Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus. It is primarily concerned with the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus and the processes by which these arrangements change. This includes ions as well as neutral atoms and, ...

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What is the reason behind the very high value of nuclear density? [closed]

I know how to arrive at the formula but I want to know it's such a huge number almost 2 X 1017 kg m-3, which is a huge number, all the more surprising to me is that it's a constant! Each and every ...
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1answer
87 views

Does the spin of an electron change when transferred from one atom to another?

Some atoms form bonds when they are given energy to create an excited state.From what I have learnt, every electron is assigned a specific spin quantum number. What I am curious to know,is that, is ...
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3answers
400 views

Can an electron gain energy by another electron?

Is it possible for an electron to gain energy from another electron which is jumping from higher energy level to lower energy level, and shifts to higher energy level?
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1answer
50 views

Does the proton wobble due to the electron's orbit in a Hydrogen atom?

In a hydrogen atom the nucleus only has one proton and no neutrons so the electron to nucleus radio is higher for hydrogen than that for any other atom. Does the orbiting electron induce a wobble on ...
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127 views

Are atoms unstable in 4+1 dimensions when quantum mechanics is taken into account?

I understand that in 3+1 dimensions according to classical physics atoms should be unstable however atoms are stable in 3+1 dimensions because the behavior of atoms is governed by quantum physics ...
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54 views

Can one measure experimentally the average distance between the two electrons in the excited state of helium in the singlet versus triplet states?

$\frac{1}{\lvert\ \vec(r_{1})-\vec(r_{2})\rvert}$ is a hermitian operator so I am supposing there could potentially be an observable with this which might be experimentally measured. We can measure ...
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8 views

Discrepancy of capture from 2p+1 state to 2p(+-1)

In the (nlm) characterization of hydrogenic orbitals. Consider the collisions H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p-1) + H+ H+ + H(2p+1) ---> H(2p+1) + H+ where an electron capture has ocurred. Should the ...
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2answers
175 views

Possible inconsistency in Bohr atom model [closed]

It is well known that Bohr model is not totally right. But I recently discovered a very curious inconsistency (if I am right) which I haven't seen explained anywhere. The first postulate of Bohr ...
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1answer
50 views

The point of charge neutrality in the Hydrogen Atom

If we treat the Hydrogen Atom like the Bohr model then we have a proton in the center with an electron orbiting at some radius (the Bohr radius). In this picture you can imagine the electric field ...
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28 views

Bonding Two Cationic Hydrogen Isotopes (protium) yields H2 or He?

If you have two hydrogen atoms. And they are the isotope form "Protium" (1 neutron removed) and they are also cationized +1 (1 electron removed) then you have (in a sense) a single proton (two of them ...
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2answers
286 views

Can you breakdown an atom?

Protons, neutrons, and electrons make up the atom, but I've heard that you can't breakdown an atom. How do we know that the electrons, protons, and neutrons make up the atom without being able to ...
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203 views

Difference between photon upconversion and two photon absorption?

One can find in the wikipedia the following assertion: Upconversion should be distinguished from two-photon absorption However, it is difficult to tell the difference between both processes by ...
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123 views

Characteristic X Ray and Intensity-Wavelength Graph

This is somewhat the kind of graph given in my book. Questions- Q.1- Why is the intensity much higher for the characteristics rays than the continous spectrum? I understand that the wavelengths ...
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1answer
125 views

Proof for quantized angular momentum [duplicate]

In Bohr's model, Bohr stated that the angular momentum of the electron is quantized and stated that $$L=\frac{nh}{2\pi}$$ So what is the proof for that equation or, in other words, how did he derive ...
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1answer
54 views

The force applied by two charges on each other when there is another charge nearby them

QUESTION 1 Let me give two simple scene of charged particles to make you understand my question. There is a fixed positive charged particle in the center. Scenerio 1 : A fixed negative charged ...
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1answer
24 views

Cohesive energy per atom and energy of a single covalent bond

If I have the energy per atom $e=7.37 $eV, how can I estimate the energy of the single covalent bond in the diamond?
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63 views

Applying Bohr model on a system electron and positron [closed]

Consider a hypothetical particle consisting an electron and positron revolving around their common centre of mass. If the Bohr Model is applied on this particle, then find the value of Rydberg ...
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2answers
119 views

How do we decide whether an electron orbital has a non-zero or zero probability of lying inside the nucleus of an hydrogen atom?

How do we decide whether an electron orbital has a non-zero or zero probability of lying inside the nucleus of an hydrogen atom? It is mostly from the radial function, as to what I think but how ...
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1answer
40 views

The counterfactual possibility to explain discrete energies in Thomsons plumpudding model

In the german edition of "Tipler: Physics for scientists and engineers" there i a small text about the plum pudding model of the atom. i give a direct translation: "Thomsons plumpudding model of a ...
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2answers
51 views

When dihydrogen is formed, are photons being emitted?

When a hydrogen in an excited state transits back to the ground state, a photon (or series of photons) is emitted in accordance with the selection rules. When two free hydrogen atoms in the ground ...
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13 views

Detection of the He-nuclei in the historical Rutherford scattering experiment

Which method did Rutherford use to detect the Helium nuclei in his scattering experiment?
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3answers
198 views

Can a photon be absorbed by a proton?

When incident light passes through a hydrogen gas, for example, does it have 50% chance (since it's a 1:1 ratio of protons to electrons) of getting absorbed by the proton? Any chance at all? If no, ...
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120 views

What are the original papers on the hydrogen spectral lines?

I am trying to find original sources for experiments that had observed spectral lines from hydrogen or other gases. I am looking into experiments that motivated Niels Bohr to write his ideas on the ...
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1answer
79 views

Is it possible to isolate an individual atom?

I was reading about molecules and wondering about whether they could be individually isolated and "held" or "photographed" in some sense. Google showed that a rubidium atom was isolated, but it left ...
5
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1answer
321 views

Question on Pauli's Exclusion Principle

Pauli's EP says that electrons in a subshell will have opposing spins. Now, lets say I prepare two electrons with spin up. If I took an alpha particle ($\mathrm{He^{2+}}$) and added one of these ...
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1answer
106 views

How is magnetic field created in an atom according to quantum model

How is magnetic field created in an atom according to quantum model? I mean, we are taught about the magnetic field by bohr's model which assumes that electron revolves around the nucleus in a ...
2
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3answers
602 views

Spin and Angular Momentum [duplicate]

What is the difference between spin and angular momentum, are they linked i.e. spin is a form of angular momentum. And is spin what I think it is (the way the electron/particle actually spins)
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58 views

Emission of Characteristic X Rays

X-rays are emitted when high velocity electrons in an X-ray tube collide with a metal target. Some high velocity electrons on collision with the metal atoms cause an inner electron of an atom to be ...
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1answer
177 views

Can an electron jump to a higher energy level if the energy is insufficient or exceeds the ΔE

Lets say we have an atom of hydrogen. It has one electron on E1 = -13.6 eV (E2 = -3.4 eV) energy level. I know that if we fire a photon with 10.2 eV energy the hydrogen atom will absorb it and the ...
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2answers
23 views

Probability of splitting nucleus

I'm sorry if this is a dumb question, but I was just wondering. Say we have a 20 x 20 cm sheet of sulphur, and we have a knife made of iron. If I take the knife, and repeatedly cut the sulphur for an ...
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3answers
103 views

How is the motion of electron in p orbital?

Does an electron in p orbital move around nucleus or move randomly in any individual lobe of p orbital. if it were to move around nucleus then does p orbital move along with it?
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3answers
249 views

How could an s and p subshell occur together in an atom?

s: Subshell of an atom has spherical shape. p: Subshell is a dumb-bell shaped with a node at center of the atom. If we put two shells together they would intersect in an atom. In such a model, ...
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332 views

Are chemical bonds matter?

So it recently blew my mind that chemical bonds have mass. And that a spring that's wound up similarly weights a little more. But there is a distinction between mass and matter. I believe that a ...
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40 views

Nuclear Fusion using magnetic fields

I was wondering if you could use a very strong magnetic field to produce nuclear fusion. The basic idea is a spherical cavity containing Deuterium (and possibly tritium) nuclei whose walls will be ...
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1answer
102 views

How did de Broglie 'fix' Bohr's model?

Bohr's model was created to fix Rutherford's because his model was unstable due to nucleus spiral and so forth. Thus, Bohr postulated three ideas which solved this instability issue. My textbook then ...
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2answers
264 views

A Question on Bohr's model of atom [duplicate]

When an electron revolves around a nucleus, It uses its energy in form of kinetic energy and so it release energy and then moves . It means that it release energy continuously, Otherwise, if it does ...
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1answer
289 views

$\pi$, $\sigma$ - atomic transitions with respect to the magnetic field axis

I am confused about the atomic transition with different polarized lights. I post the pictures as follows. There are four cases. In case 1, the right-handed circular polarized light ...
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1answer
45 views

Hydrogen atom nodes and Bohmian trajectories

Wouldn't the fact that the solutions to the hydrogen atom orbital shape have nodes prove that the Bohmian interpretation is incorrect, since in that interpretation, the electrons would have a fixed ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Why don't we consider the electromagnetic field in the equations of Bohr's theory of atoms? [duplicate]

hi,i know these, my mean that the magnitude magnetic field B formule that i find here my question is that we consider Coulomb force in Bohr's theory but don't consider the electromagnetic field? An ...
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0answers
31 views

Does an electron's orbital speed affect the potential for a bond to form or break?

Many experiments and text books confirm that (in the contemporary fashion) the orbit of an electron will speed up or slow down due to the orientation of a magnetic field. "Effect of a Magnetic Field ...
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7answers
955 views

Why is absorption spectrum a line spectrum?

The minimum energy required to excite a hydrogen electron is 10.2 eV. When photons of energy spread over a continuous range of wavelengths fall on a sample of hydrogen, why are only those photons ...
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1answer
44 views

Deexcitation times for ytterbium

I need to find the deexcitation times for the transitions found in Figure 1 of Nature Phys. 8, 649 (2012), arXiv:1206.4507. That is, what is the deexcitation time for the following transitions: $$ ...
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0answers
72 views

Is the difference between: Spin-orbit coupling and The Anomalous Zeeman effect only an external magnetic field?

I am having a hard time figuring out what the difference between spin-orbit coupling, fine structure, and the Anomalous Zeeman Effect is. As far as I have understood fine structure is just the over ...
2
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2answers
194 views

Calculating the radius and potential energy of an atom?

Is there a general equation that gives the potential energy of any element at each energy level? I know that there is an equation for the potential energy of a hydrogen atom at each energy level but ...
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1answer
57 views

Working out atomic clock accuracy using measured frequency Hz, error and beat Hz

I've got a question where $200,000\,{\rm Hz}$ applied to the Cesium atoms and from the mismatch with the atom's natural frequency, we get a "beat" of $2\,{\rm Hz}$. The error is $1\%$. The accuracy ...
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2answers
67 views

What are the consequences of the angular momentum of the electron in an atom?

Well, since the electron is going around the nucleus, it must have an angular momentum (plus its spin). And since it is charged it must create an electric field. If I have understood it correctly it ...
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2answers
129 views

Why/How do the coefficients associated with atomic orbitals superposed to form hybrid orbital determine their spatial orientation?

In my previous Phys.SE question, I asked for why $ \newcommand{\k}[2]{\langle #1|#2 \rangle} c_1,c_2,c_3,c_4$ in $$\psi_{sp^3}= c_1\psi_{2s}+ c_2\psi_{2p_{x}} + c_3\psi_{2p_y}+ c_4\psi_{2p_{z}}$$ ...
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2answers
89 views

Novel atomic clocks: can quantum and many-body effects help?

I am trying to learn if there are any proposals concerning the application of quantum and many-body effects to atomic clocks. From what I understand, optical lattices have been used for timekeeping ...
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1answer
64 views

FWHM of different spectra and separation in fine structure

I'm doing some research on spectroscopy and there are some phenomena I can't explain (only a second year physics student). I took some spectra of neon in the 659.89529 nm and then of hydrogen at ...
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2answers
69 views

Does chemical energy contribute to mass? [duplicate]

Does chemical energy contribute to the mass of an object? I don't mean the bond energy, but the possible energy that could be released (i.e. Does an atom of oxygen and a molecule of hydrogen (H2) have ...