Devices to store chemical energy and convert it to electrical energy.

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Can I charge a capacitor using 2 batteries?

1 capacitor, 2 separate batteries (Battery A and Battery B). Connect A+ to one side of the capacitor and B- to the other side of the capacitor. A and B are not connected, there is no closed circuit. ...
2
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2answers
3k views

How can you calculate (or convert) the Wh of a capacitor whose energy is given in Farads

When trying to compare the energy in a battery to the energy in a capacitor, the units don't match up. How can one compare a battery whose Ah are 10 and Voltage is 3 (for a total of 30 Wh) to a ...
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2answers
106 views

Galvanic Cells and Electric Potential

In a battery or a galvanic cell, the electric potential of the battery is due to a difference of charges between the two cells like in a capacitor? So it is the electric field due to this separation ...
2
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4answers
74 views

Many cells in parallel

If two or more cells of unequal voltages are connected in parallel (with the same terminal on the same side), is there a formula that gives the net potential difference? Also, by Kirchoff's loop law, ...
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1answer
84 views

How should one interpret $\vec{f}=0$ in an ideal battery?

In a circuit there are two forces that act on the charges to keep the current uniform through out,$\vec{f}=\vec{E}+\vec{f_s}$, where $\vec{E}$ is the electrostatic field and $\vec{f_s}$ is the ...
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1answer
166 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
2
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2answers
209 views

Static discharge out of 3 volts button battery

I am starting to get interested in static electricity I have found this which is very cool but I do not know how I can control the output voltage. http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-build-the-...
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0answers
65 views

Circuit theory paradox - Unexpected results [closed]

I recently studied capacitors and found out that there is something called 'ideal circuit paradox'. Searching Google I found that one can cannot find the potential difference between two points in a ...
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0answers
29 views

Estimating the battery capacity using current power consumption and battery percentage

I want to estimate the current maximum capacity (in kWh) having the current power consumption (in kWh) and the state of charge of the battery (in %) available in a time series. I do not have a full ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Given a large, multiloop circuit with resistors and batteries and I'm not sure how to simplify it. (When NOT to combine resistors?) [closed]

So here's the circuit, and the question is looking for current i: All resistors are 2 ohms and the batteries are 5 volts. I'm trying to apply the resistance combination Kurchov rules to make this ...
2
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0answers
194 views

What are the physical limitations on energy density for a useful, safe battery, and are we anywhere near them?

Energy storage seems to be a fairly major bottle neck in technological development at the moment, especially for important things like clean-energy powered transport, but also for consumer goods. Are ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between a circuit with a resistor and one without it in energy terms?

In Fundamentals of Physics (HRW), an equation is derived for the current in a circuit in terms of its emf and resistance by the 'Energy method'; that is, deriving $\epsilon = i \cdot r$ and saying ...
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3answers
12k views

Why connect cells in parallel?

Say there is a circuit with two 1.5V cells, and a 100 ohm resistor. If you connect two cells in series, then the total emf is 3V. And the current will be 3/100 = 0.03 A. (Using V = IR): If you have ...
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4answers
353 views

How can there be a voltage when there is no current?

I'm told at school that the Electromotive Force (e.m.f) of a battery equals the potential difference between the terminals of the battery when there is no current. How is that possible? How can there ...
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2answers
426 views

Simple ohms law on a battery ? Paradox or conceptual error?

Suppose we have a regular pencil battery which supplies DC voltage $V$. Say we take copper wire and connect the ends of the battery to an $R$ ohms resistance. Then Ohm's law tells use the current in ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the volume of gases liberated when a battery is charged?

Apparently Hydrogen/Oxygen are liberated when a Lead-acid battery is charged. If true, how does one calculate the expected volume & rate at which each gas is liberated when a battery is charged?
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1answer
33 views

Is a real voltaic cell always schematically equivalent to an ideal battery and a resistor?

In the diagram I have attached, the top circuit is the schematic equivalent I am trying to use to model the middle circuit which uses real voltaic cells (that have internal resistance). I am not sure ...
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1answer
69 views

Why magnesium is less reactive than lithium

Why divalent magnesium is less reactive than monovalent lithium? Intuitively second group elements should have lower ionization energy than first group but we observe opposite. For example magnesium ...
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1answer
54 views

Hydrogen extraction efficiency of newish nano particle AA battery

The internet is ablaze with the new nano particle based extraction method of converting water to hydrogen. In 2002/2003 when I was 16 there was a similar craze about a lawn mower motor which ...
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2answers
129 views

If batteries are a source of energy, would not lower-valued resistors cause a violation of the conservation of energy?

Here's the conundrum I have been facing. Yesterday I asked the question: how can batteries constantly motivate electrons to complete a circuit? (What maintains constant voltage in a battery?) After ...
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2answers
599 views

Physics of batteries (volts vs charge)

Car batteries are usually 12 V. What is the difference between buying a car battery and hooking up a bunch of cheap household batteries in series? Both would register at 12 V. I assume that cars need ...
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3answers
200 views

Why electrons flow through a wire connected to a battery?

I would like to know why does electrons flow through a wire connected to a battery as said in AC/DC: What's the Difference?.It tells that "the electrons that are stripped from the carbon electrode is ...
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2answers
143 views

Why does a battery die more quickly when more resistors are added to the circuit?

I will be explaining what I think: A battery acts like a pump which provides energy to do work on negative charges to move them towards the negative terminal, and hence creating an electric field. ...
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1answer
110 views

Difficulty understanding electricity concepts

In circuit diagrams what does it mean for energy to be used in going through a component? I usually see this when emf is being described: total energy supplied per coulomb by battery = total energy ...
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1answer
78 views

Typo in physics book (capacitors)

I'm currently working through an AP revision guide. The section on charging a capacitor outlines the following steps: When a capacitor is connected to a battery, a current flows in the circuit until ...
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3answers
706 views

Why is there electric field OUTSIDE a battery?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but a battery's electric field is like an electric field of a capacitor consisting of two parallel plates. But we know that the electric field outside the two plates is zero. ...
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1answer
65 views

What are the consequences of connecting a non-ideal conductor to a battery in open loop?

Suppose I have a battery with $\Delta V=5[\mathrm{V}]$. Now I connect a piece of a metal wire to the "+" side of the battery only. Let's assume that the ambient air is not conductive at all: Are ...
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2answers
222 views

Is battery capacity proportional to Ampere-hour in every case?

Suppose I have two batteries one inside the laptop with 2.5 AH giving a backup for around 2 hours. The battery is external inside a UPS system with 7.5 AH. Since it has thrice the capacity of the ...
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1answer
94 views

Battery Capacity vs. Battery draw

Pardon my ignorance but I just can seem to find an Answer to my question and I hope that you can help me. What is the equation for calculating how long a Lithium Battery can supply a device? For ...
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2answers
243 views

Why isn't this capacitor charging?

Let's say you have a parallel plate capacitor and you connect one plate to the positive terminal of a battery and the other plate to the negative end. So this is like a static situation, you have a ...
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2answers
1k views

How can a portable 5V battery charge another 5V battery?

For a device that is portable and can charge an iPhone 4 or Nintendo 3DS: http://www.amazon.com/New-Trent-iCruiser-IMP1000-Blackberry/dp/B003ZBZ64Q I wonder, if this device outputs 5V, and iPhone or ...
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1answer
36 views

Estimate battery's real capacity in real time [duplicate]

The maximum capacity of a battery during usage can vary from manufacturer's specifications due to factors like temperatures and battery health. Because of that i want to estimate the real maximum ...
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1answer
78 views

Need help understanding a simple circuit in-depth

I would like to know more in detail what's really going on in a simple circuit like this. I think I understand it, but I have a lot of things mixed up and others aren't clear to me. I'm going to write ...
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1answer
126 views

Multimeter reading between wire & air

Why does a multimeter show 10-20 V(AC) when I connect one of its cables to the hot wire of a 220 V(AC) plug while the other cable is in the air? Also why does this not happen with a 5 V battery? (It ...
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2answers
81 views

Understanding watts available in miniature batteries?

I am doing a project with some small miniature incandescent light bulbs (like a CM7333). Sorry for not providing more links, the system will only allow 2. The power source is a E11A battery. The ...
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1answer
957 views

Circuit with inductor and lightbulb when switch is turned off?

I want to know what happens with a lightbulb immediately after a switch is turned off. We're talking about a circuit with a battery (AC), an inductor, a lightbulb and a switch. I need to know it in ...
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1answer
939 views

Why should a battery not give current in order to measure EMF?

Emf is the "potential difference (PD) across the terminals of a battery when it is giving no current to the circuit." What does "when it is giving no current mean"? Will the PD across the terminals ...
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1answer
35 views

Charging of a battery

A battery has an Emf 6 Volts. It is completely discharged. It is charged by maintaining a potential difference of 9 Volts across it. If the internal resistance of the discharged battery is 10 ohms, ...
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0answers
43 views

What is the status of energy storing battery technology? [closed]

Most of electronic devices work off electric mains for short time (e.g., on smart phones - for a day or less). It is disappointing the solid state battery technology is moving slowly while othe ...
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1answer
84 views

RC circuit discharging capacitor, trouble understanding

If we apply loop rule while charging the circuit we get: $$\varepsilon -iR-\frac{q}{C}=0$$ The way I understand, we follow trough the circuit just before the battery, as we move trough the circuit ...
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0answers
65 views

Internal resistance of a battery

It is my understanding that internal resistance of the battery is mainly due to resistance of its electrodes and electrolytes. During the charge or discharge of the battery, there's a potential drop $\...
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1answer
44 views

Is battery the supplier of charge in an electric circuit?

In a simple electric circuit consisting of wires, battery and a bulb... Are the charges which flow in the circuit provided by the battery or are they coming from somewhere else?
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2answers
516 views

Why the EMF of a battery doesn't depend on distance between the two electrodes?

I have read that resistance of a conductor is directly proportional to its length. So, the EMF of a conductor (electrolyte of battery) should increase with increase in length/distance between the ...
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0answers
167 views

How does a battery work?

How does the positive terminal of the battery attract electrons? Does the electric field emitted by the positive terminal attract the electrons?
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1answer
89 views

No-answers-found Li-Ion battery questions [closed]

Background Ive spent almost 7 hours researching about li-ion batteries because my Galaxy S2 only lasts 2 hours with all turned off and only 40 apps installed (removed system apps and bloatware) and ...
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4answers
118 views

Voltage of a battery in a circuit with an infinite resistance [closed]

I have a dilemma that I would like to share with you concerning batteries (without neglecting internal resistance), emf and resistance of a circuit. To better visualize my question you may need to ...
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6answers
1k views

Why do we use capacitors when batteries can very well store charges?

Can batteries be used instead of capacitors? I am trying to figure out a basic, superficial and any obvious difference between the two.
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3answers
125 views

How is voltage increased from a battery?

I have recently watched a video about a powerful Octa-copter that uses 30,000 Volt brushless motors to propell, the batteries however look quite small about a 19v laptop battery. How is the voltage ...
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4answers
132 views

Capacitors' working in a circuit

Does charge in a capacitor containing circuit stop flowing when the potential of the capacitor becomes equal to the potential of the battery??
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5answers
101 views

Brightness of 2 Lightbulbs hooked up to Capacitor [closed]

The figure shows a circuit consisting of a battery, a switch, two identical lightbulbs, and a capacitor that is initially uncharged. a. Immediately after the switch is closed, are either or both ...