Devices to store chemical energy and convert it to electrical energy.

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22
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3answers
5k views

Why do 'dead' batteries work again after exchanging the places of the batteries in an electronic device?

My camera, which is powered by two AA batteries in series, would not power on. I removed the batteries, exchanged their locations, and the device worked again - for another 15 minutes or so. The ...
19
votes
3answers
589 views

Why can't batteries be charged quickly?

Charging of laptops, cell phones take so much time. Why can't we make such batteries easily/commercially which are charged more quickly? What's the thing behind this limiting?
16
votes
1answer
10k views

Does the mass of a battery's change when charged/discharged?

... and if so, how much? Is it possible to detect it, or is it beyond any measurement? I'd say there are two possible scenarios (depending on the battery type) and both seem interesting: The battery ...
10
votes
5answers
37k views

What is the difference between a battery and a charged capacitor?

What is the difference between a battery and a charged capacitor? I can see lot of similarities between capacitor and battery. In both these charges are separated and When not connected in a circuit ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Why aren't betavoltaics and alphavoltaics batteries widely used?

Betavoltaic batteries are devices which creates electricity from beta radiation of a radioactive material. Alphavoltaics operate similarly, using alpha radiation. The concept was invented roughly 50 ...
7
votes
3answers
12k views

What happens when we connect a metal wire between the 2 poles of a battery?

As I remembered, at the 2 poles of a battery, positive or negative electric charges are gathered. So there'll be electric field existing within the battery. This filed is neutralized by the chemical ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Path of an electron through an electric circuit

When a potential difference is applied across a conductor, and if an electron moves from the negative terminal of the battery and reaches the positive terminal, then I want to know if the electron ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

What happens to a fully charged battery, when you continue to charge it?

If I leave my cell-phone charging the whole night, it will be fully charged after a while. What happens with the battery and the excess energy I add? Also, I noticed my charger emitting a different ...
7
votes
1answer
255 views

Empty batteries magically resurrect after reinserting them

It happened to me quite often (most recently with my wireless keyboard) that a battery stopped to work and then, if I unplug it and then plug it back in it works again, not just for a couple of ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How many grams of explosive are equivalent to the energy in a battery?

In the movie Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, Arnie's fuel cells were twice shown to be extremely devastating when their stored energy was released. In real life, how many grams of, say, gunpowder ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

Why do two connected 1.5-volt batteries become a 3- volt battery?

Why two connected 1.5 volt battery become 3 volts? If one battery plus side is connect to minus side of another battery, there should be a current flow between them until no free charge move anymore, ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

short circuit an alkaline battery

i'm not doing anything related to physics, but i'm just curious : What really happen when i short circuit an alkaline battery ? some article in the net shown that fire/explosion can be happened when ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

How electron movement produces current,instead of having a slow drift speed

Just need a clarification here, how the current is produced due to the movement of electrons, in an external circuit,having a very slow drift speed. Normally in a battery there is high potential ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the difference between Capacitors, Ultra-Capacitors and Batteries

Capacitors are known to hold and release energy very quickly, unlike the slower release that batteries exhibit. If one were to bunch many (1000's of) capacitors together could they function as a ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How can a circuit function with two negative battery terminals facing each other?

Here is a drawing of the circuit that is confusing me: I don't quite understand how batteries work in this diagram. If a battery has a negative and positive terminal, there must be a barrier ...
5
votes
0answers
132 views

Why chewing a battery increases its power? [closed]

I know almost nothing about physics. Last night my TV remote was not working. I chewed the batteries and woh! It still had power left. How does chewing a battery increases its power? I think it's a ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

If we charge a capacitor can we discharge it into a battery?

I have read that we can charge a capacitor using a battery, but can the vice versa happen? My project needs to show a battery being charged through a fully charged capacitor.
4
votes
3answers
23k views

Different batteries connected in parallel

If we have 2 batteries one of emf x and the other is of emf y and we connect them in series we get an effective emf of x+y. But what if we connect them in parallel, how to calculate the emf now?
4
votes
3answers
261 views

Why do batteries work?

Consider diagram A. In diagram A a car is at the top of a cliff. Gravity is pulling it down, but it does't move since its on a flat surface. Even though it would be at a lower potential at point B, ...
4
votes
1answer
294 views

What maintains constant voltage in a battery?

I know there's lots of questions that address similar situations, (Batteries connected in Parallel, Batteries and fields?, Naive Question About Batteries, and the oft-viewed I don't understand ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Why is the voltage of a battery equal to the emf?

We know that there is an electric field inside the battery that works against the moving electrons of a circuit. But there is also the chemical force of the battery that at some point become equal. ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Creating permanent magnets with minimal resources?

Okay, so this is kind of a goof-off question, but it's part of an of educational game that I've been playing with myself for years. If you don't want the background then skip to the horizontal rule, ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Lifetime of battery

If I directly connect two terminals of 3V battery (negative to positive) using copper wire, would it lose all its charge faster compared to another 3V battery that is used to lighten a 1.5V bulb?
3
votes
2answers
389 views

Why batteries in serial don't discharge each other?

A question that I've asked myself for long time about why batteries in series work as they do. I'll try to explain: If you take two batteries, let's say A and B, and you put A's anode touching the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is there no current flow when i connect two opposite terminals of two separate batteries

I don't understand this..maybe there is something wrong with my understanding of battery or electricity. I am learning about electricity more deeply this time. So please spare with me... So lets ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Does recharging a battery at a lower temperature lower its internal resistance?

Does temperature affect the internal resistance of batteries? And does charging a "frozen" battery allow it to charge faster than a warm or room temperature battery?
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Why are charging times so long for Lithium-ion batteries?

Why do rechargeable batteries (e.g., mobile phone batteries) need sometimes several hours to be fully charged? In other words, what are the physical constraints that don't allow me to charge my iPhone ...
3
votes
2answers
460 views

Why do batteries become weaker

I was thinking about my phone (Sony Xperia Z2) and when I put it to charge and remove it, the phone says "Please remove the charger, to save battery life," which is very intuitive question for a ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Is it possible that a battery goes flat faster in a cold environment?

I own an old iPod Classic with original lithium-ion polymer battery and I use it primarily while running. Recently I discovered that when a temperature outside is low, usually below 5 C degrees, the ...
3
votes
4answers
252 views

What is a “gravitational cell”?

I am not a physicist, and I don't understand the details of electromagnetism. Anyhow, I was looking for how the batteries work in Google. So, I came across this article: "How batteries work: A ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

If I charge a battery using a much higher current, can it explode?

If I have a 12V 4Ah lead acid battery and use a battery charger that, let's say for example, can charge 10A, 50A, or 100A. If I theoretically turned it to 100A will the battery explode? I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Mechanical work to required battery power

I have a very practical question where I've calculated the mechanical work needed by a simple mechanical system by solving the line integral $W = \int_C \ F \ dx$. However, since I have a black spot ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the 'mAh' rating of a battery have something to do with its power?

I'm curious about the 'mAh' of a battery: how can this impact the power of the battery? I've done some research on the internet, and most of the articles I found explain about the 'amount of charge ...
2
votes
5answers
36k views

Charging 12V 150Ah battery

I want to charge a 12V battery of 150Ah with a solar panel. The solar panel specs is 12V, 25 Watt. Can anyone please provide me how to calculate that how much time it will take to charge the battery? ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Why doesn't the potential drop as a $E=\nabla V$ inside a circuit when there is no resistor?

Considering that an electric field exists outside a battery and inside a circuit, shouldn't the potential drop while we move along the wire even if there is no resistor ($E=\nabla V$)? I am asking ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Am I correct in saying this about a battery?

I recently answered this: Q When a battery, by performing work on a charge, moves it to the higher potential, why doesn't the charge move through the battery and return to the low potential, ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Why are large batteries described by their power?

Reading about renewable energy sources, I came across the idea to use huge batteries as a temporary storage to be able to deal with the fluctuations that e.g. solar panels might produce. The most ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Do Alkaline batteries, $\mathrm{NiMH}$, rechargeable alkaline, Lithium $\mathrm{AA}$, all have similar MAX POWER?

So in physics, one smart teacher told me, $$ V = IR $$ or $$ I = \frac{V}{R} $$ but it is not always true, because $P = VI$ and each power supplying device (such as battery) has a "maximum power" it ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

A reliable aluminium battery that charges in a minute. What's the catch?

This article Ultra-fast charging aluminum battery offers safe alternative to conventional batteries, phys.org. reports on the finding by a Stanford group of an aluminium-ion battery that can ...
2
votes
4answers
383 views

Why doesn't current flow when the wire is open?

I realize this may be a hard to answer question but we are currently studying current in our school. One thing that struck me was why the heck doesn't it flow when the wire's closed? When you connect ...
2
votes
3answers
562 views

Why doesn't Lenz's law predict the behavior of a rod on springs in a magnetic field?

This comes from one of the free response questions from the AP Physics B 2014 exam. 5. (15 points) A conducting rod of mass $m$ and length $L$ hangs at rest from two identical conducting ...
2
votes
2answers
284 views

Battery and current confusion?

How exactly does a battery produce a current in the circuit connected across its ends? I dont want to know the chemical reactions in the battery core, but just the essence of it. I believe it doesn't ...
2
votes
3answers
655 views

Can I charge a capacitor using 2 batteries?

1 capacitor, 2 separate batteries (Battery A and Battery B). Connect A+ to one side of the capacitor and B- to the other side of the capacitor. A and B are not connected, there is no closed circuit. ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How should one interpret $\vec{f}=0$ in an ideal battery?

In a circuit there are two forces that act on the charges to keep the current uniform through out,$\vec{f}=\vec{E}+\vec{f_s}$, where $\vec{E}$ is the electrostatic field and $\vec{f_s}$ is the ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Static discharge out of 3 volts button battery

I am starting to get interested in static electricity I have found this which is very cool but I do not know how I can control the output voltage. ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

What are the physical limitations on energy density for a useful, safe battery, and are we anywhere near them?

Energy storage seems to be a fairly major bottle neck in technological development at the moment, especially for important things like clean-energy powered transport, but also for consumer goods. Are ...
1
vote
4answers
723 views

What is the difference between a circuit with a resistor and one without it in energy terms?

In Fundamentals of Physics (HRW), an equation is derived for the current in a circuit in terms of its emf and resistance by the 'Energy method'; that is, deriving $\epsilon = i \cdot r$ and saying ...
1
vote
2answers
341 views

Simple ohms law on a battery ? Paradox or conceptual error?

Suppose we have a regular pencil battery which supplies DC voltage $V$. Say we take copper wire and connect the ends of the battery to an $R$ ohms resistance. Then Ohm's law tells use the current in ...