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2
votes
3answers
809 views

Converting between Galactic and Ecliptic coordinates

I was hoping someone would be able to tell me the formula to convert between ecliptic and galactic coordinates. I've been able to convert values using ...
2
votes
2answers
539 views

How does one measure Earth's speed of revolution around the sun?

I know that there are several formulae that one can plug numbers into to arrive an estimate of Earth's speed around the sun (Kepler's third law for instance), but I'm wondering how these things are ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Calculating distance to an asteroid on a given day

I'd like to calculate the distance between the Earth and an asteroid at a given date. Is this possible using the data from JPL's small-body database? Is there a better way?
5
votes
1answer
438 views

Reverse Sun position algorithm?

To find the sun's position (elevation, azimuth) we can use many algorithms including the PSA algorithm. These algorithm share the fact that the input is the local time, longitude and latitude and the ...
18
votes
5answers
225 views

Given a photo of the Moon, taken from Earth, is it possible to calculate the position of the photographer's site?

Given a photo of the Moon, taken from Earth, is it possible to calculate the position (Earth longitude and latitude) of the photographer's site? I am thinking about photos taken with a normal camera ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

A method to estimate the relative magnitude of a star using nearby stars

I remember a method to make a reasonable estimate of the magnitude of a given star X by using two other stars of known magnitude as references. The method used evaluation phrases like "the star X and ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How are Cepheids used to evaluate their distance?

Cepheids are used to evaluate distances. What is the math and physics behind their use?
2
votes
1answer
463 views

IRIS alternative on mac?

I need to process some images taken from a telescope to determine the intensity of an astroid. This way I can determine the rotation period of this asteroid. The pictures were taken the usual way ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

How is distance between sun and earth calculated?

How has the distance between sun and earth been calculated by scientists? and size of sun? Thanks,