Devices to store chemical energy and convert it to electrical energy.

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In a circuit, if voltage is established at both terminals, then how can components use up this voltage? [duplicate]

Suppose we use a 9V battery. Then the voltage between these two terminals is 9V. In other words, it would take 9 J of energy to move +1C of charge from the (+) to the (-) terminal by the electric ...
3
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1answer
32 views

Creating permanent magnets with minimal resources?

Okay, so this is kind of a goof-off question, but it's part of an of educational game that I've been playing with myself for years. If you don't want the background then skip to the horizontal rule, ...
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1answer
29 views

How should one interpret $\vec{f}=0$ in an ideal battery?

In a circuit there are two forces that act on the charges to keep the current uniform through out,$\vec{f}=\vec{E}+\vec{f_s}$, where $\vec{E}$ is the electrostatic field and $\vec{f_s}$ is the ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Why are charging times so long for Lithium-ion batteries?

Why do rechargeable batteries (e.g., mobile phone batteries) need sometimes several hours to be fully charged? In other words, what are the physical constraints that don't allow me to charge my iPhone ...
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29 views

Li-ion Battery charging

Why are constant current mode and constant voltage mode needed when charging Li-ion batteries? Why do we apply saturation charge even after the cell voltage reaches 4.2V? What exactly is 'I-sense' in ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the equivalent of the “amount of fuel” for a battery?

I am trying to make a performance diagram of an electrical powered device vs range, speed, etc. I want to compare it using the equivalent of fuel for a battery? I am not sure if it is just voltage... ...
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1answer
96 views

Am I correct in saying this about a battery?

I recently answered this: Q When a battery, by performing work on a charge, moves it to the higher potential, why doesn't the charge move through the battery and return to the low potential, ...
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1answer
32 views

What does A (EN) stands for on a battery? [closed]

I have seen many large car and trucks batteries where there example stands 200 Ah maraton battery 1200 A (EN). What does A (EN) mean?
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35 views

Battery charging using a windmill?

i want to charge 4*(12V/100AH battery) using a 3*( 12V/5AMP GENERATOR ) which is drawing its power from a windmill. these battery have to heat 500 litre of water from 30 celcius to 50 celcius how ...
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1answer
33 views

What are the consequences of connecting a non-ideal conductor to a battery in open loop?

Suppose I have a battery with $\Delta V=5[\mathrm{V}]$. Now I connect a piece of a metal wire to the "+" side of the battery only. Let's assume that the ambient air is not conductive at all: Are ...
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1answer
94 views

Why is voltage added when batteries are connected in series but not in parallel?

As I understand, the different voltage between two object is caused by the total different charged between two object. Thus, the higher extra electron between two opposite charged object, the higher ...
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1answer
83 views

Why the EMF of a battery doesn't depend on distance between the two electrodes?

I have read that resistance of a conductor is directly proportional to its length. So, the EMF of a conductor (electrolyte of battery) should increase with increase in length/distance between the ...
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80 views

I have got some weird data after a homemade battery experiment

Okay, so i've been searching for some time, for perpetual motion machines of the second kind. So things got into my mind, such as this homemade solar cell. And i thought in my mind:" It's not the ...
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4answers
371 views

What is the difference between a circuit with a resistor and one without it in energy terms?

In Fundamentals of Physics (HRW), an equation is derived for the current in a circuit in terms of its emf and resistance by the 'Energy method'; that is, deriving $\epsilon = i \cdot r$ and saying ...
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0answers
80 views

How does a battery work?

How does the positive terminal of the battery attract electrons? Does the electric field emitted by the positive terminal attract the electrons?
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1answer
113 views

Why the bulb does not glow in this configuration of batteries?

I connected a bulb to a battery positive terminals with positive and negative terminals with negative . It glows as it should but when i connect the positive terminal of the same bulb to the positive ...
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3answers
75 views

How is voltage increased from a battery?

I have recently watched a video about a powerful Octa-copter that uses 30,000 Volt brushless motors to propell, the batteries however look quite small about a 19v laptop battery. How is the voltage ...
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3answers
89 views

How can there be a voltage when there is no current?

I'm told at school that the Electromotive Force (e.m.f) of a battery equals the potential difference between the terminals of the battery when there is no current. How is that possible? How can there ...
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1answer
327 views

How can a fruit be used as a battery cell?

Fresh fruits can be used as batteries for glowing bulbs, but how this is possible? I mean how can electric charges flow through fruits? Do they contain chemicals like cells?
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1answer
40 views

Hydrogen extraction efficiency of newish nano particle AA battery

The internet is ablaze with the new nano particle based extraction method of converting water to hydrogen. In 2002/2003 when I was 16 there was a similar craze about a lawn mower motor which ...
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2answers
243 views

Why batteries in serial don't discharge each other?

A question that I've asked myself for long time about why batteries in series work as they do. I'll try to explain: If you take two batteries, let's say A and B, and you put A's anode touching the ...
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0answers
51 views

How can a paper battery behave like a capacitor?

I was trying to understand how paper batteries work and came across some explanations saying that the paper battery can also behave like a supercapacitor on account of its ability to discharge and to ...
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1answer
99 views

Name of battery voltage when load connected/disconnected

If I had a 3V battery, and when no load connected it reads 3.2V, and with a load 2.8V (just a hypothetical example), what is the name for these two terms, with a load or no load? I know the voltage ...
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2answers
63 views

If batteries are a source of energy, would not lower-valued resistors cause a violation of the conservation of energy?

Here's the conundrum I have been facing. Yesterday I asked the question: how can batteries constantly motivate electrons to complete a circuit? (What maintains constant voltage in a battery?) After ...
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1answer
129 views

What maintains constant voltage in a battery?

I know there's lots of questions that address similar situations, (Batteries connected in Parallel, Batteries and fields?, Naive Question About Batteries, and the oft-viewed I don't understand ...
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2answers
277 views

Why do batteries become weaker

I was thinking about my phone (Sony Xperia Z2) and when I put it to charge and remove it, the phone says "Please remove the charger, to save battery life," which is very intuitive question for a ...
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54 views

What happens when a battery is in space? [closed]

What would happen If you take a battery in a space ? Would the current flow between terminals being it in vacuum of space?
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89 views

Could this open electric circuit work?

Two batteries are interfaced by a resistor. Parameters such as resistance can be set arbitrarily. Does it work?
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218 views

Why doesn't current flow when the wire is open?

I realize this may be a hard to answer question but we are currently studying current in our school. One thing that struck me was why the heck doesn't it flow when the wire's closed? When you connect ...
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1answer
232 views

The Voltage and Current of a Discharged Inductor at the Instant the Switch is Closed

The figure shows an LR circuit with a switch and a 240-volt battery. At the instant the switch is closed the current in the circuit and the potential difference between points a and b, Vab, are ...
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0answers
97 views

Why are magnets attracted to negative side in battery

I have been experimenting with magnets, and built an Homopolar motor however it works but the magnet only attracts the negative side of the AA battery (the flat side of a battery) which I thought was ...
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2answers
72 views

Is battery capacity proportional to Ampere-hour in every case?

Suppose I have two batteries one inside the laptop with 2.5 AH giving a backup for around 2 hours. The battery is external inside a UPS system with 7.5 AH. Since it has thrice the capacity of the ...
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3answers
158 views

Capacitance: How to increase total charge drawn from a battery?

I can't seem to find any information about how parallel capacitors or capacitors in a series affect how much a capacitor can charge, not in my textbook or online. Here is the question I am trying to ...
2
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1answer
221 views

If I charge a battery using a much higher amperage, can it explode?

If I have a 12V 4Ah lead acid battery and use a battery charger that, let's say for example, can charge 10A, 50A, or 100A. If I theoretically turned it to 100A will the battery explode? I understand ...
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3answers
499 views

Why doesn't Lenz's law predict the behavior of a rod on springs in a magnetic field?

This comes from one of the free response questions from the AP Physics B 2014 exam. 5. (15 points) A conducting rod of mass $m$ and length $L$ hangs at rest from two identical conducting ...
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1answer
246 views

Empty batteries magically resurrect after reinserting them

It happened to me quite often (most recently with my wireless keyboard) that a battery stopped to work and then, if I unplug it and then plug it back in it works again, not just for a couple of ...
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2answers
66 views

Why are large batteries described by their power?

Reading about renewable energy sources, I came across the idea to use huge batteries as a temporary storage to be able to deal with the fluctuations that e.g. solar panels might produce. The most ...
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1answer
37 views

High Current at first and then steady from a battery

I just came up with a question, When a battery is connected to a circuit, the current first suddenly peaks up and slowly goes down to a steady value. Why is it so? I have not actually observed this, ...
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1answer
56 views

Battery Capacity vs. Battery draw

Pardon my ignorance but I just can seem to find an Answer to my question and I hope that you can help me. What is the equation for calculating how long a Lithium Battery can supply a device? For ...
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3answers
2k views

What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
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1answer
78 views

No-answers-found Li-Ion battery questions [closed]

Background Ive spent almost 7 hours researching about li-ion batteries because my Galaxy S2 only lasts 2 hours with all turned off and only 40 apps installed (removed system apps and bloatware) and ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Is it possible that a battery goes flat faster in a cold environment?

I own an old iPod Classic with original lithium-ion polymer battery and I use it primarily while running. Recently I discovered that when a temperature outside is low, usually below 5 C degrees, the ...
5
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4answers
2k views

How electron movement produces current,instead of having a slow drift speed

Just need a clarification here, how the current is produced due to the movement of electrons, in an external circuit,having a very slow drift speed. Normally in a battery there is high potential ...
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3answers
229 views

Why do batteries work?

Consider diagram A. In diagram A a car is at the top of a cliff. Gravity is pulling it down, but it does't move since its on a flat surface. Even though it would be at a lower potential at point B, ...
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1answer
456 views

How does battery cell size affect voltage drop for a fix current load? [closed]

For a fixed current load, will the voltage drop be larger in a small cell or a big cell battery? Why?
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2answers
52 views

Understanding watts available in miniature batteries?

I am doing a project with some small miniature incandescent light bulbs (like a CM7333). Sorry for not providing more links, the system will only allow 2. The power source is a E11A battery. The ...
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1answer
400 views

Circuit with inductor and lightbulb when switch is turned off?

I want to know what happens with a lightbulb immediately after a switch is turned off. We're talking about a circuit with a battery (AC), an inductor, a lightbulb and a switch. I need to know it in ...
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2answers
133 views

Batteries connected in Parallel

"If we connect two batteries in parallel, the battery with higher voltage will discharge into the other one." What is the intuition behind this?
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317 views

Physics of batteries (volts vs charge)

Car batteries are usually 12 V. What is the difference between buying a car battery and hooking up a bunch of cheap household batteries in series? Both would register at 12 V. I assume that cars need ...