Aircraft are man-made vehicles intended to operate while flying through Earth's atmosphere.

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When an aircraft flies over, glass window vibrates…Infrasound?

When an aircraft flies over, my big glass window vibrates, making a ticktack beating. Its frequency sounds low, less than 10 beats per second actually. I'm wondering about the mechanism of this ...
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85 views

Why do vapour cones form around jet fighters?

Apparently this phenomenon has nothing to do with jets breaking the sound barrier and has something to do with the Prandtl-Glauert singularity as described on Wikipedia. But, the Wikipedia article ...
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50 views

Speed of sound and Break the sound barrier

What happens when plane exceeds the speed of sound? and What is the interpretation of the conical shape that appears behind the plane?
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29 views

If i had a aero-nautical object [closed]

If i had a aero-nautical object with a span of 10 feet and a weight of 40 pounds with a strong gale blowing do you think i could make it off a cliff with out plummeting to total utter death?
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Pressure required on a wing to lift a plane and the speed required to create this pressure difference [closed]

An aircraft has a single wing with a total area of A =1 2.6 m2 (assume that the thickness of the wing is negligible). When in motion, the air flows under the wing at the velocity that the aircraft ...
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2answers
83 views

Airplane on a treadmill [duplicate]

I've heard conflicting answers, and would like to see the record set straight: An jet/propeller airplane is traveling on a giant treadmill at takeoff speed. Will the plane takeoff, or will it remain ...
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141 views

Why are the backs of airplanes curved?

I get the front part, but why is the back curved too? I do not see a problem with the back being flat.
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What does a wing do that an engine can't?

This isn't a question of how a wing works -- vortex flow, Bernoulli's principle, all of that jazz. Instead, it's a question of why we need a wing at all. A wing produces lift, but why is that ...
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0answers
64 views

Why air above airplane's wing moves faster? [duplicate]

One explanation I read: Because of the wing's geometry, the "upper" side of the wing is longer, so the air has to travel faster: My wondering: Who said (and what was his/her explanation) that ...
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211 views

Effect of Earth's magnetic field on aeroplanes?

As an aeroplane accelerates through the Earth's B-field, it experiences a changing flux $d\phi \over dt$ and a potential difference is induced along its wings. Given the wings are made of metal and ...
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2answers
398 views

Beryllium Vacuum Sphere Boat/Aircraft

Is it possible to make a solid rigid evacuated "balloon" out of Beryllium or other elements or alloys? The critical buckling pressure at which an evacuated sphere is given as $$ ...
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When is the stress on an airplane the highest?

Something I´ve been wondering for a long time: At what point during a flight is the stress on an airplane the highest? Is it during take-off, landing or during (light/moderate/severe) turbulence? ...
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What factors determine how long airplane condensation stays in the air?

My understanding is that the turbulence formed by the flight of an airplane has low-pressure zones with low temperatures that cause water molecules to condense to form a fog. My question is about the ...
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1answer
100 views

Pressure difference between 2 side of wings of aircraft

I understand why the pressure is reduced above the wings of aircraft, but when I read books and look for information, it says that the air is compressed below the wings, I do not understand why it is? ...
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1answer
87 views

Relative motion of airplane in the wind [closed]

I have a relative motion problem in which I cannot get my answer to match the book answer. The question is: An airplane has to travel $189\, \mathrm{km}$ due east to point $B$ from point $A$. It ...
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3answers
297 views

Airplane with banner in a windy day

Will the banner of this airplane be always in the proper direction if the airplane flies in any direction on a windy day?
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84 views

How to relate wingtips vortices with the energy loss it engenders?

On planes, wingtips vortices engender a loss in terms of lift, and an incresed of the drag, so an energy loss. Is there any possibilty to find a mathematical model relating both ? Thanks for the help. ...
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207 views

How does a pressure suit work?

I recently learnt that a suit called pressure suit is worn by fighter plane pilots to prevent red-outs and black-outs. And it seems to be work by - "..applying pressure to selective portions of ...
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0answers
237 views

As the earth rotates around itself, does this have any effect on the dynamics of flights? [duplicate]

As the earth rotates around itself, does this have any effect on the dynamics of flights? Or "shouldn't" this have an effect? Does flying in the direction of the rotation of earth around itself, or ...
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335 views

Hot Air Balloons: how is the Lift related to environmental conditions?

I'd like to build a small hot air balloon big enough to carry 0.8kg (a camera). The first thing I need to know is: once I have a big enough plastic bag and a big enough source of fire, how much will ...
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0answers
31 views

Remote control wireless helicopter hovering in cruising aircraft, will it move the aircraft with stability [duplicate]

A Mini Toy Helicopter is left for hovering inside the cabin of an Aircraft, while the aircraft is cruising at the speed of 900 Km/h. Helicopter has no contact with the surface of the aircraft. The ...
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5answers
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Why planes have propellers in front but watercraft have them behind?

Why do propeller airplanes mostly have their propellers in front (of the fuselage or wings) while ships and boats mostly have them at the back? I realize that there are aircraft with pusher ...
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2answers
651 views

Movie airplanes and suction

Having watched a recent action movie (with zombies in it) I wondered whether the suction from a hole in the airplane's hull would really be able to rip out luggage, persons and even seating benches. ...
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1answer
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How much energy is consumed by a aircraft to maintain a speed of sound? [closed]

Let's assume that the aircraft is 1000kg and it is flying in a air density of 1.225kg/m^3 at the speed of sound in air. Just how much energy does it require per second to maintain flying at this ...
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1answer
327 views

why can't you use your cellphone on an airplane? [closed]

why airplanes are banned with use of cellphones? What were the impacts while we answer an call or make an call ,what was the physical reason behind the ban of using cellphone inside airplanes ? I ...
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3answers
238 views

Forces involved in a climbing jet aircraft

I have a problem with which I need help. The question is: A jet aircraft is climbing at an angle of 45° above the horizontal and is accelerating at 4.5m/s2. What is the total force that the cockpit ...
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Why can't supersonic planes “just fly higher” to go faster while maintaining cost?

First post to this site, and I've got at most a high school background in physics - I really appreciate any answer, but I may not be able to follow you if you're too advanced. I suppose this goes for ...
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173 views

Will a helicoper which is hovering inside a closed box move with the box when we move it? [duplicate]

I got this micro helicopter to play with, you know that cheap double bladed ones you can find for $25 or so. Anyway last night I was on bed trying to sleep and I got this idea, what if we put the ...
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633 views

Are the hypotheses of the Bernoulli equation satisfied for a bird or airplane wing at low Mach number?

A previous question by David Zaslavsky was a request for a broad, "how things work" type of explanation of the lift of an airfoil. The answers given there are enlightening, but don't address a more ...
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1answer
168 views

Application of plasma actuators for flow control of moving objects

I've recently been to a converence on plasma physics were, to my surprise, a lot of presentations were concerned with plasma actuator. Could someone, preferably in the field, tell me how long people ...
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2answers
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Whats the anti-torque mechanism in horizontal take-off aircraft?

In most helicopters there is the anti-torque tail rotor to prevent the body from spinning in the opposite direction to the main rotor. What's the equivalent mechanism in horizontal takeoff single ...
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4answers
588 views

How does an aeroplane maintain balance during maneuvers?

I understand the principle behind flight, how the lift is generated etc. What I don't understand is when there are maneuvers made where the plane flies such that the wings are in vertical plane, how ...
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337 views

Can a hovering helicopter travel half the globe in 12 hours? [duplicate]

Suppose we have a helicopter that is able to stay stationary in flight for extended periods of time. If such a helicopter stayed at point A in the sky for 12 hours straight, would it reach the other ...
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What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object?

What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object? Condition is: Other than propellers I know that generating lift on a static object in a sense of anti-gravity for e.g. drone is not ...
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Why does an airplane need to climb during a takeoff even if it is in emergency situation?

Right after take-off (which means an airplane already exceeded V1) it is recommended that an airplane keeps climbing even when emergency occurs. Beside worries of crashing into houses and buildings by ...
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3answers
782 views

Effective angle of attack of a wing

Is the angle of attack of a rectangular wing influenced by the dihedral ($\Gamma$) of the wing? If e.g. a wing exists with $\Gamma$ = 0$^{o}$ it has angle of attack $\alpha$. If the dihedral is set ...
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411 views

Propeller modelling

I need a (very) approximate model of a propeller on an aircraft. My principal question is this: what would the relationship be between: Propeller rate of rotation Aircraft speed Force generated by ...
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How much effect does the Bernoulli effect have on lift?

I understand that the Bernoulli effect is a flawed explanation for the cause of lift, and does not cause much at all, but how much? Is there any experimental data on the force caused by the ...
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Turboshaft Turbine Mathematical Model

Are there any simplified mathematical models for how two gas coupled turbines (also called a free power turbine) should interact with one another as the speed of the driving turbine changes. (i.e.) ...
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3answers
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What causes an aircraft to roll when rudder is applied

When continuous rudder is applied in a typical light aircraft during straight and level flight at "normal" flying speeds and altitudes, the primary effect is that the aircraft will yaw to the left - ...
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2answers
133 views

Disconnected aileron/surface deflection in terms of speed?

Would a disconnected surface, especially aileron, deflect upwards as you slow down due to increased alpha? I figure out it is more likely to deflect upwards as you increase your airspeed, thus having ...
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167 views

Control cable failure and critical flutter speed margin?

I'm a private pilot, and I have some questions to those who have knowledge of the aeroelastic effects and flutter phenomenon. I would like to talk a little about aerodynamic flutter onset speed and ...
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Aircraft Level Flight Trajectory

An aircraft climbs to 15000 feet and enters 'level flight' phase. My basic knowledge of physics says that forces on the aircraft at this time are balanced - as seen in this diagram. ...
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1answer
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How target locking woks? [closed]

In many aerial war face movies they show that aircraft is locked by missile ,particularly in movie behind enemy line " F/A-18 Hornet" is locked by 2 SAM missile,pliot try to break the lock but ...
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1answer
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Turning an airplane - coordinated turn and inclinometer (“the ball”)

I'm flying, turning in a stable orbit, i.e. at constant level with a constant angle of bank, at constant airspeed, with a constant radius of turn, as in the picture here (sorry it's my first post, ...
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1answer
110 views

What makes thrust reversers different from fans on a sailboat?

Why do thrust reversers on jet planes work? By Newton's third law, it seems like the force exerted by pushing air through the nozzle should cancel the force from redirecting the air forwards. The ...
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2answers
183 views

Is airspeed constant or cyclical when flying model aircraft in windy conditions?

I need help to settle an argument about aeronautics. Particularly model aircraft. It has been observed by some that when a model airplane flying with the wind turns back into the wind , some ...
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348 views

atmospheric phenomenon? What causes condensation trails to converge?

This air plane just caught my eye. Two contrails apparently are flowing backward, slightly off-centered and then ultimately converge, giving the overall shape of a very narrow rhomboid parallelogram, ...
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2answers
449 views

Extracting acceleration vector from rotated aircraft

Suppose we have an aircraft with accelerometer measuring accelerations along each axis. It is mounted in a way so it is perpendicular to the plane in all axes (that should be obvious). We also have ...
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why aren't there nuclear powered aircraft?

I know this might sound like more of an engineering question that about physics, and it probably is, but bear with me: i'm still not sure if the answer to my question lies in the physics or in the ...