Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases that surround it, permitting life and protecting life by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface by retaining the heat and mitigating the temperature difference between day and night.

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The speed of air rising through a heated tube

I would like to get an explanations of an observed physical phenomena. When a metal tube is placed vertically and heated and the air inside rises, the speed of the air moving through the tube ...
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2answers
533 views

Why did they used to make the mill chimneys so tall?

Why did they used to make the mill chimneys so tall? This question was asked in an Engineering Interview at Cambridge University.
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1answer
83 views

How does a hollow-point bullet move smoothly through the air, presenting a 'cup-shaped' nose instead of an actual sharp-point to the fluid?

Hollow-point rounds move smoothly through the air when presenting a 'hollow cup-shape' instead of a traditional 'sharp point' to the fluid air. Does this mean the air trapped, and at some assumed ...
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1answer
108 views

Which air will give more effective cooling ? Dry or Moist?

Yesterday, I had an innovative idea. I live in India, and in summer season, the temperature can reach up to 45 degree Celsius. We use Split 1.5 Ton AC in our small office. The idea is to put an ...
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1answer
657 views

Pressure vs Volume Calculation for air

I have 1 litre of air in a sealed container at atmosphere pressure (approx 15 psi absolute). I want to reduce pressure in the container by 1 psi ( 14 psi absolute or -1 psig). If I understand ...
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1answer
89 views

Simple air resistance experiment

I have a paper plate, and I'm taping paper streamers to it. I have 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 streamers. I tried to place the streamers at places equidistant from the next. 2mm are attached to the plate and ...
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1answer
103 views

Density and statistical models for visible air dust

If a laser beam is looked at from the side versus a dark background, a sparkling effect can be seen caused by dust particles in the air hit by the beam. Is there any simple model or coarse ...
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0answers
109 views

Calculating PSI generated by water entraining air as it flows down a pipe

This is the concept used in a trompe. Basically, the idea is that if we allow water to flow down a pipe and if that pipe has inclined air intake orifices near the top where the water enters, then the ...
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0answers
44 views

Why does the perforated tin foil on a shisha pipe rise when smoking?

Imagine this setup (just without the windguard): When applying negative pressure at the hose, I can observe the perforated tin foil separating the charcoal from the bowl rise a few millimeters, ...
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0answers
198 views

Air resistance of a general shape object

I'm trying to code a simple physics simulator in C++ but I'm stuck on the air resistance issue. Surfing the Internet I only find a drag coefficient for very basical area shapes when the air is ...
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0answers
42 views

unknown stresses in double-layer glass window

I live in cold place where outside temperature drops to -20. Currently, we have -20 and on my window, which is doubled layer glass with trapped air in between, I found a "polarized stress spectrum" ...
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0answers
35 views

Which is the most accurate way to model the fundamental atmospheric parameters of the Earth?

I need to calculate the fundamental atmospheric parameters, I mean the actual ones, this is not an exercise but a model for a real world application so I need to take account of the humidity of air. I ...
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0answers
71 views

What kinds of reactions happen when bubbling air through water?

Mostly I have seen air bubbling used to remove impurities in the water itself, like exemplified in this course packet. This is called "Sparging," but I have yet to learn much about transfer between ...
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0answers
59 views

Closed pipe/sound resonance sound type sound coming from mineral processing plant

I work near a very large mineral processing plant which does vibrate our building and there is also a sound/feeling very similar to the closed pipe/sound resonance that is achieved when opening a back ...
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0answers
20 views

Hot air particles

I have a question- albeit random one!. I recently visited a friends place who used a standard shovel from the shed as a tool for moving hot charcoals around a pizza oven. Unfortunately the shovel was ...
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0answers
39 views

Self-made air pump - What does it take to pump up a balloon?

We are building a simple altitude-controlled balloon (idea borrowed from Google Loons). As part of that, we need an air pump to inflate a balloon acting as ballast (which is called a Ballonet in ...
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0answers
34 views

Why does opening the sun roof at high speeds cause the air pressure to change inside?

When I'm driving at fairly high speeds (80mph for example), I've noticed that opening / closing the sun roof causes the air pressure inside to shift significantly, a change that I feel clearly in my ...
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0answers
20 views

how much air pressure can be varied (in dapa) when an empty syringe's plunger is pulled in and out?

I'm new to the forums so please guide me appropriately if this is the wrong place to ask this question. When the syringe plunger is puller out ,a negative pressure is created at the nozzle....Isn't ...
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0answers
17 views

Particle Velocity and Air Velocity

Is the any relationship (equation) between particle velocity and air velocity? Is it possible to determine the air velocity from particle velocity?
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0answers
25 views

Relative humidity of an air parcel with decreasing temperature

I'm a bit confused while doing relative humidity calculations. To make the case simple: let's say I have my room temperature at 25 degrees with a 50% relative humidity (RH). If I take an air parcel ...
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0answers
23 views

Is the density of air in the mountains higher at the equator?

I have heard that at e.g. 5000 m altitude, the subjective feeling is better in the Himalayas than e.g. Tien Shan, because Himalayas are located near the equator, and due to Earth's rotation "air is ...
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0answers
55 views

What is the refractive index of air at high temperatures (> 200 °C)

Is there a method/formula to calculate the refractive index of air at high temperature (e.g. 400 °C - 800 °C)? I could only find formulas specified up to 100 °C and our physicist at university ...
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0answers
34 views

Help with vacuums?

Okay, here is my understanding. Please correct me if anything here is incorrect. Suppose I have a cube with a side length of ten inches. It has a surface area of 600 square inches, and at an ...
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0answers
40 views

Can you clean the air in a small room using a vacuum cleaner?

You can use a vacuum cleaner to vacuum the floor but if you tried to vacuum the the air in a small room would this work or will the laws of physics stop this from working in any way? In what way would ...
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0answers
43 views

Soda bubbles in free fall in air

The question of soda bubbles in free fall has come up and again, and the consensus (backed by many fun space borne experiments) is that soda bubbles do not "rise" in a free fall environment because ...
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0answers
118 views

Where to find information about rocket launches (speed, height, trajectory)?

I want to find experimental data from real launches, with some description of a rocket like full mass, fuel mass, thrust and so on. Just trying to model it. Where to read about precise methods of ...