero? Please provide the mathematics.
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1answer
255 views

Early time in the Big Bang

I am not a physicist, so I would really appreciate using a simple language for the explanation of my question. From what I understood at the early Big Bang the four fundamental forces were unified to ...
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1answer
992 views

Did space and time exist before the Big Bang? [duplicate]

I accept the Big Bang theory. What I can't understand is how there can be a where or when to the Big Bang if space time did not exist prior to it. Did space and time exist prior to the Big Bang?
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1answer
112 views

How fast did hydrogen atoms travel when they were first formed in the early universe?

I can't seem to find any data on this, is it a known value?
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1answer
256 views

Which was first, energy or matter in the creation of our universe?

Was it the Big Bang or was it something else that gives us our universe in its present condition? Did it all begin with just pure energy that eventually evolved into simple atoms of matter, that ...
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3answers
876 views

Can space expand with unlimited speed?

At the beginning, right after the Big Bang, the universe was the size of a coin. One millionth of a second after the universe was the size of the Solar System (acording to ...
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1answer
246 views

How do we know space is expanding when we are part of space? [duplicate]

From what I understand space itself is expanding, and the Big Bang attempts to describe this expansion at the very early stages of the universe. This is usually described in a visual way as 2 dots on ...
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1answer
87 views

What is the age of universe? [closed]

As we know at the time of big bang as mentioned by the scientist the universe expanded faster than the speed of light. So does it mean that at that time all the particles present travelled in the time ...
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1answer
130 views

Is it possible that a black hole sucks energy that is the origin of another universes big bang?

The universe expanded from nothing, right? And black holes may be a "gate" to parallel universes, is it possible that stars that is being sucked in by black holes in our universe may be the origin of ...
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1answer
167 views

In the big crunch theory, when the big crunch singularity forms, can the resulting black hole decay through hawking's radiation?

I've been pondering about this and I couldn't really find the answer for this. The big crunch theory postulates that the universe will eventually stop expanding and reverse back in on its self into a ...
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2answers
211 views

Is this a great flaw in big bang theory? [duplicate]

Einstein said that, Time & Space cannot exists without one another. Big bang says, time didn't exist before the big bang. So the Primordial ball referred in the Big Bang theory didn't had any ...
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1answer
519 views

Particles entangled after the big bang

Is that true that the big bang caused the quantum entanglement of all the particles of the universe so every particle is entangled to each other particle of the universe?
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0answers
50 views

Is the speed of light the ultimate speed limit? [duplicate]

As we all know nothing can go faster than the speed of light as mentioned by most of our pioneer's in physics. But as I was listening to one of the statements of Sir. Stephen Hawkins he stated that at ...
2
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1answer
96 views

What was ticking just after the Big Bang?

When reading about the Big Bang, I see phrases like 3 trillionths of a second after... So, what was ticking to give a time scale like this? We define time now in terms of atomic oscillations, but ...
2
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1answer
233 views

Did force of gravity cause evolution of large scale structures?

Did big bang create gravity? What role gravity is assumed to have played in the formation (starting from the big bang) of large structures of our universe and what other important physical mechanisms ...
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2answers
112 views

How exactly, or whats the process, rather, of energy changing into matter?

$E=mc^2$ this is the equation by Einstein claiming energy can change from energy to mass. this would happened at the big bang I assume, when electrons and protons were made to create hydrogen and some ...
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0answers
65 views

How can I read density fluctuation from microwaves?

The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation shows temperature differences. The red and yellow areas are warmer. The green and blue areas are cooler. For example consider this picture of CMBR ...
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2answers
172 views

Was the singularity at Big Bang perfectly uniform and if so, why did the universe lose its uniformity?

Am I right in understanding that current theory states that Big Bang originated from a single point of singularity? If so, would this mean that this was a uniform point? If so, as the universe ...
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1answer
98 views

How to understand movement in expanding universe?

I know that universe is expanding equally between every pair of points but it was a single point in it's very past... so I was wondering if we could locate this center point of universe. Now I know ...