According to the current cosmological theories, it's the model that explains the early life of the universe, starting from a rapid expansion of hot and dense matter.

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What (if any) state did energy exist in prior to the big bang? [duplicate]

I am comfortable with the idea that 'pure energy' cannot be observed, only different forms in which it manifests. I can also understand that matter-antimatter interactions result in fundamental ...
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Was the Big Bang actually cold?

As I understand, from watching the Discovery Channel, the total amount of energy in the universe is zero. As such, people like Hawking explain that the universe can be created out of nothing ...
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Why isn't our universe symmetric?

Why were random variations introduced in the spherically symmetric universe after Big Bang which made it non-symmetrical. Since the outcome of a coin toss depend on factors such as torque applied, air ...
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What caused the expansion of the universe to slow down after the inflationary epoch?

As everyone knows, when the big bang happened, the universe expanded at an unbelievable rate and this was called the inflationary epoch (or more popularly cosmological inflation) which lasted for ...
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Is There A 'Leading Edge' to the Universe? [duplicate]

Is there a center to the universe? Did the Big Bang happen at a single location, spreading outwards? Or, was the Big Bang more of a state-change, in which the universe went from super-dense and ...
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96 views

Where's all the light going in the universe?

According to my knowledge, matter can not go faster than light, and light is emitted constantly in the universe from many types of reactions. If this is so, then isn't light constantly getting past ...
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What prevented the early universe to become a black hole before inflation? [duplicate]

I am an ignoramus on this subject, and I assume that these statements quoted from wikipedia are more or less accurate:(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflaton) 1) Prior to the expansion period, the ...
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Loop quantum gravity- is the critical density sufficient to form a 'black hole'?

I think in loop quantum gravity the rate of expansion of the universe is found from: $H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\rho\left(1-\frac{\rho}{\rho_c}\right)$ And I was wondering whether the critical density ...
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Why seeing further in “timespace” does not add up?

I've read that astronomers have received a light (a photon) 13 billion years old. Here's my question: If we start to turn the clock backwards all matter, energy, etc should start heading to the ...
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Center of mass & Big Bang Theory

I have read in my text books about the Big Bang theory and quote "the entire matter in the universe was once concentrated in a single very dense and hot fire ball; it exploded some 20 billion years ...
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Will the background radiation get “dimmer”? If so when will it be “turned off” [duplicate]

This video http://youtu.be/_mZQ-5-KYHw talks about the background radiation which we can observe today. It's from the beginning of the universe and has traveled so long that the expansion of the ...
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What would be the first compound formed in the early universe?

This may sound like a chemistry problem, but I suspect this would have lot to do with primordial nucleosynthesis. After all physics underlies everything. It is believed that several elements were ...
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TEO: raise of a System [closed]

I think this question is settled somewhere betweeen physics and philosophy and we surely can not find a answer that fits 100%, but lets talk about it. While thinking about how the universe and its ...
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How can the Big Bang singularity exist in spacetime if it has zero volume? [closed]

How can the Big Bang singularity exist if it has zero volume? I tried googling to find the answer - no help. Can someone give a general idea how can the big bang singularity exist even if it has zero ...
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Why is the graph of CMB/black-body radiation asymptotic?

Speaking of this graph of blackbody radiation, I see that the graph goes to 0 asymptotically: As we go to higher and higher frequencies, the energy of a single photon becomes increasingly high. ...
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Did the Big Bang happen at a point?

TV documentaries invariably show the Big Bang as an exploding ball of fire expanding outwards. Did the Big Bang really explode outwards from a point like this? If not, what did happen?
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Infinite Universe and the big bang

OK, I was thinking of the big bang and how it relates to an infinite universe. If the universe is infinite is mass and there was a big bang, then at the big bang there was an infinite amount of ...
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255 views

How do we know that space expanded with speed faster that a speed of light during big-bang inflation?

How do we know that space expanded faster than a speed of light in inflation? I have read this Phys.SE question, and it says that limit for faster than a speed of light is for matter and waves only. I ...
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Has the universe we live in started as a black hole that is imploding?

As discussed in this question, as far back as the 1960s it was suggested that the Schwarzschild metric can be smoothly joined to a de Sitter metric. For example the idea has been used by Lee Smolin in ...
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Is energy since the big-bang still here in the present?

Based on the concept that energy can never be destroyed and is only transferred. Does it mean that energy since the formation of literally everything still here today?
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Searching for Big Bang Neutrinos

How is it possible to discover neutrinos from the big bang? Were the neutrinos emitted just before the big bang? Or at the same moment? If they moved outward in all directions, basically unhindered ...
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Could false vacuums potentially describe, in part, the Big Bang?

I've just read about something I had never of before, false vacuums. After reading a couple descriptions of what a drop (or rather, a vacuum metastability event) would imply, I thought of the Big ...
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Can someone explain effects of time dilation on expansion of universe [duplicate]

I'm not a physics guy, but this is something I have always wondered about. If a clock flown by an object of high mass runs slower, what is the effect of this in regards to the density of the universe. ...
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If we could build a telescope to view the cosmic neutrino background, what would we see?

If we could build a neutrino telescope capable of viewing relic neutrinos that decoupled after the big bang, with a similar angular and spectral resolution that is possible now for the CMB (e.g. with ...
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Why did the big bang need to produce equal amounts of matter and antimatter? [duplicate]

I've tried to find an answer for this but couldn't find one. Whats the problem with matter being created with little or no antimatter
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Is the Big Bang defined as before or after Inflation?

Is the Big Bang defined as before or after Inflation? Seems like a simple enough question to answer right? And if just yesterday I were to encounter this, I'd have given a definite answer. But I've ...
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How did the gravity of the particles/objects behave at the edge of the expanding universe moments after big bang?

During a very short time after the big bang, the universe must have had an edge of space-time which is very close to all the matter in the universe. The particles which are close to or on the edge ...
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Why doesn't the light from galaxies appear stretched? [duplicate]

Maybe it's my ignorance of astrophysics/cosmology, but I have been wondering this: Why do galaxies not appear stretched when we observe them? Assuming a galaxy that we observe is 100,000 light years ...
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Is there an absolute center of mass exist in the universe? [duplicate]

By the "absolute center of mass" I mean the center of all the matter that exists in a given moment. My friend asserted that today and it intrigued us very much but since we only have a CS degree and ...
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extreme heat to extreme cold (define the endstate)

Contemporary cosmology frequently has space temperatures just after the 'big bang' in the regions of millions of degrees and with inflation and expansion of the universe this is now down to a couple ...
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CPT theorem and annihilation of matter and antimatter after the big bang

Is the hypothesis that antimatter is moving backwards in time compatible with the hypothesis of annihilation of matter and antimatter after the big bang? It is said that the big bang should have ...
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88 views

The universe appears to have a lower bound in the time dimension, why not an upper bound?

The Big Bang looks like a lower bound to the "size" of the universe in the time dimension. Could it also have an upper bound, some furthest point in time from the Big Bang?
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What trajectory has the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation taken to get to earth?

I have a few related questions: Where is the CMB coming (emitted/reflected/remitted) from? When CMB hits the earth, is that the first thing those photons hit since they were emitted 400 thousand ...
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Has a theory of a small Big Bang in a much larger universe been proposed?

I have a theory I think might explain why the universe has accelerated in a way that doesn't require dark energy. I'm wondering if someone has proposed this theory before (did some research and ...
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Infinite number of universes? Black holes are guilty? [closed]

I was thinking, if the space is infinite, what if there are infinite number of spaces, inside our universe? I mean, everyone knows that black holes exist, but nobody knows what happens when you get ...
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Seeing beyond the CMBR with neutrinos?

As I understand it, you can't see beyond the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation because the plasma of the early universe was opaque to electromagnetic radiation. What if you had a "neutrino ...
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Where does the number “380,000 years for electrons to be trapped in orbits around nuclei” come from?

How does this number get calculated? About 380,000 years after the Big Bang the temperature of the universe fell to the point where nuclei could combine with electrons to create neutral atoms. ...
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The universe could have created itself? [duplicate]

So in this Youtube video http://youtu.be/ZjaaSUHG7Xo The guy says, around 6:15, that the total energy of the universe is zero because of gravitational potential (or something like that i dont ...
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Could the universe have evolved WITHOUT the non-determinism of quantum mechanics? [closed]

(I'm going to make a few conjectures here - please answer the question in light of them as if they were true, even though of course they may be overly simplistic or wrong) Assuming that: the ...
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What is the difference between a low vs. high entropy plasma just after and before a singularity occurs?

Although it appears that the universe is not closed (since it is accelerating) I have been reading different websites on how the universe would look like if it was closed and the big crunch did occur. ...
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Cosmic Expansion - Why aren't we ripped off yet? [duplicate]

According to Hubble's law, the universe expands exponentially ever since the big bang. If the space-time expands, what effects does it have upon us, (1.Earth, 2.solar system and 3. Milky Way). ...
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How has the age of the Universe been derived from the observations made by the Planck mission?

The parameters of $\rm\Lambda CDM$ model have been determined to an amazing high precision from the measurements made by the Planck mission. In particular, the Hubble "constant" (the value of Hubble ...
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Big Bang Question

In the early Universe it it's believed that matter and anti-matter annihilated one another till there was but a remaining 1% left. In a matter/anti-matter collision, is there not an explosion of ...
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When they say that the universe cooled after the big bang, where did the heat go?

Layman here, Stumbling through some physics stack posts and started reading the Wikipedia for the chronology of the big bang. In it, it states The very earliest universe was so hot, or energetic, ...
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66 views

Understanding the cause of the big bang

Ok, as I understand the expansion of the initial singularity was caused by quantum fluctuations like the ones predicted by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. But how can these fluctuations occur ...
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127 views

When was the cosmic background radiation in the visible spectrum?

From what I understand about the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation is that it was from the big bang, and since space has streched and become bigger since then the wavelength of the CMBR has ...
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95 views

Black holes attracting each other [closed]

I was watching the tv series called, through the wormhole, and they mentioned a theory about multiple universes that are separated by a very small distance, like parallel membranes. They mentioned ...
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Did “big bang” radiate light?

According to present day physics nothing existed before the "big bang", even space and time. But often in documentaries, the "big bang" is shown as a ball of light that exploded at some point. If this ...
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What Happens In Billions Of Years Time To The Universe? [closed]

I'm trying to imagine in my head what happens to the universe in ten billion years, twenty billion years, etc. I imagine that all mass in the universe turns to black holes, as when mass reaches the ...
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Where did the universe get its initial momentum?

If, according to Newton's third law, forces come in pairs then what about the big bang? where did the universe get that initial push/momentum?