# Tagged Questions

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### Why is that a question can be answered with several theories? [closed]

This may be silly and I am sorry for that but it is confusing me. My teacher was teaching us about path of electrons around a nucleus. He told us that many theories have been proposed about path of an ...
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### Is Huygens's Wave Theory still correct?

We have to study on details about Huygens's Wave Theory though we have Electromagnetic theory, quantum theory today. Is it still correct or not?
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### conservation of momentum? [closed]

At hyperphysics I got this image, with the same description in text as is in this image It says that when a massive particle (say $A$) moving with a velocity collides with an object having a ...
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### Why is the Taylor expansion of the gravitational potential cut off after first term?

In this answer to a question on this site, the gravitational potential of the Earth is expanded as $$U(r) \approx U(r_0) + \left.\frac {dU(r)}{dr}\right|_{r=r_0}(r-r_0),$$ keeping only the linear ...
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### Is the Fermi golden rule really accurate for calculating the life time of an atomic level?

In my impression, Fermi golden rule is routinely used in calculating the life time of an excited atomic level. But it is based on the first order perturbation theory, so it is not expected to be ...
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### Am I using the variatonal method correctly conceptually?

Given A particle in a potential well: $V=-V_0 \exp(-x^2 / L^2)$ Goal Use the variational method to approximate the ground state energy My proposal The well (For $L=1$ and $V_0=10$) has the following ...
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The adiabatic approximation for solid state systems is rather radical. I was wondering in which cases it breaks down. As it is based on the idea of the nuclii being much heavier than the electrons I ...
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### Approximate cloning of a qubit, given multiple starting copies

Suppose I'm given several clones of a qubit in a pure unentangled state. That is to say, I'm given the state $(a \left|0\right\rangle + b \left|1\right\rangle)^{\otimes n}$. My goal is to make $d$ ...
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### Why can we assume, when dealing with tension, that the mass of a rope is $0$ but still assume that there are forces on it?

I started studying tension and I can't understand the following concept: If I have two objects $A,B$ collegated by a rope, where $A$ applies a certain force $\vec{F}$ on it, I would have that the ...
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### Why do we still use perturbation theory, when we have advanced numerical methods and fast computers?

If my question sounds ignorant or even insulting, I apologise. I may be completely wrong, since I'm not a theoretical physicist. So, I understand why perturbation theory was originally used in ...
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### Is drag force on an oscillating sphere an effective model for a swimmer?

I saw the latest video from Sixty Symbols Little Swimmers. At the end of the videos he says that we do not know how to calculate the movement of the little swimmers. He says(6:14-6:40 in video) that ...
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### How to choose basis functions that contribute most efficiently per term? [closed]

I would like to approximate some positive, scalar function $f(x,y) > 0$ on a 2D field of finite size i.e. $x\in [a,b],y\in[c,d]$ I am familiar with the set of basis functions used in the Fourier ...
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### The angle of a rifle to hit a target (How to make approximations to find numerical answers) [closed]

The specific question is this: A target appears at a distance of 1250m with the centre of the target 1.2m above ground level. If the sniper was firing from the prone position, the tip of the ...
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### Multiple Definition For Gravitational Potential Energy?

This may just be a simple Misconception Question, here goes: Definition for Gravitational Potential Energy: The work done by gravity to pull an object to the ground. ...
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### In perturbation theory, how do I determine the order of an approximation?

The title says it all: I'm confused about the various approximations and their orders. In time-independent perturbation everything is quite explicit and obvious, but, for example, how would it be with ...
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### Systems with elements having size which tends to zero

[Question] If I have an element whose size(as in physical dimensions) tend to 0 but is NOT 0 (very very very small). If I create a system from these elements based on (say) the fractal concept ...
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### Are Newton's three laws of motion correct?

New technology brings new ideas with these new ideas we have to look at the old ones. Where else is a better place to start then Newton's three laws of motion! With our common age of technology do we ...
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### Is “approximative reduction” general knowledge to physicists?

I came across this concept called "approximative reduction", about which there are some papers, e.g. in this collection called Structure and Approximation in Physical Theories. Very briefly, it ...
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### Fresnel diffraction approximation (parabolic waves)

The Huygens-Fresnel principle (Introduction to Fourier Optics, Goodman), $$U(x,y)=\frac{z}{i\lambda}\int_\Sigma U(\xi,\eta)\frac{e^{ikr}}{r}d\xi d\eta\,,$$ where $\cos \theta=\frac{z}{r}$, shows ...