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0answers
27 views

The Largest Air Burst on Earth [closed]

On June 30, 1908, the remote Siberian region of Tunguska made headline news when an explosion knocked down 80 million trees in an area of only 770 square miles. The mystery was that there was no ...
12
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3answers
3k views

Could an asteroid land slowly on Earth's surface?

The concept in my mind is that an asteroid is on a vector similar to Earth's, but slightly slower (e.g., 50kmh slower). As Earth passes it, it enters the atmosphere at a sharp angle, and since Earth ...
7
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0answers
49 views

Are there any models for distribution of asteroid sizes in a belt?

Question: Is there any function that can describe the distribution* of asteroid diameters expected within an*' asteroid belt? *: distribution as frequency of occurrence within the asteroid belt or ...
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2answers
103 views

Why is meteor speed what it appears to be?

Is the speed of a meteor through our sky because of the speed of the earth's axis rotation, or because the meteor is speeding towards us at that speed?
0
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0answers
48 views

2007 EB26 asteroid temperature

I would like to know what is the estimated temperature range on the surface of "2007 EB26" asteroid. In Wikipedia, I managed to find Orbital characteristics but did not find any measure of what is ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Separating elements in a molten asteroid

I was reading some material about asteroid mining and diverse projected methods of on-site processing of the metals/gases, and that got me thinking about what would happen if the whole asteroid was ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Asteroid as a “free slingshot?”

The question Halley's Comet as a "Free Taxi" had an interesting thought, even though it didn't work out. I was wondering about a variation on the idea. Use a cable, as illustrated below. Could this be ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Observations of erratic rotation of asteroids

An asteroid generally has an irregular shape, therefore, one would expect its rotation is quite erratic in some sense. Are there any observational examples?
1
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2answers
137 views

How much of an asteroid mass can be in platinum or rare metals?

There are many articles about the 2011 UW-158 asteroid which will pass earth tonight. The interesting thing about this asteroid is that it is said to contain $5.4 trillion worth of platinum. Many ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Would impact angle matter on relativistic impactor?

I'm trying to calculate (for fun) a comparison between a kinetic impactor and an H-bomb. I would assume this to be a fairly straight forward problem involving kinetic energy and a table of various H-...
3
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1answer
54 views

Protoplanet formation & Kessler Syndrome

In the early stages of the solarsystem rocks clumped together randomly until their gravity drew in more material which led to protoplanet formation. But how does the dust and do the rocks form bigger ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Solar System Snow Line: 5AU or 2.7AU?

I am trying to update the Wikipedia article "Frost Line (astrophysics)". During my last update (by QuantumShadow), I noticed that different sources cite different values for Solar System water ice ...
0
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3answers
230 views

Can asteroids fall on earth and hit the surface at 90 degree angle?

I always Saw in movies ,cartoons every where that asteroids hit the earth at an angle (not 90 degree). But Why ? ...
30
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9answers
7k views

What is the speed of the fastest moving body in our solar system?

On Wikipedia I saw that the average orbital speed of planet Earth around the Sun is a whopping $29 783\text{ m/s}$, and it made me wonder are there bodies (planets, meteorites, asteroids) that move ...
19
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2answers
3k views

Why would the lack of air in a mine in an asteroid prevent you from flooding it?

In Isaac Asimov's I, Robot novel, two scientists stationed in an asteroid where mining activities are performed say "We could flood the mines, if this weren't an airless asteroid" when considering ...
3
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1answer
89 views

Why was the asteroid 101955 Bennu chosen by the NASA OSIRIS-REx sample return mission?

Please explain it in simple terms. Why was THIS asteroid chosen among all the thousand of asteroids?
2
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3answers
323 views

Armageddon prevention

I was watching the movie Armageddon and it made me think of a few things. We would probably not need to send a crew to blow the asteroid in two, I think we could still send a warhead with enough power ...
2
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2answers
9k views

What if an asteroid the size of the moon hits earth?

Would we all perish due to excessive heat? Or would that be limited to the area near the impact while the people on the rest of the earth would die from other phenomena such as mega earthquakes, ...
1
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1answer
89 views

What happens when some asteroid comes in the way of warp drive?

Recently Harold white, NASA scientist shared his knowledge and the things he is working on. That is Warp drive for interstellar navigation. This spaceship compresses the space in front of it and ...
0
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2answers
135 views

Properties of an object whose collision with Earth would completely disintegrate Earth

This picture got me thinking, whether such collision would be possible, and would it really look like that from the moon. What would be the properties (mass, size, velocity etc.) of an object, whose ...
4
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2answers
318 views

Would a considerably big asteroid be disintegrated by the Earth's Roche limit?

If there was a big asteroid with a diameter of say 50km+ in a collision course with the Earth (not orbiting), would it disintegrate into smaller chunks due to the Earth's Roche limit, or the time it ...
0
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0answers
316 views

How fast do large asteroids usually travel?

I have just watched this video made by discovery channel, and you can hear the narrator at 0:51 saying that : "even though it is moving at 720 THOUSANDS kilometers per hour..." I stopped once I heard ...
1
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1answer
170 views

Asteroid collision debris calculation

I wonder how to determine the directions, in which the collision debris is launched when 2 asteroids collide. I am aware of: m1*v1 + m2*v2 = m*v = m3*v3 + m4*v4 + m5*v5 + ... and this works just fine ...
1
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1answer
121 views

What sort of rocket propulsion would be required to send and retrieve ores from our solar system's asteroid belt, within a 2 year period? [closed]

I am looking for a form of propulsion to achieve a fraction of C that could send and retrieve mining robots to our solar system's asteroid belt. Does this type of propulsion even currently exist?
5
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1answer
897 views

Can an asteroid have a magnetic field?

Some M-type asteroids are believed to be metallic, even possessing Nickel-Iron. Given the proximity of the asteroid belt to Jupiter's magnetosphere, the regularity of motion of any given M ...
29
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4answers
2k views

Why are there no asteroids or meteoroids with relativistic speeds?

Cosmic rays can have energies going into the $10^{20}$ eV domain. Asteroids and meteoroids originating in the solar system are probably limited in their speed because they all started out from the ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Do asteroids create sonic boom while entering the atmosphere?

Because of the lack of any materials to propagate sound, it can't spread in space. There's the air in the atmosphere, but its volume mass increases constantly (either linear or exponential, I don't ...
2
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3answers
270 views

How early might a moon-sized asteroid be detected?

If an enormous asteroid, approximately the size of our moon (~2000-mile diameter), was passing close to Earth, how early might we detect something that large? Or alternatively, how close could ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Ways to spot a comet or asteroid?

How do we spot a comet or asteroid if it does not emit light or pass infront of an object which emits light? And if such an object would be on a crash course with our planet how early would we be ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

How “big” objects can WISE and NEOWISE detect?

I mean WISE is monitoring near-Earth objects, but cannot see the latest Russian meteor and others. Why can it not detect small objects? What is the limit of it's infrared detectors?
0
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3answers
142 views

Stresses in asteroid during close flyby

The acceleration of an asteroid (such as 2012DA14) as it approaches earth is proportional to the reciprocal of distance $r$ from earth center, squared. the derivative of the acceleration, or jerk, is ...
2
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1answer
267 views

What are the odds of 2012 DA14 hitting a satellite or the moon?

Asteroid 2012 DA14 will pass by close to Earth. Very close. So close, in fact, that it's inside the orbit of the moon and even inside the orbit of geostationary satellites, as shown by this ...
0
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5answers
4k views

How a spacecraft travelling near light speed avoid asteroids?

How would a spacecraft traveling near light speed avoid a (relatively dense group of) asteroids? Or suppose such spacecraft is designed, how would the physics work for steering it inside such a "...
2
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2answers
2k views

Minimum size of an asteroid to actually impact earth

From what I understand, an object entering the atmosphere will start to burn up from the tremendous resistance of the atmosphere. Presumably, for asteroids under a certain size, they will burn up ...
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1answer
97 views

Tunnel through Ceres

Question edited: If you dig a tunnel through a large asteroid like Ceres along its axis of rotation and jumped in then what would be the first thing to stop you from falling back and forth along the ...
0
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1answer
237 views

Impact of Apophis

I read about the near-earth asteroid 99942 Apophis. It is in the first place of Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (visiting earth at an altitude of about 36,000km on 2028). But, scientists have ...
0
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3answers
249 views

Can a large thermonuclear bomb be used for planetary defence?

How effective would a thermonuclear device of 47 megatons or higher like the zsar bomba be in space? Could we use as planetary defence on somthing like an asteroid as long as it is detected in time ...
2
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0answers
166 views

Calculating distance to an asteroid on a given day

I'd like to calculate the distance between the Earth and an asteroid at a given date. Is this possible using the data from JPL's small-body database? Is there a better way?
2
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2answers
286 views

Interstellar bodies

As a solar system evolves the planets interact, and in trying to achieve a harmonious state some bodies are ejected. Space is big, but I have heard that some meteorites have been found with anomalous ...
4
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2answers
300 views

Can a minimum ultimate tensile strength (UTS) for an asteroid be established based on its diameter and rotation?

I found it fascinating that many asteroids rotate with a period of just seconds. For this fast of a rotation on this size of object, I thought that would actually cause significant acceleration on the ...
2
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1answer
462 views

What is the fate of the asteroid belt?

From what I understand the asteroid belt never formed into a planet because Jupiter threw off the gravity of all the small objects and they never could gather to form a planet. As described here: Why ...
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5answers
10k views

How do the terms comet, asteroid, meteoroid, meteor and meteorite differ?

These terms are frequently used interchangeably by the uninitiated to mean approximately “space rock”. In practical terms, how do their meanings differ?
7
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1answer
133 views

Is the Apophis asteroid a concern?

I was watching the TED lecture How to defend Earth from asteroids , and the speaker Phil Plait spoke of the possibility of this asteroid hitting Earth. He also said something about a Mayan legend. He ...
4
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2answers
40 views

How bright will an asteroid be?

In the news, it has been stated that there will be a fairly large asteroid passing fairly close to Earth soon. I've been trying to find a good observation guide, including determining how bright it ...
7
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1answer
54 views

Are there Trojan family or Hilda family satellites locked in Earth's orbit?

Jupiter has many Trojan asteroids located at Lagrangian points L4 and L5 and Hilda asteroids dispersed between points L3, L4, and L5. Does the Earth have similar satellites? If so, how many?
6
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1answer
133 views

What conditions should an asteroid or comet impact need to meet in order to start an impact winter?

Is there a way to calculate if an impact from a given asteroid (say 5 miles in diameter, solid rock to which we know the mass) would start an impact winter? If yes, I would like to see a real example ...
2
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3answers
90 views

The orbit of 2010 TK7

Having just heard about the asteroid 2010 TK7 in Trojan asteroid seen in Earth's orbit by Wise telescope, I want to know more about its orbit. The BBC article says it moves above and below the ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Vesta dwarf planet status

Now that we have close-up photos of Vesta, which the IAU had previously said was a candidate dwarf planet, when is the IAU going to decide the issue? Personally, Vesta doesn't look round enough to me.
10
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3answers
6k views

Why did the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter form as it did?

I'm curious about why the asteroid belt wasn't pulled by Mars's or Jupiter's gravity or formed into either moons or planets. Why did it form into an asteroid belt instead?
3
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2answers
84 views

Can Vesta dominate the orbits of other asteroids?

I think I remember a talk where a professor said that Vesta is a particularly important asteroid because its gravity is strong enough to perturb other asteroids. In spite of Vesta's size, this effect ...