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1answer
62 views

The arrow of time and the cosmology of a black hole interior

When solving the Einstein field equations in Schwarzschild metric for an observer falling into a black hole the radial coordinate r of the black hole and time t switch roles in the equations when ...
27
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10answers
3k views

In reverse time, do objects at rest fall upwards?

I want to develop a game where time runs backwards, based on the idea that physical laws are reversible in time. However, when I have objects at rest on the earth, having gravity run backwards would ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Parallel Universe Moving Backwards in time [duplicate]

We know that different parallel universes- if they truly exist - are governed by different sets of laws. But, Could there be a parallel universe that is moving back in time (?) - in different ...
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1answer
50 views

Passage of time on a faster-than-light (FTL) vessel [closed]

Yes, this is already wild speculation. I'll retract this question if it isn't well received. As I understand, within an event horizon, spacetime gets rotated so that the singularity is in the future, ...
4
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1answer
98 views

Doesn't entropy increase backwards in time, too?

In statistical explanations of entropy, we can often read about a (thought) experiment of the following sort. We have a bunch of particles in box, packed densely in one of the corners. We assume some ...
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0answers
33 views

Arrow of Time in Information transfer

I am writing a sci-fi script and need some legitimate theory to back up a central story element (so there's no real world application): Could there be a logically consistent theory supporting the ...
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1answer
102 views

Why is it legitimate to only observe motion, but call it time, such that concepts like “the relativity of simultaneity” are seen as possibly genuine? [duplicate]

My question is asking for evaluation of a new concept or paradigm within the framework of the current mainstream physics understanding of Relativity. Specifically, that concept or paradigm being that, ...
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3answers
223 views

Where in, Einstein’s “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” (Relativity), is “Time” reasonably shown to exist, or why is it a valid assumption? [closed]

Given the widespread acceptance that “Einstein’s Relativity” reasonably proves the existence of Space-‘Time’, and thus “Time”... Can any member of the Physics StackExchange please show precisely ...
2
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1answer
118 views

H-theorem and Boltzmann equation applied to Boltzmann distribution

Using the Boltzmann equation: $$ \frac{dH}{dt} = \int_0^{\infty} dr \int_0^{\infty} ds W(r,s)[p_r - p_s][\ln{p_r} - \ln{p_s}],$$ and assuming $p_r = e^{-\beta r}$, the equation looks like $$ ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Regarding the 'Arrow of Time'

I read according to 'Newtonian' Mechanics any set of physical activity of particles can be reversed ( I think) so a set of complicated dynamic systems of particles and matter can reverse their ...
2
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2answers
155 views

Who invented the perfume bottle thought experiment?

A common thought experiment used to explain the second law of thermodynamics, the "arrow of time", etc. is perfume escaping from an opened perfume bottle; the perfume is likely to diffuse into the ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Quantum Mechanics and Direction of time [duplicate]

It has always fascinated me that time is symmetrical in classical physics while, in life, we all experience the flow of time in only one direction. There is no preference as to the direction of time ...
4
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1answer
161 views

Evolution and the arrow of time

I don't want to ask about potential resolutions to the arrow of time. On the contrary, I want to take it as a given that it is the case for the universe, but then ask a rather odd question about its ...
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2answers
327 views

Why do we remember the past but not the future?

The question is sometimes referred to as the "psychological arrow of time" (Hawking, 1985). Here the past is understood as a moment or time when the entropy of the universe was lower, and contrarily ...
2
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3answers
84 views

At an instant, does a system of gravitational charges exhibit equivalent behavior to a time-reversed system of like electric charges?

Question: In principle, does a system of gravitational charges exhibit equivalent behavior to a time-reversed system of like electric charges? (At a single instance in time?) Additional Notes: I am ...
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3answers
250 views

What makes now special?

I recently came across the paper Relation between the psychological and thermodynamic arrows of time (arXiv). Their argument makes sense to me, however their concept doesn't seem to address what ...
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2answers
480 views

Quantum entaglement and the arrow of time

I have seen several claims to that quantum mechanics is required to explain the arrow of time which I take to mean the macroscopic irreversibility of physical systems. This is presumably to resolve ...
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2answers
121 views

On the distinction of past and future: could one theoretically reverse direction of particles and cause time to appear to go backwards?

Based on my understanding of physics after seeing The Distinction of Past and Future on Project Tuva, there is no distinction between past and future on a fundamental level- all particle interactions ...
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2answers
122 views

Backward Time Flow?

Physicists say that time is moving foward because entropy always increases. But have physicists considered that we might be mistaken? Since there is no ultimate reference frame, it could be possible ...
8
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1answer
247 views

Will entropy continue to increase even if the universe begins to contract?

If the universe is heading for a big crunch, when the universe starts to collapse will entropy decrease and the arrow of time consequently reverse or not? I'm interested in the explanations, not just ...
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0answers
37 views

Does the direction of perceived time depend on location in the universe?

Do the laws of physics allow for the possibility that in a galaxy far far away, the perceived arrow of time is in the opposite direction to ours, where people (aliens) die before they are born, and ...
5
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4answers
569 views

Entropy as an arrow of time

From what I understand, entropy is a concept defined by the experimentalist due to his ignorance of the exact microstate of a system. To say the number of accessible microstates $W$ of the universe is ...
3
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1answer
323 views

Time reversal and the solutions to Maxwell equations

The standard Lienard-Wiechert potentials describe the electromagnetic field at a point $P$ at time $t$ due to an arbitrarily moving charge $q$ at the retarded time $t-r/c$. An electromagnetic ...
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2answers
152 views

Inverting the laws of physics [closed]

Are there any good theories on inverting the law of physics? To make physics work the opposite way of what it does. Please ask question if this is unclear! I'll answer as well as I can. Ok, I'll ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Are all (non-macroscopic, non-measurement) quantum mechanical interactions time-reversible?

I distinctly remember reading some article claiming some physicists had discovered a time-irreversible, subatomic quantum mechanical interaction. Is my memory just foggy or has this really been found? ...
4
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2answers
191 views

Does it make a sense to speak about age of electron or atom?

It's possible that this question is too soft or even quite senseless for this forum, but I will ask nevertheless. Everyday (macroscopic) things, like a grandfather's pendulum clock or the grandfather ...
4
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1answer
188 views

What happens at the interface between two universes with opposite thermodynamic arrows of time? [closed]

I was trying to think but cannot figure it out. For instance, if the interaction is small, for instance limited to a windows, the observers in each universe will see that the other goes in reverse. ...
8
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2answers
492 views

Spontaneous conversion of heat into work at negative temperatures

Consider a heavy macroscopic object moving in a gas. Friction causes its kinetic energy to be converted into heat. Thermodynamically, there is (effectively) no entropy associated with the kinetic ...
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3answers
680 views

Does entropy really always increase (or stay the same)? [duplicate]

Consider this image. If the big (grey) molecules were all to spontaneously move to the left, and the small ones were to move to the right, there would be an increase in order. While unlikely, ...
4
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3answers
484 views

Is there a mechanism for time symmetry breaking?

Excluding Thermodynamic's arrow of time, all mathematical descriptions of time are symmetric. We know the arrow of time is real and we know the equations describing physics are real so is there any ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Are laws of gravity time symmetric?

Time symmetry is often explained by the example of orbiting objects... What I can't find an explanation for is the moment when an object enters into orbit around another object. That clearly breaks ...
15
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4answers
380 views

Comments on entropy and the direction of time in Landau and Lifshitz's Statistical Mechanics

In Landau and Lifshitz's Stat Mech Volume I is the comment: However, despite this symmetry, quantum mechanics does in fact involve an important non-equivalence of the two directions of time. ...
4
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3answers
2k views

How would we perceive time going backwards? [closed]

I haven't taken Physics in University. Lately, I've been reading about some of the branches of physics through Wikipedia. I read several times that many of the theoretical models do not explain why ...
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3answers
1k views

Why does the law of increasing entropy, a law arising from statistics of many particles, underpin modern physics?

As far as I interpret it, the law of ever increasing entropy states that "a system will always move towards the most disordered state, never in the other direction". Now, I understand why it would ...
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4answers
1k views

Is a 1D vector also a scalar?

A vector in one dimension has only one component. Can we consider it as a scalar at the same time? Why time is not a vector, although it can be negative and positive (when solving for time the ...
5
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1answer
712 views

Is there really time reversibility in physics?

First, how i got to the question. I was randomly looking at this page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langton%27s_ant describing some sort of cellular automaton. Here is the path of this automaton ...
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4answers
963 views

Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Arrow of Time: Why isn't time considered fundamental?

I've come across this explanation that the "arrow of time" is a consequence of the second law of thermodynamics, which says that the entropy of an isolated system is always increasing. The argument is ...
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1answer
244 views

The expansion of space time (EST)..and the one directional flow of time?

Time flows one way...cause creates effect. Could the expansion of the universe also cause an expansion of space time in a similar fashion?...and if so, would this phenomenon explain the one way ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Reference request for low entropy big bang

There is a somewhat widely accepted argument that the second law of thermodynamics exists because the universe began in a low-entropy state. I'm writing a paper that mentions this (and must be ...
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1answer
260 views

Loschmidt's paradox - really a paradox? [duplicate]

Is Loschmidt's paradox a paradox even today? In other words, is the paradox resolved or not?
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1answer
544 views

Wick rotation and the arrow of time

It is well known that we can switch from a statistical system to a quantum mechanical system by a Wick rotation. Has this rotation some implication on the way the time flow? namely, this is an ...
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7answers
1k views

Time Reversal Invariance in Quantum Mechanics

I thought of a thought experiment that had me questioning how time reversal works in quantum mechanics and the implications. The idea is this ... you are going forward in time when you decide to ...
5
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2answers
156 views

Is there any scientific evidence that demonstrates why time passes?

Is there any scientific evidence that demonstrates why time passes? Or is it just an opened question?
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4answers
485 views

Did really everything begin with a state with very low entropy?

As emphasized by Penrose many years ago, cosmology can only make sense if the world started in a state of exceptionally low entropy. The low entropy starting point is the ultimate reason that the ...
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6answers
1k views

Does the scientific community consider the Loschmidt paradox resolved? If so what is the resolution?

Does the scientific community consider the Loschmidt paradox resolved? If so what is the resolution? I have never seen dissipation explained, although what I have seen a lot is descriptions of ...
2
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1answer
196 views

Do all closed systems, only considering kinematic/mechanical principles, exhibit time reversal symmetry?

It makes a lot of sense to me to imagine a cannonball flying through space as not so much experiencing a macroscopic non-conservative drag force, but as pushing a bunch of air molecules and giving ...
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3answers
350 views

Has anyone theorized a connection between entropy and quantum uncertainty?

I apologize if this kind of idle theorizing is frowned upon here, but I was wondering if it is possible that the Second Law of Thermodynamics is a consequence of quantum uncertainty. I've heard ...
2
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1answer
211 views

Can the time direction of wave function collapse be reversed? [duplicate]

The laws of physics are invariant under CPT transformations reversing time, inverting space and flipping charges. Almost so. The collapse of the wave function is the odd man out. Can the time ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Does space-time have a projection to time?

I get confused when I see expressions like "the universe is $x$ years old" or "$10^{-2}$ seconds after the big bang" since it seems to me that relativity shows such statements don't have meaning. Is ...
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4answers
2k views

On the nature of the collapse of the wave function

The collapse of the wave function by measurements is one of the most mysterious properties of quantum mechanics. At what scale does the wave function collapse? What are the conditions for a ...