The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
38 views

Pressure gradients at two different sized holes separating 2 chambers at different pressures [closed]

Why is the pressure gradient by the simplified Bernoulli equation higher at the smaller hole?
1
vote
4answers
262 views

Why does moving air have low pressure?

According to Wikipedia lift in an aircraft is due to an area of low pressure formed above the wings of an aircraft due to the fast moving air there. So why exactly is an area of low pressure created ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Rate of flow of water fluid mechanics

If we have a cylindrical tank of area $A$ which has a small outlet of area $a$ at the bottom of the surface . And the container starts filling with a constant rate $k [m^3/sec]$ . Now the max. level ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Torricelli's speed of efflux law

Torricelli's law states that if we make a hole in a container of fluid open to atmosphere, then the speed of the fluid spouting out is: $$\sqrt{2gh}$$ Does this velocity correspond to the horizontal ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Pressure Variations due to Flow in an Inviscid Fluid

Let's say we have an irrotational, inviscid fluid with steady flow. Then the Bernoulli function (ignoring gravity) $$H=\frac{p}{\rho}+\frac{u^2}{2}$$ is constant everywhere. My notes then make a jump ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How to calculate the speed of a jet of liquid coming out of a nozzle? [closed]

I'm working on a project and i need to calculate speed of a jet falling from a nozzle. But my question is that, is it correct to use $$v=\sqrt{2gh}$$ Or should the speed of the jet be independent ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Application of Bernouli's Theorem

We have to calculate the velocity of efflux in this problem. My issue is, when I apply Bernoulli about the open end of the fluid and a point just outside the orifice, I seem to get a different ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Pressure inside tank while discharging water

I have two tanks, one initially fully filled with water (large tank) and the other one (smaller) is empty and has low pressure (say 0.5 bar) and the two tanks are connected from the bottom with pipe ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Lift provided to an aeroplane [duplicate]

We say that aeroplanes find lift due to an effect explained by Bernoulli's theorem. But isn't newton's third law of motion applicable along with Bernoulli's theorem? otherwise, an aeroplane wouldn't ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How does Bernoulli's principle produce wing lift? [duplicate]

In the Ray Kurzweil's book How to create a mind is said that: The mathematics of how Bernoulli's principle produces wing lift is still not yet fully settled among scientist [...] What does ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Bernoulli Principle and pressure function

I have read in several places now that for compressible flow the Bernoulli equation $$ \frac {v^2}{2}+ P\ + \Psi = \text{constant}$$ requires: $$P=\int {dp\over \rho(p)} $$ But I don't get ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Conflicts between Bernoulli's Equation and Momentum Conservation?

The well known Bernoulli's equation states that $P+\frac{\rho V^2}{2}=c$ However, a simple momentum conservation considering $P_1$ and $P_2$ acting on two sides, and velocity changes from $V_1$ to ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Relation between pressure and velocity of a fluid

What is the relation between pressure and velocity of a fluid in a closed pipe flow? I used the Bernoulli equation in case of a pipe having non viscous fluid. The pipe is say tilted at an angle and ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

How to calculate leakage flow in a horizontal pipe?

Consider the picture below: The microcontroller takes care of maintaining the pressure $P_1$ constant. In addition, the flow $F$, the area of the pipe ($A_p$) and the area of the hole ($A_h$) are ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Bernoulli's Equation for Barotropic Flows

I'm trying to understand a derivation of Bernoilli's Equation and I'm having a hard time understanding the math behind this indentity $$ \frac{1}{\rho} \nabla p = \nabla \int ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

What is Pressure Energy?

While deriving Bernoulli's Theorem, our teacher said that the sum of KE, PE and Pressure Energy per unit volume remains constant at any two points. $$P + \rho g h + \frac{\rho v^2}{2} = ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Air flowing through a duct (pressure drops)

Let's say that I have a duct with the length $ l $ that is connected to a fan, and through the duct there is air flowing with the velocity $ u $. Moreover, let's say we install a manometer right after ...
0
votes
3answers
108 views

Can Bernoulli fly a car?

I need to settle an argument. How much influence, if any, does the Bernoulli principle have in sending a stock car traveling at 200 MPH sailing through the air when the air pressure unexpectedly ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Simple cylinder fluid mechanics, draining from hole on bottom

So my professor is having us work on an assignment where there is a cylinder full of water with a hole in the side near the bottom. Given the use of stopwatch, balance beam, beakers, etc, how can we ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Bernoulli principle and particle

Bernoulli principle describes the flow of a fluid for steady, incompressible flow along a streamline. But it is said for a particle of a fluid along a streamline. My question is a particle of fluid ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Bernoulli equation as an energy conservation equation

I don’t want to learn and apply Bernoulli's equation. It is complicated and you need to remember a lot. I instead want to apply energy conservation. But I don't always find it easy. For example, when ...
0
votes
2answers
156 views

Bernoulli's equation and pressure in a (mostly) sealed container

Let's say that I have a large soda bottle. I drill a small hole through the side of it, put my finger over it to seal the hole, and fill the bottle up with water. When I let go of the hole, water ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Bernoulli's Equation for flow of gas and changing area

My task is to determine the size of piping needed in a system. In this system, hydrogen gas flows horizontally in a $\frac{3}{4}\,\mathrm{inch}$ pipe and into a vertical pipe of a larger diameter. My ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Forces of reaction and torque of water flowing out of a vessel

Consider the problem wherein we are told to find out the force of reaction of water flowing out of a vessel through an orifice. I attempt to compare it with a shotgun and a bullet as a conservation ...
1
vote
3answers
164 views

Question Regarding torricelli's theorem/Law

I recently studied about bernoulli's equation/principle. After the derivation of the said equation , my book gave some applications of the principle, which include torricelli's theorem/law. In ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

volumetric flow rate due to Bernoulli's principle

for calculating the volumetric flow rate of a liquid coming out of a tube, I know that If the pipe is too short, the Hagen–Poiseuille equation may result in unphysically high flow rates; the flow is ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Measuring Steam Flow with Venturi Effect?

I understand steam is a compressible fluid and that the Bernoulli effect has been generalised for compressible fluids but I'm struggling understand how the Venturi effect can be generalised to allow ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Flow in diverging channel is unstable according to Bernoulli's equation

So let's say we have a circular pipe with a variable cross section with an inviscid incompressible fluid flowing through it. The areas of the two ends are $A_1$ and and $A_2$. Let's say we also ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Bernoulli's principle in moving car not works [duplicate]

According to Bernoulli's principle, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure. As I understand that also applies to gas or air. Ok, so when I open a ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the best way to calculate speeds at other points in a venturi-tube when knowing one?

I and a friend have made a venturi tube trough which water flows at a low speed. The flow is therefore laminar. We measured the static pressure using some piëzometers at the points 1,2 and 3. We know ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Finding the expression for the time it takes for a water tank to be half empty

The problem is to find an expression for the time it takes for a cylindrical water tank is half empty. I am given that the water tank has a diameter of $D_0$ and a hight $H$. The water outlet is ...
4
votes
2answers
556 views

Is Torricelli's law “wrong” for big holes? - Tank draining problem

Consider a tank full of water with a constant cross-sectional area A1 placed vertically on the ground. Now someone drills a hole of an area A2 in the bottom of the tank, and the liquid starts escaping ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Applying unsteady Bernoulli (to a balloon attached to a tube)

Using Bernoulli’s equation for an unsteady irrotational motion of an inviscid incompressible fluid, solve the following: Water of density $\rho$ is driven through a horizontal tube of length $L$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Bernoulli Equation for isentropic ideal gas flow

If one derives the Bernoulli Equation for the isentropic ideal gas flow you get: $$ \frac{1}{2}v^2 + g z + \left(\frac{\kappa}{\kappa -1} \right) \frac{p}{\rho} = const. $$ Two questions: Is ...
2
votes
1answer
426 views

Solve unsteady state Bernoulli equation for flow in a pipe

I am an engineer studying an unsteady-state flow through a pipe. The Pipeline has been cleanly cut into two halves, without deforming the cylindrical form of the pipe, exposing the contents to ...
0
votes
2answers
335 views

Why does Bernoulli's principle work?

So, if we have a large pipe which is constricted in the middle, the fluid in the middle section will move faster. Why is it so? What dictates that liquid that an X amount of it must pass on the other ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

about venturi/bernuolli- what amount of pressure do I need to lift x amount of water? [closed]

I'm trying to build a venturi pump/tee in which I want air to create a suction which lift a liquid (like they do in paint sprayers), lets say water. My question is basically what is the minimal PSI ...
1
vote
1answer
433 views

How to derive velocity pressure in English units?

I know that velocity pressure can be calculated from dynamic pressure according to the potential energy of pressure (from Bernoulli's equation): $$ P = \frac{1}{2} \rho \overline{V}^2 $$ where P = ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Distance traveled by a water jet

I helped my kid in a science fair project, where we punctured holes in a water bottle at various heights and then measured the distance traveled by the water jets before they hit the ground. The ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Do rotating non-circular projectiles also experience Magnus lift?

The Magnus effect has been studied on spherical projectiles such as golf balls, tennis balls, and soccer balls. The backspin of a golf ball leads to Magnus lift that opposes gravity, thus allowing the ...
2
votes
2answers
386 views

Backwards airflow in a Venturi tube

When air is flowing through a Venturi tube, it's speed increases at the narrow section. If the airflow is arranged by moving the Venturi tube through calm air, this means air will momentarily flow ...
5
votes
3answers
244 views

Why does it seem as if big vehicles “attract” mine when I drive close to them?

When I drive a car at high speed and when I am near to another big car (like a van, or transport vehicle) I feel an attraction to or something push me toward the other big car. What's the physics in ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Is Magnus effect a corollary of Bernoulli principle?

Magnus effect is commonly explained using Bernoulli principle. However, taking the lift on a rotating cylinder as an example, the velocity difference is caused by the extra work done by the rotating ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Microscopic definition of dynamic pressure of fluids

So we have a moving fluid and we know from Bernouli's equation that there is a term called dynamic pressure(not to be confused with the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid). So,what exactly is it and ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

What is the difference between high speed water supply and high pressure water supply coming out of a hose?

According to Bernoulli's principle, $P + \frac{1}{2} d v^2 + dgh = constant$ where, P is pressure, d is density of water, v is velocity and h is height. Assuming that height of a plastic pipe is ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Liquid Flow Over Object

When there is a large object in the bottom of the ocean of height h, the surface of the ocean rises by a height less than h. In fact, if the ocean depth >> h, then the surface will rise negligibly. ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How can Bernoullis be solved without Vectors [duplicate]

Some time ago I asked a question why Dynamic pressure is considered scalar. Why is the dynamic pressure not a vector quantity? This still puzzles me so I hope to give a scenario that doesn't make ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Tank draining with piston

I am trying to solve a problem which is close to the tank draining (as here Fuel tank draining) but with a piston a the top of the tank which means $p_A$ different of $p_B$. I search the velocity ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Force on border exerted by a liquid

Why is it nearly universally understood that force in a liquid against a border is dependent on internal pressure, depth only, rather than weight of the liquid? Thus, for example, that the force from ...