The science dealing with objects and phenomena located beyond Earth. In particular, this applies to observations and data. At its core, astronomy is the physically informed cataloging and classifying of the contents of the universe in order to better understand what is out there.

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14 views

What changes in the moon light (spectrum, intensity, etc…) after the spring equinox?

There must be a correlation between the earth moon system and the sun during spring, just after the spring equinox.
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10 views

What is meant by Hydrogen dilution in Plasma?

I was going through the paper of methanol masers and it says that for a strong maser the geometrical dilution factor of HII emission should have low values. What is the meaning geometrical dilution ...
0
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0answers
20 views

How to verify that distance in parsecs to the closest star agrees with the angle in arc seconds when the Earth moves a distance of half a year? [on hold]

The question is this exactly: What is the distance to the nearest star in parsecs? What angle does this star subtend to the Earth when the Earth has moved a distance of $2 AU$ from one side of the sun ...
0
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0answers
8 views

What is the difference between luminosity of a star and absolute luminosity

The equations for the habitable zone of a star call for the "absolute luminosity." Is this different from the luminosity value calculated by AσT^4 (Stefan-Boltzmann ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the meaning of a negative Galactic longitude?

What is the meaning of negative longitude in Galactic coordinate system, for instance in this article? Does the longitude $-65^\circ$ equal $295^\circ$?
5
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0answers
44 views

How are coherent astronomical objects imaged?

I am studying astronomical imaging, and am curious about how to image astronomical objects which are coherent. Stellar interferometry measures the mutual coherence function of a star, and then uses ...
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0answers
33 views

Books for someone interested in physics/space [duplicate]

As an avid reader of more realistic SF and someone who has always been interested in physics and astrophysics, I was wondering if someone could suggest both some introductory books on the subject, and ...
2
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3answers
76 views

Can astronomers observe neutron stars optically?

Are there any neutron stars near enough for astronomers to observe them optically? If not, then how close are we to having the technology to do so?
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1answer
34 views

Any good statistics books under the context of astronomy? [on hold]

I just started a position as a research aide with the cosmology group at Argonne National Lab, and am working on creating and finding correlations within velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters. After ...
4
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2answers
104 views

Determining Mass of Spectroscopic Binaries

I know that the mass of a binary star system is given by Kepler's Law: $$\mathrm{m_1 + m_2 = \frac{4 \pi^2 r^3}{GT^2}}$$ Further we know that: $$\frac{r_2}{r_1} = \frac{v_2}{v_1} = \frac{m_1}{m_2}$$ ...
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0answers
15 views

How does Torque from tidal forces scale with distance

I read in a paper a while back that the torque on a body caused by differential rotation and tidal forces scaled with distance to the power of 6. That struck me as odd since the tidal force scales ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Why don't solstices coincide with temperature extremes? [duplicate]

In northern hemisphere, the highest temperatures are usually in July — in the middle of calendar summer. See e.g. the climate chart on this wikipedia page. But the solstices are on 20-21 of June, ...
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1answer
34 views

What is exactly the “progenitor bias”?

I am taking a course in astrophysics and my teacher mentioned different biases that are present when taking a sample of galaxies: the progenitor bias and the Malmquist bias. I understand very well the ...
3
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1answer
133 views

How to read numbers reported in this LIGO paper?

I am not sure how to read the numbers in this excerpt from the abstract of GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence: Are the +/- small ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Uncertainty in the distance between Sun and other planets

I have read about the orbit distances between Sun and the planets and have come to know for example: Earth is around 150 million km away from the Sun. However I have seen that tht value is only an ...
14
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2answers
2k views

What is the farthest planetary body or star system object we have observed using visual light?

What is the farthest object which we can get a direct Detailed visual image of using visible light which appears more than just a dot and falls into one of the following categories: Planet Satellite ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spec file headers

I downloaded spectra from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), which has the following column headers flux, loglam, ivar, and_mask, or_mask, wdisp, sky and model (...
0
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1answer
26 views

Short gamma ray burst redshift

I would like to know what kind of methods are being used to infer the redshift distance of GRBs. Some background: I recently went on two sites; grbweb by IceCube and Fermi GRB database. On grbweb ...
2
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1answer
52 views

GR Verification for a Charged Black Hole

For a charged ($Q$) rotating ($L$) mass ($M$), the Kerr-Newman equations give the angular deflection of light. Has there been observational verification (I would prefer to use only the angular ...
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1answer
37 views

How can i estimate the apparent size of an object?

I would like to be able to estimate, the apparent size of some object. The motivation behind this, is to use the correct numbers, in a sci-fy novel i am writing. Só, i want to be able to calculate, ...
1
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1answer
42 views

How do we filter out radiation from galaxies from the cosmic background radiation?

When a whole sky view is done to get a picture of the cosmic background radiation the radiation from our Galaxy is filtered out, and we are left with a picture which show radiation coming, more or ...
0
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1answer
33 views

How to interpret these gravitational lensing data?

The data I am trying to understand this gravitational lensing data in the link above. However, unfortunately I don't have an extensive knowledge in physics. Could someone please tell me what each of ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Do satellite galaxies have the same proportion of dark matter as “ordinary” galaxies

My question is relatively straightforward: Do we know if satellite/ dwarf galaxies contain the same proportion of dark matter to ordinary matter as "regular" sized galaxies? The Milky Way, for ...
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0answers
36 views

Very precise calculation of the heliocentric position coords (X, Y, Z) the point of coordinates (N/S, W/E degrees) on Earth

I need a very precise calculation of the heliocentric position coords (X, Y, Z) the point of coordinates (N/S, W/E degrees) on Earth. Currently, thanks to the algorithm which generates the position ...
1
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0answers
74 views

World's Largest Radio Telesope : How accurately does it need to be figured?

In Guizhou Province, China, the worlds largest radio telescope is almost complete, measuring 500 metres across. I am aware that todays largest optical telescope require very accurate figuring and ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Error measurement barycenter of the Solar System - NASA data

What are the possible measurement error barycenter of the Solar System in NASA data? In the data JPL's HORIZONS system for NASA (http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/?horizons): Target Body: Solar System ...
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1answer
21 views

Translational Velocity

Is the translation velocity equivalent to its real velocity or radial velocity? Online sites and textbook are saying different things, So Im not too sure what is going on
2
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2answers
56 views

Why don't reflector telescopes place their reflectors at an angle?

To avoid placing a secondary mirror in front of the objective mirror, why not tilt the objective and design the eyepiece in such a way that comatic aberration is minimized?
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0answers
9 views

What is the estimator that used to de-rotation of CMB polarization? [duplicate]

For de-rotation of CMB polarization we need to use of estimator for rotation angle. and used many estimator for this process.
0
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2answers
46 views

The impact of the Oort cloud to change the barycenter of the solar system

Is the Oort cloud changing the position of the barycenter of the solar system? Does it affect in a significant way? How significant?
3
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2answers
33 views

Different width of spectral lines for different groups of stars

As seen in an HR-diagram, a certain stellar classification can correspond to more than one group/sequence of stars (G5 could for instance be either a giant, main sequence star or a white dwarf and so ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Calculating the Diameter of Jupiter through Image [closed]

I was trying to calculate the diameter of Jupiter from a picture I took of it. Here's the information I was able to get that I needed to calculate the diameter: Focal Length of Telescope: 1.2 m ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Can you see yourself in space? [closed]

Can one see them self in space if no near by star was in view? Is there enough star light to read once your eyes adjust?
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Gamma Ray Burst data

I wanted to know if there was some database for gamma ray burst (GRB) data. I would like to get the luminosity and duration of recorded GRBs. So far, I have come across this website, but since I do ...
1
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1answer
32 views

The observation of changes barycenter of the solar system

Is it possible to observation changes in the barycenter of the solar system? There are graphics showing changes barycenter but they are made on the basis of computer simulation (E.g.: here and here). ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Stellar classifiaction and metals

I have recently started to study astronomy and there is a thing with stellar classifications I can't get my head around: The colder the star the more absorption lines from metals are present in its ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Blurry image in a Celestron 8SE

We have a Celestron 8SE. Last night we were looking at the quarter moon. The moon was in focus. We switched viewers & 2nd viewer only saw a blurry white blob, not the surface of the moon. When ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Would a black hole cast a shadow? [duplicate]

Okay, so I've been wondering and this is a simple question and I cannot find an answer anywhere. Would a blackhole the size of the Moon (event horizon) black out the Sun in a "Lunar eclipse"? My ...
4
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1answer
69 views

Hubble time and age of the universe

I'm having trouble with the following derivation of the 'age of the universe': http://imgur.com/gRvLWX8 The parts I'm struggling to conceptualize is what a 'universe expanding' means, and also why ...
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1answer
43 views

Are planets and galaxies being discovered from earth?

I wonder how new planets and galaxies can be discovered from earth. I mean, there are not inifinately many directions to look with the telescope, right? Is it really so many different directions to ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Surface brightness

I have to compute the surface brightness as a function of the radius from the following set of data: {right ascension ($\alpha$), declination ($\delta$), magnitude (m)}. I also know the center of the ...
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0answers
31 views

Is it possible to approximately know the wattage/luminosity of a lamp knowing distance and using a DSLR?

I'd like to know if it is possible to approximately know the wattage/luminosity of a lamp knowing distance and using a DSLR (digital single lens reflex camera) mounted on tripod. Maybe, when shooting ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Calculating the diameter of Jupiter through an image

I took an image of Jupiter through my 8" Dobsonian Telescope, attaching a DSLR and a 1.25" Barlow Lens where the eyepiece goes, as shown in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=reFxoF3XoaU ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

A question about the Fermi acceleration

In high school physics, we know that a charged particle cannot gain energy from a magnetic field. But, it seems that in the so-called Fermi acceleration, the particle is accelerated by the magnetic ...
0
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2answers
65 views

Cosmic Scale Factor $R$ and redshift

I'm slightly confused by an idea of redshift: If we assume the distance between two points is given by: $$d = R Δx$$ we can assume that $$λ_0 = R_0 Δx$$ And when we receive the emission it will ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Can we calculate the point on Earth nearest to the Moon?

We have the ability to calculate the Moon's orbit in order to predict Lunar and Solar eclipses precisely. Using our known calculations of the Moon's orbits, can we calculate the closest point (city ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Will stars disappear from the sky when their particle horizon is outside the event horizon

Given that the universe is expanding at an accelerated rate, will there be a point where stars visible in the night sky will simply disappear from view when their particle horizon is outside the event ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is meant by the point-source response of eye or telescope?

I have heard that a source is called unresolved if it is much smaller in angular size than the point-source response of the eye or telescope observing it. What is the meaning of point-source response ...
0
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2answers
43 views

Distances between stars and their sizes

At the begining I wish to apologise for naive question, but one thing puzzles me. Let's say we observe two stars that have average brightness. One can easily see that they are not points, but those ...
4
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2answers
66 views

Why is the distribution of Cosmic Rays isotropic?

We observe that cosmic rays (CRs) are isotropic on the sky, i.e. they come from all directions with no apparent preference. I understand this is related to the deflection of these CRs by the magnetic ...